Sunteți pe pagina 1din 11

UNIT INPUT DATA

Depth & no. cores

150

0

Depth of unit

150

mm

Breadth at top

1154

mm

Breadth at bottom

1197

mm

Total breadth of webs

1134

mm

Depth of top flange

150

mm

Area of concrete

175000

mm2

Moment of inertia (10^6)

 

330.00 *10^6mm4

Height to centroid from bottom

75.0 mm

 

Concrete compressive strength f'c

40

N/mm2

Concrete compressive strength transfer strength

30

N/mm2

Concrete Young's modulus

34672

N/mm2

Concrete transfer Young's modulus

 

29440 N/mm2

Concrete shrinkage strain

0.0003

 

Concrete creep coefficient for long - term (28 day = 40%)

2.95

 

Serviceability tensile stress Class (and crack width)

3 (0.2)

 

Modulus of rupture

 

-3.80 N/mm2

Steel yield strength for strand

 

1840 N/mm2

Ratio of initial prestress in bottom strands of 12.5 mm dia. or Ratio of initial prestress in bottom strands of 9.3 or 10.9 mm dia. Ratio of initial prestress in top wires Young's modulus of strand

 

0.700

 

0.700

0.400

195000

N/mm2

Strand 1000 hour relaxation

2.0 %

 

Strand transmission length coefficient

240

 

Bearing length

80

mm

Fire resistance

1.5 hour

MOMENT & SHEAR RESISTANCES

 

Basic unit

At hole 1

At hole 2

Service moment of resistance M sr (kNm)

65.4

Ultimate moment of resistance M ur (kNm)

103.9

Ult uncracked shear resistance V co (kN)

241.1

Ult cracked shear resistance V cr (kN)

Varies see graph

 

PRESTRESS CHECK

Transfer

Stress at bottom (N/mm2)

11.36

PASS

Stress at top (N/mm2)

-2.42

PASS

INPUT LOADS & SPANS

Effective span

Self weight of precast unit

Self weight of screed

Finishes UDL

Services UDL

Partitions UDL

Imposed live load UDL

Imposed live load factor for long term

POINT LOADS

Point load 1 Point load 2 Point load 3 Point load 4

Distance is from centre of bearing

Point load

(kN)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

LINE LOADS PARALLEL WITH SPAN

Distance is from centre of bearing

Line load

Distance

(kN/m)

left to start

0.00

1.000

0.00

2.000

0.00

3.000

0.00

4.000

At hole 1

At hole 2

Number of units side-by-side in slab field (for dynamic properties) Minimum required sound density of

 
18
18

0 kg/m2

Line load 1 Line load 2

STRAND PATTERN

Row 1

Row 2

Row 3

Top

No. of strandsin each row

7

0

0

0

Line load 3 Line load 4

Cover to tendons in each row (mm)

30

35

0

25

Diameter of tendons in each row (mm)

12.5

12.5

9.3

7.0

 

OUTPUT DESIGN MOMENTS & SHEAR

OUTPUT DATA FOR UNIT

Basic unit

At hole 1

At hole 2

Left notch

Right notch

Basic unit

Self weight of unit (exclude infill)

4.29

Service moment M s

50.9

Section modulus at bottom (mm3)

4.40E+06

 

Ultimate

moment M u

67.7

Section modulus at top (mm3)

4.40E+06

Ultimate shear force V u Ultimate shear force V u end of notch Ratio of design shear V u / V cr

47.6

Total area of bottom tendons (mm2)

651

-

Eccentricity of prestress (mm)

38.8

0.38

Initial prestressing force (kN)

838.5

 

PASS

Total losses (%)

23.1

 

Final prestressing force (kN)

644.4

Decompression moment M o (kNm)

41.17

 

Sheet 1 of 2

PRESTRESSED CONCRETE SOLID & HOLLOW CORE FLOORING DESIGNED TO BS8110

HOLES IN UNIT

DEFLECTIONS (to be corrected according to customer's data)

