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0 (de) vizualizări10 paginiSome randon questions on Reservoir engineering

Oct 20, 2019

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Some randon questions on Reservoir engineering

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Some randon questions on Reservoir engineering

© All Rights Reserved

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ENERGY

SERVICES

SHORT COURSE

ON

RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT

VENUE: ABUJA, NIGERIA

TUTORIAL QUESTIONS

©MBO2008 1

1. An oilwell is producing at a rate of 5000 barrels per day into a 50psi separator through a 2’’

tubing. Given the following well data, estimate :

(b). The flowing wellhead pressure[Ans = 360psi]

(c) The combined choke/surface line pressure drop[310psi]

Well data :

Flowing bottom hole pressure = 1500psi

Tubing Length = 3000ft Oil SG = 0.8(Water = 8.33ppg)

Friction + Misc. pressure loss in tubing, etc = 100psi.

(b) The density of the rock grains[And=2.92g/cc]

(c) The storage space in the core[19.05cc]

Core data :

Wt. of sample with pores filled 100% with 1.05SG Brine = 331gm

Diameter of core sample = 4cm

Length of core sample = 10cm

3. Estimate the pore volume and porosities of sand packs with the following pack

structures :

[Ans = 47.6%]

=90o

D

D

D

[Ans = 26%]

=45o

4. The core sample in Q3 is subjected to core flooding test using distilled water as the test

fluid. Compute the core sample permeability based on the following test parameters :

Inlet pressure, p1 = 50psig Outlet pressure, p2 = 14.7psia

Flow rate, q = 0.5cc/sec Length of core , L = 10cm

[Ans = 117mD]

©MBO2008 2

Area = 1000acres Porosity, = 18%

Connate water saturation = 25%

Oil Formation Volume Factor = 1.15

Pay thickness = 15ft [Ans = 13.7 MMstb

and an absolute permeability of 750mD. What is the relative

permeability to oil? [Ans = 0.67]

7. What is the density of a 40 o API crude oil (Assuming water density of 8.33ppg). ?

[Ans = 6.873ppg]

8. Oil produced from a saturated oil reservoir shows 38% water cut. Given that the

compressibility of the individual components of the reservoir are :

co = 9.5 x 10-6 1/psi cw = 3 x 10 -6 1/psi cf = 1 x 10-6 1/psi

What is the total reservoir compressibility? [8.03 x 10 -6psi]

9. A linear flow system 10cm in length contains two cores in series of lengths L 1 and L2

respectively. Core 1 has a permeability of 100mD and core 2 has a permeability of

400mD. Total Pressure drop in the linear system is 10psi and the pressure drop across

core 1 is 8psi. Estimate :

(ii) Lengths L1 and L2 [Ans = 5cm]

10. Two core samples of identical dimensions are connected in parallel and steady state ,

incompressible flow of fluid is run through the system.

k1 = 100mD k2 = 500mD

(i) What are the percentages of total pressure drop shared by each

core? [Ans = 100%]

(ii) What is the fraction of the total flow that passes through each

core?

11. A vertical well has been drilled through a gas reservoir and producing at steady state.

Given the following well and production data, estimate the delivery from the well in

SCF/Day;

Wellbore radius = 3.061’’ Drainage radius = 1640ft

Pay thickness = 100ft Average Gas compressibility factor = 0.9

Formation permeability = 2583mD

Gas Viscosity = 0.0168cp Reservoir Temperature = 158 oF

q

0.703kh p r2 p 2w

Hint : sg r

T g ln e

rw

o

[qsg] = scf/day; [T]= R; [k]=mD; []=cp; [r] = ft; [h]=ft

12. A reservoir is approximately circular in plan and of 3000ft radius. Water influx is negligible.

It is produced from a single well with a wellbore radius of 0.5ft situated at the centre

of the reservoir. Initial reservoir pressure was 3400psia. Production is then commenced at

a rate of 350stb/day. Estimate :

©MBO2008 3

(i) the pressure at 500ft radius after 5days of production [Ans = 3376psi]

(ii) pressure at 500ft radius at the end of the transient period. [3360psi]

Well data :

13. A bounded reservoir is producing oil with a viscosity of 30cp. through a 9’’ diameter well.

The reservoir is 40ft and has a uniform permeability of 570mD. Reservoir pressure at a

drainage radius of 300ft is 3250psi. Assuming a flowing bottomhole pressure of 2900psi,

what will be the total production rate in stb/day.

[ Ans = 242stb/day]

14. In a radially infinite reservoir, the permeability is 1125mD. The pay thickness is 25ft.

Reservoir radius is 150ft and pressure is 2800psi. Given that the wellbore diameter is 4’’

and a damaged zone of radius10ft exists where the permeability is 50% less than the

formation permeability,

160bbls/day if oil with a viscosity of 65cp. [Ans. = 2232psi]

(ii) What is the PI if Bo = 1.3rb//stb

(iii) If the oil production is to be increased 50% by pumping,

determine the suction pressure developed by the pump [ Ans = 1946psi]

(iv) For the same flow rate as in (i) determine the flowing bottom

hole pressure for the undamaged well assuming all other

parameters remain the same.[ Ans = 2445psi]

(v) Estimate the flow efficiency

(vi) What is the Reservoir Flow Potential?

