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WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL


Iloilo City
1
Computer Usage as Related to the Academic Performance of

Senior High School ABM Students of

West Visayas State University

by

Daniel Ian Z. Gequillana

Arnelle Jane F. Mabaquiao

Shanea-san D. Macazo

Renae Juliane D. Magbanua

Nickie Lyn P. Rosbero

ABM 2B

Key words: academic performance, computer usage, senior high school, WVSU

Introduction to the Study

Development of science and technology has a direct effect on our daily lives as well as our social

life. Computers and ICT have brought various changes in our lives and society. It has not only affected

and reflected on an individual but also organization and society. With rapid advance growth and

development in technology since the very first computer, we have seen a quantum leap in changes made

that has affected us both in our present lives and future Jiang ( 2018). Furthermore, Anil (2007) believes

that computer technology was the gateway that made communication possible from one part of the world

to the other in seconds. They can see the transactions in one part of the world while staying in the other

part. Indeed, computer development is one of the greatest scientific achievements of the 20th century.

Computers are used in various fields as well as in teaching and learning. All materials, including

textbooks and the Internet, have been invented and have some connection to the growth of technology in

the school setting (Anderson, 2016). This study was anchored on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and
WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Iloilo City
2
Use of Technology (UTAUT). This aimed to explain acceptance of information technology into a unified

theoretical model which is based on the eight technological acceptance theories or models. The purpose of

UTAUT was also to integrate the fragmented theory and research on individual acceptance and degree of

use. This was due to the widespread use of students and teachers towards computer and technology. On

the contrary, various arguments have risen against computers and researchers claim that computers are

having negative effects on children. It increases the level of illiteracy because learners are deterred from

thinking independently. Furthermore, Boring (2017) states that the ubiquitous use of computers in class

by students generates a drop in student attention and reduces the quality of note-taking.

Therefore, the researchers were motivated to determine if computer usage is related and affects

the academic performance of Senior High School ABM Students of WVSU,

Figure 1 shows the conceptual framework of the study.

INDEPENDENT VARIABLE DEPENDENT VARIABLE

Personal factor: Level of computer usage

 Sex

 Sibling rank

 Monthly family income


Level of academic performance
 Place of residence

Figure 1. The academic performance and computer usage of senior high school ABM students of WVSU

as influenced by certain identified personal factors.


WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Iloilo City
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This study aimed to determine the computer usage and academic performance among senior high

school ABM students of WVSU.

Specifically, the study sought to answer the following questions:

1. What is the extent of computer usage among senior high school ABM students

as an entire group and when classified according to (a) sex, (b) sibling rank, (c) monthly

family income and (d) place of residence?

2. What is the level of academic performance among senior high school ABM

students as an entire group and when classified according to (a) sex, (b) sibling rank,

(c) monthly family income and (d) place of residence?

3. Are there significant differences in the computer usage of senior high school

ABM students when classified according to (a) sex, (b) sibling rank, (c) monthly family

income and (d) place of residence?

4. Are there significant differences in the academic performance senior high

school ABM students when classified according to (a) sex, (b) sibling rank, (c) monthly

family income and (d) place of residence?

5. Is there a significant relationship between the computer usage and academic

performance of senior high school ABM students?

Materials and Methods

Survey method of research was used as the research design for this study. The participants were

the 109 students taking ABM strand at West Visayas State University that were selected using the

stratified sampling method. They were taken as an entire group and categorized according to their sex,

sibling rank, and monthly family income and place of residence.


WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Iloilo City
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A researcher-made questionnaire was used to gather data for the study. The questionnaire design

for this study consist the participants’ personal information, the questionnaire on the level of computer

usage, and level of academic performance determined by their general weighted average. A draft of

questionnaire was submitted to the adviser for revision and validation. Upon approval, the researchers

personally explained the instructions and distributed the questionnaires to the participants. The obtained

data were tallied, tabulated, analyzed, and interpreted using the appropriate statistical tools. Mean and

standard deviation were employed as descriptive statistics. t- test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson’s r

were used for inferential statistics.

