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Website: http//www.mof.gov.np

cfly { s jif { @)^&—@)^* sf ] cfo—Joosf ] ;fj { hlgs hfgsf/L jStJo

cfly{s jif{ @)^&—@)^*sf]

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cfb/0fLo lbbLalxgL tyf bfh'efOx?,

1 g]kfnsf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f (# adf]lhd cfly{s jif{ @)^&.^* sf] /fh:j / Aoosf] cg'dfg Aoj:yflksf—;+;b;dIf k]z x'g g;Sg] ljz]if kl/l:ylt pTkGg ePkl5 d}n] ut c;f/ dlxgfdf ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f (^s= adf]lhdsf]ljz]if ah]6 k|:t't u/]sf]lyPF .

2 rfn"cfly{s jif{sf] rf/ dlxgf ljlt;Sbf klg c;f/ dlxgfdf l;h{gf ePsf] ljz]if kl/l:yltsf] cGTo x'g ;s]g . o;aLr /fh:j gLlt / b/x?df cy{tGqsf] cfjZostf cg'?k ;d;fdlos ;'wf/ ug{ g;lsPsf]n] ;/sf/L /fh:jsf] a[l4b/ 36\b} uof] . ah]6sf] clgZron] cfly{s ultljlwx? ;':tfpb} hfg nfu]sf sf/0f klg /fh:j a[l4b/df ;'wf/ x'g ;s]g . ut cfly{s jif{sf] oyfy{ vr{sf] Ps—ltxfO{;Dd dfq vr{ ug{ kfpg] sfg"gL k|jGw cGtu{t sfd ubf{ sflQs dlxgfsf] cGTo;Dd cfOk'Ubf sltko ;/sf/L lgsfox?df cTofjZos vr{sfnflu ah]6 k'u]g . cfwf/e"t ;fj{hlgs ;]jfx? ;+s'rg x'g] l:ylt cfof] . cfd gful/snfO{ cfjZos kg{] egL v/Lb ul/Psf cTofjZos j:t'x?sf] e'QmfgL ug{ C0f e'QmfgLsf]nflu 5'6\ofPsf] ah]6af6 ;fk6L lbP/ sfd rnfOof] . s]xL ;/sf/L lgsfon] cfˆgf] vr{ ;+:yfgx?af6 ;fk6L lnP/ sfd rnfP . u|fdL0f If]qsf] cy{tGqdf t/ntf k|jfxsf] 7"nf] ;f|]t g} ;/sf/L vr{ xf] . ;/sf/L vr{df ;+s'rg cfFpbf u|fdL0f cy{tGqdf g/fd|f] k|efj kg{ uof] . lghL If]qn] nufgLsf] jftfj/0f emg} lju|b} uPsf] eg]/ k6s—k6s ;fj{hlgs ?kdf ah]6 Nofpg cfu|x ul/g} /Xof] . ;~rf/ dfWodx? / vf;u/L cfly{s kqsfl/tf hutn] cfly{s d'2fx?df Psh'6 x'g / ah]6df ;xdlt h'6fpg /fhg}lts bnx?nfO{ cg'go—ljgo ul//x].

3 k|:t't k[i7e"ldn] ;a} /fhg}lts bnsf pRr g]t[TjnfO{ klg uDeL/ eP/ ;f]Rg afWo t'Nofof] . kl/0ffd:j?k sflQssf] clGtd xKtfdf ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg u/]/} ePklg k"/} cfly{s jif{sfnflu ah]6 Nofpg] /fhg}lts ;xdlt aGof] . of] ;sf/fTds sbd lyof] . of] ;xdltsf] d'n cGt/a:t' eg]sf] ljsf; sfo{qmdx?nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbO{ cy{tGqnfO{ ultzLn agfO/fVg'lyof]. g]kfnsf] ljsf; cfjZostfnfO{ dx;'; u/L cGt//fli6«o bft[ ;d'bfon] ;xof]u lbg] eg]sf gofF cfof]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx? z'? ug{'kg{] ljifonfO{ ;xdlt hgfOPsf] lyof] . /, cy{tGqsf] jt{dfg ;d:ofnfO{ ;+af]wg ug{ tyf cfly{s ultzLntf agfO{ /fVg /fh:j gLlt tyf b/x?df ;dfof]hg ug{ ;lsg]s'/fdf klg ;xdlt ag]sf]lyof].

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4 t/, Aoj:yflksf—;+;bdf ah]6 k|:t't ug{ lgwf{l/t lbgdf crfgs æa'emfO{sf] cGt/Æ eof] eg]/ ;xdlt cg'?k th{'df ul/Psf] ah]6 k|:t't ug{ kfOb}g eGg]cfjfh k|ltkIf bnn]p7fof]. ;+jfb / ;xdltsfnflu ;/sf/sf] lg/Gt/ k|of; kl5 klg s'g}lgsf; glgl:sPkl5 ;+;bsf] sfo{;"rL adf]lhd ;DdfggLo ;efd'vHo"af6 dnfO{ cfly{s jif{ @)^&.^* sf] /fh:j / Aoosf] cg'dfg k|:t't ug{] cg'dlt k|fKt eof] . h;} d cfˆgf] :yfgaf6 ;+;bsf] /f]i6«dlt/ hfg p7]+, d dfly cs:dft cfqmd0f eof] . d]/f] xftaf6 ah]6 jQmAo /x]sf]a|Lkms]z vf]l;of]. ;+;b—ejgleq d / d;Fu}/xg'ePsf cGo dfggLo dGqLHo"tyf ;ef;bHo"x?nfO{ ul/Psf]ef}lts cfqmd0f / cgk]lIft Aojxf/af6 d :tAw ePF . ;~rf/ dfWoddf Tof] b[Zo b]Vg] hf]sf]xL klg Ps}k6s b'Mlvt / cfqmf]lzt ePsf]x'g'kb{5 .

5 lxh} /ftL Aoj:yflksf—;+;bsf] ah]6 clwj]zgsf] cGTo ul/Pkl5 cfh ;DdfggLo /fi6«kltHo"af6 g]kfnsf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg adf]lhd ljlgof]hg cWofb]z, cfly{s cWofb]z, /fi6« C0f p7fpg] cWofb]z / C0f tyf hdfgt cWofb]z hf/L e};s]sf 5g\ . log} sfg"gx?sf] d'ne"t ljz]iftfnfO{ ;fj{hlgs hfgsf/L u/fpg cfh d tkfO{x? ;fd' pkl:yt ePsf] 5' . k|:t't cWofb]zx? / ah]6 k"j{ ;xdlts} w/ftndf /x]sf 5g\ . o;df d}n] /lQe/ tndfly u/]sf]5}g .

6 oltv]/ lxhf]sf] Tof] 36gf d]/f] dfg;k6ndf 3'ld/x]sf] 5 . Psflt/ d b'Mlvt 5'eg]csf{]lt/ b]znfO{ cfly{s ;+s6af6 arfpg h'g;'s}sbd rfNg klg d tof/ /xg' kb{5 / b[9tfsf ;fy a9\g' kb{5 eGg] dnfO{ lhDd]jf/L af]w 5 . d nf]stflGqs Aoj:yf / ljlwdf ljZjf; ug{] /fhgLltsdL{ x'F . Aoj:yflksf—;+;b axfn /x]s} cj:yfdf cWofb]zaf6 ah]6 Nofpg' kbf{sf] of] If0f d]/fnflu cToGt kL8fbfoL /x]sf] 5 . t/ d'n'ssf] cy{dGqLsf] x}l;otn]cfˆgf]lhDd]jf/L lgjf{x ug{ d jfWo ePsf]5'.

7 lxhf]sf] Tof] 36gf ;+;bLo d'No tyf dfGotf / nf]stflGqs cfr/0f ljkl/t dfq xf]Og g]kfnsf] cy{tGqnfO{ tx;gx; agfP/ g]kfnnfO{ c;kmn /fi6« agfpg] ;'lgof]lht s'r]i6f klg xf] eGg] dnfO{ nfu]sf] 5 . eljiodf o:tf] 36gf slxNo} bf]xf]l/g lbg x'Fb}g . eflj k':tfsfnflu klg lxhf]sf] 36gfsf] emns ldnf]; eg]/ g]kfn ;/sf/n] ah]6 k|:t't ug{ k|of]u ul/Psf] lxhf]sf] sRofs—s'r's kfl/Psf] a|Lkms]znfO{ /fli6«o ;+u|xfnodf /fVg] Aoj:yf ldnfpg]5 .

