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Code of Ethics (World Archery Coaching Manual)

confidentiality of the athlete at all times and

Contents: reject any forms of abuse whatever level or
guise this may take.
1) Preamble
Coaches who adopt this code of conduct for
2) Role of the Coach coaches should accept the responsibility of the
task they are undertaking. This should include
3) Dignity the responsibility toward the archer, parent
and family, and colleagues of the athlete, their
4) Integrity in Relationships employer and the organisation under which
umbrella they are operating, i.e. club, county,
5) Professional Competence country and World Archery.

6) Personal Standards

7) Confidentiality 2. Role of the Coach:

8) Coach Responsibility Coaches play a vital role in the progressive

development of their archers. How coaches
communicate with the archer and the
atmosphere they create often determines
1. Preamble: whether the interactive experience is
beneficial or detrimental. Based on this,
Coaching within the sport of archery can coaches should adopt a positive approach to
contribute with the development of individuals coaching. This should be based on good
in their chosen sport. It is used as a process common sense and incorporate several basic
for developing many skills of awareness which principles.
when used will enhance the archer’s ability,
consistency and enjoyment of shooting the 2.1 Give plenty of praise and
bow. encouragement. When people are
learning and refining newly adopted
Every coach should respect and protect each skills, coaches should provide plenty of
person’s human and civil rights, and should not genuine praise and encouraging
participate in any unfair discriminatory statements that are related to the skills
practices or condone such activities. and performance of the archer.

It is essential to establish and maintain a 2.2 Give praise sincerely. If coaches are
standard of ethical behaviour whatever level of not sincere with their praise and
coaching is being undertaken. The coach encouragement, they will lose their
should work within an agreeable ethical credibility with the archers they are
framework that is acceptable to them, the coaching.
person they are coaching and the national
guidelines of the country in which they are 2.3 Develop and produce realistic
coaching. The principles of responsibility expectations. It is imperative that
detailed in this document provide the basis of coaches and their archers have realistic
core values for good progressive coaching. expectations that are based on each
individual’s abilities.
This code of ethics for coaching is a framework
within which to work; and lists a series of 2.4 Give praise for effort as much as
guidelines rather than a framework of rules. outcome. For some archers, winning
events may be an unlikely
It is expected that archery coaches will achievement, but trying to succeed by
encounter ethical standards in many areas; giving maximum effort is attainable by
they must respect the integrity and all those involved.

2.5 Give praise for correct techniques Safeguarding the dignity of the individual
and performance, not just is a fundamental requirement of being a
outcome. Coaches should coach.
remember to encourage archers There shall be no discrimination between
to improve their skills, they should participants on the basis of race, sex,
also provide encouraging ethnic origin, religion, philosophical or
feedback to the archer when they political opinion, marital status or any
have produced a good technique areas that would be offensive or cause an
but are less than successful with aggravation to any person the coach is
the result. Winning at the expense likely to come in contact with.
of skill development will lead to
failure at the more advanced 3.1 No practice constituting any form
levels of archery participation. of physical or mental injury to the
participants will be tolerated. All
2.6 Employ a 'sandwich' approach to doping practices at all levels are
correcting mistakes. Such an strictly prohibited. Any form of
approach focuses on providing a inducement to indulge in, or
corrective instruction sandwiched partake in, any drug abuse will be
between two positive and contradictory to the Code of
encouraging statements. Conduct for Coaches.

2.7 Coaches should adopt a positive 3.2 All forms of harassment or abuse
and genuine approach to against participants or spectators;
coaching. be it physical, mental, professional
or sexual, are prohibited.
2.8 A coach should help archers set
realistic but challenging and
attainable goals. 4. Integrity in Relationships:

2.9 Coaches should ensure that Coaches must not encourage archers to
training and practice are enjoyable violate the rules laid down by the official
and always end on a positive note. organisation/federation governing that
activity. They should actively condemn
2.10 Coaches should not expect any such action and encourage archers to
children or juniors to perform as adhere to, and abide by the spirit of the
miniature adults but give rules.
consideration to their age,
physical attributes and ability. 4.1 Coaches should not compromise
their archer’s integrity by
2.11 Coaches should help archers to condoning any activity that would
define success by achieving present an unfair advantage. The
personal goals that have been set coach must encourage and
by mutual discussion and actively pursue measures that
agreement. These goals should be progressively develop
recorded so that they can be performance improvement in a
referred to through the safe and considerate manner and
progression of improvement and one that which will not jeopardise
time. the archers’ well-being for future

4.2 It is the coaches’ responsibility to

ensure training and programmes
they follow are directly relevant to
the archer and that they are in
accordance with the age, ability
3. Dignity: and experience of the archer and
will not cause any incapacitation.