Limit

SECTION PROPERTIES

MATERIAL PROPERTIES

SPAN AND LOADS

Depth of unit Breadth at top Breadth at bottom Total breadth of webs Depth of top flange Depth of bottom flange No. of cores Breadth of core Area of concrete Second moment of area (10^6) Height to centroid from bottom Bearing length Fire resistance

150

mm

Concrete cube strength

1154

mm

Concrete transfer cube strength

1197

mm

Concrete Young's modulus

1134

mm

Concrete transfer modulus

150

mm

Concrete shrinkage strain

0

0.00

Concrete creep coefficient

0

Design tensile stress for Class 3

0

0.00

Steel yield strength for strand

175000

mm2

Ratio of initial prestress 12.5

330.00

*10^6mm4

Ratio of initial prestress 9.3 strands

75.0

mm

Ratio of initial prestress top wires

80

mm

Young's modulus of strand

1.5

hour

Strand 1000 hour relaxation Transmission length coefficient

STRAND PATTERN

ROW 1

 

7

30

12.5

651

No. of tendons in each row Cover to tendons (mm) Diameter of tendons (mm) Area of tendons each row (mm2) PRETENSIONING DATA Lock off ratio Fpu/Fpj=0.7 Moment of inertia I (mm4)= Stand axis height(mm)= Centeroid of section from bottom(mm)=

Eccentricity(mm)75-38.8=

Section modulus at strands Wcp(mm3)= Stress in tendons (N/mm2) 0.7*fpu= Initial prestress force (kN) 0.7*fpu*n*Aps= Initial force x axis height Pi(kNmm)

330

*10^6

36.3

75.0

38.8

8.516E+06

1,288

838.5

30,395

40

30

34672

29440

0.0003

2.95

-3.80

1840

0.700

0.700

0.40

195000

2.0

240

N/mm2

Effective span Self weight of precast unit plus infill in joints Self weight of screed Finishes UDL Services UDL Partitions UDL Imposed live load UDL

5.420

N/mm2

3.67

N/mm2

1.38

N/mm2

1.00

0.50

0.00

N/mm2

5.00

N/mm2

Imposed live load factor for long term deflection

0.3

 

POINT LOADS

Load (kN)

Distance* (m)

N/mm2

Point load 1 Point load 2 Point load 3 Point load 4

0.00

1.00

%

0.00

2.00

0.00

3.00

0.00

4.00

LINE LOADS PARALLEL WITH SPAN

 

Load (kN/m)

Start* (m)

End* (m)

 

Line load 1 Line load 2

0.00

1.00

2.00

0.00

2.00

3.00

 

0.00

3.00

4.00

 

Line load 3 Line load 4

0.00

4.00

5.00

Mean axis height = 30,395 / 838.49 = 36.3 mm

* Distances measured from the left hand end to centre of su

Eccentricity = 75 - 36.3 = 38.8 mm

0.10

Mean initial stress in all tendons = 838,488 / 651 = 1,288.0 N/mm2 LOSSES

30.40

Immediate steel relaxation loss = 0.024 Elastic shortening after relaxtion loss = (0.976 x 8.61 x 195,000) / (1,288.0 x 29,440) = 0.0432 where initial stress in concrete at centroid of tendons = (838,488 / 175,000) + (838,488 x 38.8 / 8,516,129) = 8.61 N/mm2 Residual after initial losses R = 1 - 0.0672 = 0.9328

TRANSFER STRESS CHECK Transfer force after initial losses = 0.9328 x 838,488 = 782,143 N Transfer stress at bottom = (782,143 / 175000) + (782,143 x 38.8 / 4,400,000) = 11.36 N/mm2

Transfer stress at top =

(782,143 / 175000)

- (782,143 x 38.8 / 4,400,000) = -2.42 N/mm2

where Z bottom = 330000000 / 75 = 4,400,000 mm3, and Z top = 330000000 / 75 = 4,400,000 mm3