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8 rfn" cfly{s jif{sf] ah]6 tof/L / k|:t'tLsfnflu uPsf rf/ dlxgfdf y'k|} cf/f]x—cj/f]x eP . To;aLrdf d}n] w]/} k6s ;DdfggLo /fi6«kltHo" / ljleGg /fhg}lts bnsf g]tfx?nfO{ k6s—k6s e]6]+ . cfhsf] o; 3l8;Dd cfOk'Ug] qmddf ;DdfggLo /fi6«kltHo"af6 k|To]s k6s /fli6«o cy{tGq / cfd g]kfnLsf] cfly{s ;d[l4sfnflu ulDe/ rf;f] AoQm ePsf] 5 / zL3| ah]6sfnflu ;dy{g tyf e/f];f k|fKt ePsf] 5 . d ;DdfggLo /fi6«kltHo" k|lt xflb{s s[t1tf 1fkg ub{5'.

9 ljut rf/ dlxgfsf] cjlwdf ah]6sf] l9nfO{sf sf/0f g]kfnsf] lghL If]q, ;~rf/ dfWod, cfly{s kqsf/x? / gful/s ;dfh ;a}eGbf a9L lrlGtt eP . g]kfnsf]ljsf; / g]kfnLsf]cfly{s ;d[l4sfnflu unt sfd x'g glbg of]ju{n]vj/bf/L / kx/]bf/Lsf]sfd u/sf]5 . d of]ju{;Fu cfj4 ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbg rfxG5'. bfh'efO lbbLalxgLx?

10 ca d rfn" cfly{s jif{ @)^&.^* sf] ah]6sf d'ne't ljz]iftfx? k|sfz kfg{'cl3 xfn;Ddsf]cfly{s l:yltsf];+lIfKt ljj]rgf ug{ rfxG5'.

11 cfly{s jif{ @)^^.^& sf]klxnf]cf7 dlxgf;Ddsf k|d'v cfly{s kl/;"rsx? ;dfj]z ul/Psf] cfly{s ;j{]If0f / ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgx?sf] aflif{s l:yltsf] ;dLIff d}n];Ddflgt Aoj:yflksf—;+;b ;dIf @)^& ;fn c;f/ @& ut]g} k|:t't u/]sf] lyP . cfly{s jif{ @)^^.^& df k|To]s dGqfnonfO{ 5'6\ofOPsf] vr{sf]/sd, nIo / k|ultsf]ljj/0f cfh ;fj{hlgs ul/Psf]5 .

12 cfly{s jif{ @)^$.^% df s"n ufx{:Yo pTkfbg a[l4b/ cfwf/e"t d"Nodf %=* k|ltzt / @)^%.^^ df #=( k|ltzt /x]sf] lyof] eg] @)^^.^& df cfOk'Ubf of]a[l4b/ #=% k|ltzt /x]sf]5 .

13 nuftf/ b'O{jif{ b'O{ c+sn]a9]sf]d'b|f:kmLltb/ @)^& c;f]hdf *=( k|ltztdf em/]sf]5 .

14 cl3Nnf] jif{sf] klxnf] tLg dlxgfdf !^=% k|ltztn] 36]sf] lgof{t rfn" cfly{s jif{sf] ;f]xL cjlwdf %=( k|ltztn] a9]sf] 5 . cfoft eg] cl3Nnf] jif{ #!=( k|ltztn] a[l4 ePsf]df rfn"jif{sf] ;f]xL cjlwdf #=& k|ltztn] dfq a9]sf]5 .

15 a}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf hfg]sf] ;+Vof rfn" cfly{s jif{sf] klxnf] tLg dlxgfdf sl/a $) k|ltztn] a[l4 ePsf] 5 . cfly{s jif{ @)^^.^& sf] klxnf] tLg

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dlxgfdf !!=! k|ltztn] a9]sf] ljk|]if0f cfk|jfx rfn"jif{sf] ;f]xL cjlwdf !^=^ k|ltztn]a9]sf]5 .

16 d'n'ssf] s"n ljb]zL ljlgdo ;l~rlt @)^& sflQ{s !@ ;Dddf cl3Nnf] jif{sf] ;f]xL cjlwsf] ?= @%& cj{ #* s/f]8s} xf/fxf/Ldf sfod /x]klg cd]l/sL 8n/df eg]sl/a !( s/f]8n]a9]sf]5 .

17 @)^& sflQ{s @^ ut];Dd ut jif{sf] ;f]lx cjlwsf] t'ngfdf s"n lgsf;f #=$ k|ltzt / s"n vr{ ^=( k|ltztn] a9]sf] 5 . @)^& sflQ{s @^ ut];Dd s"n vr{ ?= %! cj{ )* s/f]8 k'u]sf] 5 . o; dWo] rfn"vr{ ^=& k|ltztn] a[l4 eO{ ?= #% cj{ (! s/f]8 / k"FhLut vr{ !!=! k|ltztn] a[l4 eO{ ?= # cj{ *! s/f]8 k'u]sf] 5 . of] /sd æ;]jf / sfo{x?sf]nflu ;+lrtsf]ifaf6 /sd lemSg] / vr{ ug{] clwsf/sf] Joj:yf ug{ ag]sf] P]g, @)^&Æ n]lgwf{/0f u/]sf];Ldfleq}/x]sf]hfgsf/L u/fpg rfxG5'.

18 /fh:jsf] pRr a[l4b/ / ljj]szLn vr{ Aoj:yfkgn] ubf{ nfdf] åGå / ;+qmd0fsfnsf] cjlwdf klg ;fj{hlgs ljQsf] l:yltnfO{ ;Gt'lnt cj:yfdf /fVg ;kmntf ldn]sf]5 .

19 cfly{s gLltx?sf] casf] xfd|f] sfo{;"rL afXo If]q ;'b[9Ls/0f, cfly{s a[l4, d'b|f:kmLlt Go"gLs/0f / ljQLo :yfoLTjsf] If]qdf s]lGb|t ug{'kg{] cfjZostf /x]sf]d}n]dx;'; u/]sf]5'. bfh'efO lbbLalxgL,

20 k|:t't ah]6 th{'df ubf{, lqjifL{o of]hgfsf] cjwf/0ff cg'?k cy{tGqsf cfwf/zLnfx?nfO{ ;'b[9 kfg{]p2]Zo /f]v]sf]5'. @)^* ;fn h]7 !$ ut]leq ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGq g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] sfo{ ;DkGg ug{] ;'lglZrttfsfnflu zflGt k|lqmof, /fHosf] k'g;{+/rgf / ;+qmd0fsfnLg cj:yfnfO{ dWogh/ /fv]/ sfo{qmdx? k|:tfj u/]sf] 5' . k|:t't ah]6nfO{ d}n] gofF sfo{qmdx? yfngL ug{] eGbf klg ;+rfngdf /x]sf cfof]hgfx?nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg]tkm{ kl/nlIft u/]sf]5'.

21 cfly{s / ;fdflhs If]qdf k|fKt ug{ vf]lhPsf If]qut glthfx?nfO{ o;} aQmAosf] cg';"rL !) df pNn]v u/]sf] 5' . k|:t't ah]6sf] sfof{Gjogaf6 rfn" cfly{s jif{df cfly{s a[l4 $=% k|ltzt /xg] cg'dfg u/]sf] 5' . d'b|f:kmLlt & k|ltztdf sfod /xg] ck]Iff u/]sf] 5' . To;}u/L, zf]wgfGt/ art ?= ( ca{ k'Ug]ljZjf; lnPsf]5'.

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ca d o; ah]6sf gLlt tyf sfo{qmdx? k|:t't ug{ rfxG5'. /fli6«o uf}/asf k"jf{wf/

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23 ef}lts k"jf{wf/x?sf] lgdf{0fnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fv]/ ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf] 5'. ljutb]lv k|f/De ul/Psf cfof]hgfx? ;DkGg ug{ hf]8 lbPsf]5'.

24 dWo—kxf8L nf]sdfu{ -k'iknfn nf]sdfu{_sf] xfn;Dd tof/ ePsf] 6«ofsnfO{ km/flsnf]agfO afFsL v08sf]6«ofs vf]Ng]sfo{ k'/f ug{ ?= ! cj{ @! s/f]8 ah]6 5'6\ofPsf]5'. o;sf]:t/f]Gglt / sfnf]kq]ug{ yk nufgLsf]vf]hLnfO{ klg d}n]k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf]5'.

25 pQ/—blIf0f hf]8g] nf]sdfu{ cGtu{t :ofk|m"j]zL—/;'jfu9Lsf] lgdf{0f ;DkGg ug{ ?= ^# s/f]8 ljlgof]hg u/]sf] 5' . s0ff{nL, sfnL u08sL, sf]zL sf]l/8f]/sf pQ/—blIf0f nf]sdfu{, tfKn]h'Ë—cf]nfËr'Ëuf]nf / tfdfsf]zL— nfdfau/—kmnf6];8s lgdf{0fnfO{ ?= %$ s/f]8 5'6\ofPsf]5'.

