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A. This Section includes removal of existing escalators and design, fabrication, and installation of
heavy-duty escalators, designed specifically for transportation system usage, for the Washington
Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). This involves the installation of new escalators in the
existing wellways at stations within the WMATA Metro Rail System. Work performed under this
Section will provide new escalators complete and ready for use in compliance with all applicable
Codes and the requirements of this Section.
The Authority retains the ability to make schedule changes as delineated in the Contract
B. Related documents include the following:
1. As-built drawings from previous escalator installations at referenced stations.
2. Layout and dimensions are for information only, all dimensions and existing conditions shall
be verified by contractor.
3. Modifications to existing wellways and station structures are prohibited unless approved by
the Authority Representative.
4. For locations where a code-required canopy cannot be provided, escalator rehabilitations will
be required in lieu of replacement, as per Specification Sections 14310, 14311 & 14312.
C. Demolition of the existing escalators includes, but is not limited to:
1. Complete removal of the existing escalators staged to conform with patron access
requirements to the stations as detailed in this section.
2. Complete removal of existing escalator truss cladding on sides (and bottom where applicable)
of existing escalators.
3. Removal of existing flashing and closure elements provided between both structural and
architectural elements and the existing escalators.
4. If required by changes in electrical service demand or codes for the new escalators – removal
of existing breakers and feeds providing power to the escalators.
5. Contact Authority in accordance with Section 3.05 to determine if any components are to be
retained and turned over to Authority.
D. Installation of the new escalators includes, but is not limited to, the following:
1. Installation of new heavy duty transit escalators staged to conform with patron access
requirements detailed in this section.
2. Installation of new truss cladding on the sides (and bottom where applicable) of the outer
most escalator trusses located in the wellways. Cladding joints shall be sealed with joint
sealer to prevent water intrusion.
3. Installation of flashing and closure elements required to coordinate the new escalators with
existing structural and architectural elements. Provide neoprene joint filler between new
equipment and existing structures as required.
4. Replacement of all breakers with new and if required by changes in electrical service demand
or codes for the new escalators – installation of new electrical feeds providing power to the
5. Replace existing machine room access doors with BILCO hatch doors and frames of
dimensions to match existing frame opening. Match existing surrounding elevations and trim
and adjust so as to present no tripping hazard.
6. Replace machine room ladders with ships ladders. Vertical ladders shall be replaced with
ships ladders with flat treads where possible. In locations where space is limited and/or
clearance to existing equipment is constricted vertical ladders shall be replaced with new.
Ladder types and locations shall be coordinated with the Authority Representative.
E. The following definitions apply to work of this Section:

1. “Provide”: to furnish and install, complete for safe operation, unless specifically indicated
2. “Install”: to erect, mount and connect complete with related accessories.
3. “Supply”: to purchase, procure, acquire and deliver complete with related accessories.
4. “Work”: labor and materials required for proper and complete installation.
5. “Wiring”: raceway, fittings, wire, boxes, and related items.
6. “Concealed”: embedded in masonry or other construction, installed in furred spaces, within
double partitions or hung ceilings, in trenches, in crawl spaces or in enclosures.
7. “Exposed”: not installed underground or “concealed” as defined above.
8. “Indicated”, “shown” or “noted”: self explanatory notes on shop drawings or other submittals.
9. “Similar” or “equal”: of base bid manufacturer, equal in materials, weight, size, design, fit, form
and function, and efficiency of specified product, conforming to “Acceptable manufacturers
approved by WMATA.”
10. “Reviewed”, “satisfactory”, “accepted”, or “directed”: as reviewed, satisfactory, accepted or
directed, by or to Owner.
11. “Authority”, The authority is defined as the transit agency responsible for the system that the
escalator(s) are provided. For the purposes of this Contract, the Authority shall be considered
the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA).
12. “Heavy duty escalator”, as defined by the American Public Transportation Association (APTA).
13. “Flat steps”, Number of flat steps shall be measured from edge of comb plate in horizontal
direction to first exposure of a riser, at upper and lower landings.
14. “Working points”, working points are defined as the points of intersection of step nose line
and the horizontal line projected from the finish elevation at the top and bottom landing
15. “Special tools”, Tools designed specifically for tasks associated with escalator examinations,
maintenance, and repair, or those which are required for these tasks and are not readily
available through normal purchasing channels.
16. “Step width”, the nominal horizontal distance between skirt panels.
17. “Escalator support”, Structural support elements provided to transfer the machinery and
passenger loads of the escalator into the building structure including end supports and
intermediate supports along the truss incline.
18. “Contractor”, any responsible party involved in the manufacture and installation of the


A. Structural requirements: Escalator truss structures shall be designed for a maximum deflection
less than 1/1000 of the span between supports. Deflection calculations shall be based on the
escalator component weights, including truss structure and truss cladding, combined with the
passenger design load stipulated in this section.
B. Climatic Requirements: Escalators shall be capable of operating with full-specified performance
capability while exposed to the following climatic and environmental conditions.
1. Exterior installations: Escalators shall be designed to operate while exposed to the natural
elements of weather, including sunlight, rain, slush, snow and ice; all conditions of relative
humidity while exposed to salt, de-icing chemicals, airborne dust, and debris, and corrosive
elements; and in a dry-bulb temperature range of minus ten (-10) to plus one hundred and
five (+105) degrees Fahrenheit
C. Design requirements:
1. Each escalator shall be of a 48-inch nominal width (40-inch step width) and be designed for
an incline of 30 degrees from horizontal.
2. No wood or wood products shall be permitted in the escalator systems.
3. Operational Requirements:
a. Hours of operation shall be considered as twenty-four (24) hours per day, seven (7) days
per week.
b. Escalators shall be designed to operate in either direction and shall be reversible.

4. Structural Requirements:
a. Escalators shall be designed with provisions for thermal expansion and contraction of
complete escalator assemblies.
b. Contractor shall provide escalator truss mounting angles and intermediate truss supports
with attachments, sized as required to install escalators into existing wellway structural
support system without structural modification to the building support locations.
c. Reaction loads at escalator support points shall not exceed the loads indicated on the
contract documents. Reactions shall include the dead weights of the escalator machinery,
structure and truss cladding shown in the contract documents. Reactions shall also
include the full passenger loads as calculated based on loading stipulated in this section.
Support details and reaction calculations shall be submitted for approval by the Authority
within sixty (60) days from Notice to Proceed.
d. The escalator pit areas should have a minimum unobstructed work area clearance of not
less than 42” x 30”.
5. Design Loads:
a. Escalator system loading shall be based on the following passenger loading:
i. Structural Rated Load: 145 kg (320 pounds) per exposed step, incline & landings.
ii. Static Brake Rated Load: 306 kg (674 pounds) per exposed step, incline only.
iii. Dynamic Brake Rated Load: 145 kg (320 pounds) per exposed step, incline only.
iv. Motor/Drive Rated Load: 145 kg (320 pounds) per exposed step, incline only.
v. Step Chain Rated Load: 145 kg (320 pounds) per exposed step, incline only.
6. Fire Protection:
a. Contractor shall provide escalators constructed of non-combustible materials throughout,
with the exception of handrails, handrail rollers, chain and step wheels, and electrical
equipment, as defined in ASTM E 136. Handrails shall have a flame spread rating of
seventy-six (76) to two hundred (200), when tested in accordance with ASTM E 84.
Combustible materials are low smoke for application in subways.
7. Labeling Requirements: Every escalator shall be clearly marked with rated load and speed,
braking torque, manufacture serial number, and the designated Authority identification.
Contractor shall provide all other labeling as required by Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)
and applicable Codes.
D. Performance requirements:
1. Escalator rated speed shall not exceed 90 feet per minute (FPM). Deviations in speed
between no passenger load and full passenger load shall not exceed +/-5% of the rated
2. Escalators shall operate at or below a 65dBA measured five (5) feet above the escalator at
any location, with the escalator operating normally, either free running or under load. Noise
measurements shall be made with only one (1) escalator in operation, but with the entire
installation complete and in operating condition, for projects with multiple escalators. Sound
levels shall not be measured with ambient levels exceeding 49dBA.
3. Escalator vibration levels shall not exceed a maximum velocity reading of four-tenths (0.4) of
an inch per second root mean square (RMS). Testing shall be provided using a Fast Fourier
Transform (FFT) analyzer. Measurements shall be taken on the escalator at points
designated by the Authority.
4. All bearing housings shall be provided with a drilled, tapped and spot faced area in the
vertical and axial axes to accommodate a transducer that the FFT analyzer requires.
Permanently mount transducers on the drive bearings and run the wires into the controller to
a panel with BNC connectors on the ends to accommodate the FFT analyzer. Inspections at
turnover and prior to final acceptance shall confirm that the following vibration criteria are not
a. Motor/Gearbox: rigid mount: 0.15 inch per second; flex mount: 0.2 inch per second

b. Main drive bearings: 0.4 inch per second RMS
c. Carriage bearings: 0.4 inch per second RMS
5. Contractor shall ensure that installed heat and smoke detecting devices operate and
communicate as required by governing code, and any additional WMATA requirements, with
the new controller and associated equipment. Contractor will verify interaction of escalator
related fire protection system and its interaction with the escalator and related equipment.
Contractor shall assist WMATA in all acceptance testing for these systems.


