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Practice Exam for Ch405 First Trimester

1. A piece of aluminum was heated in a boiling water bath and then placed in water in a coffee cup
calorimeter. Use the data recorded below to calculate the specific heat of aluminum. Ignore the heat
capacity of the cup.
Mass of water in the cup 172.0 g Initial temperature of water 21.2 0C
Mass of aluminum 85.7 g Initial temperature of al 99.6 0C
Final temperature of system 28.7 0C Specific heat of water 4.184 J/g-0C
(A) 0.14 (B) 0.33 (C) 0.51 (D) 0.70 (E) 0.89

2. Suppose a mass of a particular solid acid is dissolved in water and titrated to the equivalence point
(full neutralization) with a certain volume of potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution. If the same acid
had instead possessed a higher molecular weight, it would have required _____ volume of KOH
solution to reach equivalence with the same mass of acid.
(A) a greater (B) the same (C) a lesser

3. Copper (I) sulfide can be reacted with oxygen to produce copper metal by the reaction:
Cu2S + O2  2Cu + SO2. If 5.00 g of Cu2S are used, what is the theoretical yield of Cu?
(A) 3.99 g (B) 1.00 g (C) 2.00 g (D) 10.0 g (E) 5.00 g

4. A student wishes to prepare 2.00 liters of 0.100-molar KIO3 (molecular weight 214). The proper
procedure is to weigh out
(A) 42.8 grams of KIO3 and add 2.00 kilograms of H2O
(B) 42.8 grams of KIO3 and add H2O until the final homogeneous solution has a volume
of 2.00 liters
(C) 21.4 grams of KIO3 and add H2O until the final homogeneous solution has a volume of
2.00 liters
(D) 42.8 grams of KIO3 and add 2.00 liters of H2O
(E) 21.4 grams of KIO3 and add 2.00 liters of H2O

5. When FeCl3 is ignited in an atmosphere of pure oxygen, this reaction takes place:
4 FeCl3(s) + 3 O2(g)  2 Fe2O3(s) + 6Cl2(g)
If 3.0 mol of FeCl3 are ignited in the presence of 2.0 mol of O2 gas, how much of which reagent is
present in excess and therefore remains unreacted?
(A) 0.50 mol O2 remain unreacted
(B) 0.67 mol FeCl3 remain unreacted
(C) 0.25 mol O2 remain unreacted
(D) 0.33 mol FeCl3 remain unreacted

6. Indium compounds give a blue-violet flame test. The atomic emission responsible for this color has
a wavelength of 451nm. Calculate the energy of a photon of this wavelength.
(A) 1.32 x 10-20 J (B) 6.81 x 10-20 J (C) 4.41 x 10-19 J (D) 8.97 x 10-19 J (E) 7.56 x 10-18 J

7. Calculate the wavelength of light emitted when an electron makes the transition from the n = 3 to
the n = 1 level in the hydrogen atom.
(A) 464 nm (B) 222 nm (C) 342 nm (D) 581 nm (E) 103 nm

8. In the n = 4 level ( or shell), there are _____ sublevels (or subshells) and _______ orbitals.
(A) 3, 7 (B) 4, 16 (C) 3, 9 (D) 4, 9 (E) 5, 10

9. Which of the following statements related to the orbitals is (are) true?


(A) The average energy of the orbitals in the n = 3 shell is lower than in the n = 4 shell
(B) Effective nuclear charge is greater for an electron in a 3p orbital than for an electron in a
3d orbital
(C) The px, py and pz orbitals of a given subshell all have the same energy.
(D) Two of these are true
(E) All of these are true

10. Naturally occurring copper exists in two isotopic forms: 63Cu and 65Cu. The atomic mass of
copper is 63.55 amu. What is the approximate natural abundance of 63Cu?
(A) 70% (B) 90% (C) 30% (D) 50% (E) 63%

11. A flask containing neon gas is connected to an open-ended mercury manometer. The open end is
exposed to the atmosphere, where the prevailing pressure is 745 torr. The mercury level in the
open arm is 50. mm below that in the arm connected to the flask of neon. What is the neon
pressure, in torr?
a. -50. b. 50. c. 695 d. 795 e. none of the above

12. General trends across a period from left to right are:


1) Effective nuclear charge ________.2) Atomic radius _________ .3) First ionization energy
_______ .
(A) increases decreases increases (B) increases increases decreases
(C) increases decreases decreases (D) decreases increases decreases
(E) decreases decreases increases
13. A sample container of carbon monoxide occupies a volume of 435 mL at a pressure of 785 torr
and a temperature of 298 K. What would its temperature be if the volume were changed to 265 mL
at a pressure of 785 torr?
a. 182 K b. 387 K c. 489 K d. 538 K