Page 2 of 10

Allowable stress = 0.5 x 30 = 15 N/mm2

Allowable stress (Class 3) = -0.45 x 30^0.5 = -2.46 N/mm2

PASS

PASS

Further long time losses:

Creep loss = elastic shortening x creep factor = 0.0432 x 2.95 = 0.1189 Shrinkage loss based on 300 micro strain = 0.0003 x 195000 / 1,288.0 = 0.0454

Total losses = 0.0240 + 0.0432 + 0.1189 + 0.0454 = 23.1 % Residual loss factor after final losses Rwk = 0.7685 Final force after final losses = 0.7685 x 838,488 = 644,388 N

FINAL PRESTRESS Prestress at bottom = (644,388 / 175000) +

Prestress at top =

(644,388 x 38.8 / 4,400,000)

= 9.36 N/mm2

(644,388 / 175000)

- (644,388 x 38.8 / 4,400,000) = -1.99 N/mm2

SERVICEABILITY MOMENT OF RESISTANCE

Service moment based on top stress =

Service moment based on bottom stress = (9.36 - -5.50) x 4,400,000 = 65,371,780 Nmm Critical service moment of resistance = 65.4 kNm

(13.2 - -1.99) x 4,400,000 = 66,848,277 Nmm

ULTIMATE MOMENT OF RESISTANCE Area of strands in tension zone = 651 mm2 Height to centroid of these strands = 36.3 mm Effective depth to strands in tension zone = 113.8 mm

Constitutive equations for stress v strain:

If final strain < 0.013964, then fpb = 1,029 + 51,466 x strain If final strain > 0.013964, then fpb = 0.95 x 1840

Prestrain = 1,288.0 x 0.7685 / 195000 = 0.005076 Ultimate strain = 0.0030 x (113.8 - X) / X

Total strain = 0.002076 + 0.341 / X

Eq. 1

x (113.8 - X) / X Total strain = 0.002076 + 0.341 / X Eq. 1
0.0030 X d - X
0.0030
X
d - X

Ultimate force in concrete Fc = 0.65 x 40 x 1154 x 0.9 X = 30,004X Ultimate force in tendons Fs = fpb x 651

Then for equilibrium: X / fpb = 651 / 30,004 = 0.0217

Eq. 2

0.5333

Sub. Eq. 2 into eq. 1; strain = 0.002076 + 15.728 / fpb

Eq. 3

Allowable stress = 0.33 x 40 = 13.2 N/mm2 PASS Allowable stress including depth factor of 1.1 (Class 3) = -3.795 N/mm2

PASS

Stress fpb (N/mm2) Ultimate stress = 0.95 x 1840 1,748 1,398 Secant E = 51.47
Stress fpb (N/mm2)
Ultimate stress = 0.95 x 1840
1,748
1,398
Secant E = 51.47 kN/mm2
1,029
0.005 + 0.95 x 1840 / 195000 = 0.01
E = 195 kN/mm2
Strain
Stress v strain curve for strands

Page 3 of 10

Sub Eq. 3 into the above constitutive equation: total strain = 0.011713 < 0.013964, then fpb = 1,029 + 51,466 x 0.011713 = 1,632 N/mm2

Sub. Into Eq. 2: X = 0.0217 x 1,632 = 35.4 mm

Then final X = 35.4 mm Depth to centroid of compression block = 15.9 mm Lever arm = 113.8 - 15.9 = 97.8 mm

Ultimate moment of resistance = 0.8 x 1,632 x 651 x 97.8 = 93.5 kNm

ULTIMATE SHEAR CAPACITY Vco - FLEXURALLY UNCRACKED Distance to critical point from end of unit 'x' = 80 + 75.0 = 155.0 mm Mean diameter of all strands = (7 x 12.5 + x x x ) / (7 + + ) = 12.5 mm Transmission length Lt = 240 x 12.5 / 5.48 = 547.7 mm Shear plane inside transmission zone; x / Lt = 155.0 / 547.7 = 0.283