A. Compliance: Design, fabrication and performance shall comply with all the latest applicable
provisions of the Codes, Standards and recommendations of the entities listed below.
1. Codes: Work in this Section shall comply with all governing local codes including, but not
necessarily limited to ASME A17.1, National Electrical Code, and Board of Standards
including all "Local Laws," and cited reference standards, appeals rulings and standards.
2. Standards: Except as modified by governing Codes and by this Section, Work shall comply
with the latest provisions of the following:
a. ASME A17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators. Contractor shall comply with the
requirements of the Local Jurisdictional Authority.
b. ASME / ANSI A17.2 Inspectors’ Manual for Elevators and Escalators.
c. ANSI A117.1 Specifications for Making Buildings and Facilities Accessible to and Usable
by Physically Handicapped People.
d. ADAAG Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and
e. International Building Code (IBC).
f. ASTM A 36/A 36M - Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel
g. ASTM A167 Stainless and Heat-Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip.
h. ASTM A 325 - Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105
ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
i. ASTM A 325M - Standard Specification for High-Strength Bolts for Structural Steel Joints
j. ASTM A 446 Steel Sheet, Zinc Coated (Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip Process, Structural
(Physical) Quality.
k. ASTM A 490 - Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 150
ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
l. ASTM A 490M - Standard Specification for High-Strength Steel Bolts, Classes 10.9 and
10.9.3, for Structural Steel Joints (Metric)
m. ASTM A 500 - Standard Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon
Steel Structural Tubing in Rounds and Shapes.
n. ASTM A 501 - Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon
Steel Structural Tubing
o. ASTM A 653/A 653M - Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized)
or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process.
p. ASTM A 666 - Standard Specification for Annealed or Cold-Worked Austenitic Stainless
Steel Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Flat Bar.
q. ASTM B 138/B 138M - Standard Specification for Manganese Bronze Rod, Bar, and
r. ASTM B 209 - Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate.
s. ASTM B 209M - Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and
Plate (Metric).
t. ASTM B 221 - Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars,
Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes.
u. ASTM B 221M - Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars,
Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes (Metric).

v. ASTM C 1048 - Standard Specification for Heat-Treated Flat Glass--Kind HS, Kind FT
Coated and Uncoated Glass
w. ASTM E152 Fire Tests of Door Assemblies.
x. ANSI/AWS- Structural Welding Code, Steel. D1.1
y. ANSI/NFPA 70 National Electrical Code.
z. ANSI/NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code.
aa. ANSI/NFPA 80 Fire Door and Windows.
bb. ANSI/NFPA 130 Standard for Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems.
cc. UL 10B Fire Tests of Door Assemblies.
dd. UL 486 Crimp Tools.
ee. NEMA LD-3 High Pressure Decorative Laminates.
ff. FS-L-P-508H Plastic, Sheet Laminated, Decorative, and Non-decorative.
gg. FS-QQ-S-698 Steel Sheet and Strip, Low Carbon.
hh. NEII National Elevator Industry, Inc.
ii. APTA American Public Transportation Association Heavy Duty Escalator Design
jj. All other specific provisions cited herein.
B. All of the escalator equipment shall be designed, constructed, installed and adjusted to secure
performance in accordance with the manufacturer's design standards with respect to smooth,
quiet, convenient and efficient operation, durability, economy of maintenance and operations, and
standards of safety.
C. The system voltages stated are the rated voltages at the main line disconnect switches located in
each machine room/control spaces/control room and are subject to fluctuations with demand. The
escalators shall operate successfully with any load up to contract load at any voltage at the
starter panel terminals, not more than ten (10) percent above or below the rated system voltage.
D. These specifications are not to be construed as supplanting any code requirements.
E. In the event of a conflict between codes, regulations, these specifications or standards, the most
stringent requirement as determined by the Authority shall take precedence unless specifically
addressed herein.


A. Previous Use: Equipment, systems, and components as specified herein, shall be manufactured
by firms regularly engaged in manufacturing escalator equipment, which have been satisfactorily
used for purposes similar to those intended herein for not less than ten (10) years.
B. Contractors Experience: Work of this Section shall be performed by certified IUEC escalator
mechanics and mechanics helpers supervised by the constructor. All mechanics and supervisory
personnel shall have a minimum ten years experience involved with the installation and/or
rehabilitation/modernization of passenger escalators and shall be specially trained and have
thorough experience in the model of escalators being installed. Qualifications of the Contractors
supervisory personnel and mechanics shall be submitted to WMATA for review and approval.
C. Provide three (3) copies of and describe the Corporate Quality Manual (QM) and Quality
Management System (QMS), including proposed technical design teams’ QA / QC program, and
a listing of recent projects on which it has been used. If modified to be project specific, provide
how changes were made to conform to the project. Include a copy of an approved QA / QC Plan
from another recent project of similar size and scope. All copies provided to WMATA shall be
signed by the highest level of corporate management.

D. The Corporate Quality Manual provided by the Contractor will be reviewed and evaluated for
inclusion of specific quality management practices and requirements necessary for the successful
completion of all phases of this project. Theses phases include design stages, construction
specialties as well as start up, commissioning and handover to WMATA. Contractor’s plan must
address the implications and operations of the Quality Manual and its integration with the Quality
Assurance Operations performed by the Authority. The plan must also clearly state that

subcontractors, vendors and suppliers are responsible to the Contractor for all quality control
matters and indicate how deficiencies shall be monitored and tracked for correction to completion.
Provide a detailed explanation of how the Contractor intends to manage the QA and QC
programs of the multiple subcontractors, vendors and suppliers expected to be performing on this

E. Contractors must indicate that their auditor conducting QA / QC reviews will be “Lead Auditor”
trained. An audit plan shall be provided which indicates the intervals when audits and
surveillances will be conducted. This will include the prime contractor, subcontractors, vendors
and suppliers. The Authority will evaluate the personnel and qualifications of the individuals
performing in the Quality Management System under the Management Resources factor during
the RFP.

F. Provide three (3) copies of the last five (5) years of Management Reviews conducted on the
Quality Management Systems implemented by the Contractor. The Contractor may wish to
include a copy of internal audits and surveillances that demonstrates commitment to their Quality
Management Policy and any other documents that demonstrate Management’s commitment to

G. Contractors shall provide sufficient details to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of
the application of the concepts in ISO 9001:1994, or 2008.

H. The Contractor shall provide three (3) copies of any training records related to quality for the
proposed project team members.

I. In addition to the requirements indicated above, the Contractor shall comply with the following:
1. Escalator equipment shall be installed by the escalator manufacturer.
2. All subcontractors shall be submitted and approved by WMATA.
3. The Contractor shall obtain all permits and licenses and perform all required work and
inspections. Permits shall be obtained prior to the start of each escalator and a copy of each
permit shall be provided to the Authority.
4. All Contractor/subcontractor field personnel shall wear uniforms at all times clearly displaying
the company name and logo while working in the WMATA Metro system. Uniforms are
allowed to be any color except blue.
J. In addition to the codes and standards listed in Article 1.03, the following standards, guidelines
and regulations shall be used to establish a minimum level of quality:
1. American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC).
2. American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).
3. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM).
4. American Wire Gauge (AWG).
5. American Welding Society (AWS).
6. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
7. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).
8. Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA).
9. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
10. National Electrical Manufacturers' Association (NEMA).
11. National Electrical Safety Code (NESC).
12. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
13. Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA).
14. Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI).
15. National Association of Architectural Metal Manufacturers. (NAAMM).
16. Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (UL).
17. United States Department of Transportation (DOT).
18. Federal Transit Administration (FTA).
19. European Standard EN115 (EN115).

20. Military Specifications (MIL).
21. American Public Transportation Association (APTA)


A. Work shall not commence on site on any unit until all parts and materials to perform that
modernization are in the Washington DC Metro Area. The WMATA stations will continue in
operation during the execution of this Contract and the Contractor shall cooperate with the
Authority Representative in scheduling the work. The Contractor shall carry on its work in such a
way as not to cause interruption of or interference with the operations of the stations except for
the escalators under renovation.
B. Delivery: Materials shall be delivered ready for use, in the approved manufacturer’s original and
unopened containers and packaging, bearing labels as to type of material, brand name and
manufacturer’s name. Delivered materials shall be identical to approved products and samples.
Availability and use of WMATA work trains is not guaranteed and their use shall not be a part of
contractor’s delivery and project completion schedule.
C. Storage: Escalators and materials shall be stored under cover in a dry and clean location, off the
ground. Delivered materials which are damaged or otherwise not suitable for installation, shall be
removed and replaced with acceptable materials. On site staging/storage of materials is not
D. Floor Loading: Do not load or permit any part of the structure to be loaded with a weight that will
endanger the safety of the structure. The maximum floor loading shall not exceed 150 lbs per
sq/ft. Contractor shall be responsible for any damage caused by its operations to the curbs,
sidewalks, to the building interior and exterior surfaces, and to equipment.

