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Answer Key

2019-2020
Class: 12 Worksheet Number: 12/math/2/AK
Subject: Mathematics Chapter: 2 - Inverse Trigonometric Functions

SECTION- A
One mark Questions

1. 
6
2. 
4
3. 1 1   3
tan-1(1) + cos-1( ) + sin-1( )= + =
2 2 4 2 4
4. 
-
6
5.


6.
4
7.

8. Refer Q.2 and 4.


9.

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10.

11. 2
3
12.

13. 2
3
14.   
We know that tanx is increasing function in the interval   , 
 2 2
Now
 
1  tan1  tan
4 4

 tan1  1 
4
 tan1  1  tan 1 1
 tan1  tan 1 1
15. 
3
16. 

3
 3
[ , ]
17. 2 2

18.

19.
Let and

⇒ and

∴ and =

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Therefore,

Section B
Two Marks Questions
20.

21. Refer toQ.N. 20


22.
Let x = sinθ. Then, sin-1x = θ
We have,

R.H.S. =
= sin-1 (sin 3θ)
= 3θ
= 3 sin-1 x
= L.H.S.

23. Refer to Q.N. 9


24.

25. 2x 1 x2 
Solve tan 1  cot 1
 ,x 0
1 x2 2x 3

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tan 1  tan 1
2x 2x

1 x2 1 x2 3
  
2 tan 1 so 4 tan 1 x  tan 1 x 
2x

1 x 2 3 3 12
   
x = tan = tan   
12 4 6
Apply tan(A-B) formula , you will get
x = 2 3

26.

27.

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28.

29.

30.
 1 
we knowif sin  1   so (sin 1  cos 1 x) 
2 5 2

Hence, the value of x is 1/5.

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31.

X = 1/6 since -1 does not satisfy the given equation.

32. Solve the equation:


Sin [ 2 co s 1 ( cot ( 2 tan 1 x ) ] = 0
  2 x 
sin 2 cos 1 cot tan 1   0
  1  x 2 
  1  x 2  1 x 2
sin 2 cos 1 cot cot 1  0 2 cos 1 = sin-10
  2 x  2x
  
1 x 2
Cos-1 =0
2x
1 x 2
= cos0 = 1
2x
1-x2 = 2x
Solve it by using quadratic formula
X = -1  2
 
2
-1- 2 is not accepted as 2 1  1

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33.

34.
Given that

35. Refer to Q.N. 22

36. 5 5
Let cos 1    A  cos A 
 13  13
13 169  25
 sec A  we knowthat tan A  sec2 A  1 tan A 
5 25
12  12  5  12 
 tan A   A  tan 1    cos 1    tan 1  
5  5  13   5

Section C
Four Marks Questions
37. Refer to Q.N. 21
38. 
4

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39.

40. Refer to Q.N. 33


41.

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42.  3sin 2  1  1   
tan 1    tan  tan   where 
 5  3cos 2  4  2 2
  2 tan   
 3  
1   1  tan 2    1 
 tan  tan 1  tan  
  1  tan  
2  4 
 5  3   
 1  tan   
2

 
  2 tan   
3 
  1  tan 2
   tan  
1
  1  tan   4
2 
 5  3  
1   1  tan 2    1  16 tan   tan  
3
 tan    tan  16  tan 2  
  2 tan     
  3  
   1  tan 2    1 
 1    4
tan  
  5  3 1  tan 2
 
  
   1  tan 2
  

 tan 1 
 tan  16  tan 2     tan  tan    
1

 16  tan 2  
 
43.

44. Refer to Q.N. 45

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45.

46. 5 2
 tan x   
2 2
1 1
 cot x 
8
  5
2 2

 
2
 tan 1 x    tan 1 x  
2  8
 2
 52
   
2 2
 tan 1 x  tan 1 x   2 tan 1 x. 
4 2 8
3 2

 
2
 2 tan 1 x  .tan 1 x  0 let y  tan 1 x
8
3 2
 2y 2  y   0  16y 2  8y  32  0
8
 16y 2  12y  4y  32  0
  4y  3  4y     0
 3 3    
 y ,  ,
4 4 4  2 2 
 
y  tan 1 x 
4 4
 x  1

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47.