26 t/fO{—dw]zsf] k"j{ klZrd l5rf]Ng] x'nfsL /fhdfu{sf] k|yd r/0fsf] ^ ;o $) lsnf]ld6/ ;8s cfufdL #) dlxgf leq ;DkGg ul/g]5 . o; /fhdfu{ cGtu{t lgdf{0f ug{'kg{] #( j6f k"nx? dWo] @@ j6f k"nsf] lgdf{0f o;} jif{ yfnL afFsL !& j6f k'nsf] l8hfO{g ;DkGg ul/g] 5 . oL sfo{x? ;DkGg ug{sfnflu ?= @ cj{ *! s/f]8 5'6\ofPsf]5'.

27 sf7df8f}+—t/fO{÷dw]z b|'t dfu{sf] 6«ofs lgdf{0fnfO{ pRr k|fyldstf lbOg] 5 . cfufdL jif{ 6«ofs vf]Ng]sfo{ ;DkGg ug{ ?= ^* s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf] 5' . of] b|'t dfu{df kg{] ;Dk"0f{ hUufx?sf] clwu|x0f 5 dlxgf leq ;DkGg ug{ Ps clwsf/ ;DkGg pRr:t/Lo ;ldlt u7g ul/g]5 .

28 :jb]zL nufgL / k|fljlws hgzlQmaf6} lgdf{0f ug{ nfluPsf] tfdfsf]zL hnljB't cfof]hgf cfly{s jif{ @)&!.&@ ;Dddf ;DkGg ug]{ u/L l;len ;+/rgf lgdf{0f k|f/De ePsf] 5 . o; cfof]hgfsf]nflu ?= @ cj{ lgsf;f e};s]sf]5 . of]cfof]hgf ;DkGg ug{ ljQLo ;|f]tdf sdL x'g lbOg]5}g .

29 s}nfnL lhNnfsf] lgdf{0ffwLg /fgLhd/f—s"nl/of l;FrfO{ cfof]hgfsf]nflu ?= #& s/f]8 / l;S6f l;+rfO{sf]nflu ?= (* s/f]8 ah]6 5'6\ofPsf]5'. ;fdflhs ;'/Iff

30 ;fdflhs ;'/Iff eQfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg ?= * cj{ (% s/f]8 ah]6 5'6\ofPsf]5'. eQfsf]ljt/0f qmdzM a}+lsË k|0ffnL dfkm{t ul/g]5 .

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31 b]zel/sf ljkGg—blnt / s0ff{nL c~rnsf ;a} kl/jf/sf kfFr jif{ d'lgsf afnaflnsfnfO{ nlIft u/L ut jif{ k|f/De ul/Psf] æjfn ;+/If0f cg'bfgÆ nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf]5'.

32 b'u{d If]qdf vfBfGg, g'g, aLp—ljhg / /f;folgs dnsf] 9'jfgL cg'bfgsfnflu kof{Kt /sd ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

33 cflbjf;L hghflt, blnt, pk]lIft, pTkLl8t, dw]zL, d'lZnd, lk58f / al~rtLs/0fdf k/]sf ju{sf] dfgj ljsf;, ;+:s[lt / ;Dkbfsf] ;+/If0fsfnflu ?= @) s/f]8 5'6\ofPsf]5'.

34 ut jif{b]lv k|f/De ul/Psf] ;fdflhs ;'/Iff afktsf] ! k|ltzt s/sf] /sd cnUu} sf]ifdf ljlgof]hg ug{] Aoj:yf ldnfPsf] 5' . of] /sd of]ubfgstf{ sd{rf/L tyf dhb"/sf];fdflhs lxtdf pkof]u ug{ sfdbf/, /f]huf/bftf / ;/sf/sf k|ltlglw ;lDdlnt Pp6f lqkIfLo k|ltlglwTjsf] ;+rfns ;ldlt /xg]:yfoL ;+oGq :yfkgf ul/g]5 . dlxnf ;zlQms/0f

35 dlxnfx?nfO{ k|ToIf?kdf nfe k'Ug] sfo{qmddf s"n ah]6sf] !&=( k|ltzt cyf{t ?= ^) cj{ ^! s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

36 n}+lus lx+;f lj?4sf] ljz]if cleofg cGtu{t ;+rflnt sfo{qmdx?sf] lg/Gt/tfsfnflu 5'6[}sf]if :yfkgf ug{ ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

37 PSsfO;f}+ ztfAbLdf cfOk'Ubf klg bfOhf] gNofPsf] sf/0f / af]S;L ePsf] cf/f]kdf dlxnfx?n] qm'/ / cdfgjLo kL8f ef]Ug' k/]sf 36gfx? a]nfavt 3l6/x]sf 5g\ . To:t}, ;fgf—;fgf aflnsf / lszf]/Lx? klg anfTsf/sf] kL8f ef]Ug afWo ePsf x[boljbf/s pbfx/0fx? klg xfd|f] ;dfhdf cem} b]lvG5g . o:tf cIfDo / lgb{oL s's[To dfgj ;Eotf pk/s} nfhdbf{] pkxf; klg xf] . cab]lv o; k|s[ltsf] ck/fwnfO{ ;/sf/afbL d'2f agfO sfg"gL k|lqmofdf kLl8tsf] kIfdf nfu]sf] ;Dk"0f{ vr{ /fHosf]ifaf6 Aoxf]g{] Joj:yf ldnfOg]5 .

v]ns"b

38 ;f]x|f}+ PlzofnL v]ns'bdf g]kfnL v]nf8Lx?nfO{ ;xefuL u/fO ;lsPsf] 5 . o;sfnflu cfjZos ah]6sf]Aoj:yf ldnfPsf]5'.

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39 @)^& kmfu'g dlxgfdf cfof]hgf ul/g] 5}7f}+ a[xt /fli6«o v]ns'b k|ltof]lutfsf]nflu ?= !) s/f]8 ljlgof]hg u/]sf] 5' . km"6an v]ndf o"jfx?sf]bIftf a[l4 ug{ :yfgLo:t/df lnu Dofr ;+rfng ul/g]5 .

40 cf]nlDks, PlzofnL / ;fs{ v]ns'bdf :j0f{ kbs ljh]tf g]kfnL v]nf8Lx?nfO{ gub k'/:sf/ pknAw u/fpg] Aoj:yf ldnfOg] 5 . ;fy}, k|To]s lhNnfdf v]ns"b k"jf{wf/ ljsf; / cfjlws v]ns"b k|ltof]lutf ;+rfng ug{]Aoj:yf ldnfOg]5 .

41 ;'g;/L, lrtjg / s}nfnLdf If]qLo:t/sf] v]n d}bfg lgdf{0f sfo{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbOg]5 . emfkfsf]bdsdf /Ëzfnf lgdf{0f ul/g]5 .

42 sf7df8f}+sf] d"nkfgL / ?kGb]xLsf] e}/xjfdf cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] lqms]6 v]n d}bfg lgdf{0f ug{ ?= $ s/f]8 5'6\ofPsf]5'. u/LaL lgjf/0fsfnflu nlIft ;d"x sfo{qmd

43 u/LaL lgjf/0f sf]if dfkm{t u/LaLsf] /]vfd'gL /x]sf dlxnf, blnt, dw]zL, hghflt tyf lk5l8Psf ju{nfO{ nlIft u/L ;fdflhs kl/rfng, cfo cfh{g, :j/f]huf/L l;h{gf, ;fgf ;fd'bflos k"jf{wf/ ljsf;, Ifdtf clea[l4 / l;h{gzLn sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ ?= # ca{ $ s/f]8 ah]6 Joj:yf

ldnfPsf]5'.

44 s0ff{nL /f]huf/ sfo{qmdsfnflu ?= @% s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'. k'gMlgdf{0f, k'g:yf{kgf / n8fs";dfof]hg

45 åGå k|efljt JolQm jf ;d"xsfnflu /fxt, ;fdflhsLs/0f, k"g:yf{kgf / k'glg{df{0f ug]{ sfo{qmdx?nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf]5'.

46 dfcf]jfbL ;]gfsf n8fs'x?sf] ;dfof]hg / k'g:yf{kgf gx'Gh]n;Ddsfnflu lghx?nfO{ pknJw u/fO cfPsf] dfl;s eQf, e/0fkf]if0f / c:yfoL lzlj/x?sf] Joj:yfkgsfnflu ?= ! ca{ ** s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]

s[lif

5'.

47 df;' pTkfbgdf cfTdlge{/ e} lgof{t k|j4{g ug{ kz'kfng sfo{qmd cleofgs}?kdf ;+rfng ul/g]5 . ;fgf ls;fg ljsf; a}+s / ;fgf ls;fg ;xsf/L dfkm{t kz'kfns s[ifsx?nfO{ ;x'lnot Aofhb/df shf{ pknAw u/fpg ?= ! cj{ ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

7

48 ljutb]lv ;+rfngdf /x]sf] æs0ff{nL c~rn ljz]if s[lif pTkfbg sfo{qmdÆsfnflu ah]6 a[l4 u/]sf] 5'. vfBfGg cefjsf] ;Defjgf b]lvPsf cGo lhNnfx?df klg s[lif pTkfbg a9fpg dnvfb 9'jfgL, ljp—ljhg, ;fgf l;+rfO{, tflnd / k|;f/ nufotsf sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng ug{ hf]8 lbPsf]

5'.