A. Prior to performing any Work of this Section, submit to the Authority Representative for approval,
evidence of experience and membership as stipulated in 1.04 B. and I. herein; and evidence of
prior use and similar installations as stipulated in 1.04 A. and I herein.
B. General: A submittal log of format and content acceptable to the Authority shall be used to track
and document all submittals required in this section. Within sixty (60) days of award submit an
electronic copy of the following in accordance with this Section, the GENERAL PROVISIONS
1. Product Data: Submit the names and addresses of the manufacturers, together with catalog
information or other identifying description for all items of escalator equipment. Include
applicable literature, material and technical brochures. Provide all material equipment
specifications, sizes, types, dimensions, weights, rated capacities and performance curves.
Include all utility requirements for wiring, piping and service connection data along with motor
sizes complete with electrical characteristics. The Contractor shall submit the necessary
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for all lubricants, sealers, paints, solvents and any other
potentially hazardous substances shall be submitted for approval by WMATA.
2. Shop Drawings: Designs shall be reviewed and stamped by a Professional Engineer licensed
for the Commonwealth of Virginia, District of Columbia or State of Maryland as applicable to
the individual station. Submit shop drawings showing material type and gauge, general
dimensions, methods of attachment, loads on building, location and size of reinforcements
and openings, and a general arrangement of components with complete information
concerning the material, articles and/or design proposed for use in sufficient detail to show
compliance with the specification including:
a. Electronic copies of the layout and shop drawings shall be provided by the Contractor for
review within sixty (60) days of Notice to Proceed.

b. All drawings, views and details shall be developed and presented in accordance with
ANSI Y14.3 multi and sectional view drawings.
c. Drawings shall clearly reflect dimensional data for escalator wellways including cross
references to building column lines and finish elevations depicted in the Contract
d. Escalator layout shall be shown in three (3) orthogonal views and shall include key
dimensions, support details, power connection locations and power connection terminal
points. General layout shall include a cross section taken through the escalator between
the escalator working points. Step nosing radii at the upper and lower transitions shall be
clearly dimensioned.
e. All Drawings and wiring diagrams should be prepared using Autocad software and must
be clear and visible.
f. Bolt torque settings, including thread lubricant specifications, for all field critical
connections and adjustments shall be clearly indicated on the layout drawings. Bolt
torques shown shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
i. End support leveling set screws/jack bolts
ii. Intermediate support leveling set screws/jack bolts, as required
iii. Truss split connection systems, as required for multiple section trusses.
g. Submit detail drawings, including sizes, tolerances, materials and part numbers for the
following systems and/or components:
i. Escalator truss structure
ii. Step and step chain guidance track system and supports
iii. Escalator drive machine assembly including drive chains and/or gear transmission
iv. Escalator service brake assembly, including brake torque data and curves
v. Emergency and main shaft brake systems including brake torque data, including
minimum torque, and curves
vi. Step chain assembly including pitch, link plates, pins, bushings and rollers
vii. Step assembly including axle(s), step tread, step riser, frames and rollers
viii. Handrail system including drive, cross section of profile, guides and tensioning
ix. Escalator supports including end supports, intermediate supports, fixed supports and
slip supports as applicable per Contract Documents
x. Balustrade system including decking, interior panels, skirt panels, exterior cladding
and related connections. Details for closures to existing architectural finishes shall be
xi. Operating stations including emergency stop button, direction selection switches and
xii. Floor plates and floor plate frames, including adjustment details
xiii. Electrical layout showing placement of lighting, light switches, receptacles, light
fixtures, disconnect switches, and convenience outlets in machinery room, truss
envelope, and pits.
xiv. All safety devices including all code and Authority required safety devices shall be
indicated and properly located on the shop drawings.
xv. Machine room layout showing location of all equipment, enclosures, new ladders,
new lighting fixtures and new electrical outlets.
h. Truss split connection systems, as required for multiple section trusses
i. Shop drawings shall include complete schematic and connection diagrams for the
controller and all electrical devices including a legend for components
j. Wiring diagrams for review
k. Written description of the mode and sequence of operation.

l. Complete information on machines, motors, motor drives, control system, including
power requirements and equipment heat release information.
m. The escalator manufacturer will provide certification, in writing and signed by an officer of
the organization, that the Authority shall be provided with copies of any and all
information, correspondence, bulletins, newsletters, manuals, techniques, procedures,
drawings, sketches and any other documents related to maintenance, safety, operations,
design changes, modifications, retrofits, etc., which relate to any part, component,
equipment, system, subsystem or material and services applicable to the escalators
n. All drawings shall reflect existing field measured conditions.
All of the above referenced shall be provided as it pertains to the original installation and for a
period of ten (10) years after final acceptance of the last escalator provided in this contract. The
reference material shall be provided within thirty (30) days of publication or internal distribution by
the escalator manufacturer. The material, even if labeled PROPRIETARY, shall be delivered to
the Authority without prejudice or delay and at no additional cost.
C. Work Area Protection Plans
1. The work area protection plans shall be provided as part of the Site Specific Work Plan
(SSWP) for each station by the Contractor for review no later than six (6) weeks prior to start
of demolition.
2. Protection plans shall clearly indicate partition systems planned for demolition and installation
phases of the project, including planning for escalator entry and egress during handling.
Plans shall include finish details for elements exposed to the public.
3. Partitioning system shall include lockable access doors to prevent access to the work area by
the public. Applicable work area notification/warning signage shall be provided by the
Contractor. Signage shall be approved in size and design by Authority prior to use.
4. Partitioning plans shall be designed to withstand applicable wind loads applied to the station
entrance areas as required by local building Code.
D. Demolition Plans:
1. The demolition plans shall be provided as part of the SSWP for each station by the
Contractor for review no later than six (6) weeks prior to start of demolition.
2. Demolition plans shall include both a narrative description of the demolition sequence and
sketches illustrating the path of egress from the facility.
3. All loads imparted on the structure shall be shown including rigging elements and loads
required for removal.
4. Details shall be provided clearly depicting proposed connections of rigging equipment to the
existing structure and means proposed to protect existing adjacent finishes.
5. The Contractor shall meet with the Authority and provide a written method of demolition for
approval. Demolition of existing escalators shall not proceed prior to written approval from the
E. Installation and Rigging Plans:
1. The installation and rigging plans shall be provided as part of the SSWP for each station by
the Contractor for review no later than six (6) weeks prior to start of installation.
2. Installation and rigging plans shall include both a narrative description of the installation
sequence and sketches illustrating the path of egress through the facility.
3. All loads imparted on the structure shall be shown.
4. Details shall be provided clearly depicting proposed connections of rigging equipment to the
existing structure and means proposed to protect existing adjacent finishes.

5. The Contractor shall meet with the Authority and provide a written method of installation for
approval. Field installation shall not proceed prior to written approval from the Authority.
F. Operations & Maintenance Manual: Within sixty (60) days of award and prior to the execution of
work submit two (2) copies of the following manuals to the Authority Representative for review.
After approval and issue of the Certificate of Final Completion of the first escalator, submit ten
(10) bound manuals and two (2) flash drives with electronic versions of the manual.
1. Manuals shall be bound and indexed providing operating, trouble-shooting and maintenance
instructions, parts listing; recommended parts inventory listing, purchase source listing for
major and critical components, emergency instructions, and similar information. Maintenance
instructions shall include parts descriptions, step-by-step adjustment procedures,
recommended clearances, torque requirements and step-by-step replacement procedures.
Maintenance instructions shall include lubrication and periodic maintenance requirements
and schedules. Parts list and purchase source listing shall include electrical and control
equipment. Manuals shall also include approved drawings and catalog cuts, folded if
necessary. Manuals shall include information on maintenance/replacement cycles and design
life expectations.
Adjusters Manual: Provide the Contractor’s adjuster manual; the manual shall provide step by
step procedures for calibrating and adjusting all equipment operations and including any
printed circuit boards. Manuals shall comply with the requirements of this Section, the
a. All covers shall be resistant to oil, moisture, and wear commensurate with their intended
use. Diagrams and illustrations shall not be loose or in pockets. All printed material shall
be capable of being reproduced on dry copying machines.
b. Each escalator shall be treated as a whole and not as a group of disassociated parts. The
material in the wiring diagram shall be organized and indexed by the escalator
classifications included in this Contract. All manual sections shall be sub-divided, to the
extent required by the subject matter, and shall include, but not necessarily limited to the
following topics:
i. General system or sub-system description and operation

ii. Block diagrams

iii. Functional schematics

iv. Functional wiring diagram

v. Lubrication and cleaning, including frequency, methods, and trade identifications of

recommended materials

vi. Identifications of recommended materials

vii. Component location and description

viii. Inspection and maintenance standards including wear limits, settings, and tolerances

ix. Installation and removal sequence

x. Test and evaluation procedures.

xi. Spare parts lists and special tools.

c. The detailed contents of sealed assemblies need not be displayed but their functions
must be explained and the appropriate operational specification characteristics listed as
well as procedures for test and replacement.

i. Operations & Maintenance manuals and wiring diagrams shall contain all the
information needed to operate and maintain the escalators. It shall include general
familiarization material; location, function, and operation of all controls, gauges,
indicators, and switches; emergency procedures; and trouble diagnosis methods.
ii. The manual shall be logically organized with systems and elements considered in
descending order of importance.
iii. The Operations & Maintenance manuals and wiring diagrams shall provide, in
convenient form, all the information needed for servicing, including lubrication,
inspection, running, maintenance and adjustment, and on-line trouble diagnosis.

d. Repair and Maintenance Section shall contain a complete functional description of each
component of the escalator likely to require repair and complete procedures for the repair
and overhaul of the escalator and all components.