48.

Let sinx = sin[ sin 1  sin 1 ]


5 3
13 5
=

= 56/65

49.

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50.

51. Refer to Q.N. 50

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52.

53.

54. Refer to Q.N. 33


55.

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56.
Sin 1  sin 1  sin 1 x
3x 4x
5 5
sin( sin 1  sin 1
3x 4x
) x
5 5
 3x   1 4 x   cos sin 1 3x  sin  sin 1 4 x   0
sin  sin 1  cos sin     
 5   5   5   5 

 
 3x 16 x 2 4x 9x2 
 1  1  x
 5 25 5 25 
 
3x 25  16 x 2  4 x 25  9 x 2  25 x

X = 0 or 3 25  16 x 2  4 25  9 x 2  25

4 25  9 x 2  25  3 25  16 x 2

16(25-9x2) = 625 + 9(25- 16x2) – 150 25  16 x 2


150 25  16 x 2 = 450
25- 16x2 = 9  x  1
Hence, x = 0, 1 , -1 are roots of the given equation.

57.
 tan 1  tan 1
1 1 2
tan 1
1  2x 4x 1 x2
 1 1 
  
tan 1  1  2 x 4 x  1   tan 1
2
1  1 1  x2
 1 2x 4x 1 
6x  2
tan 1  tan 1
2
8x 2  6 x x2
6x  2 2

8x 2  6 x x 2
By cross multiplying and solving the equation, we get
2
X=0,3, 3

1 1
For x = 0 , XY is not less than 1. [ If X = 1  2 x and Y = 4 x  1

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2
Same for 3
For x = 3, XY is less than 1
Therefore x = 3

58. Given that


 2x  1  1  x  
2
tan 1  2 
 cot  
 1 x   2x  3
 2x   2x   1
 tan 1  2 
 tan 1  2 
 x  0 cot 1 x  tan 1  
 1 x   1 x  3 x
 2x  
 2 tan 1  2 

 1 x  3

 2.2 tan 1 x 
3
 
 tan 1 x   x  tan
12 12
 x  tan15  2  3.
0

59.
tan ( co s 1 x ) = sin ( sin 1
2
) …(1)
5
 2
1  1 x  2
tan tan   
 x  5
 
 2
 1 x  2
  
 x  5
 
By squaring and solving both the sides , we get

5
x
3
5
X=- is not possible since it does not satisfy equation (1).
3
5
Hence x = .
3

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60.

61.

62. xy 
 tan 1  tan 1
yz zx
If x 2  y 2  z 2  r 2 , Show that tan 1

xr yr zr 2
L.H.S.
yz zx

tan 1 xr yr
 tan 1
xy
xyz2 zr
1
xyr 2

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zr  x 2  y 2 
tan 1    tan 1 xy
xy r 2  z 2  zr
 
zr  r  z 
2 2
tan 1    tan 1 xy [ since x2 + y2 = r2 – z2]
xy r 2  z 2  zr
 

cot 1  tan 1
xy xy
=
zr zr 2
63.  ab  1 b  c   tan 1 c  a 
tan 1   tan    
 1  ab   1  bc   1  ca 

tan-1a – tan-1b + tan-1b – tan-1c +tan-1c – tan-1a = 0 = R.H.S.

64. Refer to Q.N. 55


65.

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66.

67. 2
Solve the equation :tan 1 x  2 cot 1 x 
3
1 2
tan 1 x  2 tan 1 
x 3

 1 
 2.  2
tan 1 x  tan 1  x 
1  1  3
 2 
 x 
 2 x  2
tan 1 x  tan 1  
 x 2  1  3
 2x 
 x 2 
tan 1  x  1   2
1  x. 2 x  3
 
 x2 1 
 x 3  x  2
tan 1  
  x 2  1 3

 x( x 2  1)  2
tan 1  
  ( x 2  1)  3
2
tan 1 x  
3
2
 x  tan
3
 x 3
x 3

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68. If sin 1 x  sin 1 y  sin 1 z   , Show that
x 1 x2  y 1 y2  z 1  z 2  2 xyz

Let
sin 1 x = A, sin 1 y = B and sin 1 z = C
A+B+C = 
L.H.S. = sinA cosA + sinB cosB + sinC cosC

= sin 2 A  sin 2 B  sin 2C


1
2
= sin(A+B) cos(A-B) + sinC cosC
= sinC{ cos(A-B) + sinC cosC} [ since sin(A+B) = sinC
= sinC{ cos(A-B) - cos{A+B} cos(A+B) = -cosC]
= 2sinA sinB sinC
= 2xyz
= R.H.S.

