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Cutting Extinguisher Innovation

European Developments
coldcut cobra –
TM

Operates in 30 countries world wide


COBRA In Brief

Production and development of jet cutting


extinguisher since 1997

The main system is the coldcut COBRA


TM

Patented method and system for cutting and


extinguishing
Unique Method

Cuts through any known building material


Rapidly cools and inerts the fire from “the outside”
Simple concept – high engineering.
Development of the cutting extinguisher concept since 1997 –
The main system is the coldcut™cobra
Unique aspects – rapid, offensive and efficient intervention
from relative safety. Low water usage, and responsive to
environmental considerations.
Development in the UK

Initial focus was the product.


 Resulting in singular use and specialist
application.

New focus is the method.


 Strategic development of the Cutting
Extinguisher Concept.
 Integrated with operational and command
understanding.
 Facilitating development and innovation.
 Working strategically with service users.
 Enhancing support quality and response.

Our aim is to help services link the coldcut™cobra


with the strategic development of their operational
plans and community strategies.
The basics
250-300 bar at the pump
Water speed 200 m/s
Water usage - 60 l/min
Abrasive usage - 5%
Cutting speed - mild steel
40 mm/min
The temperature has decreased by 546
degrees.

Total amount of water used was 36 Litre's,


creating a total steam volume of 60,000 Litre's.

This dissipated 81,000 KJ of heat energy from


the hot fire gases.
Performance
What is the story?

Outside
Defensive!
Domestic Roof – Offensive Attack
Key UK issues

Firefighter Safety – The liability agenda.

Rural capability

Insurance industry costs and expectations.

Limiting economic consequences.

Reducing environmental damage.

Community wellbeing and continuity.

Operational flexibility.

Critical assets and heritage.

Continuity of service provision.


Changing risk – Changing philosophy

Effective application will improve safety, enhance efficiency,


and protect the environment.

Speed of response = speed of extinction.

Responsive to complex buildings, materials and fire loading.


Big agendas

Firefighter Safety & Public Expectation


 Taking risks in a measured way and in a way that is as safe as possible –
but nevertheless still taking risks – must be intrinsic to the role of a Fire
Service if it is to be effective.

Operational Flexibility
 Responsive, flexible, and future proofed in terms of continuity of service
provision and operational efficiency.

Environmental impact
 Preventing impact and pollution through the implementation of
Environmental Strategies. Targeted at demonstrating best practice in
environmental management.
Scalable integrated response

Urban Domestic Urban Commercial Complex Residential Large Industrial High Bay
Warehousing
High-rise Large Residential Large Commercial
Residential Complex Retail & Large Complex
Commercial Industrial &
Rural Commercial

Remote / Isolated

Thermal Image Scanning (TIS) TIS & PPV


Embedding the capability

Fast response specialist units Fully integrated into traditional


operating as part of a co-ordinated pumps, operating within a strategic
deployment deployment model

Fully- Embedded into local community Embedded training and


integrated response integrated with traditional awareness, enhancing traditional
firefighting methods methods

Isolated Rural Integrated Urban

Single unit will tend to Multiple units strategically dispersed

✗ ✗
respond only on request on traditional pumps

Tendency to be secondary Lack of training and awareness


Non-
to traditional firefighting methods Leading to a continual focus on
integrated traditional methods

Low order secondary impact Marginal impact – low benefit

Singular/ Limited resource Dispersed resource


Rural & Isolated

➜ Greater safety can be balanced with effectiveness:

➜ Restrictive training time.


➜ Limited crew size and local resource.
➜ Limited availability of water supplies.
➜ Isolated risks and heritage.
➜ Isolated firefighting resources.
➜ Limited operational support.
The cutting extinguisher is:

effective as a tool supporting traditional firefighting operations.

very effective as a first response firefighting method, enhancing


traditional tactics.

most effective as an embedded operational system which is


fully integrated into all aspects of operational response and
command awareness.
UK Tactical Modes

Offensive
 Location of operations are within the perceived hazard area.
Benefits outweigh risks.

Defensive
 Location of operations are outside the perceived hazard area.
Risks outweigh benefits.

In terms of command options, whilst dealing with structural fires, the


decision is most likely to be taken on the basis of internal and external
firefighting options. External attack from relative safety or internal attack
at relative risk.
Tactical Modes

Defensive outside attack Offensive inside attack Relative


Objective Objective
Firefighters operate outside the Firefighters operate directly within the Risk
building, outside the collapse zone. hazard zone or fire compartment
Saving the building is no longer an within the building, where benefit
option without excessive risk to outweighs risk – Risk of dynamic
firefighting personnel. and aggressive change in fire
conditions will always be present.