14. The reaction of silver metal and dilute nitric acid proceeds according to this equation:
3 Ag(s) + 4 HNO3  3 AgNO3 + NO(g) + 2 H2O.
If 0.10 mole of powdered silver is added to 10. mL of 6.0 M nitric acid, the number of moles of NO
gas that can be formed is
(A) 0.030 mole (B) 0.015 mole (C) 0.020 mole (D) 0.045 mole (E) 0.090 mole

15. What is the amount of heat that is released when 8.17 g of Al(s) are converted to Al2O3 (s) at
25 °C and 1 atm via the reaction shown? 4 Al(s) + 3 O2(g)  2 Al2O3(s) H° = -3352 kJ
(A) 134 kJ (B) 268 kJ (C) 254 kJ (D) 1.01 x 103 kJ

16. Aqueous sodium chloride will react with which one of the following in an exchange reaction?
(A) lead nitrate (B) calcium nitrate (C) potassium bromide (D) barium nitrate (E) sodium
chloride

17. The net ionic equation for formation of an aqueous solution of Al(NO3)3 via mixing solid Al(OH)3
and aqueous nitric acid is
A) Al(OH)3(s) + 3HNO3(aq)  3H2O(l) + Al(NO3)3(aq)
(B) Al(OH)3(s) + 3NO3- (aq)  3OH-(aq) + Al(NO3)3(aq)
(C) Al(OH)3(s) + 3NO3-(aq)  3OH-(aq) + Al(NO3)3(s)
(D) Al(OH)3(s) + 3HNO3(aq)  3H2O(l) + Al3+(aq) + NO3-(aq
(E) Al(OH)3(s) + 3H+(aq)  3H2O(l) + Al3+(aq)

18. When aqueous solutions of __________ are mixed, a precipitate forms.


(A) NaI and KBr (B) K2SO4 and CrCl3 (C) NiBr2 and AgNO3 (D) KOH and Ba(NO3)2 (E)
Li2CO3 and CsI
19. Which of the following combinations of solutions will produce a gas?
(A) Zn(CH3CO2)2(aq) and (NH4)2SO4(aq) (B) FeSO4(aq) and KNO3(aq) (C) KI(aq) and NiCl2(aq)
(D) HCl(aq) + NaHCO3(aq) (E) Li2S(aq) and FeBr3(aq)

20. Assuming ideal behavior, what is the density of argon gas at STP, in g/L?
a. 0.0176 b. 0.0250 c. 0.0561 d. 1.78 e. 181.

21. What is the maximum number of electrons in an orbital that has quantum numbers n = 4, l =2, ml
= 1?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7

22. If 200. mL of a 2.50 M NaOH solution is diluted to 500. mL, what is the new concentration of
NaOH?
(A) 5.95 M (B) 2.50 M (C) 4.20 x 103 M (D) 1.00 M (E) 0.441 M

23. A gas mixture consists of equal masses of methane (molecular weight 16.0) and argon (atomic
weight 40.0). If the partial pressure of argon is 200. torr, what is that of methane, in the same
units?
a. 80.0 b. 200. c. 256 d. 500. e. 556

24. Which of the following represents the ground state electron configuration for the Mn3+ ion?
(Atomic number Mn = 25)
(A) 1s2 2s22p6 3s23p63d3 4s1 (B) 1s2 2s22p6 3s23p63d5 4s2
(C) 1s2 2s22p6 3s23p63d2 4s2 (D) 1s2 2s22p6 3s23p63d8 4s2
(E) 1s2 2s22p6 3s23p63d4

25. Which of the following statements is (are) true for a subshell with n = 4 and l = 3?
(A) This is the 4f subshell. (B) There are 7 possible values for ml.
(C) The subshell can accommodate 14 electrons. (D) Only two of these are true.
(E) All of these are true.
26. Which of the following does NOT behave as a electrolyte when it is dissolved in water?
(A) K2CO3 (B) CH3OH (C) NH4Br (D) HI (E), CH3COONa

27. Which of the following exhibits the correct orders, from smaller to larger, for both atomic radius
and ionization energy respectively?
(A) F, O, S, and S, O, F (B) S, O, F, and F, O, S (C) S, F, O, and S, F, O
(D) F, S, O, and O, S, F (E) None of these

28. Atoms of an element, X, have the electronic configuration 1s2 2s22p6 3s23p3. The compound
most likely formed with magnesium, Mg, is: (A) MgX (B) Mg2X (C) Mg3X2 (D) MgX2 (E)
MgX3