The 0.05 alpha level was used as the criteria in the rejection or acceptance of the null hypothesis.

Results and Discussions

The findings of the present investigation were the following:

1. The senior high school ABM students had a moderate extent of computer usage as an entire

group. However, when classified as to categories, results revealed that males, eldest, and those having a

monthly family income above Php 80,000 had high extent of computer usage.

2. The senior high school ABM students had a very good level of academic performance as an

entire group and when classified as to different categories.

3. No significant differences were found in the computer usage of senior high school ABM

students when classified according to sex, sibling rank, monthly family income, and place of residence.

4. Significant differences were found in the academic performance of senior high school ABM

students when classified according to sex. However, no significant differences were found when

classified according to sibling rank, monthly family income and place of residence.

Table 6
WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Iloilo City
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t- Test Results for the Differences in the Level of Academic Performance Among Senior High School ABM

Students Classified as to Sex and Place of Residence

Category M t-value df Sig.

A. Sex

Male 91.37
1.58 107 0.007
Female 92.38

Pl B. Place of residence

Urban 91.88
1.09 107 0.145
Rural 92.29

*p ≤ 0.05 significant
5. No significant relationship existed between the computer usage and the academic performance

of the senior high school ABM students.

In view of the findings, the following conclusions were derived:

1. The moderate extent of computer usage seems to indicate that senior high school ABM

students know and manage their time in using computers. Hence, they are aware of the limitations and

consequences brought about by the excessive usage of computer.

2. The very good level of academic performance of senior high school ABM students indicates

that they are performing well in school. Hence, they know their priorities and they are focused on their

studies.

3. Sex, sibling rank, monthly family income, and place of residence found not significantly

influence the assessment of the extent of computer usage. It appears that whether one is male or female;

eldest, middle or youngest; has a monthly family income of below Php 15,000, Php 15,000-80,000 or

above 80,000; and living in urban or rural, their level of computer usage remains comparable.
WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Iloilo City
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4. Sex is a factor that significantly influences the academic performance of senior high school

ABM students. Perhaps, female students are more studious and focused in their academics compared to

male students.

Sibling rank, monthly family income, and place of residence are factors found not significantly

influence the academic performance of senior high school ABM students. This indicates that whether one

is eldest, middle or youngest; has a monthly family income of below Php 15,000, Php 15,000-80,000 or

above 80,000; and living in urban or rural, their level of academic performance remains the same.

5. The extent of computer usage does not significantly affect the academic performance of senior

high school ABM students. This seems to indicate that students may use computer without affecting their

academic performance which breaks the misconceptions that the use of computers have great impact in

the academic performance.

Recommendations

1. Parents should guide their children to use computers in moderation and encourage them to use

it appropriately.

2. Senior high school students should know the benefits and limitations of using a computers.

They should be responsible in using computers, considering how excessive use of computers can affect

their studies.

3. Teachers should inform their students about the limitations and the excessive use computers.

They should also encourage their students to use computers to enhance students’ learning s.

4. Future researchers may conduct similar study in a wider scope and to include other variables

which are not included in this study such as other strands and college studens.
WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Iloilo City
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References

Anderson, S. (2016). Essay about the impact of technology on education. Retrieved

from: www.bartleby.com

Anil, A. (2007). Impact of computer on society. Retrieved from

https://tech.aakarpost.com/2007/11/impact-of-computer-on-society.html

Boring, A. (2017). Impact of students’ use of computers in class. Retrieved from

https://www.sciencespo.fr/learning-lab/en/what-is-the-impact-of-students-use-

g5Hqd78bIs3Z2KQjPiuXLaQR-Ppvy_P6uKaAo

Jiang, J. (2018). Millennials stand out for their technology use, but older generations also

embrace digital life. Retrieved from http://www.pewresearch.org.