69. consider tan 1 (1)  tan 1 (2)  tan 1 (3)


1 1
tan 1 (1)  cot 1    cot 1   2.3  6  1
2 3
 1  1 
tan 1 (1)   tan 1     tan 1   tan 1 x  cot 1 y 
2 2 2 3 2
  
 1  1 
    tan 1    tan 1   
4 2 2  2  3 
 1 1 
   23 
   tan      
1

4 1   1  1  
  2  
 3  
 5
   tan 1  
4 5
 
    .................. 1
4 4
 1 1 
Nowconsider 2  tan 1 (1)  tan 1    tan 1   
 2 3 
   1   1  
   2    3  
 tan       
 1 1 1 1
2 .  1
4 1   1  1    2 3 6
   2  
 3   

   5 
2  tan 1   
 4  5 
   
2     2.   ................  2 
4 4 2

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Hence from (1) &(2) the result is true.
70. 2a 1  b2 2x
If sin-1  cos -1 = tan-1
1 a 2
1 b 2
1  x2
2 tan 1 a  2 tan 1 b  2 tan 1 x
a b
tan 1  tan 1 x
1  ab
a b
x =
1  ab
Hence proved.
71. Let x = tan 
  1  tan 2    2 

sin tan 1   cos 1 1  tan  

 2 tan   
 2  
   1 tan 

= sin tan 1 cot 2  cos 1 cos 2 
   
= sin tan 1 tan   2   2 
 2  

= sin = 1.
2
72. x y
Cos{ cos-1 + cos-1 } = cos  ,
2 3
 x  y  x  y
cos cos 1  cos cos 1   sin  cos 1  sin  cos 1   cos 
 2  3  2  3

xy x2 y2
 1 1 = cos 
6 4 9
xy x2 y2
- cos  = 1  1
6 4 9
x2 y2 xy cos   x 2  y 2 
 cos 2    1 1
36 3  4  9 
  
After simplification you will get the result.
73.
We know that: for |x|  1

Assume that

74.   
R.H.S. = 2 tan-1 tan tan 
 2 2

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 
1  tan 2 tan 2
cos 1 2 2
1  tan 2 tan 2
2 2
 2   
 cos cos 2  sin 2 sin 2 
cos 1  2 2 2 2

 cos 2  cos 2   sin 2  sin 2  
=
 2 2 2 2
 1  cos 1  cos    1  cos 1  cos   
cos 1  
=  1  cos 1  cos    1  cos 1  cos  
 cos  cos  
cos 1  
1  cos cos   = R.H.S.

75. 
given that tan 1 x  tan 1 y  tan 1 z 
2
 x y  
 tan 1     tan 1 z
1  xy  2
 x y  
 tan 1    cot 1 z tan 1 x  cot 1 x 
1  xy  2
 x y  1
 tan 1    tan 1
1  xy  z
 x y  1
 
1  xy  z
 xz  yz  xy  1

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76.  x 5  1  x  5  
tan 1    tan  
 x6  x6 4
  x 5   x 5 
  x 6  x 6  
tan  
1     
1   x  5  x  5   4
  x  6  
 x  6  
  x  5  x  6    x  5  x  6   
tan 1   
  x  6  x  6    x  5  x  5   4
 x 2  x  30  x 2  x  30  1   
   tan  
 x  36  x  25
2 2
 4
 2 x 2  60 
  1
 11 
 2 x 2  60  11
 2 x 2  49
7
x
2

22
Answer Key
2019-2020
77.
 a b
LHS  2 tan  1 x
tan   1

   
a  b sin 2
x

  
2 tan
 a  b cos x
 ab 2
 2

 2 tan 

1  a  b sin  
2 x
2


 a  b cos x 2 

2
  

 a  b 1  cos x 
 2 tan 1  
 a  b 1  cos x 
   a  b 1  cos x   
 1    
  a  b 1  cos x    1  x2 
 2 cos 1   2 tan 1 x  2 cos 1  2 

