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PROTEINS

Sarah Sophia A. Soberano


BSN – 1B
Sir. Elmo Maagad
PROTEINS

 Building blocks of the body


 The most important of all biological compounds
 The very word ‘’Protein’’ is derived from the Greek ‘’Proteios’’
 Meaning ‘’of first importance’’

Fibrous Protein

 Form ‘rode’ or ‘wire’ like shapes and are usually inert


structural or storage proteins
 Are generally water insoluble
 Usually used to construct connective tissues, tendons, bone
and muscle fiber
 Coiled and exist in threadlike structures to form fibres
 Example of Fibrous Proteins:
- keratins, collagens, actin, myosin and elastins etc.

Globular Protein

 Spherical in shape and usually water soluble


 Made up of polypeptides that are coiled about themselves to form
oval or spherical molecules
 Example of Globular Proteins:
- Haemoglobin, insulin and enzymes in the body
Simple Protein

 Made up of amino acid only, joined by the peptide bond


 On hydrolysis they yield only the amino acids and occasional small
carbohydrate compounds
 Examples are:
- Albumins, globulins, glutelins, albuminoids,
histones and protamines

Conjugated Protein

 A complex protein
 Such as hemoglobin, consisting of amino acids combined with
other substances
 Examples are:
- glycoproteins, lipoproteins, phosphoproteins,
hemoproteins, flavoproteins, metalloproteins,
phytochromes, cytochromes, opsins and
chromoproteins.

Acid Proteins

 They exist as anion and contain acidic amino acids

Basic Proteins

 They exist as cations and are rich in basic amino acids


Functions of Proteins
Structural Functions
 Essential component of various structures in the cell and
tissues
 Also find these proteins in the outer membrane of a cells
in the human body
 Proteins working together can allow movement within the
body. Such as contraction of muscles and movement of
food through the digestive system
 They are needed for growth, development, healing and
repair of tissues

Protective
 Proteins are the main constituent of antibodies that protect
our body against antigens and pathogens thus preventing
infections.

Hormonal Regulation
 Hormones are majorly composed of proteins
 Hormones play a vital role in regulating muscles mass, sex
hormones, and growth and development

Enzymes
 Proteins are called as biological buffers because they, as
enzymes
 Regulate many different biochemical reactions that are
occurring in the body