Axial prestress at centroid level fcp = 644,388 / 175000 = 3.68 N/mm2

Prestress at shear plane fcpx = 3.68 x 0.283 x (2 - 0.283) = 1.789 N/mm2

Flexurally uncracked shear capacity Vco = 0.67 x 1134 x 150

Flexurally uncracked shear capacity Vco = 0.67 x 1134 x 150 0.8 x 1.789 x 1.52

0.8 x 1.789 x 1.52 + 2.30 = 241.1 kN

548 mm 155 mm Transmission length 80 75.0 45 deg. shear plane
548 mm
155 mm
Transmission length
80
75.0
45 deg. shear plane

ULTIMATE SHEAR CAPACITY Vcr - FLEXURALLY CRACKED Vcr varies along the span of the unit depending on design moment Mu and shear force Vu (see table at end of report); where R = residual loss factor = 0.7685 Concrete shear stress vc = 0.806 N/mm2 Breadth of webs bw = 1134 mm Effective depth d = 113.8 mm Decompression moment Mo =9.36 x 4,400,000 = 41.17 kNm

Vcr = (1 - 0.55 R) vc bw d + Mo Vu / Mu

BEARING CAPACITY Ultimate bearing stress = 16 N/mm2

Ineffective bearing allowances = 35 mm Effective bearing width = 600 mm

Bearing capacity = 202 kN

> Vu=49.9kN

SERVICEABILITY DEFLECTION Deflection at transfer. According to factory measurements, increase theoretical camber by 50%. Upward camber = 1.5 x 782,143 x 38.8 x 5420^2 / (8 x 29440 x 330000000) = -17.2 mm Due to self weight = 5 x 4.29 x 5420^4 / (384 x 29440 x 330000000) = 5.0 mm Net deflection at transfer = -12.2 mm

Deflection at installation.

Camber = (1 + 1.08) x 782,143 x 38.8 x 5420^2 / (8 x 29440 x 330000000) = -23.9 mm Due to self weight = (1 + 1.08) x 5.0 = 10.3 mm Net deflection at installation = -13.5 mm

Creep factor at 28 days = 0.4 x 2.95 x 29440 / [0.5 x (29440 + 34672)] = 1.08

584.0 155.0 80 75.0 45 deg. she Vu=49.9kN
584.0
155.0
80
75.0
45 deg. she
Vu=49.9kN

Long-term deflections (calculated at midspan, ) Creep factor from 28 days to final = 2.95 - 1.08 = 1.87 Camber = -23.9 -1.87 x 644,388 x 38.8 x 5420^2 / (8 x 34672 x 330000000) = -38.8 mm Due to visco self weight plus dead and live Load= 10.3 + 5 x 1.2 x [3.67 x 1.87 + 2.88 x (1 + 1.87) + 1.50 x (1 + 2.95)] x 5420^4 / (384 x 34672 x 330000000) = 35.1 mm

Net maximum deflection due to all loads = -4.1 mm

Limiting deflection = span/250 = 21.7 mm

PASS

Deflection due to imposed loads, camber and creep after installation = 5.1 mm

Limiting deflection = span/350 or 20 mm = 15.5 mm

PASS

Overall ratio of service moment / capacity ratio = 50.9 / 65.4 = 0.78 Overall ratio of ultimate moment / capacity ratio = 67.7 / 103.9 = 0.65

Overall ratio of ultimate shear / uncracked shear capacity ratio = 47.6 / 241.1 = 0.20 Overall maximum ratio of ultimate shear / cracked shear capacity ratio = 0.38

DESIGN MOMENTS, SHEAR FORCES AND DEFLECTIONS, AND MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY AT 50 POINTS ALONG THE SPAN (includes holes, notches and shelf angles)

