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Grammar

Look at the tables below and listen to your teacher’s explanations.

Affirmative
I am
He
is
She
happy.
We
You are
They

Ali is clever.
It is red.
Zahra and Nadia are generous.

Question
Am I
he
Is
she
careful?
we
Are you
they

I am not talkative.
He is not shy.
They are not rude.
Lesson 1

21
an eraser
is a
computer
one
There two in the classroom.
three
are students
many
some

Is there an apple on the table? Yes there is.


There aren’t/are not many tourists in this city.

See also
I am a teacher. = I’m a teacher.
He is polite. = He’s polite.
It is cold. = It’s cold.
We are Iranian. = We’re Iranian.
You are students. = You’re students.
They are hard-working. = They’re hard-working.

I’m not talkative.


He’s not shy. = He isn’t shy.
They’re not rude. = They aren’t rude.
Lesson 1

22
Grammar
Look at the tables below and listen to your teacher’s explanations.

Affirmative
I am
Persian.
He is English.
speaking Arabic.
French.
They are German.

I am not speaking Persian.


I’m not speaking Persian. You are not reading a book.
You’re not reading a book.
She is not writing a letter.
You aren’t reading a book.
She’s not writing a letter.
She isn’t writing a letter.

Yes/No Questions

Am I a book
short stories
Is he reading ?
newspapers
Are they a poem

Is Sara booking online?


Lesson 2

Are you visiting Iran?

35
Wh Questions

am I
How
is he going ?
Where
are they

What is she playing?


Who is speaking to the teacher?

See also
Kate’s scarf
Jack’s shirt
Teachers’ office

The wheels of the car


The legs of the chair
The door of the room.
Lesson 2

36
Grammar
Look at the tables below and listen to your teacher’s explanations.

Affirmative
I
We
like
You
They New Year holidays.

He
likes
She

We study English.
Yasin reads a newspaper.
Ali watches TV.
Zahra studies her lessons.

Negative
I
We
do
You
They not buy new clothes.
He
does
She

I don’t play tennis.


Zahra doesn’t wash the dishes.
Lesson 3

55
Question

I
we
Do
you
they
buy goldfish ?
he
Does she
Hamid

See also
I read my book.
I my
You wash your car
you your
He cleans his room.
he his
She studies her lessons. she her
The cat drinks its milk. it its
we our
We paint our house.
they their
They eat their lunch.
Lesson 3

56
Grammar
Look at the tables below and listen to your teacher’s explanations.

Wh Questions

What is that
?
Where
are those

Who is your best friend?

Wh Questions

I
When you
do
Where we
they go ?
Why
he
How does
she

What do you study? I study French.

Where do you live? we live in Marivan.

What does your father do? He washes his car.

When does she wake up? she wakes up at 6.00.

Who helps children? The teacher helps children.


Lesson 4

69
% 100
See also
always
usually
often
sometimes
never
%0

They never come late.


She always studies hard.
I always wake up at 5:30.
He often plays outside.
Lesson 4

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Grammar
Look at the tables below and listen to your teacher’s explanations.

Affirmative

You yesterday.
We last night.
watched TV
They last week.
He two days ago.
She

He received an e-mail.
They closed the door yesterday.

Negative

You
We did not/
download the book.
They didn’t

He
She

Yes/No Question

you
Did we search the Internet ?
Lesson55

they
Lesson

he
she
87
87
Who listened to the poem?
What did she do?
What did Amir update?
When did they connect to the Internet?
Where did you watch the movie?

See also
Past tense of “To Be”
I am happy. I was happy yesterday.

He is happy. He was happy last week.

She is happy. She was happy last month.

They are happy. They were happy last winter.

You are happy. You were happy yesterday.

I am not happy. I was not/ wasn’t happy.

There was a newspaper in the library.


There were many messages in my mailbox.
Lesson 5

88
Grammar
Look at the tables below and listen to your teacher’s explanations.

Affirmative

You two days ago.


We yesterday.
spoke English
They last night.
He last week.
She

Negative

You two days ago.