15 An 8’’ diameter well is drilled through a sandstone formation with a permeability of 250mD

and thickness of 25ft. The drainage radius is 660ft. The well suffers zonal damage out to a

radius of 6.25ft reducing the permeability to 10mD. However, electric heaters are able to

reduce the viscosity of the oil from its normal 120cp to an average of 8cp within a 4ft

radius. What is the resulting productivity ratio assuming steady state flow?

[Ans = 3.91]

detailed analysis have been carried out on the core samples taken from the exploratory

well as part of the formation evaluation programme. The analysis data are as follows::

Weight of core sample filled with 1.1SG Brine = 340gms

Diameter of core sample = 4cm

Length of core sample = 10cm

Core flood data with the permeameter :

Test Fluid : 1.1SG Brine(Viscosity = 1.2cp)

Inlet pressure = 50psig Outlet pressure = 14.7psia

Core flood flow rate = 1cc/sec

Formation Relative Permeability to oil = 0.87

(ii) What is the effective formation permeability to oil?

(iii) Given that an 8-1/2’’ exploratory well drilled was tested at a

flowing bottom hole pressure of 1250psi , what is the delivery from the well

in stb/day?

©MBO2008 4

(iv) What is the reservoir AOF(Absolute Open Flow Potential)

Oil Viscosity = 3cp

Oil Formation Volume Factor = 1.2rb/stb

Pay Thickness = 100ft

17. A vertical well has been completed by inside casing perforated completions through a gas

reservoir and producing at steady state. PVT analysis of the natural gas sample shows that

the composition is as presented in Table Q17. Well test data analysis indicates that the

formation permeability is damaged by drilling/completion fluid invasion to a radius of 6.5ft and

the permeability in the damaged zone is 50% of the clean formation permeability. Additional

skins identified include :

Perforation skin = 20

Partial penetration skin = 10

Reservoir Pressure = 1770psi

Flowing Bottom Hole Pressure = 1250psi

Average Reservoir Temperature = 160oF

Effective Wellbore Diameter = 7’’

Reservoir Drainage radius = 1640FT

Gas viscosity = 0.0168cp

Pay Thickness = 100ft

Compute:

(a) the gas compressibility factor

(b) the total skin

(c) the delivery from the well in MSCF/day

(d) The Productivity Index

Methane 74.4 16.04 673 344

Ethane 5.2 30.07 709 550

Propane 2.8 44.09 618 666

Isobutane 1.2 58.12 530 733

n-Butane 0.8 58.12 551 766

Nitrogen 15.6 28.02 651 485

qsg

0.703kh pr2 pw2

HINT : For Ideal situation r

zT g ln e

rw

©MBO2008 5

18 Blackfriars field is located offshore in approximately 250ft of water. Initial exploration and

appraisal drilling confirmed the presence of two oil reservoirs with lithology column as shown in

Fig Q1 and the following characteristics:

Depth Interval Depth 7125ft – 7189ft TVDSS

Lithology Partially consolidated sandstone, fine grained, 500mD

Oil type 35o API gravity oil

Reservoir pressure 3000psi at 7125ft

Depth Interval 7411ft – 7483ft TVDSS

Lithology Massively fractured limestone reservoir[Matrix Permeability = 0.5mD]

Oil Type 35o API

GOR 420SCF/Bbl

Reservoir PI 10stb/day/psi

Reservoir pressure 3860psi @ 7411ft

(a) Given that Zone A and Zone B are to be produced at a pressure above Bubble point

pressure, complete the IPR Data tables in the attached Work sheet Tables A1 and Table A2

clearly showing illustrative calculations for each zone

Complete the Vertical Lift Perfomance Data Worksheets Tables B1 & B2. Assume operating

tubing head pressures of 400psi for each zone.

(c) Present your generated nodal analysis curves for each of the two zones and recommend the

appropriate operating pressure and production rate for the tubing in each zone.

©MBO2008 6

Fig Q18 : LITHOLOGY COLUMN

Marls

13-3/8’’ Casing set at 7125ft

HALITE

7125ft

UPPER ZONE

SANDSTONE

ZONE A

7190ft

INTERBEDDED

SILTSTONE

SHALE ZONE

7411ft

FRACTURED

LIMESTONE

ZONE B

7483ft

AQUIFER

©MBO2008 7

WORKSHEET A

©MBO2008 8

WORKSHEET B

q, stb/day Depth for THP, ft Depth for BHP[Pwf], psi

Flowing BHP, ft

10000

15000

20000

30000

q, stb/day Depth for THP, ft Depth for FBHP,

ft

10000

15000

20000

30000

(b) Outline the basic procedures involved in a pressure drawdown test.

(c) What are the procedural steps involved in a pressure buildup test?

(d) A well was allowed to flow at a rate of 5535stb/day for 15hrs before it

was shut in for pressure buildup test after which the following

data were recorded. Using the Horner plot, estimate :

(i) The initial cumulative production before shut-in

(ii) The formation permeability

(iii) The skin factor

(iv) The productivity index

(v) The radius of investigation in 5hrs

t(Min) Pws(Psi)

0 2710

MBO2008

1 2760

2 2803

4 2830

5 2825

7 2828

9 2830

12 2832

20 2833

60 2837

120 2839

300 2842

420 2842

550 2842

Sw = 38% = 23% o = 0.89

Bo = 1.31rb/stb h = 110fft rw = 0.362ft

MBO2008

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