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7 vizualizări6 paginiComputer architecture.

Oct 21, 2019

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Computer architecture.

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7 vizualizări6 paginiComputer architecture.

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A. .02

B. .28

C. .30

D. .32

E. The is insufficient information to answer the question

Questions 2- 6, refer to the following study. One thousand students at a city high school were classified

both according to GPA and whether or not they consistently skipped classes.

GPA

< 2.0 2.0 – 3.0 > 3.0 TOTAL

Many skipped classes 80 25 5 110

Few skipped classes 175 450 265 890

TOTAL 255 475 270 1000

2. What is the probability that a student has a GPA between 2.0 and 3.0?

3. What is the probability that a student has a GPA under 2.0 and has skipped many classes?

4. What is the probability that a student has a GPA under 2.0 or has skipped many classes?

5. What is the probability that a student has a GPA under 2.0 given that he has skipped many classes?

6. Are GPA between 2.0 and 3.0 and Skipped few classes independent?

A. No, because .475 .506

B. No, because .475 .890

C. No, because .450 .475

D. Yes, because of conditional probabilities

E. Yes, because of the product rule

Questions 7 – 10, refer to the following study: Five hundred people used a home test for HIV, and then all

underwent more conclusive hospital testing. The accuracy of the home test was evidenced in the following

table.

HIV Healthy TOTAL

Positive Test 35 25 60

Negative Test 5 435 440

TOTAL 40 460

7. What is the predictive value of the test? That is, what is the probability that a person has HIV and

tests positive?

A. .070 B. .130 C. .538 D. .583 E. .875

8. What is the false-positive rate? That is, what is the probability of testing positive given that the

person does not have HIV?

A. .054 B. .050 C. .130 D. .417 E. .875

9. What is the sensitivity of the test? That is, what is the probability of testing positive given that the

person has HIV?

10. What is the probability of testing negative given that the person does not have HIV?

11. A consumer organization estimates that 29% of new cars have a cosmetic defect, such as a scratch or a

dent, when they are delivered to car dealers. This same organization believes that 7% have a functional

defect—something that does not work properly— and that 2% of new cars have both kinds of problems.

a) If you buy a new car, what’s the probability that it has some kind of defect?

__________.34__________

__________.27_________

c) If you notice a dent on a new car, what’s the probability it has a functional defect?

_________.069_________

d) Are the two kinds of defects disjoint events? Explain.

e) Do you think the two kinds of defects are independent events? Explain.

12. A company’s human resources officer reports a breakdown of employees by job type and gender, shown

in the table. Gender

Male Female

Job Type management 7 6

supervision 8 12

Production 45 72

a. Female? _______.6________________

13. Since the stock market began in 1872, stock prices have risen in about 73% of the years. Assuming that

market performance is independent from year to year, what’s the probability that

b) The market will fall during at least 1 of the next 5 years? .793

14. The Centers for Disease Control say that about 30% of high-school students smoke tobacco (down from

a high of 38% in 1997). Suppose you randomly select high-school students to survey them on their

attitudes toward scenes of smoking in the movies. What’s the probability that

15. Molly’s college offers two sections of Statistics 101. From what she has heard about the two

professors listed, Molly estimates that her chances of passing the course are 0.80 if she gets

professor Scedastic and 0.60 if she gets Professor Kurtosis. The registrar uses a lottery to randomly

assign the 120 enrolled students based on the number of available seats in each class. There are 70

seats in Professor Scedastic’s class and 50 in Professor Kurtosis’s class.

b) At the end of the semester, we find out that Molly failed. What’s the probability that she got

Professor Kurtosis?

.5882

16. The 2000 Census revealed that 26% of all firms in the United States are owned by women. You call

some firms doing business locally, assuming that the national percentage is true in your area.

a) What’s the probability that the first 3 you call are all owned by women? .018

b) What’s the probability that none of your first 4 calls finds a firm that is owned by a woman?

.2999

17. Every 5 years the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences surveys college math departments.

In 2000 the board reported that 51% of all undergraduates taking Calculus I were in classes that used

graphing calculators and 31% were in classes that used computer assignments. Suppose that 16% used

both calculators and computers.

c) What percent had computer assignments given they were calculator users? .314

d) Based on this survey do calculator and computer use appear to be independent events? Explain.

18. A census by the county dog control officer found that 18% of homes kept one dog as a pet, 4% had two

dogs, and 1% had three or more. If a salesman visits two homes selected at random, what’s the

probability he encounters

a) no dogs? _______.5929___________

19. In your sock drawer you have 4 blue socks, 5 grey socks, and 3 black ones. Half asleep one morning, you

grab 2 socks at random and put them on. Find the probability you end up wearing

20. In the table what are the P ( A �E ) and P ( C / E ) ?

D E TOTAL

A 15 12 27

B 15 23 38

C 32 28 60

TOTAL 62 63 125

12 28 12 28 12 28 12 28 12 28

A. , B. , C. , D. , E. ,

125 125 63 60 125 63 125 60 63 63

1 5 2 1 4

B. B. C. D. E.

4 17 5 3 5

22. The GPA (grade point average) of students who take the AP Statistics exam are approximately normally

distributed with a mean of 3.4 with a standard deviation of 0.3. What is the probability that a student

selected at random from this group has a GPA lower than 3.0?

23. The 2000 Census identified the ethnic breakdown of the state of California to be approximately as

follow: White: 46%, Latino: 32%, Asian: 11%, Black: 7%, and Other: 4%. Assuming that these are

mutually exclusive categories (this is not a realistic assumption, especially in California), what is the

probability that a random selected person from the state of California is of Asian or Latino decent?

24. The students in problem #22 above were normally distributed with a mean GPA of 3.4 and standard

deviation of 0.3. In order to qualify for the school honor society, a student must have a GPA in the top

5% of all GPAs. Accurate to two decimal places, what is the minimum GPA Norma can have in order to

qualify for the honor society?

25. Given that P ( A) = 0.6, P( B) = 0.3, and P(B/A)=0.5 .

A. Find P ( A �B ) = _______.3____________________________________

B. Find P ( A �B ) = _______.6____________________________________

C. Are events A and B independent? Explain your answer.

1

26. Harvey, Laura, and Gina take turns throwing spit-wads at a target. Harvey hits the target of the

2

1 1

time. Laura hits it of the time, and Gina hits the target of the time. Given that somebody hit the

3 4

target, what is the probability that it was Laura?

4

13

27. A normal distribution has mean 700 and standard deviation 50. The probability is 0.6 that a randomly

selected term from this distribution is above x. What is x?

X = 687.33

28. Suppose that 80% of the homes in the Woodlands have a desktop computer and 30% have both a

desktop computer and a laptop computer. What is the probability that a randomly selected home will

have a laptop computer given that they have a desktop computer?

.375

29. Conroe has an annual pumpkin festival at Halloween. A prime attraction to this festival is a “largest

pumpkin” contest. Suppose that the weights of these pumpkins are approximately normally distributed

with a mean of 125 pounds and a standard deviation of 18 pounds. Farmer Riley brings a pumpkin that is

at the 90% percentile of all the pumpkins in the contest. What is the approximate weight of Riley’s

pumpkin?

X= 148.07

30. Consider the following two probability distributions for independent discrete random variable X and Y.

X 2 3 4 Y 3 4 5 6

P(X) 0.3 0.5 ? .2 P(X) ? .15 0.1 ? .55 0.4

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