49 s[ifsx?nfO{ /f;folgs tyf k|fËfl/s dndf lbOg] cg'bfgdf pRr a[l4u/L ?= @ ca{ &% s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

50 ;fgf ls;fgx?sf] ;xsf/L ;+:yfnfO{ cn}+rL, cb'jf, lrof, skmL / dxsf] k|zf]wg ug{] d]lzg cf}hf/ vl/bdf %) k|ltzt cg'bfg lbg] Aoj:yf ldnfPsf] 5'. ;fgf ls;fg ;xsf/L ;+:yfx?sf] cg'z/0f tyf Ifdtf ljsf; sfo{qmdnfO{ a9fjf lbg /sd ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

51 s[lif If]qdf cg';Gwfg tyf ljsf; sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ ?= (* s/f]8 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

52 7"nf s[lif / kz'kmfd{x?sf] :yfkgf / ;+rfng ug{ ;xsf/L If]qnfO{ pTk|]l/t ul/g] 5 . ;xsf/L v]tL ;DaGwL sfg"g th{"df ul/g] 5 . ;xsf/L v]tLsfnflu ;/sf/n];8s, l;+rfO{ tyf ljB't h:tf k"jf{wf/sf]Aoj:yf ub{} hfg]5 .

53 kmnkm"n tyf t/sf/L ;+sng s]Gb|, b'w lr:ofg s]Gb|, sf]N8:6f]/]h / kz' awzfnf :yfkgf / ;+rfng ug{ rfxg] ;xsf/Lx?nfO{ k|f]T;fxg lbg o:tf sfo{sf] k'jf{wf/ lgdf{0fdf nfUg] k"FhLut vr{df cg'bfg lbg] Aoj:yfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf]5'.

54 o;}cfly{s jif{ leq ;fj{hlgs uf]bfd ljw]os th{"df ul/g]5 .

55 s[lif tyf kz'aLdf ubf{ nfUg]lk|ldodsf]%) k|ltzt /sd cg'bfgsf]?kdf pknAw u/fpg]gLltnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf]5'.

l;FrfO{

56 rfn"cfly{s jif{df yk *! xhf/ $ ;o &% x]S6/ If]qkmndf l;FrfO{ ;'ljwf k'¥ofpg ?= ( ca{ ! s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

57 af/f lhNnfsf] hd'gL l;FrfO{ cfof]hgf / alb{ofsf] aaO{ gbLdf ;fO{kmg lgdf{0f ug{ ah]6 5'6\ofPsf] 5' . lgdf{0ffwLg oL b'j} cfof]hgfsf] sfof{Gjogaf6 yk $! xhf/ x]S6/ If]qkmndf l;FrfO{ ;'ljwf k'Ug]5 .

8

58 lgdf{0ffwLg demf}nf l;FrfO{ cfof]hgfx? ;DkGg ug{ / gofF cfof]hgfx?sf] cWoogsfnflu ?= *^ s/f]8 ah]6 5'6\ofPsf]5'.

59 ut cfly{s jif{b]lv z'? ul/Psf] hgtfsf] t6aGw sfo{qmdnfO{ lg/Gt/tf

lbPsf]5'.

Joj;flos e"—pkof]u

60 xfd|f] k/Dk/fut e"ld Aoj:yfkgdf cGtlg{lxt cGt/lj/f]w / sdhf]/LnfO{ lgd{"n u/L cfly{s a[l4, Aoj;flos k4lt / jftfj/0fLo ;Gt'ng ldnfpg rfn"cfly{s jif{b]lv e"ld Joj:yfkgdf kl/jt{gsf]k|:tfj u/]sf]5'.

61 xfn k|rngdf /x]sf]e"ld alu{s/0fsf]k4ltnfO{ kl/dfh{g ul/g]5 . cjb]lv hUufnfO{ s[lif, cf}Bf]lus, ag, Aoj;flos, cfjf;Lo / ;fj{hlgs u/L 5 ju{df alu{s/0f ul/g]5 . o;}cg'?k :jfldTj k|df0fkq hf/L ul/g]5 .

62 hUuf ljsf; u/]/ cfjf; u[x agfpg rfxg] AolQm jf sDkgLn] o:tf] hUufdf kfFr jif{ leq cfjf; lgdf{0f sfo{ ;DkGg u/L ljqmLsfnflu ;a} tof/L k'/f u/L ;Sg'kg{]5 . jrt kl/rfng ug{];+:yfx?nfO{ ;+o'Qm nufgLdf cfjf; u[x lgdf{0f u/L k|fyldstfsf cfwf/df nlIft ju{nfO{ ljqmL ug{]gLlt cjnDag ul/g]5 . ag ljsf;

63 jg If]qsf]ljsf;sfnflu ?= $ ca{ #) s/f]8 5'6\ofPsf]5'.

64 h}ljs ljljwtf Pj+ k|fs[lts ;|f]tsf] dxTjk"0f{ e08f/ / t/fO{ If]qsf] bL3{sfnLg ;fdflhs—cfly{s lxtsf] cfwf/sf] ?kdf /x]sf] r'/] If]qsf] Plss[t ;+/If0fsfnflu o;} aif{b]lv /fi6«klt r"/] efj/ If]q ;+/If0f sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{]k|:tfj u/]sf]5'.

65 ljZjd} clt b'n{e / nf]kf]Gd'v dflgPsf] af3sf] ;+/If0f ug{] cleofg ;+rfngsfnflu ah]6 Aoj:yf u/]sf]5'. oftfoft

66 ;8sx?sf] lgoldt tyf k6s] dd{t ;'wf/sfnflu ?= @ cj{ %@ s/f]8 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

67 /]Nj]tyf d]6«f]lgdf{0f / hndfu{ ljsf; ug{ ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'. ;fy} s]jn sf/sf]ljsf;df k|lqmofut ;/nLs/0f ul/g]5 .

9

68 cGt/f{li6«o Aofkf/sf dfu{x? aL/uGh—kyn}of, a]nlxof—a'6jn / /fgL— O6x/L tyf ;"o{ ljgfos—w'nLv]n ;8snfO{ 5 n]g agfpg ?= &) s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

69 lgdf{0ffwLg ;8ssf k'nx?sf] lgdf{0f sfo{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbOg] 5 . ;fy} nf]sdfu{ Pj+ lhNnf ;b/d'sfd 5'g] ;8ssf k'nx? lgdf{0fsf] sfo{nfO{ k|fyldstf lbPsf] 5' . o;sfnflu ?= ! cj{ () s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf] 5' . /0fg}lts dxTjsf k'/fgf k'nx? dWo] wgu9Lsf] uf]bfj/L k'n, ;'v{]tsf] e]/L k'n, wfs{] tyf d'lUnªsf] k'n / kyn}ofb]lv sf]zL;Ddsf k'nx?sf]k|fyldstfsf ;fy dd{t ul/g]5 .

70 a;Gtk'/—t]x|y'd, lxn]kfgL—lbSt]n, /fS;]—d+unaf/]—g]kfn6f/, rGb| lgufxk'/—uf}/, 6f]vf—u'h{] e~HofË, blIf0f 9f]sf—;fFv'—sfpn], dfN9'Ëf—a]gL, efn'jfË—Ko"7fg, cd]nLof—t'n;Lk'/—;Nofg, rsrs]—lnjfË, ;'v{]t— l;ofsf]6, ;fFkm]ju/—dËn;]g / ;fFkm]ju/—dft{8L ;8sx?sf] :t/f]Gglt ;DkGg ug{ ah]6 5'6\ofPsf]5'.

71 ;]tL nf]sdfu{ lgdf{0fsf nflu ?= * s/f]8 5'6\ofPsf]5'.

72 ;':t ultdf lgdf{0ffwLg /x]sf jf w]/} cl3 lgdf{0f eO{ d/Ddt ;Def/df ;d'lrt Wofg k'Ug g;s]sf ko{6sLo dxTjsf ;8sx?sf] :t/f]Ggltsfnflu ah]6 5'6\ofPsf]5'. cfw'lgs / Aojl:yt cfjf; tyf zx/L ljsf;

73 dWo kxf8L nf]sdfu{ / pQ/—blIf0f sf]l/8f]/ cf;kf;df Joj;fo tyf j;f]jf;sfnflu !) 7"nf cfw'lgs zx/x? lgdf{0f ug{ :yfgsf] klxrfg / ;+efJotf cWoog u/L k"jf{wf/ gSzfÍgsf] sfo{ rfn" cfly{s jif{b]lv z'? ul/g]5 .

74 æhgtf cfjf; sfo{qmdÆnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf] 5' . ;fy}, rfn" cfly{s jif{b]lv of]sfo{qmdnfO{ r]kfË, /fp6]/ s';'08f a:tLx?df klg lj:tf/ ul/g] 5 .