e. Parts Section shall enumerate and describe each component with its related parts,
including the supplier's part number, the escalator Contractor's number, and commercial
equivalents, and provision for entry of the Authority number. Cutaway and exploded
drawings shall be used to permit identification of all parts not readily identified by
description. Parts common to different components, e.g., bolts and nuts, shall bear the
same escalator Contractor's number with a cross-reference to the other components of
which they are a part. Each part or component shall be identified as being part of the next
part of the next larger assembly or sub-assembly. Four copies of sample formats and
outlines of manual and catalog material shall be submitted for approval at least six months
prior to the date of acceptance testing of the first escalator. Comments will be returned to
the escalator Contractor within 30 days of submission. No changes shall be made without
the knowledge and prior approval of the Authority Representative.

f. Manuals shall include the following data:

1. Table of Contents

2. Escalator Contractor’s name, address and telephone numbers with similar data for its
24-hour service organization

3. Manufacturer's name, address and telephone number, with similar distributor and
data for its local representative or service agency

4. Catalog, model and serial number of equipment installed. Include WMATA unit
numbers where applicable.

5. Description of equipment

6. Statement of warranty as specified

7. Description of modification, service and repairs performed prior to start of warranty

8. Dates warranty begins and expires

9. Standard starting, stopping and operating procedures for escalator sequence of


10. Emergency and special operating procedures

11. Routine maintenance procedures

12. Servicing and lubrication schedule

13. Manufacturer's printed operating and maintenance instructions, manufacturer's parts
list, illustrations and diagrams

14. One copy of each wiring diagram

15. List of spare parts, prices and recommended stock quantities for routine maintenance
of the equipment for one year and list of spare parts that are considered critical and for
which extended time frames for acquisition would create undesirable down-time for
the equipment. Submit listing ninety (90) days prior to completion of contract work.

16. List of special tools required to perform inspection, adjustment, maintenance and
repair. Special tools are those developed to perform a unique function related to the
particular equipment and are not available from commercial sources. One set of all
special tools shall be provided for each escalator.

17. Copy of each approved shop drawing of the equipment and system. Include drawings
which show outline dimensions, weights and assembly data; do not include drawings
which show manufacturing details.
2. Operating Instructions shall be printed or typewritten full page literature describing the function
and operation of all controls including pictorial illustrations where applicable.
3. Maintenance Instructions shall be printed or typewritten full page schedules describing all
required maintenance procedures for each escalator.
4. Wiring Diagrams shall be full size, ladder type, complete "as-built" wiring and single line
diagrams showing the electrical connections, functions and sequence of operation of
apparatus connected with each escalator, both in the machine room and in the hoist way, shall
be furnished in duplicate for each escalator. After approval, a copy of each shall be plastic or
laminated, framed, and mounted in each escalator machine room. A reproducible .003 mil
Mylar set of wiring diagrams for each escalator shall be delivered to the Authority
Representative. Coded diagrams are not acceptable.
5. Lubrication Chart: After approval, one plastic or laminated and framed lubrication chart for each
escalator shall be furnished and mounted as directed in each escalator machine room. Chart
shall identify lubricants as well as lubrication points and required frequency of application.
6. Record Drawings (As-built drawings): The Contractor shall maintain at the construction site,
one (1) set of full size drawings marked to show all deviations which have been made from the
drawings, including buried or concealed construction and utility features which are revealed
during the course of construction. These drawings shall be available for review by the Authority
Representative at all times and shall become the property of the Authority and be turned over
to the Authority Representative at completion of the Work of this Section. Provide in both hard
copy and electronic (flash drive).
7. Keys: Provide eight (8) sets of keys per escalator to operate all keyed switches and locks prior
to completion of the first unit.
8. Accessories: Provide all special tools and equipment necessary for making all system
adjustments to the signal and speed controller. NO SPECIAL TOOLS WITH DECAYING
9. Spare Parts: Provide the Authority with spare parts valued at 6% of the contract award. The list
of recommended spare parts will be provided to the Authority Representative after submittals
are approved.

a. This provision requires the Contractor to furnish a list which identifies spare parts which
are required by the Contract, or any modification to the Contract, and those additional
spare parts recommended by the Contractor. Submit electronic copies of this list on flash

b. The Contractor shall deliver to the Authority a list of spare parts. The list shall contain
each spare part or assembly required by the Contract, and those recommended for
stocking by the Contractor. Items on the list shall be grouped by system and subsystem
for stocking identification and the list shall contain the following information for each item
1. Part name
2. Manufacturer’s name
3. Model number(s)
4. A blank column for WMATA part number
5. Contract quantity
6. Manufacturer’s recommended quantity
7. Anticipated annual usage
8. Unit price
9. Available packaging
10. Special storage and handling requirements

c. The manufacturer’s recommended quantities shall be based upon the following reliability,
usage and lead time considerations:
1. Wear: Quantity requirements for regular replacement based on usage
and projected mean time between failures.
2. Consumables and Expendables: Quantity requirements for items which
are consumed, used up, destroyed, or upon failure, are otherwise made
usable for their intended purpose and are economically unrecoverable
except for inherent scrap value.
3. Recoverable or Repairable: Quantity requirements based on the fact that
the component/assembly is capable of being repaired or remanufactured
to a serviceable, operational condition.
4. Long Lead: Components which are not available from commercial
distributors or manufacturers within 30 days.

d. Cross referencing: Where spare parts are common to more than one system or
subsystem, include a cross reference and indexing system in the spare parts list.

e. Non-Unique parts: In all spare parts lists, items which are not unique to the system and
have been manufactured by others shall be identified by the manufacturer’s name and
part number, as well as by the Contractor’s part number, if any.

f. WMATA will provide the Contractor with shipping instructions, with WMATA part numbers
for each item the Contractor is required to furnish.

g. The Contractor shall ship the parts to the locations as directed by the Authority, at the
same time as the counterpart equipment delivery or acceptance by WMATA of installed
equipment. Shipping documents shall identify the Contract number, manufacturer’s part
number, quantity, unit price and WMATA part number.

h. Spare parts shall be properly packaged or crated so as to prevent damage during

shipment and long term storage.

i. Spare parts shall be the same in all respects as their counterparts furnished as a part of
the assemble equipment to be delivered under the terms of this Contract.

j. Parts furnished in accordance with this provision are WMATA spares, separate and
distinct from any Contractor obligation to replace parts, components or assemblies under
any warranty provision of this Contract.

k. Parts lists contained in Operations and Maintenance Manuals provided under the
Contract shall include assigned WMATA part numbers.

l. Parts to be provided shall be based on the criteria described herein and final approval of
the list by the Authority Representative.
10. Provide copies of the PLC Program on a flash drive, as well as an annotated ladder listing of
the PLC software in hardcopy. Updates shall be provided to the Authority after any updates
are made at no cost.
G. Engineering Calculations, Test Reports and Certificates: Submit to the Authority Representative
test report and inspection/acceptance certificates for each escalator within five (5) days from
receipt from AHJ.
1. Engineering Calculations & Test Reports
a. Motor Sizing Calculations
b. Truss Deflection Calculations
c. Step Chain Tensile Stress Calculations, including factor of safety
d. Step Chain Pin Pressure Calculations
e. Truss Support Point Reaction Calculations
f. Transition curve pressures to support chain systems
2. Certificates
a. Welding certifications to AWS D1.1
b. Step Chain Certificate of Breaking Strength
c. Escalator Test Reports
d. Step Fatigue Tests
e. Certificates of calibration for all applicable tools and equipment.
H. Samples:
1. Submit one (1) sample for each of the following:
a. Handrail – 6 lineal inch length of proposed handrail
b. Decking – 6 inch square sample of proposed decking material
c. Skirting – 6 inch square sample of proposed skirting material
d. Floor Plate – 6 inch square sample of proposed floor plate material
2. Samples shall be clearly labeled to reflect:
a. Project Name
b. Contract Number
c. Description of Sample

A. Notwithstanding the Specifications forming a part of this Contract, any inspection or approval of
the Work by the Authority, or the existence of any patent or trade name, the Contractor
nevertheless unconditionally guarantees that the equipment furnished and installed hereunder
shall be of the best quality and shall be fully fit for the purpose for which it is intended. The
Contractor shall unconditionally guarantee all equipment against defects or failures of any kind,
including design, workmanship and materials for a period of one (1) year after the escalator has
been commissioned into service. In the event of defects or failures in any component of the Work
of this Section, then upon receipt of notice thereof from the Authority Representative, the
Contractor shall correct such defects or failures by immediately reconstructing, repairing or
making such alterations or replacement of said component in the Work of this Section as may be

necessary or desirable, in the sole opinion of the Authority Representative, to comply with the
above guarantee. If repair/replacement has not taken place within one (1) week of identification
of said defect or failure, Contractor will pay a penalty of two (2) times the material cost of said
component, plus associated labor costs, as charged to the Authority by a supplier.



A. Potential Manufacturers are as follows:
1. KONE RTV-HD9999
2. ThyssenKrupp FT-732
3. Schindler Elevator 9700
4. WMATA Approved equal
B. All escalators provided must be from the same manufacturer.
C. The manufacturer shall provide for the costs of up to four (4) of the Authority designated
representatives to visit the factory where the escalators are to be manufactured. Factory visits
will be for each bank of escalators in a station. Visit shall be scheduled prior to completion of first
escalator but at a time where all equipment, safety devices and design features can be properly
tested and evaluated. Any deficiencies noted and code or specification compliance issues will be
resolved to Authority satisfaction prior to release of first escalator for shipment.