29. At what temperature in kelvin is the root mean square speed of helium atoms (atomic weight =
4.00) equal to that of oxygen molecules (molecular weight = 32.00) at 300. K?
a. 37.5 b. 75 c. 106 d. 292 e. 2400.
(I find 103 K…)

30 Nitrogen will behave most like an ideal gas


a. at high temperature and high pressure b. at high temperature and low pressure
c. at low temperature and high pressure d.at low temperature and low pressure

31. Which of the following statements from Dalton’s atomic theory is no longer true, according to
modern atomic theory?
(A) All atoms of a given element are identical.
(B) Atoms are not created or destroyed in chemical reactions.
(C) Atoms are indivisible in chemical reactions.
(D) Elements are made up of tiny particles called atoms.
(E) All of these statements are true according to modern atomic theory.

32. Substances X and Y that were in a solution were separated in the laboratory using the technique of
fractional distillation. This fractional crystallization is possible because substances X and Y have
different
(A) Melting points (B) Densities (C) Crystal colors ( D) Solubilities (E) Boiling points

33. Which of the following sets of quantum numbers is not allowed? n, l, ml., ms
(A) 2 0 0 +1/2 (B) 2 2 1 -1/2 (C) 3 1 -1 +1/2 (D) 3 2 0 +1/2 (E) 4 3 -2 -1/2

34. Select the gas with the highest average kinetic energy per mole at 298 K.
a. O2 b. CO2 c. H2O d. all have the same average kinetic energy

35. On combustion analysis, a 100.0-g sample, which was made of C, H, and O, was found to produce
220. g CO2 and 9.00 g H2O. What is the empirical formula for this compound?
(A) C8HO4 (B) C5HO2 (C) C10H2O5 (D) CHO (E) C2HO4

36. What is the change in enthalpy (kJ) for decomposition of 50.0 g of SO3 (g) to gaseous sulfur
dioxide and oxygen? 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g) --> 2 SO3 (g) ΔH= -196 kJ/mol
(A) +61.2 (B) -157 (C) -115 (D) -61.2 (E) +157

37. Which of the following represents the reaction for the standard enthalpy of formation of NH4NO3
(s)?
(A) 2 N (g) + 4 H (g) + 3 O (g) ---> NH4NO3 (s)
(B) N2 (g) + 2H2 (g) + 3/2 O2 (g) ---> NH4NO3 (s)
(C) N2O (g) + 2 H2O (l) ---> NH4NO3 (s)
(D) NH3 (g) + HNO3 (l) ---> NH4NO3 (s)
(E) NH4+ (aq) + NO3 - (aq) ---> NH4NO3 (s)

38. When 2.10 g of PCl3 (l) at 20.550C is added to 100.00 g of water at 20.550C, the temperature of
the solution increases to 30.300C. The specific heat of the solution is 4.184 J/g0C, and the heat
capacity of the calorimeter can be ignored. Calculate ΔH for reaction of 1 mole of PCl3 (l) with
excess water.
PCl3 (l) + 3 H2O (l) H3PO3 (aq) + 3 HCl (aq)
(A) +63.6 kJ (B) -132 kJ (C) +201 kJ (D) -272 kJ (E) -339 kJ

My answer is -267 kJ using only the mass of the wáter


You get -272 kJ when you use (100.00 + 2.10 g), which is not my preferred method

39. Appropriate laboratory procedures include which of the following?


I. Rinsing a buret with distilled water just before filling it with the titrant for the first titration
II. Lubricating glass tubing before inserting it into a stopper
III. For accurate results, waiting until warm or hot objects have reached room temperature before
weighing them
(A) II only (B) I and II only (C) I and III only (D) I, II, and III (E) II and III only
40. Calcium oxide is prepared by heating calcium carbonate: CaCO3 (s) + heat  CaO (s) + CO2 (g).
Decomposition of a 50.0 g sample of CaCO3 (s) requires 89.1 kJ of heat. Calculate the standard
enthalpy change for the reaction.
(A) 178 kJ (B) 45 kJ (C) -112 kJ (D) -245 kJ (E) 312 kJ

41. Based on their position on the periodic table, Which of the following metals is the most reactive?
(A) K (B) Rb (C) Sr (D) Ba (E) Cs

42. Which of the following atoms has 5 () unpaired electrons in the ground state? (Atomic
number is given in parentheses.)
(A) Eu (63) (B) Ta (73) (C) Bi (83) (E) At (85) Bad question