75 hg;+Vofsf] 7"nf] lx:;f a;f]jf;sfnflu zx/LIf]qdf s]Gb|Lt x'b} uPaf6 zx/leq / j/k/sf pj{/ e"ldx?df cAojl:yt?kn]cfjf; ejg lgdf{0f ug{] k|a[lt a9]/ uPsf] 5 . o;/L a9L /x]sf] cAojl:yt zx/Ls/0f tyf a:tL ljsf;nfO{ Aojl:yt / cfw'lgs ;'ljwf ;DkGg agfpg /fli6«o ejg ;+lxtfnfO{ rfn"jif{leq kl/dfh{g u/L sfof{Gjogdf NofOg]5 .

10

:yfgLo ljsf;

76 :yfgLo lgsfox?nfO{ pknAw u/fpFb} cfOPsf] cg'bfgnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf] 5'. lgsf;f / vr{sf]sfo{ljlwdf ;dofg's"n kl/dfh{g ul/g]5 .

77 :yfgLo:t/sfnflu 5'6[ofOPsf]ah]6af6}k|To]s lgjf{rg If]qdf slDtdf ?= ! s/f]8 nfut a/fj/sf k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f cfof]hgfx? ;+rfng ug{] gLltut Aoj:yf u/]sf]5'. hnljB't

78 ^) d]ufjf6sf] lqz'nL t];|f] P, !$ d]ufjf6sf] s'n]vfgL t];|f], #) d]ufjf6sf] rd]lnof / #) d]ufjf6sf] /fx'3f6 hnljB't lgdf{0f sfo{ ;DkGg ug{ ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

79 k|To]s ljsf; If]qdf slDtdf Ps÷Ps j6f 7"nf tyf dWod:t/sf hnf;oo'Qm cfof]hgfx?sf] lgdf{0f yflng] 5 . o;} qmddf ^)) d]ufjf6sf] a'9L u08sL, $)) d]ufjf6sf] gf}:ofnuf8, #)) d]ufjf6sf] tdf]/ / !&% d]ufjf6sf] cfFlwvf]nf cfof]hgfx?nfO{ pko'Qm ;fem]bf/sf] ;xefuLtfdf sfof{Gjogdf nlug] 5 . tfdfsf]zL kfFrf} / dflyNnf] c?0f cfof]hgfsf] ;+efJotf cWoog ul/g]5 .

80 :yfgLo lgsfosf] cu|;/tfdf :yfgLo kF"hL kl/rfng u/L n3' hnljB't pTkfbg sfo{nfO{ cleofgs} ?kdf cl3 a9fOg] 5 . /fli6«o u|L8 k'¥ofpg ;Dej gx'g] / n3' hnljB'tsf] ;Defjgf /x]sf ;a} kxf8L tyf lxdfnL If]qdf n3' hnljB't ;+rfng ul/g] 5 . o;sfnflu ?= ! cj{ ljlgof]hg u/]sf] 5' . cGo a}slNks phf{sf sfo{qmdx? klg ;+rfngdf NofOg] 5 . o;}u/L, yd{n KnfG6sf];DefAotf cWoog ul/g]5 .

81 /fli6«o u|L8nfO{ lj:tf/ ul/g] 5 . pRr Ifdtfsf cGt/b]zLo k|zf/0f nfO{g lgdf{0fnfO{ tLa|tf lbOg]5 . ;"rgf / ;~rf/

82 OG6/g]6 ;]jf k|bfosx?af6 k|bfg eO{/x]sf] ;]jfsf] u'0f:t/, ;"rgfsf] ;Defljt b"?kof]u lgoGq0f / k|ljlw ljsf;nfO{ Aojl:yt t'Nofpg cfrf/ ;+lxtf th{"df ul/g] 5 . rfn"cfly{s jif{ leq ;ˆ6j]o/ ljsf;sf] dfkb08 ;d]t lgwf{/0f ul/;lsg]5 .

11

83 lj1fkg tyf Joj;flos k|rf/ k|;f/nfO{ Aojl:yt / dof{lbt agfpg rfn" cfly{s jif{sf]r}q d;fGt leq lj1fkg cfrf/ ;+lxtf th{'df ul/g]5 .

84 nf]ssNof0fsf/L lj1fkgsf] Aoj:yfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf] 5' . ;/sf/sf tkm{af6 k|jfx x'g] ;"rgfx?sf] Gofof]lrt ljt/0f ug{ pko'Qm ;+:yfut Aoj:yf ul/g]5 .

ko{6g

85 æko{6gsfnflu P]Soa4tfÆ eGg] pb\3f]ifsf;fy ;~rfng ul/g] æko{6g jif{ @)!!Æ sf] /fli6«o cleofg cGtu{t !) nfv ko{6s leq\ofpg] sfo{qmd ;+rfngsfnflu ah]6 Aoj:yf u/]sf] 5' . cf—cfˆgf] If]qaf6 ;xof]u / pT;fxhgs ;xefuLtfsfnflu ko{6g Jofj;foLx?, lghLIf]q, gful/s ;dfh, ;fd'bflos ;+3;+:yfx? / ;a} /fhg}lts bnx?;Fu d xflb{s clkn

ub{5'.

86 rfn" cfly{s jif{df s'g} lgsfon] Ps k6sdf !)) hgf eGbf a9L xjfO{ dfu{af6 g]kfn cfpg] ljb]zL /fxbfgL jfxsx?nfO{ ;xefuL u/fO{ ;ef, ;Dd]ng, uf]i7L, a}7s jf cGtlq{mof cfof]hgf u/]df To:tf] cfof]hsnfO{ k|df0fsf] cfwf/df sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] & lbg leq g]kfn ;/sf/sf tkm{af6 ?= % nfv gub ;xof]u pknAw u/fOg]5 .

87 ko{6g jif{sf] ;Gbe{df cGt/f{li6«o ;+rf/ dfWodaf6 k|rf/ k|;f/ ug{ cfjZos /sd 5'6\ofPsf]5'.

88 hgsk'/sf]a}jflxs cfbz{, kf]v/fsf]k|fs[lts /f]df~rstf / n'lDagLdf /x]sf] hGdsf] kljqtfsf] cg'kd cfsif{0fnfO{ ko{6sLo ofqfsf] cGof]Gofl>t / kl/k'/s lqsf]0fLo uGtAosf] ?kdf ljsf; ug{ o;} jif{ /0fgLlts u'?of]hgf tof/ ul/g]5 .

89 ljZj zflGtsf cu|b"t uf}td a'4sf]hGd:yn n'lDagL, lqm8f:yn slknj:t', b]jbx, /fdu|fd ;d]tsf] PsLs[t ljsf; u/L æcGt/f{li6«o zflGt zx/Æ lgdf{0f ug{] Joj:yflksf—;+;bsf] ;+sNk k|:tfjnfO{ cGt/f{li6«o ;xof]u ;d]t kl/rfng u/L qmdzM sfof{Gjogdf nlug]5 .

90 :ju{åf/Lsf] ;DkQL ;+/If0f / bL3{sfnLg ljsf;sf] u'?of]hgf tof/ kfl/g] 5 .

91 lghu9df cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:yn lgdf{0fsfnflu lj:t[t ;+efJotf cWoog sfo{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbOg] 5 . o;}u/L kf]v/f, uf}td a'4 / hgsk'/

12

ljdfg:ynnfO{ cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] p8fg ;+rfng x'g ;Sg] u/L k"jf{wf/ ljsf; ul/g]5 . ?Dhf6f/ ljdfg:ynsf]:t/f]GgtL ul/g]5 . cfly{s a[l4sf];+jfxs M lghLIf]q / ;Lko'Qm hgzlQm

92 /fi6«sf] cfly{s—;fdflhs ?kfGt/0fsfnflu k"0f{ ljZjf; / pT;fxsf ;fy nufgL ug{ d lghL If]q;+u ckLn ub{5'. lghL If]qsf] ;xh ljsf;sfnflu g]kfn ;/sf/sf]tkm{af6 Aoj;fo nfut 36fpg / nufgLsf]aftfj/0f ;'wf/ ug{ lgDg adf]lhdsf]Aoj:yf ldnfPsf]5'.

s/ e'QmfgLdf nfUg];donfO{ Psjif{df !@ lbgn]36fPsf]5'.