We did not/ yesterday.
speak English
They didn’t last night.
last week.
He
She

Yes/No Question

you
Did we speak English ?
they
Lesson 6

he
she
101
Who ate the cake?
What did she write?
What did Amir buy?
When did they read the book?
Where did you break your leg?

See also
He called me. I me

I am talking to you. you you

Mina looked at Zahra/ her. she her

They saw Ali/him in the park. he him

You hurt the cat/it. it it

They invited us. we us

She read the books/ them. they them


Lesson 6

102
IN THE NAME OF‌ALLAH

Vision 1
English for Schools
‫پایۀ دهم‬
‫دوره دوم متوسطه‬

Student Book

1396
A. Read the following texts.

Tomorrow I will travel to Africa. I will


go to a hot and dry country. I will stay in
a hotel near a lake. I will travel to many
places and visit people and animals. I will
learn many things there.

Nowadays, many people are taking care


of nature. They pay more attention to our
world. Hopefully, we won’t lose any plants
1 and animals and we will have enough food
in the future. The animals won’t lose their
LESSON

natural homes and they will live longer. In


this way, we will have a happy life.

24
B. Read the following examples.

Affirmative
I
You
He
She will save nature.
We
They

Alice and Kate will go to the library tomorrow.


Ted will fly to Australia next Monday.

Negative
I
You
He will not destroy nature.
She (won’t)
We
They

The children will not play in the yard.


I won’t be here tomorrow.

Question
you
he
Will she go to the mountain?
1
it
LESSON

they

Will our family buy a new car next year?


Will Reza have an exam on Monday?

25
A. Read the following texts.

Tahereh Saffarzadeh was an Iranian writer, translator and


thinker. When other kids were still playing outside, she learned
reading and reciting the Holy Quran at the age of 6. As a young
student, she was working very hard to learn new things. She also
was writing poems at that time. She published her f irst book
while she was still studying in the university. She got interested
in translating the Holy Quran when she was studying and teaching
translation. She published her translation of the Holy Quran in
1380. Saffarzadeh passed away in 1387.

Alexander Fleming was a great researcher. He was doing


research in his laboratory in winter 1928. He was trying to f ind a
new medicine to save people’s lives. He found a new medicine when
3 he was working on antibiotics. This was the amazing penicillin.
Many other doctors were also working on this medicine in those
LESSON

days.They helped the f irst patient with penicillin in 1942 when the
f lu was getting around.

82
B. Read the following examples.

Affirmative
I
He
was
She at 4.
The computer when the power
working on a difficult problem
went out.
We
You were
They

The scientist was doing research in his laboratory during 1370.


Newton was sitting under a tree when an apple hit his head.

Negative
I
He
wasn’t
She at 4.
The computer when the power
working on a difficult problem
went out.
We
You weren’t
They

Tina wasn’t reading a novel when her mother came in. She was 3
LESSON

studying her English book.


Reza was not doing an experiment when the phone rang. He was
solving a math problem.

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Interrogative
I
he
Was
she at 4?
the computer when the power
working on a difficult problem
went out?
we
Were you
they

Was Mahsa doing her homework when her mother called?


Were they talking when the teacher came in?

3 C. Tell your teacher how ‘past progressive’ is made.


LESSON

D. Read the ‘Conversation’ and underline all ‘past progressive


verbs’.

84
A. Read the following texts.

The Nile is the longest river on Earth. It is more than


6,000 kilometers long. It is an important river for
African people. It gives water to people and animals.
There are other rivers in Africa but they are not as
important as the Nile. These rivers aren’t very long.
They are useful for villages and small cities.

We live in a wonderful world. All around us there


are amazing things like small and big animals; long
rivers; dark jungles; tall mountains; and different
2
people and nations. This world is like a strange book.
LESSON

We need to read it carefully. Then we can f ind many


great things in our world.

52
B. Read the following examples.

Adjectives
Look at the blue sky!
I just watched an interesting movie.
They are amazing people.
He works with powerful computers.