A. Stainless steel shall be corrosion resisting steel complying with Fed. Spec. Q.-S-698, Class 316,
S. S. Condition A finished as specified. During erection, all stainless steel surfaces shall be
protected by suitable peel off material.
B. Cold rolled steel shall be low-carbon steel rolled to stretcher leveled standard flatness, complying
with Fed. Spec. Q.-S-698.
C. Rigid Steel Conduit, conduit fittings, and flexible steel conduit shall comply with the current
Federal Specifications for the respective components.
D. Material of the floor plates shall be aluminum having an extruded, grooved, non-slip surface.
E. Material for all tamper proof screws shall be of stainless steel, spanner head.
F. Material of connectors or lugs shall be of copper.
G. All screws, bolts, fasteners shall be stainless steel.


A. Description:
1. Vertical Rise: Tabulated as follows, exact dimensions are to be field verified by Contractor
before equipment manufacture.

Station Manufacturer Qty Rise (ft) Rise (m)

Archives Westinghouse 3 26’-5” 8.0518
Arlington Cemetery Westinghouse 4 36’-3” 11.049
Bethesda Westinghouse 1 15’-0” 4.572
Bethesda Westinghouse 3 106’-11” 32.5882
Branch Avenue Fujitec 2 18’-10¼” 5.7468
Brookland Montgomery 1 23’-8” 7.2136
Capitol Heights Westinghouse 3 31’-1” 9.4742

Cleveland Park Westinghouse 2 20’-0” 6.096
Cleveland Park Westinghouse 3 59’-0” 17.9832
College Park Westinghouse 1 22’-5¾” 6.8517
Columbia Heights Fujitec 3 38’-7½” 11.7729
Columbia Heights Fujitec 2 37’-4 /8” 11.3951
Columbia Heights Fujitec 2 12’-0¼” 3.6640
Congress Heights Fujitec 3 61’-6 /8” 18.7484
Congress Heights Fujitec 2 60’-91/8” 18.5198
Congress Heights Fujitec 2 12’-1¼” 3.6894
Courthouse Westinghouse 3 17’-5” 5.3086
Deanwood Westinghouse 2 11’-9” 3.5814
Eastern Market Westinghouse 3 38’-4” 11.6840
Friendship Heights Westinghouse 2 23’-0” 7.0104
Friendship Heights Westinghouse 3 65’-6” 19.9644
Friendship Heights Westinghouse 1 15’-0” 4.572
Georgia Avenue Fujitec 3 47’-10” 14.5796
Georgia Avenue Fujitec 2 45’-0” 13.716
Georgia Avenue Fujitec 2 12’-07/8” 3.6798
Glenmont Fujitec 3 27’-6 /8” 8.3852
Glenmont Fujitec 2 28’-67/8” 8.7090
Glenmont Fujitec 2 12’-0¼” 3.6576
Huntington Westinghouse 1 21’-0” 6.4008
Judiciary Square Westinghouse 2 27’-8” 8.4328
Judiciary Square Westinghouse 2 24’-1” 7.3406
Medical Center Westinghouse 3 101’-3” 30.861
Metro Center O&K 2 42’-2” 12.8524
Minnesota Avenue Westinghouse 2 21’-3” 6.477
Mt. Vernon Fujitec 4 33’-65/8” 11.1411
Mt. Vernon Fujitec 1 12’-1½” 3.6957
Naylor Road Fujitec 1 27’-7½” 8.4201
Naylor Road Fujitec 1 28’-5” 8.6614
New York Avenue Fujitec 1 26’-3¼” 8.0074
New York Avenue Fujitec 1 23’-1” 7.0358
New York Avenue Fujitec 1 26’-6” 8.0772
New York Avenue Fujitec 1 23’-11 /16” 7.3136
Shady Grove Westinghouse 1 16’-8” 5.08
Shaw Westinghouse 2 31’-1¾” 9.4933

Shaw Westinghouse 2 28’-5” 8.6614
Smithsonian O&K 3 25’-6” 7.7724
Smithsonian Westinghouse 3 24’-0” 7.3152
Southern Avenue Fujitec 2 18’-0” 5.4864
Southern Avenue Fujitec 2 18’-4 /16” 5.5959
Stadium Armory Westinghouse 2 48’-9” 14.8590
Suitland Fujitec 2 18’-1 /8” 5.5213
Suitland Fujitec 2 16’-0¼” 4.8832
U Street Westinghouse 2 22’5¼” 6.8390
U Street Westinghouse 2 27’-0” 8.2296
Van Ness Westinghouse 3 20’-0” 6.096
Van Ness Westinghouse 3 56’-9” 17.2974
Waterfront Westinghouse 3 38’-3 /16” 11.6729
Woodley Park Westinghouse 3 25’-11” 7.8994
Woodley Park Westinghouse 3 102’-0” 31.0896

2. Inclination: 30 Degrees
3. Nominal Step Width: 40” (1000 mm)
4. Nominal Speed: 90 fpm (0.45 m/s)
5. Flat Steps: Two minimum, four maximum, top and bottom to match existing
installations – truss extensions shall be provided for existing
installations exceeding Code limited four maximum flat steps.
6. Transition Radii: Manufacturers maximum to fit well way.
7. Truss Deflection: 1/1000 span under full load and including dead weight
8. Balustrade: Stainless steel – Number 4 brush
9. Decking: Stainless Steel – Number 4 brush
10. Anti-slide Knobs: Stainless Steel – Number 4 brush
11. Skirting: Stainless steel with black permanent friction reducing coating.
Code compliant skirt deflector devices shall be included.
12. Handrails: Manufacturers standard black color
Handrail type: v-wedge
B. Reference Standard: ASME A17.1, Contractor shall ensure that equipment is in compliance
with code in effect in applicable jurisdiction.
C. Components: manufacturer’s standard components for heavy duty transit escalator models
stipulated in Section 2.01.A shall be provided except as amended by requirements of this section
and the following:
1. Operating Controls:
a. Escalators shall have key operated switches, accessible at both upper and lower
landings, located on the exterior deck above the newel base. (A separate switch must be
provided for direction (UP and DOWN) and stop switch; the stop key switch should be

below the direction switch). Alternate locations may be used subject to approval by the
Authority. Switches and cylinders shall be of design and manufacturer approved by
Authority. The key must be same as the existing WMATA escalator type.
b. Each keyed switch shall be clearly and permanently labeled, including starting, stopping
and direction selection.
c. Interlocks shall be provided to bring the escalator to a smooth stop, in either direction of
travel, before a change of direction may be made.
2. Safety Devices:
a. Two (2) individual comb impact switches shall be employed. One switch to measure
horizontal force and another to measure vertical force.
b. Safety devices include, but are not limited to, those which are required by the edition of
ASME A17.1 in effect for this installation as well as those indicated in this Section.
c. Broken handrail device – A device which detects a condition in which the handrail breaks,
stops or the tensioning device on either handrail fails or breaks, either handrail fails to
start or travel at a synchronized speed with the steps when the escalator is operational.
d. Main Drive Train Device – If the driving machine is connected to the main drive shaft by a
chain, a device shall be provided which will cause the application of the brake on the
main drive shaft if the drive chain parts the drive sprocket.
e. Brake Lining Wear Device – A device which detects a condition when the remaining
brake lining is less than 80% of original lining specifications. Activation of this device
shall prevent the escalator from starting until the brake has been properly serviced.
f. Motor Over-Temperature Device – A device which will detect an over-temperature
condition of any drive machine.
g. Motor Temperature Monitor – A device which shall indicate on the fault finding
annunciator panel, the date, time and operational parameters of the escalator at the time
the limits were exceeded.
h. Deteriorated and Missing Roller Device – A device that will detect a chain or step roller
that is missing or the diameter has deteriorated more than 1/8” of the original roller
diameter. This device must detect missing or deteriorated rollers on either side of the
truss while the escalator is running in either direction, with or without passenger load.
i. Activation of all code designated manual reset devices and all Authority required devices
listed above, shall interrupt electric power to the individual escalator motor, automatically
apply the brakes and bring the escalator to a stop as required by ASME A17.1 code.
These devices shall be manually reset at the device as well as at the controller.
j. Provide monitor/alarm to ensure notification of a disengaged brake during maintenance.
After the initial alarm, the alarm should be activated every 20-30 second intervals for
duration periods of 3 second.
k. Provide escalator safety strips as manufactured by Kleeneze Sealtech, LTD. Location
shall be in accordance with ASME A17.1 and local code guidelines.
l. A lockable stop switch or disconnect shall be provided in both escalator pits.
m. Water level sensors shall be installed in the lower pits of each escalator and incorporated
into the safety circuit. High water shall stop the escalator and prevent it from being
started. When the water level goes down the escalator should be started without reset.
3. Control System:
A. Controllers
i. All controller enclosures shall be NEMA 4X rated. All enclosures shall be fiberglass
reinforced polyester as manufactured by Vynckier, Inc. or equal. All enclosures shall be
provided with strip heaters controlled by a humidistat mounted within the enclosure.

