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Define Entropy.

Compare Amplitude modulation and Frequency modulation.

Define Pulse Time modulation.

List any four speech encoding methods.

How eye pattern is is obtained?

What is an ideal Nyquist channel?

What is the main difference between DPCM and ADM?

Outline the principle of Adaptive Delta Modulation (ADM).

Name the standard organizations for data communication.

What is meant by Coherent detection?

Define SNR and write its significance.

What is Shannon’s limit?

Compare Error detection and Error correction?

Define PSK and draw the PSK waveform for the data 10110.

Which digital modulation gives better error probability?

How syndrome is calculated in Hamming and Cyclic Codes?

Define Inter Symbol Interference.

A source generates three messages with probabilities 1/6,1/3,1/4.Find Entropy.

Distinguish between block codes and convolutional codes.

Explain about discrete memory less channels.

List the properties of entropy.

Find the compact code for Huffman coding and Shannon-Fano coding algorithms for data
Compression. Find the discrete memoryless source ‘X’ with six symbols x1,x2,...,x6.
p(x1)=0.3, p(x2) =0.25, p(x3)=0.2, p(x4)=0.12, p(x5)=0.08 and p(x6)=0.05. Calculate entropy
of the source, average length, efficiency and redundancy of the code.
List the desirable properties of Line Codes.
Find the expression for signal to quantization noise power ratio for delta modulation. Assume
that no slope overload distortion exists.

Discuss in detail about the concept of Linear Predictive Coding.

The binary data stream 0010110 is applied to the input of a duobinary system. Construct
duobinary coder output and corresponding receiver output. Assume that there is precoder at
the input.

Explain the concept of Adaptive Equalization technique with suitable diagram.

Explain the working of DPCM transmitter.

Explain in detail about generation, detection and derive probability of error for Binary Phase
Shift Keying (BPSK).

Explain in detail about generation, detection and Constellation diagram for Binary Frequency
Shift Keying (BFSK)

Examine the constellation diagram of QPSK modulation and explain the QPSK modulation
and demodulation of QPSK

Explain the working of 8-QAM transmitter with neat block diagram.

Compare various coherent digital modulation schemes.

What is source coding? Explain the steps involved in Shannon Fano coding with suitable

Explain the operation of baseband binary data transmission system with neat block diagrams.

List the properties of entropy.

The generator polynomial of a (7,4) cyclic code is G(P) = P3+P+1. Find all the code vectors
for the code in systematic form.

Distinguish between Code tree and Trellis diagram.

A 1/3 rate convolutional code has the following generators: g1= [1 0 0], g2= [1 0 1], g3= [1
1 1]. (i) Find a encoder circuit corresponding to this code. (ii). Find the Trellis diagram for
this code.
The information in an analog signal voltage waveform transmitted over a PCM system with
an accuracy of ±0.1% (full scale).The analog voltage waveform has a bandwidth of 100 Hz
and an amplitude range of -10 to +10 volts.

1. Choose the maximum sampling rate required

2. Identify the number of bits in each PCM word
3. Solve minimum bit required in the PCM signal
4. Identify the minimum absolute channel bandwidth required for the
transmission of the PCM signal

Explain in detail about generation, detection and Constellation diagram for Quadrature
Amplitude Modulation (QAM).