Many interesting animals live in forests of Iran.


Robert’s father is a very tall man.

Adjectives
Sara is as kind as Neda.
Our class is as big as your class.

His grandfather is as old as my grandfather.


Tigers are as dangerous as lions.

2
LESSON

53
Comparative Adjectives
Damavand is taller than Dena.
Asia is bigger than Europe.
Omid is younger than Reza.

Karoon is longer than Atrak.


Mars is smaller than Jupiter.

Superlative Adjectives
Damavand is the tallest mountain of Iran.
Asia is the biggest of all.
Omid is the youngest student of our class.

Karoon is the longest river of Iran.


Jupiter is the largest of all.

2
LESSON

C. Tell your teacher how ‘adjectives’ are used in sentences.

D. Read the ‘Conversation’ and underline all ‘adjectives’.

54
A. Read the following texts.

When people are going abroad, they must do many things.They


must get passports and visas. Most often, they should go to the
Police to get passports. They should go to the embassy of foreign
countries to get visas. They should also become familiar with their
destination before their trip. They can do that by buying books,
reading booklets, or visiting websites. This may take their time.
But it can help them a lot. They may buy tickets and book hotels
online. Or they may ask a travel agency to do that for them. When
everything is ready, they can leave the country safely and enjoy
their trips.

As a tourist, we should be careful about our behavior in a foreign


country. We must not break any rule if we want to have a good
and safe trip. We may not like a part of the host’s culture, but we
should be polite to people and their values. We should not say bad
things about their food, dresses, or ceremonies. We can talk to
other people and try to understand them. We should also protect
4
nature and the historical sites of that country. We must not hurt
LESSON

animals or plants. We should not write anything on buildings. Our


good behavior can give a good image of our country to other people.
They may want to come and see our country soon!

107
B. Read the following examples. Compare their meanings.

Affirmative
I

You can speak English.


He may watch TV.
She must get a passport f irst.
We should be careful in a foreign country.
They

You must drive carefully.


The tourists may stay in Iran for two more days.
The translator can speak four languages.
Everyone should respect other people’s culture.

Negative
I

You cannot (can’t ) speak Japanese.


He may not watch TV.
She must not get a passport f irst.
We should not (shouldn’t) be careless in a foreign country.
4
They
LESSON

Children must not eat fast food. It is not good for their health.
Please help me. I cannot swim.

108
Interrogative
I

Can you speak Korean?

May he watch TV?

Must she get a passport f irst?

Should we be careful in a foreign country?


they

Should travelers protect nature?


May I sit down?

C. Tell your teacher how ‘can, may, must, and should’ are used in a
sentence. How are their meanings different?

D. Read the ‘Conversation’ and underline all ‘modals’.

E. Use appropriate modal to complete the following sentences.


1. When people get the f lu, they (must/can) visit a doctor.
2. There are many clouds in the sky. It (may/can) rain.
3. I like to travel to Spain. I (should/may) learn Spanish.
4. He (must not  /may not) do more exercises. His heart is very weak.
5. You (shouldn’t  /cannot) listen to loud music. It hurts your ears.

F. Pair up and ask and answer the following questions.


1. Can you buy air tickets online?
2. May I use your pencil?
4
3. Should your friend help you with your lessons?
LESSON

4. Can you swim?


5. Must we f inish our English book before Khordad?
G. Go to Part II of your Workbook and do A, B and C.

109
A. Read the following texts.

An endangered language is a language that has very few speakers.


Nowadays, many languages are losing their native speakers. When a
language dies, the knowledge and culture disappear with it. A lot of
endangered languages are in Australia and South America. Some of
them are in Asia and Africa. The number of live languages of the world
is around 7000, and many of them may not exist in the future. Many
researchers are now trying to protect endangered languages. This can
save lots of information and cultural values of people all around the
world.