43. In which compound does N have an oxidation number of -2?


(A) Ca(NO3)2 (B) NO2 (C) N2H4 (D) N2O

44. 100.0 grams of sucrose C12H22O11 is dissolved in 1.50 L of solution. What is the molarity?
(A) 0.292 M (B) 0.195 M (C) 2.28 M (D) 0.114 M (E) 1.14 M

45. Determine the grams of solute to prepare 16.00 milliliters of a 5.90-molar Pb(NO3)2 solution.
(A) 122 g (B) 31.2 g (C) 2.85 x 10-4 g (D) 0.0944 g (E) 145 g

46. Which of the following reactions will not occur as written?


(A) Mg(s) + Ca(OH)2(aq)  Ca(s) + Mg(OH)2(aq)
(B) Zn(s) + Pb(NO3)2(aq)  Pb(s) + Zn(NO3)2(aq)
(C) Sn(s) + 2AgNO3(aq)  2Ag(s) + Sn(NO3)2(aq)
(D) Co(s) + 2AgCl(aq)  2Ag(s) + CoCl2(aq)
(E) Co(s) + 2HI(aq)  H2(g) + CoI2(aq)

47. Which of the following pairs contains isoelectronic species?


(A) Be and Li+ (B) P+ and S¯ (C) N2¯ and Ne (D) O2¯ and Na+

48. Which values of n, l, and ml are possible for a 4d orbital?


(A) n = 4, l = 2, ml = 2 (B) n = 4, l = 4, ml = 2 (C) n = 4, l = 3, ml = 2 (D) n = 3, l = 1, ml = 0
(E) n = 4, l = 2, ml = 4

49. The empirical formula of a group of compounds is CHCl. Lindane, a powerful insecticide, is a
member of this group. The molar mass of lindane is 290.8. How many atoms of carbon does a
molecule of lindane contain?
(A) 3 (B) 8 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 6

50. Identify the INCORRECT statement below:


(A) Nonmetals generally have the higher electronegativities and tend to attract electrons to themselves
in a chemical bond.
(B) Elements with high ionization energies tend to have large atomic radii.
(C) Elements with high electronegativities generally have large negative electron affinities.
(D) The second ionization energy is always larger than the first ionization energy.

51. In a titration of 35.00 mL of 0.737 M H2SO4, __________ mL of a 0.827 M KOH solution is


required for neutralization.
(A) 35.0 (B) 1.12 (C) 25.8 (D) 62.4 (E) 39.3

52. Adipic acid contains 49.32% C, 43.84% O, and 6.85% H by mass. What is the empirical formula?
(A) C2H5O4 (B) C3HO3 (C) C3H5O2 (D) C2HO3 (E) C3H3O4
53. Phosphorus has the molecular formula P4 and sulfur has the molecular formula S8. How many
grams of phosphorus contain the same number of molecules as 6.41 g of sulfur?
(A) 3.21 g (B) 6.41 g (C) 3.10 g (D) 6.19 g (E) None of these

54. Magnesium hydroxide, Mg(OH)2, is the white milky substance in milk of magnesia. What mass of
Mg(OH)2 is formed when 15mL of 0.18 M NaOH are combined with 12mL of 0.14 M MgCl2? The
molar mass of Mg(OH)2 is 58.3 g mol¯1
(A) 0.079 g (B) 0.097 g (C) 0.16 g (D) 0.31 g

55. A 15 mL sample of 0.20 M MgCl2 is added to 45 mL of 0.40 M AlCl3. What is the molarity of Cl¯
ions in the final solution?
(A) 0.60 M (B) 1.0 M (C) 0.35 (D) 0.30 M

56. It is suggested that SO2 (molar mass 64 grams), which contributes to acid rain, could be removed
from a stream of waste gases by bubbling the gases through 0.25-molar KOH, thereby producing
K2SO3. What is the maximum mass of SO2 that could be removed by 1,000. liters of the KOH
solution? (A) 4.0 kg (B) 16 kg (C) 20. kg (D) 40. kg (E) 8.0 kg

57. A self-contained breathing apparatus uses potassium superoxide, KO2, to convert the carbon
dioxide and water in exhaled air into oxygen, as shown by the equation: 4 KO2(s) + 2 H2O(g) + 4
CO2(s)  4 KHCO3(s) + 3 O2(g). How many molecules of oxygen gas will be produced from the
0.0468 g of carbon dioxide that is exhaled in a typical breath?
(A) 1.9 x 1021 (B) 6.4 x 1020 (C) 8.5 x 1020 (D) 4.8 x 1020