Distance

Service

Serv moment

Ultimate

Ult moment

Ultimate shear

Ultimate shear Vco or Vcr

Deflection at

Deflection at

Deflection after

Final

from left

moment

of resistance

moment

of resistance

force

transfer

installation

installation

deflection

0.00

0.0

65.4

0.0

103.9

49.9

168.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.11

4.0

65.4

5.3

103.9

47.9

168.8

-1.0

-1.2

0.3

-0.8

0.22

7.8

65.4

10.4

103.9

45.9

168.8

-2.0

-2.3

0.6

-1.5

0.33

11.5

65.4

15.3

103.9

43.9

168.8

-2.9

-3.4

1.0

-2.1

0.43

15.0

65.4

19.9

103.9

42.0

168.8

-3.8

-4.4

1.3

-2.6

0.54

18.3

65.4

24.4

103.9

40.0

168.8

-4.6

-5.3

1.6

-3.0

0.65

21.5

65.4

28.6

103.9

38.0

168.8

-5.4

-6.2

1.9

-3.3

0.76

24.5

65.4

32.6

103.9

36.0

168.8

-6.1

-7.0

2.2

-3.5

0.87

27.4

65.4

36.4

103.9

34.0

168.8

-6.8

-7.8

2.5

-3.7

0.98

30.0

65.4

40.0

103.9

32.0

168.8

-7.5

-8.5

2.7

-3.9

1.08

32.6

65.4

43.3

103.9

30.0

168.8

-8.1

-9.1

3.0

-4.0

1.19

34.9

65.4

46.5

103.9

28.0

168.8

-8.6

-9.7

3.3

-4.1

1.30

37.1

65.4

49.4

103.9

26.0

168.8

-9.1

-10.3

3.5

-4.1

1.41

39.2

65.4

52.1

103.9

24.0

168.8

-9.6

-10.8

3.7

-4.1

1.52

41.0

65.4

54.6

103.9

22.0

168.8

-10.0

-11.2

3.9

-4.1

1.63

42.7

65.4

56.8

103.9

20.0

52.1

-10.4

-11.6

4.1

-4.1

1.73

44.3

65.4

58.9

103.9

18.0

50.8

-10.8

-12.0

4.3

-4.0

1.84

45.7

65.4

60.7

103.9

16.0

49.6

-11.1

-12.3

4.5

-4.0

1.95

46.9

65.4

62.4

103.9

14.0

48.5

-11.3

-12.6

4.6

-3.9

2.06

48.0

65.4

63.8

103.9

12.0

47.4

-11.6

-12.9

4.7

-3.9

2.17

48.9

65.4

65.0

103.9

10.0

46.5

-11.8

-13.1

4.8

-3.8

2.28

49.6

65.4

65.9

103.9

8.0

45.5

-11.9

-13.2

4.9

-3.8

2.38

50.2

65.4

66.7

103.9

6.0

44.6

-12.1

-13.4

5.0

-3.8

2.49

50.6

65.4

67.2

103.9

4.0

43.7

-12.2

-13.5

5.0

-3.7

2.60

50.8

65.4

67.6

103.9

2.0

42.9

-12.2

-13.5

5.1

-3.7

2.71

50.9

65.4

67.7

103.9

0.0

42.0

-12.2

-13.5

5.1

-3.7

2.82

50.8

65.4

67.6

103.9

-2.0

42.9

-12.2

-13.5

5.1

-3.7

2.93

50.6

65.4

67.2

103.9

-4.0

43.4

-12.2

-13.5

5.0

-3.7

3.04

50.2

65.4

66.7

103.9

-6.0

44.1

-12.1

-13.4

5.0

-3.8

3.14

49.6

65.4

65.9

103.9

-8.0

45.5

-11.9

-13.2

4.9

-3.8

3.25

48.9

65.4

65.0

103.9

-10.0

46.5

-11.8

-13.1

4.8

-3.8

3.36

48.0

65.4

63.8

103.9

-12.0

47.4

-11.6

-12.9

4.7

-3.9

3.47

46.9

65.4

62.4

103.9

-14.0

48.5

-11.3

-12.6

4.6

-3.9

3.58

45.7

65.4

60.7

103.9

-16.0

49.6

-11.1

-12.3

4.5

-4.0

3.69

44.3

65.4

58.9

103.9

-18.0

50.8

-10.8

-12.0

4.3

-4.0

3.79

42.7

65.4

56.8

103.9

-20.0

52.1

-10.4

-11.6

4.1

-4.1

3.90

41.0

65.4

54.6

103.9

-22.0

168.8

-10.0

-11.2

3.9