There are many uncountable words for food in English. Native speakers
often use words such as ‘a bag of, ‘two slices of’, or ‘a piece of’ with
uncountable nouns. This usually happens when they go shopping. They
may ask for two bottles of water, a bag of sugar, a loaf of bread, or
1 two kilos of meat. In a coffee shop, they may order a cup of tea, a piece
of cake, or a glass of juice. If a foreign learner uses uncountable words
LESSON

wrongly, English speakers may not understand them well. So when you
learn English, be very careful about this important point.

28
B. Read the following examples. Compare the columns.

Singular countable Plural countable Uncountable

a car two/ three/ four cars traffic

Singular countable Plural countable Uncountable

some/
a book some / many books much information

lots of/
a bird lots of/ a lot of birds
a lot of chicken soup

a man few/ a few men little/ a little bread

Questions Answers

two
How many cars are there three
There are four cars.
in the street?
some
many
lots of
How many books do you a lot of
I need books.
need ? a few
few

some
How much information much
She needs information.
does your teacher need ? lots of
1
LESSON

a lot of
How much bread is there a little
There is bread.
in the kitchen? little

29
Hint
Measure words with uncountable nouns

Units Examples

a bottle of two, three, … bottles of water

a cup of two, three, … cups of tea, coffee

a glass of two, three, … glasses of water, juice

a bag of two, three, … bags of rice, sugar

a piece of two, three, … pieces of cake, paper

a slice of two, three, … slices of melon, banana

a kilo of two, three, … kilos of meat, rice

1
LESSON

a loaf of two, three, … loaves of bread

30
A. Read the following texts.

Technology has influenced the lives of people in this century. Working


with computers and mobile phones has changed people’s habits and
lifestyles. Some people use their laptops and especially their mobile
phones everywhere for no good reason. Some of them have not read a
book for months. Some have not visited their relatives for a long time.
Some even have not slept well or have not eaten properly for a long time.
Some of these people have quit good habits like doing daily exercises or
attending social events. They have chosen an unhealthy lifestyle. To live
longer, they need to rethink the way they live, work, and use technology.

Technology has helped the researchers and scientists of our time. New
medicines and medical inventions have saved the lives of many people.
They have let people have a happy life and live longer. New medicines
such as anti-cancer drugs and new antibiotics have cured many patients.
Some technological inventions have helped doctors to check people’s
2 health condition. They have found keys to the secrets of the human
body. New technologies have helped doctors to understand how diseases
LESSON

develop. They have found ways to fight and stop diseases in their early
stages. Technology, as some people may think, is not a bad thing at all.
The way we use technology, is important.

64
B. Read the following examples.

Affirmative
He
has
Samira

I started a business.
You
have
Erfan and Ehsan
They

Amir has written a letter. I have watched that movie.

Negative
Behrooz has not
She hasn’t
I forgotten the accident.
You have not
We haven’t
My friends

My mother has not made a cake.


The students haven’t finished their homework.

Interrogative
he
Has
Maral
I worked hard ?
you 2
Have
we
LESSON

the farmers

Have you been to Paris? Has Mr. Ahmadi produced that movie?

65
A. Read the following text.

Our neighbor is a craftsman. I love his beautiful artworks.


Whenever I see his works, I say to myself, “when I grow up,
I will become an artist like him”. One day he told me: “Amir,
are you really interested in art? If you enjoy art, you will
become a good artist. Most people like art, but some do not
understand it. If you do not see any special thing in a pottery,
you won’t appreciate its value. If you do not appreciate the
value of art, you cannot become a successful artist. You will
3
just make things. If you really like art, you will need two
LESSON

things in the future: education and experience. Study hard,


work hard, and create things to make people happy.”

95
B. Read the following examples.

If you study hard, you will pass the exams.

If my friends come, I will become happy.

If Reza goes to Rey, he will visit the bazaar.

I’ll phone you if I have time.

You’ll hurt yourself if you jump into the river.

Maryam will get a prize if she answers the question correctly.

3
LESSON

C. Tell your teacher how ‘conditional sentences’ are made.

D. Read the Conversation and underline all ‘conditional sentences’.

96