 1    a  b 1  cos x     1 x 

   a  b 1  cos x   
  

  a  b 1  cos x    a  b 1  cos x  


 2 cos 1 
  a  b 1  cos x    a  b 1  cos x  
 
 a  a cos x  b  b cos x  a  b  a cos x  b cos x 
 2 cos 1  
 a  a cos x  b  b cos x  a  b  a cos x  b cos x 
 2a cos x  2b 
 2 cos 1  
 2a  2b cos x 
 a cos x  b 
 2 cos 1    RHS
 a  b cos x 

78.  1  1  1  1  1  1  1 
Let tan 1    tan 
1
  tan    tan    .....  tan 
 1  1.2   1  2.3   1  3.4   1  n ( n  1) 
 2 1  1  3  2  1  4  3  1  n  1  n 
 tan 1    tan 
1
  tan    tan    .....  tan 
 1  1.2   1  2.3   1  3.4   1  n( n  1) 
 tan 1  2   tan 1 1  tan 1  3  tan 1  2   tan 1  4   tan 1  3  .......  tan 1  n  1  tan 1  n   tan
 tan 1  n  1  tan 1 1  tan 1 
 n 11 
 tan 1   tan 1 
 1   n  1 .1 
 
 n 
  
  n  2  
 

23
Answer Key
2019-2020
79. 
Given that .....................  I 
sin 1 6 x  sin 1 6 3 x  
2
Let sin 1 6 x   & sin 1 6 3 x  
sin   6 x & sin   6 3 x
cos   1  36 x 2 & cos   1  108 x 2

Equation Ican be written as     
2
  
cos      cos   
 2 
cos  .cos   sin  .sin   0
1  36 x 2 . 1  108 x 2  6 x.6 3 x  0
1  36 x 2 . 1  108 x 2  6 x.6 3 x
squaring on both sides
1  36 x 1  108 x   3888 x
2 2 4

1  36 x 2  108 x 2  3888 x 4  3888 x 4


1  144 x 2  0
 1  1
x2    or x  
 144  12
1 1
we take x   & reject x  as first value satisfies given equation
12 12
80.  x3 x3 
 ( )( )
tan 1 (
x  3
)  tan 1 (
x  3 
)   tan 1  x  4 x4   
x4 x4 4 x 3 x 3  4
1  ( )( )
 x4 x4 
 x 3 x3 
 ( x  4)  ( x  4)  17 17
   1 x 2   x   now we need to check which x will satisfy
x 3 x 3 2 2
1  ( )( )
 x4 x4 
the original equation .
what have done is for x. y  1
x 3 x 3 x2  9 17
( )( )  1i.e. 2  1 which is true for both x so x  
x4 x4 x 16 2

81. Given equation holds if


x 2  x  0 and 0  x 2  x  1  1
 x 2  x  0 and x 2  x  1  1 as x 2  x  1isalways  ve
 x 2  x  0 and x 2  x  0
 x 2  x  0  x  0, 1
which will satisfy the original equation
Hence the solutions are 0,  1.
24
Answer Key
2019-2020
OR

sin 1 ( x 2  x  1)   tan 1 ( x 2  x )
2
sin 1 ( x 2  x  1)  cot 1 ( x 2  x )
 1 
sin 1 ( x 2  x  1)  sin 1  
 x  x 1 
2

x2  x  1  1
 x2  x  0
 x  0, 1
82. Y  cot 1  
cos x  tan 1  cos x 

Y
2

 tan 1 cos x  tan 1 cos x  
   1  cos x 
2

Y   2 tan 1 cos x  Y   cos 1 
2
 
 1  cos x 
 1  cos x  2x
Y  sin 1    sin Y  tan  
 1  cos x  2
83. 3 4 
sin 1    sin 1   
x  x 2
3  4
 sin 1     sin 1  
 x 2  x
3 4
 sin 1    cos 1  
 x  x
3
1 1
 x 2  16  3 x 2  16
 sin    sin    
 x  x  x x
 
 9  x 2  16  x 2  25  x  5 and x  5

25