Plug-in type components shall be used where practicable. Interlocks, wiring terminals,
auxiliary contacts, indicating controls, and safety devices shall be provided as required.
ii. External cabinets, located under the truss or adjacent, shall house the escalator control
components including the variable frequency drive, brake control, etc. This cabinet shall
be NEMA 4X rated and include all surfaces being painted, drip-proof venting, with forced
ventilation, and lockable doors. Enclosure used in pit areas shall be NEMA 4X rated,
corrosion-proof, drip- proof, vented and shall utilize continuous stainless steel hinge and
three-point fastening mechanism, Controllers shall include motor starter, control relays,
fault indicator, and all other functions of escalator controls. External lockable fused
disconnect switches between controllers and incoming junction boxes shall be provided.
Controllers in pits shall be raised and lowered by a lifting device approved by the
Authority. External locations other than existing wellways shall be coordinated between
the Authority and the Contractor.
iii. Junction Boxes with electrical circuit boards and/or terminal blocks should not be installed
inside the step band. All junction boxes shall be NEMA 4X and have for easy access
during maintenance or service.
iv. Motor drive controls shall be provided by a programmable logic controller and shall be
Allen Bradley SLC 503 PLC or equal with off-line emulation capabilities. Solid state or
printed circuit boards will be acceptable provided diagnostic schematics and equipment
are supplied.
v. Screw type compression terminal block rated for 20 amperes minimum shall be used for
all power circuits and 10 Amp minimum terminal blocks for control and indicating lights.
All wiring shall be stranded conductors of sufficient current carrying rating, color coded
and permanently identified at all terminations. A maximum of three wires shall be
terminated at any terminal. All wiring jumpers, taps or multiple wire connections shall be
located on a terminal; tee taps, wire nuts or conductor splices shall not be utilized. All
controls shall operate at 120 volts or lower, AC or DC. Control power shall be obtained
from integral dry type control transformers.
vi. All wiring internal or external to the controller shall be stranded copper, matching existing
AWG size or size 18 AWG minimum, moisture resistant, flameproof, and oil resistant
insulated conductors. All terminations at devices and terminals shall utilize insulated type
crimp connectors, terminal strip, phoenix or similar devices. All terminals shall be
identified with wire numbers which correspond to wiring diagrams. Wiring shall be laced
and tied at terminal blocks. All conductors shall be identified with embossed tubing
sleeves at each side of terminal connections or any form of junction throughout the
controller and escalator. All terminations shall be made within boxes at terminal strips.
vii. All wires in controller or junction box should be identified and a permanent label must be
placed to match with terminals number. The terminals should have also permanently
label. Wires to relays or connected any other devices must be marked and identified.
viii. Top of controller should not be drilled for any reasons; all connection to controller must be
from bottom or side.
ix. Power outage reset shall be accomplished using the key switch and shall not require
resetting at the controller.
x. Five (5) copies of the annotated ladder listing with flowchart of the PLC software shall be
provided in electronic format and in hardcopy.
xi. Controller to include circuits for braking and safety device operation.
B. Fault Finding Annunciator:
i. Two fault finding annunciator panels shall be provided for each escalator to visually
indicate the activation of specified safety devices. Both panels shall be constantly active.
One panel shall be located in the controller enclosure and one at the lower balustrade at
a location indicated by the Authority Representative. The controller annunciator panel

shall be an Allen Bradley Panelview 550. For the balustrade panel a Noritake Graphics
Module, EZ Automation Model EZ-S4M-FS or equal fault code LCD display device shall
be installed outside the truss at the newel end on the right side of each escalator to
display the code for the last fault which occurred on the unit. The fault finding panel
sections shall be identified with respect to each escalator served by the panel.
ii. The fault finding annunciator shall provide the capability to store (1) 99 activations of any
and all safety devices, (2) 99 events of a minimum of 125 different error or event codes,
(3) 99 entries of the escalator travel distances in inches or millimeters after application of
the brake(s), and (4) 99 entries of motor current draw in five minute increments. All data
points shall be date and time stamped.
iii. Stack memory shall be used so that, when full, the oldest data point is overwritten as new
data is accumulated.
iv. Events to be stored include, but are not limited to, internally detected error codes,
operational mode selection, start up, power down, and run direction. The fault displays
shall use definitive word descriptions at the controller with an error code number provided
at the balustrade panel. Annunciator shall only display the root cause of the shutdown
when it occurs.
v. Software protocols and standard personal computer system hardware shall be provided
to simultaneously transmit fault finding annunciator data (i.e.: event reports, safety device
activation, exception reporting, and equipment status) to the Authority’s AEMS central
computer, via an RS232 connection using an Allen Bradley DF1 protocol.
vi. The system shall automatically initiate the transmittal of data when failures occur, when
safety devices are tripped, or when data is requested from the Authority’s AEMS central
computer, and shall continue to transmit until all data is properly received by the
requesting AEMS computer. The Authority will specify all communications interface
requirements for remote retrieval of data. The escalator Contractor shall provide all
communications links between the annunciator panel and the AEMS RTU in the station
AC switchboard room or the location identified by the Authority. The Authority will perform
final integration with the AEMS system.
vii. The escalator Contractor shall also provide the required hardware and software to
download data from any fault finding annunciator panel to a laptop PC being utilized at
the escalator location. The provided software shall permit the downloading and storage
of data on the laptop PC from multiple fault finding annunciator panels.
viii. The escalator Contractor shall provide test plans for approval and shall satisfactorily
demonstrate all local and remote functions of the fault finding annunciator panel, and the
data retrieval system prior to acceptance.
ix. Elapsed time indicators, calibrated in hours shall be provided for each escalator, and
shall clock the running time of the escalator.
x. The CPU module must provide DH-485 and RS-232 communication ports. In addition,
the Contractor shall install an Allen Bradley network interface module, (model 1761-NET-
AIC, or approved equal) beside the PLC in the controller and provide 24-vdc power to the
xi. The Allen Bradley PLC will be used for remote monitoring capabilities into WMATA
established engineering monitoring network. All required coordination for wiring and
programming on the PLC and the DH-485 network, shall be made with WMATA ELES
Engineering. Contractor shall pull all remote monitoring cables to the interface in the
escalator controller from the pull box (WMATA provided) in the upper or lower pit area.
Network cable shall be Belden 89842 or ELES approved equal.
xii. The programmable controller shall have one serial port which supports accessibility to
ladder logic and data to the remote monitoring network.

1. The programmable controller shall have one dedicated serial port which
supports RS-485 signals. It shall be used for driving the fault displays in
the controller and lower balustrades as applicable.
2. The controller PLC shall use an integrated programming, error checking,
communications setup ladder-type software package that shall be
supplied by the Contractor.
3. Shall have the ability to communicate with all other models of
programmable controller manufactured by said manufacturer.
4. Shall have the ability to monitor the status of any processor remotely via
the network.
5. Provide battery backup – 2 year minimum. PLC memory and programs
shall be retained in non-volatile memory such as an Allen Bradley 1747-
M13 module or approved equal.
a. Diagnostics
1) The processor shall have built-in diagnostics and self-test,
such that each time power is cycled, the processor does a
complete CPU and RAM memory test. Additionally the
power-up test will momentarily light up all diagnostic LED’s
to be sure they are working. A power up test will not be
performed if the internal flag (bit) for fire and smoke is
latched. The processor shall be capable of reporting major
and minor fault codes and processor status information back
to the polling master, provided the fault is not a catastrophic
hardware failure where the processor is unable to power up.
2) The processor shall have a built-in watchdog timer to ensure
that all processor program scans occur within the time limit
set by the watchdog timer. The watchdog timer cycle shall
be adjustable from 20 msec to 2.5 seconds in 10 msec
3) The processor shall have individual LED indicators that are
clearly visible and labeled for easy identification. At a
minimum the following indicators must be provided:
a.) CPU is in RUN mode
c.) CPU battery is LOW
4) I/O points are FORCED and are not under program control
COMMUNICATION channels are active.
b. Input/Output Modules
1) The Input/Output Modules shall be slot type and compatible
with the PLC processor I/O structure. Each module shall be
provided with a removable wiring terminal strip so that
modules may be changed without removing associated
2) Discrete Input Modules: 24 VDC, 16 point input module
suitable for use with input devices. Provide Allen-Bradley
Model 1746- IB16.
3) Discrete Output Modules: 24 VDC, 16 point output module
for use with 24 VDC output relays. Provide Allen-Bradley
Model 1746-OB16.