58. Magnetite, Fe3O4, can be converted into metallic iron by heating with carbon monoxide as
represented by this equation:
Fe3O4(s) + 4 CO(g)  3 Fe(s) + 4 CO 2(g).
How many kilograms of Fe3O4 must be processed in this way to obtain 5.00 kg of iron if the process
is 85% efficient?
(A) 6.92 kg (B) 8.15 kg (C) 20.8 kg (D) 24.4 kg

59. A typical silicon chip such as those in electronic calculators weighs 2.3 x 10¯4g. How many
silicon atoms are in such a chip?
(A) 4.9 x 1018 (B) 1.4 x 1020 (C) 3.9 x 1021 (D) 2.6 x 1027

60. What mass of oxygen is present in 50.0 g of copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate, CuSO4 . 5H2O? The
molar mass of CuSO4 . 5H2O is 249.68 g mol¯1
(A) 12.8 g (B) 16.0 g (C) 20.0 g (D) 28.8 g

63. Which one of the following elements should have the smallest ionization energy?
A. Cl B. Na C. Be D. K E. As

64. The energy required to break one mole of chlorine-chlorine bonds in Cl2 is 242 kJ/mol.
What is the longest wavelength of light capable of breaking a single chlorine-chlorine
bond?
a) 124 nm b) 242 nm c) 421 nm d) 494 nm e) 821 nm

66. Potassium chloride, KCl, sodium sulfate, K2SO4, glucose, C6H12O6, and ammonium phosphate,
(NH4)3PO4, are soluble in water. Which one produces the largest number of dissolved
particles per mole of dissolved solute?
a. KClb. K2SO4 c. C6H12O6 d. (NH4)3PO4
67. Which of the indicated direct combination reactions has a product with general formula A2B?
(A) H2 + S  (B) Li + H2  (C) K + I2  (D) Ba + O2 

68. Calculate the Standard Change in Enthalpy for the following chemical reaction:
N2H4(g) + O2(g)  N2(g) + 2H2O(g) from the following enthalpies of formation:
N2H4(g) ΔH = 95.4 kJ/mol; H2O(g) ΔH = -241.8 kJ/mol
(A) -337.2 kJ (B) -579.0 kJ (C) -146.4 kJ (D) +146.4 kJ (E) -241.8 kJ

69. What causes the deflection of an alpha particle by the nucleus of a gold atom?
(A) The widespread distribution of mass in the atom
(B) The low mass of the nucleus
(C) The positive charge of the alpha particle and the negative charge of the nucleus
(D) The negative charge of the alpha particle and the positive charge of the nucleus
(E) The positive charge of the alpha particle and the positive charge of the nucleus

70. 0.250 g of an element, M, reacts with excess fluorine to produce 0.547 g of the hexafluoride, MF6.
What is the element?
(A) Cr (B) Mo (C) S (D) Te

71. If 0.10 mole of SiO2 and 0.20 mole HF are used in the reaction SiO2 + 4HF  SiF4 + 2H2O, then
which of these statements is not true?
(A) More HF should be added to ensure that all the reactants are used up.
(B) The theoretical yield of SiF4 is 0.10 mole.
(C) SiO2 will be left over.
(D) HF is the limiting reactant.
(E) The theoretical yield of H2O will be 0.10 mole.

72. A 40.0 mL sample of 0.25 M KOH is added to 60.0 mL of 0.15 M Ba(OH)2. What is the molar
concentration of OH¯(aq) in the resulting solution? (Assume that the volumes are additive)
(A) 0.10 M (B) 0.19 M (C) 0.28 M (D) 0.40 M (E) 0.55 M

73. The energy in joules of a photon of radiation of wavelength 1.23 x 10¯5 m is


(A) (6.63 x 10¯34)(3.00 x 108) / (1.23 x 10¯5)
(B) (6.63 x 10¯34)(1.23 x 10¯5)
(C) (3.00 x 108) / (1.23 x 10¯5)
(D) (1.23 x 10¯5) / (6.63 x 10¯34)

74. How many sodium ions are present in 325 mL of 0.850 M Na2SO4?
a. 1.66  1023 b. 3.33  1023 c. 4.99  1023 d. 6.20  1023

75. Select the correct name and chemical formula for the precipitate that forms when the following
reactants are mixed.
CoSO4(aq) + (NH4)3PO4(aq) 

a. cobalt(II) phosphate, Co3(PO4)2


b. cobalt(III) phosphate, Co3(PO4)2
c. cobalt(II) phosphate, CoPO4
d. cobalt(III) phosphate, CoPO4