Ps;o hgf eGbf a9L g]kfnLnfO{ k|ToIf /f]huf/L lbg] ;a} pTkfbgzLn pBf]ux?sf] kl/;/;Ddsf] ;8snfO{ sfnf]kq] ul/g] 5 . o;sf ;fy}ljh"nLsf] k|zf/0fnfO{g / vfg]kfgL ;'ljwf ;d]t pknAw u/fO{g]5 .

kfFr;o hgf eGbf a9L g]kfnLn] k|ToIf /f]huf/L kfPsf pTkfbgzLn pBf]ux?df g]kfn ;/sf/sf]tkm{af6 :jf:YosdL{ ;lxtsf]pk:jf:Yo rf}sL ;/xsf];+:yf vf]nL :jf:Yo ;]jf pknAw u/fOg]5 .

kfFr;o hgf eGbf a9L g]kfnLn] k|ToIf /f]huf/L kfPsf pTkfbgzLn pBf]ux?sf] ;'/Iff k|jGwsfnflu xftxltof/ ;lxt sDtLdf kfFrhgf k|x/L /xg]u/L k|x/L lj6 :yfkgf ul/g]5 .

pTkfbgzLn pBf]ux?sf] u'0f:t/ k/LIf0f ug{] oGq pks/0fx?sf] k}7f/Ldf nfUg]eG;f/ dx;'ndf 5'6 ;'ljwf lbOg]5 .

pTkfbgzLn pBf]u jf xf]6nn] cf}Bf]lus jf Joj;flos k|of]hgsfnflu Ps 6\of+s/df g36fO{ g]kfn cfon lgudaf6 ;f]em} l8h]n vl/b ug{ rfx]df lgudsf] l8n/ d"Nodf vl/b ug{ kfpg] ;'ljwf lbOg]5 .

lgof{t u/]/ k|fKt u/]sf] kl/jTo{ ljb]zL d'b|f a}+sdf bflvnf ePsf] k|df0fsf] cfwf/df o;/L lgof{t ug{] pBf]unfO{ @ k|ltzt a/fj/sf] g]kfnL ?k}of gub k|f]T;fxg pknAw u/fpg] Aoj:yf u/]sf] 5' . o;/L lgof{t u/]sf] a:t'sf] d"No clea[l4 %) k|ltzt eGbf a9L ePdf # k|ltzt / *) k|ltzt eGbf a9L ePdf $ k|ltzt pknAw

13

u/fOg] 5 . o:tf] lgof{taf6 cflh{t cfodf @% k|ltzt cfos/ ;d]t 5'6 lbg]Aoj:yf ldnfO{g]5 .

;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]ifdf of]ubfg u/]sf pBf]udf sfo{/t sd{rf/L tyf dhb"/x?sf] cfly{s ;'/Iffsf lgldQ ;+rfng ul/g] l:sdsf] ;DaGwdf d}n] dfly k|:tfj u/]sf] ;+oGqn] rf8} g} cfjZos tof/L ug{]5 .

dhb'/x?sf] lxtsfnflu dhb'/x? dfq ;b:o /xg]u/L cf}Bf]lus kl/;/leq >lds ;xsf/L ;+:yf ;+rfng ug{ k|f]T;fxg lbOg]5 .

93 cf}Bf]lus k"jf{wf/ ljsf; sfo{qmdnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf] 5' . pbok'/, dsjfgk'/, wflbË, /f]Nkf, bfË lhNnfdf :yfkgf ul/g] lgdf{0ffwLg l;d]G6 pBf]ux?sf]nflu ;8s lgdf{0f Pj+ ljB't k|;f/0fnfO{g lj:tf/ sfo{ pRr k|fyldstfsf ;fy ;DkGg ul/g]5 .

94 cGt/f{li6«o :t/df lrof / skmLsf] ;fd'lxs Aofkf/ lrGx btf{ ug{sfnflu cg'bfg pknAw u/fO{g]5 .

95 d"No ldnf]dtf] -Price Cartelling_, kl/df0f ;fF7ufF7 / s'g} klg :j?ksf] l;l08s]6 ug{] h'g;'s} ;+u7gx? u}/sfg"gL dflgg] 5g\ . o:tf ;+u7gx?sf] btf{ :jtM vf/]h x'g]5 .

96 o'jf :j/f]huf/ sfo{qmdnfO{ k|efjsf/L 9+Ën]sfof{Gjog ul/g]5 .

97 ck/flws ultljlwsf] k|efjsf/L lgoGq0f u/L ;'/Iff Aoj:yfnfO{ ljZj;gLo agfpg ljz]if hf]8 lbOg]5 . ljQLo If]q / k"FhL ahf/

98 cfly{s lqmofsnfksf] lj:tf/df of]ubfg k'Ug]u/L ljQLo k|0ffnLsf] lbuf] ljsf; / :yfloTjsfnflu æljQLo If]q ;'wf/ sfo{qmdÆnfO{ hf]8 lbPsf] 5' . g]kfn a}+s lnld6]8 / /fli6«o afl0fHo a}+ssf] k"FhL k'gM;+/rgf ug{ pko'Qm ljsNk 5gf}6 u/L sfof{Gjog ul/g]5 .

99 lghL If]qsf] ;xsfo{df k"jf{wf/ ljsf; a}+s :yfkgfsfnflu g]kfn ;/sf/sf] tkm{af6 k"FhL of]ubfg ug{ cfjZos /sd 5'6\ofPsf]5'.

100 ut jif{ z'? ul/Psf] lgIf]k ;'/If0f sfo{qmd cGtu{t v, u / 3 ju{sf a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfx?df /x]sf ?= @ nfv;Dd lgIf]ksf] aLdf ug{] Aoj:yfsf]

14

sfof{Gjog ul/g]5 . o; k|of]hgsfnflu rfn"cfly{s jif{df g]kfn ;/sf/n] lgIf]k tyf shf{ ;'/If0f lguddf yk ?= @% s/f]8 k"FhL nufgL ug{] 5 . lgudsf]clws[t k"FhLnfO{ qmdzM a9fpb}nuL ?= @ ca{ k'¥ofOg]5 .

101 sdf]l8l6h sf/f]jf/sf] k|efjsf/L lgodg / ;'kl/j]If0f ug{ sfg"gsf] th{'df ul/g]5 .

102 k"FhL ahf/df u}/ cfjf;Lo g]kfnLsf]nufgL v'nf ul/g]5 .

103 ljb]zdf /x]sf g]kfnLx?nfO{ nlIft u/L a}b]lzs /f]huf/ artkq hf/L ug{] Aoj:yfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf]5'.

104 shf{ k|jfxdf ljZj;gLotf a[l4 ug{ s|]l86 /]l6Ë Ph]G;Lsf] :yfkgfsfnflu sfg"gL Aoj:yf ldnfOg]5 .

105 g]kfnn] cGt/f{li6«o ;d'bfo;Fu u/]sf] k|ltj4tf cg'?k ;Dklt z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0fsfnflu lgu/fgL / sf/jfxL Aoj:yfnfO{ cem ;zQm agfOg] 5 . cft+ssf/L ultljlwnfO{ ljQLo ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] sfo{ / ;+ul7t ck/fwnfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ cGt/f{li6«o cle;GwLsf] cg'df]bgsfnflu sf/jfxL cuf8L a9fO{ ;lsPsf]5 .

ul/dfdo hLjgsf nflu u'0f:t/Lo lzIff

106 lzIff If]qsfnflu ?= %& ca{ ^% s/f]8 ah]6sf] Aoj:yf ldnfPsf] 5' . of] /sd s"n ah]6sf] !&=! k|ltzt x'g cfpF5 . of] /sd utjif{sf] vr{sf] t'ngfdf @$=% k|ltztn]a9L 5 .

107 cfly{s / ;fdflhs lx;fjn] clt ljkGg ju{sf jfnjflnsfsf] lzIffdf kx'Fr lj:tf/ ug{ xfn ;~rfngdf /x]sf @^ xhf/ & ;o &# jfn ljsf; s]Gb|nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf] 5' . rfn"jif{df yk @ xhf/ jfn ljsf; s]Gb|x? :yfkgf ug{ ah]6 Joj:yf ldnfPsf]5'.

108 ljBfnox?df lzIfs–ljBfyL{ cg'kft ldnfpg rfn" jif{ ljBfnox?sf] gSzfÍg u/L lzIfs b/jGbLnfO{ k'g;{+/rgf ul/g]5 .

109 lj1fg ljifo ;~rfng ug{ tf]lsPsf ;fd'bflos ljBfnox?sf] ejg lgdf{0f, k|of]uzfnf :yfkgf / ul0ft tyf lj1fg lzIfssf] Aoj:yfsf]nflu ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf] 5' . ;fy} k|To]s ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf OG6/g]6sf] kx'Fr k'¥ofpg]sfo{qmd klg ;+rfng ul/g]5 .

15

110 g]kfnsf] z}lIfs ljsf;df of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf @))& ;fn cuf8L :yflkt ljleGg lhNnfsf k'/fgf ljBfnox?, gGbL/fqL ljBfno / k+l8t gf/fo0fk|;fb kf]v/]n :d[lt ljBfnosf] ejg lgdf{0f tyf d/Ddt ;'wf/sfnflu ah]6 Aoj:yf u/]sf]5'.

111 rfn" jif{ % xhf/ $ ;o ljBfnox?sf] Joj:yfkgsf] lhDdf ;d'bfodf x:tfGt/0f ul/g]5 .