Relative
Safety
Brandweerdoctrine

Focus on improvements in firefighter


safety.
Impetus generated from multiple
firefighter fatality incident – De Punt
Fire, May 9th 2008.
Movement towards default defensive
position.
Development of the Kwadrantenmodel.
Kwadrantenmodel

Relative Safety

Relative Risk
UK Modes – Quadrant Model
Outside
Offensive outside attack
Objective
Rapid response to contain and
stabilise the fire from outside.
Create tenable conditions in readiness
for offensive inside attack.
Defensive outside attack Offensive inside attack Relative
Objective Objective
Firefighters operate outside the Firefighters operate directly within the Risk
building, outside the collapse zone. hazard zone or fire compartment
Saving the building is no longer an within the building, where benefit
Defensive

option without excessive risk to outweighs risk – Risk of dynamic

Offensive
firefighting personnel. and aggressive change in fire
conditions will always be present.

Defensive inside attack


Objective
Relative Rapid response to contain and
stabilise the fire from outside the
Safety compartment.
Create tenable conditions in readiness
for offensive compartment attack.

Inside
Cutting Extinguisher & Quandrant Model

Outside
Defensive outside attack Offensive outside attack
Objective Objective
Firefighters operate outside the Rapid response to contain and
building, outside the collapse zone. stabilise the fire from outside.
Saving the building is no longer an Create tenable conditions in readiness
option without excessive risk to for offensive inside attack.
firefighting personnel.
Relative
Risk
Defensive

Offensive
Defensive inside attack Offensive inside attack
Objective Objective
Objective
Relative Rapid response to contain and
stabilise the fire from outside the
COBRA facilitates
Firefighters
buildingzone
hazard
operatesafer
or compartment
egress
directly into
within
for BA
or fire compartment
the
Relative
Safety
Relative
compartment.
Create tenable conditions in readiness
operations
within and traditional
the building, firefighting
where benefit
methods. risk – Risk of dynamic
outweighs Risk
for offensive compartment attack. and aggressive change in fire
COBRA Supported rapidbeinternal
Safety conditions will always present.
firefighting intervention into the fire
compartment, with lower risk and more
effective facilitated BA deployment.

Inside
COBRA
High Bay
Production Areas Warehouse 2

HP HP

High Bay Loading


Warehouse 1 Bay
PPV & COBRA

Offices

Inside Defensive
HP Attack?
Integrated Method

Offensive Defensive Low Risk Offensive


Outside Attack Inside Attack Inside Operations

✔ The application of the cutting extinguisher will, in isolation or when


integrated with traditional firefighting methods, significantly reduce the risk
to firefighters during structural firefighting operations, whilst also increasing
performance and efficiency.

✔ It will facilitate safer and more effective firefighting operations, and will
significantly extend the command options within the risk profile of the
incident.

✔ When used sequentially, the cutting extinguisher will complement and


enhance traditional internal firefighting methods.

✔ Water damage is substantially reduced, and environmental impact is


minimised.
Enhanced command options
Outside
Defensive outside attack Offensive outside attack
Command Objective Command Objective
To ensure that firefighting personnel To provide an effective means of an
are not exposed to excessive risk, offensive attack from the relative
based on the nature of the fire and the safety of a defensive position without
potential for structural collapse of the the need to expose firefighters to
building. internal risks.

Outcome Outcome
limiting fire damage to the boundary of Rapid control and stablisation of the
the building resulting in prolonged but fire conditions from a position of low
safer firefighting operations. risk.
Consequence - high levels of damage,
social, and environmental impact
Defensive

Offensive
Defensive inside attack Offensive inside attack
Command Objective Command Objective
To rapidly respond to a high risk COBRA facilitated faster and More
internal compartment fire without the effective operational attack under
need to significantly increase the risk
parameters of the fire situation.
significantly improved operational
conditions: Relative
Relative Outcome Outcome Risk
Facilitating rapid sequential traditional Less Risk to firefighting personnel and
Safety attack options under significantly safer
conditions.
remaining building occupancy
facilitating more effective operational
deployment.

Inside
Enhanced Command

Cutting extinguisher applied within the context of the Quadrant Model


will improve speed of attack and firefighting capability for offensive and
internal defensive operations.

In effect, it provides commanders with the tactical option of an effective


offensive attack from a defensive position.

Traditional offensive compartment firefighting and BA operations will


be significantly enhanced due to the speed of offensive cooling prior to
opening up the fire compartment.

Once embedded into operational response it will enhance confidence


and reduce risk, converting “risk aversion” to risk control.
Enhanced tactical options

Combined of
The introduction with
thethe application
Cutting
of the Quadrant
Extinguisher Modelsystem
as an embedded - Will enhance the safety
into the command decision process and efficiency of
creates the opportunity to extend the firefighting operations.
present two primary modes in the UK
into four distinct options within the
Quadrant Model.

A significantly improved level of control


over the balance of risk and benefit is
maintained within the context of a much
wider template of deployment options.
Embedded integrated use of the
cutting extinguisher concept -
Development

UK user group.
Pan European user group.
Europe wide operational data sets.
European innovations forum, comprising professional,
academic and commercial input.
Greater pan European interaction across the Academy
structure focused on operational and command training
innovation.
www.coldcutsystems.com

mark.smitherman@coldcutsystems.co
m