4) Analog Input Modules: Converts 8 differential analog signals
to proportional twelve-bit binary values. The module shall
accept 4 – 20 Ma signals. Provide Allen-Bradley Module
5) Analog Output Modules: Converts 12-bit binary values to
four analog output signals. The module shall output a 4 – 20
ma DC s signal. Provide Allen-Bradley 1746-N18.
c. I/O Chassis and Power Supply
1) The I/O Chassis shall be a minimum 10-slot chassis with one
spare slot available. The chassis shall accept PLC slot type
modules to provide backplane connections. After the power
supply, the first slot shall accept the Allen-Bradley 1747 5/03
CPU module.
2) Power supplies shall provide power to the PLC processors,
I/O rack and I/O modules. The power supply shall be suitable
for operation of 120 VAC, single phase power. Power supply
capacity shall be a minimum of 150% of the connected load.
Provide Allen-Bradley as required by the application.
3) The controller PLC inputs and outputs (I/O) shall have
indicators on the I/O modules to show if the point is active.
The I/O modules shall be labeled to identify each I/O point.
An I/O map, identifying the terminal, listing its abbreviation
and a description of the signal, shall be affixed to the
controller door identifying each I/O point, and included as a
sheet in the wiring diagram. The I/O structure should,
preferably, follow that used for similar controllers already
installed in the WMATA system.
4) As minimum status, faults and analog data as listed in the
table below for remote monitoring interface shall be available
from the serial port. Some of this data may be available in
the tables of data for the two fault displays:

Signal Description PLC Input Comments

AC Overload 1
Brake Wear Limit 2
Brake Picked Switch 3
Broken Step 4
Broken Handrail 5
Comb Plate Impact 6
Handrail Entry Guard 7
Handrail Over/Under Speed 8
Main Drive Chain 9
Non-Reversal Switch 10
Skirt Impact 11

Step Level 12
Step Upthrust 13
Gate Switch 14
Missing Step 15
Motor Over-Temperature 16
24 VDC power 17
Balustrade Stop Switch 18
80 % Brake Wear 19
Latch Fault 20
Non-Latch Fault 21
Fire & Smoke 22
Inspection Mode 23
Pit Stop Switch 24
Running Up 25
Running Down 26
Escalator PLC Low Battery 27
Escalator PLC Communication 28
Maintenance Mode 29
Handrail 1 Speed 30 Analog Points
Handrail 2 Speed 31 Analog Points
Drive Motor Current 32 Analog Points
Brake Stop Distance 33 Analog Points
Spare 34
Spare 35
Spare 36

4. Variable Frequency Drive

a. A new variable frequency drive, similar to those previously used for WMATA escalator
replacements, or approved equal, shall be installed for each escalator. The escalator shall be
started and continue to run with drive motor power provided by an appropriately sized
variable voltage, variable frequency AC motor drive with “braking” resistors as required for the
duty. Motor contactors shall be installed to meet Code requirements when running off a solid-
state drive. Accommodation shall be made to set a second maintenance-operation speed in
the solid-state drive. There shall be no bypassing of the solid-state motor drive for normal
operation or maintenance operation. The VVVF drive and drive motor shall be capable of
over speeding the escalators by 40% for test purposes.
b. When on inspection, or normal operation, a test mode shall be provided whereby the control
system variable frequency drive and drive components shall be capable of being set to
various running speeds including overspeeding the escalator by 40%.
5. Drive Motors
a. New TEFC drive motors shall be provided.

b. All motors furnished shall be designed, manufactured, and tested in accordance with the
latest applicable standards of ANSI, IEEE, ASTM, and OSHA (Safety and Health
Standards, 29CFR1910). All motors shall be rated for continuous duty.
c. Insulation of all windings shall be impregnated and baked to prevent absorption of
moisture and oil. The insulation resistance between motor frame and windings shall not
be less than one megohm. The motor windings shall stand a dielectric test of twice the
normal voltage plus 1000 RMS volts of 60-Hertz, alternating current for one minute.
Insulation shall be Class H.
d. Drive motors installed shall be Baldor motors, or approved equal, appropriately sized for
application and rise. Motors shall be rated for use with new variable frequency drive.
Motor characteristics shall include: heavy gauge steel and cast iron frames, ball bearings,
inverter spike resistant windings, low-loss electrical grade lamination steel, three-year
warranty, dynamic balancing for vibration no greater than half the NEMA vibration
standard, and have a rated efficiency at full load of greater than 91% for the HP rating of
the motor.
e. There shall be a means to remove the motor without removing other component during
maintenance or replacement of motor. Bed plate to slide or hanger for the purpose of
replacing motor or other method with approval of the ELES Engineering can be used.
f. Motor leads in the conduit box shall have the same insulation class as the windings.
Motor lead wire shall be rated 125 C and shall be sized for 105 C at the motor nameplate
amperes at 1.0 Sf per EASA recommendations. Leads are to be numbered for clockwise
rotation when facing opposite the shaft end.
g. Motors shall be provided with a compression type grounding lug, the same size as motor
leads, mounted in the conduit box by drilling and tapping into the motor frame or by a
double ended silicon bronze cap.
6. Maintenance Drive Unit: Means shall be provided for reduced speed maintenance operation
that shall be controlled by a manual handset. When operated, the escalator shall run in the
direction selected, at a speed of not more than 25% of rated speed. This speed shall be
maintained when steps are removed for servicing. Escalator operation shall be continuous so
long as an up or down button on the handset is being pressed. The handset shall have a ten
(10) foot retractable type cord with a plug connector. When plugged into receptacle, there
shall be no means of operating or running the escalator except by the service handset.
Receptacles shall be located in both the upper and lower pits. Safety devices, with the
exception of the missing step device, are to remain operative during maintenance drive
operation. Contractor shall provide a maintenance drive unit for each escalator replacement.
7. Maintenance outlets and work lights: Electric power receptacles and work lights shall be
furnished and installed in the upper and lower pits and at points every fifteen (15) feet along
the truss incline. Each receptacle shall be of the GFCI duplex type, waterproof, grounded,
and rated for one hundred and twenty (120) volts at twenty (20) amperes. The receptacles in
the pits shall be surface mounted on the walls, not less than thirty (30) inches from the floor.
Lights hall be fluorescent fixtures of watertight construction, suitable for outdoor use and
exposure to the elements.
8. Balustrade, Skirt Panels & Decking:
a. Balustrades and skirt panels:
i. Panels shall be a minimum of 3mm solid type 316 stainless steel. Backing panels,
where used, shall be noncombustible, and subject to Authority approval. Skirting
panels shall be treated with black, permanent, friction reduction materials on the
surface exposed to passengers.
ii. Panels shall be constructed, when practical, in equal lengths for interchangeability.
iii. Panels shall be attached to permit easy removal for inspection, lubrication, and
adjustment of safety devices.

iv. Panels shall be sized so that not more than two (2) persons shall be required to
remove a panel, and without the aid of special handling equipment.
v. When framework to which panels are fastened is less than one quarter (1/4) of an
inch thick, steel backup plates with a minimum one quarter (1/4) of an inch thickness
shall be added which have tapped holes or clearance holes where necessary.
vi. Panel joint direction shall be perpendicular to escalator incline.
b. Decking shall be stainless steel, identical to balustrade, with minimum of 2mm.
c. Decking between escalators shall be designed to support a live load of one hundred and
seventy-five (175) pounds per square foot, without permanent deformation. Code
compliant anti-slide devices are to be provided as required by code.
d. Paneling, decking, and other enclosures shall be supported on steel frame.
e. High density and intensity LED lighting shall be provided within each skirt panel at the
comb entry area. Lighting systems shall project onto the comb mesh line and shall
provide illumination levels in excess of five (5) ft candles for the entire width of the step.
f. Rectangular balustrade lighting shall be provided in every panel on each side for the
entire length of escalator incline or at a minimum of every 48” on center. Type CST,
continuous strip balustrade and cladding lighting fixture shall be enclosed and recessed
and shall illuminate any portion f the step to the requirement of the applicable A17.1 code
year. The fixtures shall be watertight and suitable for wet locations. Individual lighting
fixtures, such as the S14A light fixture, along the length of the balustrade may be
acceptable so long as specified foot candles are provided on the steps. Lamps shall be
compatible with the fixtures. The fixtures shall be a nominal 16- 1/2" in length and 5” in
height. The fixtures shall be UL-listed for "wet locations" and socket shall be protected
from moisture by Heyco liquid tight seals or equal at each end. LED lights are preferred.
If fluorescent lights are provided they shall be enclosed, 120-volt warm white, low
temperature, rated at 240 mA, as manufactured by General Electric, North American
Philips, Sylvania or equal with a minimum life of 15,000 hours. The ballast shall be
electronic, instant start, high frequency type rated 0 to 300EF and shall be installed
under/within the housing, under the lamp, for easy removal and installation, and to
maintain the continuity of the lighting strip. All fixtures shall be hardwired to the branch
circuits and protected by GFCI in the panel.
9. Step Track Systems
a. Fabrication of tracks shall retain steps and running gear safely under load requirements
and at the highest speed specified.
b. Contractor shall assemble and secure sections of track together for easy removal and
replacement of defective sections. The system shall be adjustable; welding of the track
sections is not acceptable.
c. Design of the mechanical components shall provide for easy installation and removal
without the dismantling of parts of the structure.
d. Tracks shall be properly supported on trusses to provide correct alignment and smooth
transition to return stations. The rolling surface of the track shall be a minimum thickness
of 3mm.
e. The guiding system for the step chains and step wheels shall be of zinc plated or
galvanized steel profiles with smooth and even running surfaces, and with the joints cut
diagonally to the running direction. The guide profiles shall not be welded together at the
f. A second, continuous guiding profile shall be provided above the step chain rollers so
that the step chains are positively guided in the area of the escalator open to passengers.
g. Stress relieving curves shall be provided at transition curves for both the passenger and
return side of the step band system.