112 k':tsfno, sIffsf]7f, kmlg{r/, vfg]kfgL, zf}rfno, v]n d}bfg / kf7\o ;fdfu|Lx? h:tf ef}lts k"jf{wf/x?sf]Joj:yf ldnfpg d}n]hf]8 lbPsf]5'. k|To]s ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf clgjfo{?kdf 5fqf zf}rfno lgdf{0f ug{] Aoj:yf ldnfOg]5 .

113 lzIfs cefj ePsf ljBfnox?df ljBfyL{ ;+Vofsf] cfwf/df lzIf0f cg'bfg ljt/0f ug{] u/L ?= ! ca{ ah]6 Joj:yf u/]sf] 5'. o;}u/L pRr dfWolds ljBfnox?df klg ljBfyL{ ;+Vofsf]cg'kftdf lzIf0f cg'bfg pknAw u/fpg lbO{b}cfPsf]cg'bfgdf klg bf]Aa/ a[l4 u/]sf]5'.

114 ;fd"bflos ljBfnodf sIff ! b]lv * ;Dd cWoog/t aflnsf, blnt / clt ;LdfGtLs[t ;a}afnaflnsfnfO{ 5fqa[lQsf]Aoj:yf ldnfPsf]5'.

115 ut cfly{s jif{sf] ah]6 k|:t't ubf{ k|:tfj ul/Psf gofF ljZjljBfnosf] ;+rfngsfnflu cfjZos cg'bfgsf]Aoj:yf ul/Psf]5 .

:jf:Yo M hgtfsf]cfwf/e"t clwsf/

116 lgMz'Ns cfwf/e"t :jf:Yo ;]jf, jfn tyf dft[ :jf:Yo k|jw{g, ljkGg Pj+ nf]kf]Gd'v ju{sf] :jf:Yo ;]jfdf kx'Fr / h]7f gful/sx?sf] pkrf/ ;d]tsfnflu ah]6 Aoj:yf ldnfPsf]5'. :jf:Yo If]qsf sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng ug{ ?= @$ ca{ %! s/f]8 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

117 æcfdf ;'/Iff sfo{qmdÆ cGtu{t ;fd'bflos c:ktfnb]lv s]Gb|Lo:t/ ;Ddsf c:ktfnx?af6 k|bfg ub{} cfO{Psf] k|;'tL ;]jfnfO{ rfn"cfly{s jif{b]lv u}/ gfkmfd"ns :jf:Yo ;+:yfx?df klg lj:tf/ ug]{ k|:tfj u/]sf]5'.

118 afn s'kf]if0f cGTo ug{ ;+rflnt sfo{qmdx?nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbOPsf]5 .

119 cfË v:g] ;d:ofaf6 kLl8t dlxnfx?sfnflu pkrf/fTds / lg/f]wfTds ;]jf k|bfg ug]{ sfo{qmdnfO{ 3'DtL lzlj/ dfkm{t ;d]t 3/6f]ndf k'¥ofOg]5 . k"j{ k|;'tL ;]jf / k|;'tL kl5sf] ;]jf lng] dlxnfx?nfO{ lbOb} cfPsf] ljz]if

16

eQfnfO{ klg lg/Gt/tf lbPsf] 5' . :jf:Yo ;+:yfx?df cleofg s} ?kdf k|;'tL sIf -aly{Ë ;]G6/_ sf]lgdf{0f ul/g]5 .

120 rfn" jif{leq u/LaLsf] /]vfd'gL /x]sf hgtfnfO{ nlIft u/L æ:jf:Yo aLdf sfo{qmdÆ nfu"ug{ ;+efJotf cWoog ul/g]5 .

vfg]kfgL / ;/;kmfO{

121 d]nDrL vfg]kfgL cfof]hgfsf]cf7 lsnf]ld6/ ;'?Ë lgdf{0f / nfld8fF8f k|j]z dfu{sf]sfd rfn"cfly{s jif{df ;DkGg ul/g]5 . ;'Gb/Lhndf kfgL k|zf]wg s]Gb|sf]lgdf{0f sfo{ yflng]5 . oL sfdx?sf]nflu ?= @ cj{ !& s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf]5'.

122 ;]tL / dxfsfnL c~rnsf ;a} lhNnfx?, s0ff{nL c~rnsf] x'Dnf / e]/L c~rnsf] b}n]v lhNnfdf vfg]kfgL, ;'ne rkL{ Pj+ ;/;kmfO{, l;+rfO{ / n3' hnljB't pTkfbgsf sfo{x? ;+rfng ug{ æu|fdL0f hn;|f]t Aoj:yfkg kl/of]hgfÆ ;+rfng ul/g]5 .

123 aftfj/0fLo, wfld{s, ;f+:s[lts / ;Eotfsf b[i6Ln] clt dxTjk"0f{ gbL tfnx? xfd|f Aojxf/x?n] k|b'lift dfq xf]Og hf]lvd glhs g} k'u]sf 5g\ . of] vt/f /f]Sg] p2]Zon] cjb]lv gbL tfndf kmf]x/ ˆofSg] sfo{nfO{ ;fj{hlgs ck/fw dfgL ;hfo ul/g] 5 . g]kfnel/sf gbL lsgf/fsf bfofF afFof s'g}klg AolQmut lgdf{0f sfo{ ug{ /f]s nufOg]5 .

124 gjnk/f;L nufot t/fOsf lhNnfx?df cf;{]lgsd'Qm lkpg] kfgLsf] cfk"lt{ Aoj:yf ldnfO{g]5 . o;}u/L eQmk'/sf]vfg]kfgL ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ ljz]if hf]8 lbOg]5 .

125 cfsfz]kfgLsf];+sng u/L k|of]udf Nofpg]sfo{nfO{ k|f]T;flxt ul/g]5 .

;fj{hlgs ;+:yfg

126 clwsf+z ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgx? :yfkgfsf] p2]Zo cg'?k hgtfnfO{ ;]jf lbg ;kmn b]lvPsf 5}gg\ . ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgx?sf] Aoj:yfkgdf ;'wf/sfnflu gLltut Ps?ktf / k|efjsf/L cg'udg clt h?/L b]lvPsf]5 . o;sfnflu æpRr:t/Lo ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfg Aoj:yfkg af]8{Æ u7g ug{]k|:tfj u/]sf]5'.

;/sf/L ljQ / cfof]hgf Aoj:yfkg

127 ;fj{hlgs n]vf ;ldltsf ;b:osf] cWoIftfdf ul7t æ;/sf/L ah]6 Joj:yfkg tyf vr{ k|0ffnL k'g/fjnf]sg cfof]uÆn] s]lx ;do cl3dfq

17

k|ltj]bg j'emfPsf]5 . cfof]usf s]xL ;'emfjx? oxL ah]6 dfkm{t sfof{Gjog ug{ k|:tfj u/]sf]5'. cGo ;'emfj qmdzM sfof{Gjog ul/g]5 .

128 ;"b"/ / dWo—klZrd If]qdf ljlgof]hg ePsf] ah]6 cGo If]qdf /sdfGt/ ug{ lgif]w ul/Psf]5 .

129 s0ff{nL c~rn nufotsf afx« b'u{d lhNnfdf ljlgof]lht k"FhLut ah]6 ;DalGwt cfly{s jif{df vr{ x'g g;s]df cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] sflQs;Dddf vr{ ug{ kfpg] ljBdfg Aoj:yfn] ubf{ bft[ lgsfoaf6 zf]wegf{ bfjL ug{, ;dod};/sf/sf]cfly{s ljj/0f tof/ ug{ / n]vfk/LIf0f ug{ ;d]t ;d:of pTkGg eof]. o;df ;'wf/ ug{ cfly{s jif{sf]cGTodf vr{ gePsf] /sd lk|mh ul/g] 5 . sfd z'? eO;s]sf t/ vr{ e'QmfgL x'g g;s]sf k"FhLut lgdf{0f sfo{nfO{ csf{] cfly{s jif{df yk lgsf;f lbg] Aoj:yf ldnfPsf]5'.

130 rfn"jif{af6 a}zfvb]lv c;f/;Dd aflif{s ljlgof]hgsf]$) k|ltzt / c;f/ dlxgfdf aflif{s ljlgof]hgsf] @) k|ltzt eGbf a9L vr{ ug{ gkfpg] Aoj:yf nfu"ug{ k|:tfj u/]sf]5'.

131 ut cfly{s jif{b]lv z'? ul/Psf] ljB'tLo vl/b k|0ffnL -e-tendering_ nfO{ @)^* a}zfv ! ut]b]lv ?= @ s/f]8 eGbf dflysf] 7]Ssfsfnflu clgjfo{ ul/Psf]5 .

132 u}/ ;/sf/L ;+:yfx?n] k|fKt u/]sf] a}b]lzs ;xfotfsf] ljj/0f k|To]s jif{ Aoj:yflksf—;+;bdf k|:t't ug{] Aoj:yf ldnfO{ ljQLo kf/bzL{tf ;'lglZrt ul/g]5 .