or wellbeing, of their archers or
4.3 The coach should be responsible other participants.
for the conduct of their archers
and must discourage any 5.4 Coaches should actively seek ways
behaviour that would bring them, of improving their personal and/or
the archer or sport into disrepute, professional development; they
whether this is in training, travel have a responsibility to
or competition. themselves and their archers to
improve their own ability and
4.4 Coaches must treat all opponents effectiveness.
with respect whether it is in
victory or defeat, and should
encourage their archers to act 6. Personal Standards:
similarly. It is the coaches’ duty to
prepare their archer to respond to Personal appearance is a matter of
success and defeat in a cordial and individual preference and culture but a
dignified manner. coach should project an image of
cleanliness and efficiency; and not
4.5 Coaches must be able to present project an image that would offend either
any evidence of documented onlookers or the archers being coached.
qualifications on request and must
not refer to or display any item 6.1 Coaches must be aware of, and
that falsely implies any project an image of high standards
sponsorship or accreditation of coaching to their archer, their
qualifications. archers parents and families,
other coaches, spectators, officials
and all other persons that may be
5. Professional Competence: in the vicinity or able to observe
any activity being undertaken.
The coach should take the limits of their
knowledge and capacity into account; 6.2 Coaches should never smoke
and should not assume responsibility if when they are conducting a
they are not sufficiently prepared for the coaching or training session.
task at hand.
6.3 Coaches should not drink any
5.1 The coach should recognise and alcohol just prior to conducting a
accept when it is necessary or coaching session. It may affect
appropriate to refer their archer to their decisions or competence to
other coaches or sport specific coach and may compromise the
specialists for further safety of the archers or spectators
development. It is also their of the session. It may also be
responsibility, where appropriate, offensive to archers to smell
to verify the competence of the alcohol on the breath of the
person or organisation to which person they are being coached by,
they are referring their archer. and breathing out alcoholic fumes
does not portray a very good
5.2 Competence to coach should image of a coach in charge of an
normally be verified by important training session.
documented qualifications, or
documented evidence of
performance. Competence cannot
be inferred solely from prior
experience. 7. Confidentiality:

5.3 The coach must refrain from When a coach has a good working
working in an environment that is relationship with an archer it is inevitable
unsafe or jeopardises the safety, that a great deal of confidential

information is interchanged and responsibility to refer their archer
sometimes recorded. It is imperative that to other coaches or sports specific
the coach and archer agree on which of experts who have more advanced
this data is regarded as confidential, this knowledge than themselves, and
confidential information must not be work with these people to enhance
divulged to any person or persons their archer’s well-being and/or
without the express approval of the performance.
archer/parent or guardian.
8.2 The coach should strive to
Coaches must not disclose information enhance their knowledge and
entrusted to them in confidence. Any coaching skills through research
disclosure of information must not be for and personal learning projects,
personal gain or benefit, nor be and to ensure their training
undertaken maliciously to damage the programmes enhance their
reputation of any person or organisation. archer’s well-being and/or
performance and does not harm or
Some person, persons or organisations hinder them in any way.
may have a need/right to have
knowledge of some of this confidential 8.3 The coach must be responsible for
information. It may fall on the coach to their archer or team and
decide whether the disclosure of such themselves in the pursuit of
information is in the best interest of the professional competence both in
archer or sporting organisation. Some training and competition through
examples are listed below: well balanced and appropriate
• Performance information for team training programmes.
or competition selection.
• Disclosure of information to 8.4 The coach must ensure that all
doctors, the athlete’s parents or training exercises and training
family where the health or safety programmes are appropriate for
of the athlete may be in the person they have been
jeopardy. designed for, and take into
• Disclosure of information to consideration, age, health, ability
protect children or vulnerable and experience of that person.
adults from abuse.
• Disclosure of information for legal 8.5 The coach must take into
or disciplinary requirements. consideration the individuality and
ability of each team member when
constructing training exercises or
training programmes.
8. Coach Responsibility:
8.6 The coach must constantly
The basis of responsible coaching carries monitor their archer’s physical and
the expectation that activities carried out mental condition and take the
by coaches will be beneficial to the necessary or appropriate action,
archers they are coaching, and to the and to take this into consideration
sport in which they partake. The when overseeing training
implementation of this coaching activity exercises or constructing training
is to improve the archer’s performance programmes.
and at the same time minimising the risk
of injury by ensuring their knowledge is 8.7 The coach must be aware of every
current and all their training programmes day pressures the archer may
are well prepared. have, such as; educational,
occupational, and family or
8.1 The coach should recognise and financial, and adapt their actions,
acknowledge their limitations and instructions and training
work within these limitations. programmes accordingly.
They should accept the

8.8 The coach must consider the
archer’s well-being and future
development when making
decisions on whether the archer
can continue competing if
suffering from a minor injury,
fatigue or minor ailment. It is
imperative that the well-being and
future development of the archer
are put before current

To gain respect you have to give

respect, and when you give it make
sure that it is genuine and sincere.