-4.1

4.01

39.2

65.4

52.1

103.9

-24.0

168.8

-9.6

-10.8

3.7

-4.1

4.12

37.1

65.4

49.4

103.9

-26.0

168.8

-9.1

-10.3

3.5

-4.1

4.23

34.9

65.4

46.5

103.9

-28.0

168.8

-8.6

-9.7

3.3

-4.1

4.34

32.6

65.4

43.3

103.9

-30.0

168.8

-8.1

-9.1

3.0

-4.0

4.44

30.0

65.4

40.0

103.9

-32.0

168.8

-7.5

-8.5

2.7

-3.9

4.55

27.4

65.4

36.4

103.9

-34.0

168.8

-6.8

-7.8

2.5

-3.7

4.66

24.5

65.4

32.6

103.9

-36.0

168.8

-6.1

-7.0

2.2

-3.5

4.77

21.5

65.4

28.6

103.9

-38.0

168.8

-5.4

-6.2

1.9

-3.3

4.88

18.3

65.4

24.4

103.9

-40.0

168.8

-4.6

-5.3

1.6

-3.0

4.99

15.0

65.4

19.9

103.9

-42.0

168.8

-3.8

-4.4

1.3

-2.6

5.09

11.5

65.4

15.3

103.9

-43.9

168.8

-2.9

-3.4

1.0

-2.1

5.20

7.8

65.4

10.4

103.9

-45.9

168.8

-2.0

-2.3

0.6

-1.5

5.31

4.0

65.4

5.3

103.9

-47.9

168.8

-1.0

-1.2

0.3

-0.8

5.42

0.0

65.4

0.0

103.9

-49.9

168.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

Maxima =

-12.2

-13.5

5.1

-4.1

Distance

Service

Serv moment

Ultimate

Ult moment

Ultimate shear

Ultimate shear Vco or Vcr

Deflection at

Deflection at

Deflection after

Final

from left

moment

of resistance

moment

of resistance

force

transfer

installation

installation

deflection

End of document

INSTALLATION, FINAL & LIVE LOAD DEFLECTIONS No holes or notches included Final deflection At installation
INSTALLATION, FINAL & LIVE LOAD DEFLECTIONS
No holes or notches included
Final deflection
At installation
span/350 or 20 mm limit
span/250 limit
Deflection after install
-20
-10
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
0
10
20
30
Deflection (mm)

x axis = Distance from left hand support (m)

DESIGN SHEAR FORCE AND RESISTANCE

Changes in resistances at holes and notches occur at a distance of one centroid height from change of section

Ultimate shear

Shear capacity Vco or Vcr

200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
-20
-40
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-160
-180
-200
Shear force (kN)

Distance from left hand support (m)

SERVICE STRESS AND LIMITS Bottom stress Top stress Bottom limit Top limit 24 22 20
SERVICE STRESS AND LIMITS
Bottom stress
Top stress
Bottom limit
Top limit
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
-2
-4
-6
Service bending stress (N/mm2)

Distance from left hand support (m)

DESIGN MOMENTS AND RESISTANCES Service moment Ultimate moment Changes in resistances at holes and notches
DESIGN MOMENTS AND RESISTANCES
Service moment
Ultimate moment
Changes in resistances at holes and notches occur at
one transmission length from the change in section
Service resistance
Ultimate resistance
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
Moment (kNm)

Distance from left hand support (m)