133 a}b]lzs ;xof]u pkof]u u/L ;+rfng ul/g] cfof]hgfx?n] 7"nf] /sd zf]wegf{ lng afFsL /fVg] u/]sf] ;Gbe{df rfn" cfly{s jif{b]lv ah]6 lgsf;fnfO{ cfof]hgfx?n] ;dodf bft[ lgsfonfO{ vr{sf] ljj/0f / n]vfk/LIf0f k|ltj]bg k]z u/] gu/]sf] ljifonfO{ d"n cfwf/ agfOg] 5 . zf]wegf{ aSof}tf /fv]sf cfof]hgfx?sf];Dk"0f{ lgsf;f /f]Ssf ul/g]5 .

134 of] ah]6 sfof{Gjogsf] cfjlws ;dLIff ul/g]5 . ?= !% s/f]8 eGbf al9 /sd ljlgof]hg ePsf cfof]hgfx?sf] ef}lts tyf ljQLo k|utLsf] cfjlws cg'udg cy{ dGqLsf] g]t[Tjdf /x]sf] pRr:t/Lo ;ldltn] ug{] Aoj:yf

ldnfPsf]5'.

18

135 g]kfn ;/sf/sf] :jfldTjdf /x]sf hldg, ejg, ;jf/L ;fwg h:tf l:y/ ;DkQLx?sf] Plss[t nut tof/ u/L k|To]s jif{ dxfn]vf lgoGqs sfof{non] ;Ddflgt Aoj:yflksf—;+;b ;dIf k]z ug{'kg{] Aoj:yf ldnfOg] 5 .

136 ;/sf/L sfof{nodf ;'/lIft sfuhft k|of]u ug{]Joj:yf nfu"ul/g]5 .

bfh'efO lbbLalxgLx?

137 ca, d dflysf] If]qut sfo{qmdsf]nflu ah]6sf] ljlgof]hg / ;|f]t Aoj:yfsf]of]hgf k|:t't ug{ rfxG5'.

138 cfly{s jif{ @)^&.^* sf]jh]6sf]gLlt tyf sfo{qmd sfof{Gjogsf]nflu s"n ?= ##& ca{ () s/f]8 ljlgof]hg k|:tfj u/]sf] 5' . s"n ljlgof]hg dWo] rfn"vr{ %^=# k|ltzt cyf{t ?= !() ca{ #! s/f]8 (% nfv, k"FhLut vr{ #*=# k|ltzt cyf{t ?= !@( ca{ %# s/f]8 *@ nfv / ;fFjf eQmfgL %=$ k|ltzt cyf{t ?= !* ca{ $ s/f]8 @# nfv k|:tfj ul/Psf]5 .

139 k|:tfljt vr{ cg'dfg ut jif{sf] ck|zf]lwt oyfy{ vr{sf] t'ngfdf #)=$ k|ltztn] a9L /x]sf] 5 . vr{sf] ;+/rgf cg';f/ rfn"vr{ @%=* k|ltzt / k"FhLut vr{ $$=* k|ltztn]a9]sf]5 .

140 @)^& c;f/ @* ut]sf lbg Aoj:yflksf—;+;baf6 kfl/t ;]jf / sfo{x?sf]nflu ;+lrtsf]ifaf6 /sd lemSg]/ vr{ ug{]clwsf/sf]Aoj:yf ug{] P]g, @)^& adf]lhd ePsf] vr{nfO{ d}n] dfly k|:t't u/]s} vr{df ;dfj]z ug{]Aoj:yf ldnfPsf]5'.

141 s"n vr{dWo]ljsf; sfo{qmdsfnflu ?= !&* ca{ ^! s/f]8 #( nfv -%@=( k|ltzt_ / ;fwf/0f k|zf;g tkm{ ?= !%( ca{ @* s/f]8 ^! nfv -$&=! k|ltzt_ ljlgof]hg k|:tfj u/]sf]5'.

142 rfn" jif{sfnflu cg'dfg ul/Psf] vr{ Joxf]g]{ ;|f]tdWo] /fh:jaf6 ?= @!^ ca{ ^$ s/f]8 $$ nfv / a}b]lzs cg'bfgaf6 ?= ^% ca{ #$ s/f]8 $@ nfv u/L hDdf ?= @*! ca{ (* s/f]8 *^ nfv Joxf]/L ?= %% ca{ (! s/f]8 !$ nfv Go"g ah]6 x'g] 5 . of]Go"g k"lt{nfO{ j}b]lzs C0faf6 ?= @@ ca{ @# s/f]8 !$ nfv h'6fOg] 5 . /fh:j kl/rfng / a}b]lzs ;xfotf kl/rfng ubf{ klg ?= ## ca{ ^* s/f]8 Go"g /xg hfg] 5 . of] /sd cfGtl/s C0faf6 k"lt{ ul/g] 5 . d}n] k|:tfj u/]sf] cfGtl/s C0fsf] /sd cg'dflgt s"n ufx{:y pTkfbgsf]t'ngfdf @=^ k|ltzt /xg]5 .

19

143 d}n] nIf u/]sf] /fh:j /sd dWo] ?= !( cj{ @! s/f]8 $^ nfv s/ kl/jt{g tyf k|zf;lgs ;'wf/af6 k|fKt x'g]cg'dfg u/]sf]5'.

bfh'efO lbbLalxgLx?

144 cj, d cfly{s jif{ @)^&.^* sf] /fhZj gLlt tyf sfo{qmdsf] af/]df ;+lIfKt k|:t'tL ub{5' . cfGtl/s ;fwg / ;|f]tsf] clwstd kl/rfngaf6 lbuf], cfTdlge{/, kf/bzL{ tyf :jfjnDaL cy{tGqsf] ljsf; ub}{ d'n'snfO{ cf}Bf]uLs/0ftkm{ cu|;/ u/fpg]Wo]osf ;fy lgDg gLltdf hf]8 lbOg]5 .

-s_

s/sf] bfo/fdf gcfPsf JolQm tyf If]qx? klxrfg u/L bfo/f lj:tf/ ug]{ .

-v_

cfoft k|lt:yfkg / lgof{t k|j4{g ug]{ pBf]ux?nfO{ ljz]if

-u_

;x'lnotsf ;fy ;+/If0f / ;+j4{g ub}{ b]zsf] cy{tGqnfO{ cf}Bf]uLs/0f tkm{ cufl8 a9fpg]. cfGtl/s ;|f]t / jfXo nufgL cfslif{t ug{ nufgLd}qL jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug]{ .

-3_ lgsf;L k|j4{g u/L Jofkf/ 3f6f Go"g ug]{ .

-ª_ /fh:j r'xfj6, ljb]zL ljlgdo ckrng / ;DklQ z'l4s/0f ;DjGwL ;"rgfx?sf] ;+sng / Joj:yfkg u/L cfly{s ck/fw Go"gLs/0f ug]{ .

-r_

-5_

u}/ s/ /fh:jsf] of]ubfgnfO{ ;du| /fh:j ;+sngsf] dxTjk"0f{ ;|f]tsf]?kdf ljsf; ug]{ . /fh:j k|zf;gsf] jt{dfg ;+u7gfTds ;+/rgf / sfo{ k|0ffnLnfO{ ;dofg's"n kl/dfh{g u/L :jR5, kf/bzL{, Joj;flos / s/bftfd}qL /fh:j k|zf;gsf]ljsf; ug]{ .

k| 0ffnLnfO { ;dofg 's" n kl/dfh { g u/L :jR5, kf/bzL { , Joj;flos /

plNnlvt gLltx? sfof{Gjog ug{ lgDg adf]lhdsf /0fgLlt tyf sfo{qmdx? canDjg ul/g]5 . /fh:jsf]bfo/f a9fpg]

145 /fh:jsf]bfo/f j9fpg lgDg /0fgLlt cjnDjg ul/g]5 . -s_ cfly{s jif{ @)^&.^* nfO{ æs/ sfof{Gjog cleofg jif{Æ sf] ?kdf lnOg] 5 . lrlsT;s, snfsf/, OGhLlgo/, sfg"gJoj;foL,

20

n]vfk/LIfs, Jofkf/L, pBf]uL, nufgLstf{, k/fdz{;]jf k|bfos, sldzg Ph]06, ;]jflgj[t jf jxfnjfnf jf ;fj{hlgs kbwf/0f u/]sf kbflwsf/L, sd{rf/L, lzIfs, k|fWofks nufot h'g;'s} JolQm jf lgsfon] :yfoL n]vf gDj/ lnO{ cfˆgf] Joj;fo ;+rfng ug'{ kg]{ 5 . o:tf JolQm tyf lgsfon] cfly{s jif{ @)^%.^^ / @)^^.^& sf] cfo ljj/0f / ;f]df nfUg]s/ @)^& r}q d;fGt leq a'emfPdf ;f] eGbf cufl8sf] cfo ljj/0f bflvnf ug'{