h. Upper and lower transition radii shall be maximum allowable to suit existing well way and
flat step requirements.
i. Contractor shall submit design calculations of transition curve stress relieving system,
including support brackets. All components shall be designed with a factor of safety
greater than or equal to four (4) based on the yield strength of the materials.
10. Steps & Step Chain
a. Step and skirting systems shall comply with the requirements of ASME A17.1-2000 for
new installations.
b. The entire step assembly shall be treated with not less than one (1) coat of zinc chromate
primer or iron phosphate and one (1) coat of powder coated enamel for corrosion
resistance. Steps shall have all yellow demarcation as required by ASME A17.1 code.
c. Steps and their various attachments shall permit removal of steps without disturbing
d. The design shall permit the running of the drive without steps for convenience in cleaning
and inspection. If spacers are required to support independent chain strands for
operation without steps, sufficient spacers shall be provided for each station to suit one
(1) escalator.
e. Step rollers shall have polyurethane tires on hubs, sealed roller bearings, and a diameter
of no less than four (4) inches. Step rollers shall not require any additional lubrication and
must be rated for severe, heavy-duty service.
f. Step treads shall be die-cast aluminum, cleat type, designed to assure a secure foothold
and a comfortable tread surface and shall be an integral part of the step assembly. The
treads shall have a chamfered or radius nosing of 1/8 inch at the riser edge of the tread.
g. Washers and nuts shall be provided as follows:
1) Tap bolts: Lock washers
2) Through bolts: Lock nuts or Authority approved equal
h. Rated Loads:
1) In addition to the minimum requirements given in the Codes, Contractor shall
design the steps for a minimum load of six hundred and fifty (650) lbs. (1430 Kg)
per forty (40) inch step with a safety factor of eight (8).
2) The steps shall carry the load under maximum concentric and eccentric loading
conditions without distortion.
3) Contractor shall perform dynamic testing, witnessed by Authority representatives if
requested, at the Contractor’s expense to verify the structural strength and
serviceability requirements.
11. Step Chain
a. Chain shall be endless, roller type step chains; one (1) on each side of step.
b. Step chains shall be of heat treated steel construction, supported at intervals by linkage
wheels, as manufactured by KettenWulf or approved equal.
c. A means to prevent steps from coming into physical contact with each other and to
prevent chains from sagging or buckling shall be provided
d. A means to maintain constant distance between step axles shall be provided.
e. An automatic tensioning device to maintain tension under load and to compensate for
wear shall be provided. The device shall be located within the truss at the lower end.
f. A means for individual fine adjustment of tension for each linkage shall be provided
g. Step chains shall be constructed to permit removal of segments as may be required for
replacement purposes at a minimum of every sixth axle section.

h. Support wheels spaced to distribute load and to guide linkage throughout run shall be
provided. Rollers shall be constructed of polyurethane material, with diameter sufficient to
provide reliability, maintainability, smoothness of motion, and to operate within noise level
requirements specified. The chain rollers shall have polyurethane tires on metallic hubs,
sealed bearings, a diameter of not less than four (4) inches, must require no additional
lubrication, and be mounted outside the chain link and rated for heavy duty service.
i. Wheels shall be affixed to permit rapid replacement.
j. Each pair of step chains shall be a matched set within manufacturing tolerances. Only
precision, roller fishplate chains of high grade heat treated steel shall be used as step
chains. The pins, axles, bushing, and rollers shall be hardened and ground.
k. The safety factor shall be a factor of six (6) based on the design loads stipulated in this
l. A test certificate for the chain breaking load shall be provided to the Authority.
m. A shielding device shall be provided to protect chain, track guides, and rollers against
water, dirt, and debris. Collection trays shall be provided beneath each chain on the
return side to collect run-off oil for the entire length of the escalator. Removable oil
recovery pans shall be provided at the lower truss end and shall not drain into the oil
water separators stipulated elsewhere in this section.
n. Step chain pin pressures shall not exceed 2,900 PSI (20 N/mm2) based on rated loading.
o. Escalator shall be provided with automatic, fully adjustable, lubrication system.
12. Comb Plate Assemblies
a. Complete assemblies of wear resisting, non-corrosive metal material, with exposed anti
slip surfaces shall be fabricated.
b. Combs meeting the following requirements shall be provided
1) Shall be removable to permit ease of replacement.
2) Shall be yellow in color for safety/demarcation.
3) Shall have not less than three (3), nor more than seven (7), comb sections per
Comb plate assembly.
4) Comb teeth shall be designed so as to withstand a load of two hundred and fifty
(250) pounds applied in an upward direction at the tip of any one (1) tooth.
c. Provisions for lateral and vertical fine adjustments shall be provided so that cleats of step
treads pass between comb teeth with minimum clearances.
d. Comb heating shall be provided in pit area to prevent build up of ice during inclement
weather. Comb plate heating shall be controlled by a separate switch within the escalator
controller. (see Section 23 “Escalator Heating Systems”)
e. There shall be a two safety switch comb impact device assembly on each side of the
comb plate landing. One switch and spring for vertical force activating device and the
other switch and spring for horizontal force activating device. These two switches should
have a separate spring for adjustment. The vertical tripping force and the horizontal
tripping force should be able to adjust to maximum allowable force at the same time.
13. Floor Plates
a. Shall have 316 stainless steel frames at floor openings, designed to be supported on
truss heads.
b. Shall be designed to cover entire area of upper and lower landings as indicated.
c. Shall be reinforced, as necessary, to be rigid and able to withstand a live load of two
hundred and fifty (250) pounds per square foot with zero permanent deformation.

d. Shall be extruded of die cast aluminum with a ribbed pattern transverse to the escalator
axis. Ribs shall be designed to provide maximum traction and covered with applied
abrasive covering material approved by Authority.
e. Individual floor plate sections shall be lightweight and removable without special tools or
hinges to allow access to escalator pit area. Floor plates shall be fabricated in sections of
no greater than seventy five (75) pounds. Area around floor plates frames shall be no
greater than one-quarter inch (1/4”) and be caulked using Tremco Dymonic FC fast
skinning, low modulus polyurethane sealant.
f. Floor plate shall be secured to the frame using mechanical fasteners. The adequacy and
technique of securing the floor plate shall to be to the satisfaction of the Authority
g. If required, intermediate floor plates shall be provided to match escalator floor plate
14. Drive Machinery
a. Motor and drive mechanism may be mounted outside the truss envelope and located
within the existing machinery spaces or may be located within the truss envelope inside
the step band. Machinery shall be designed for ease of assembly or disassembly.
b. Gear Box Requirements.
1) Gear bearings shall be rated with an AFBMA L10 life of 200,000 hours and housed
in an oil tight, dustproof case provided with a sight glass or dipstick method of
determining oil level in the case. The case shall provide a convenient method of
draining the oil.
2) Synthetic lubricants, subject to Authority approval, shall be utilized.
c. The assembly shall have no openings in order to minimize accumulation of dust and
d. Rotating parts shall be provided with a means for lubrication and retention of lubricants.
e. Sealed bearings shall be used in those environmental conditions where entry of water or
dust may adversely affect bearing performance.
f. Exposed, moving, drive elements shall be protected by sealed metal housings, which
shall provide continuous lubrication to components.
g. Provide a low oil sensor to prohibit starting of the escalator on automatic operation with
low oil in the gear case.
h. V-belt and tooth belt drives shall not be considered acceptable. If chain drives are used,
they shall be protected against dirt and water by sealed housings, and shall have an
automatic lubricating device and a means of taking up any slack in the chain.
i. Bearings shall be rated for an AFBMA L10 life as specified, under a fluctuating bearing
15. Drip Pans
a. Galvanized, 3mm steel, water tight drip pans for the entire length and width of trusses
shall be provided. They shall also be sloped for proper drainage and collection of spent
lubricants as well as any moisture or water which may enter the escalator. They shall be
constructed to prevent oil from leaking below the truss.
b. Drip pans of sufficient size to collect and maintain, within truss areas, oil and grease
drippings from step linkage and all forms of loose debris that may be deposited in drip
pans from steps at turn around points at upper and lower portions of truss shall be
provided. This system shall be separate from the water drain in order to prevent the
discharge of spent lubricants into sewer system.

c. Access to drip pans at lower landings of escalators for the purpose of cleaning drain
catch basins shall be provided.
d. An oil water separator system shall be provided at the lower end of the escalator for
draining of run-off water collected within the truss structure. System shall be integral to
the truss, designed and sized fit into the lower pit and to allow servicing by one (1)
person. Outlet of separator shall be piped to the nearest floor drain. System details shall
be submitted to the Authority for approval.
e. Removable access, as required, to existing structural drains within the lower escalator pit
shall be provided. Contractor shall field verify locations of any existing pit drains and shall
coordinate location of access system accordingly in the design of the new escalators.
16. Handrails
a. Handrails shall receive their motion from main escalator drive through direct gearing and
drive shaft or drive chains, so that handrail and steps operate at the same speed in each
direction of travel. Driving and guiding wheels shall have a groove to accept the wedge
on the underside of the handrail.
b. A means to take up handrail slack using a tensioning device, where required, shall be
located within escalators. In addition, an approved method of releasing the device for
repair or removal of handrails shall be provided. Pre-tensioning of handrail shall be
considered unacceptable.
c. Newels meeting the following requirements shall be provided:
1) Newels shall be designed and constructed so that handrail shall return into newel
end at a point inconspicuous and difficult for passengers to reach
2) Newel sheaves shall be provided at upper and lower newels. Newel sheaves shall
be shrouded in stainless steel matching deck finish.
d. Handrails, handrail drive system, and guides shall be so designed and installed that
handrail cannot be thrown off or disengaged while running, and special design attention
shall be given to area where handrail passes from drive system to guides.
e. Friction drive sheaves and idlers shall be designed and positioned so that lubricant
cannot reach surface of handrail. Marking and spotting of handrail by drive equipment
shall not be permitted.
f. Handrails shall be constructed of laminated, steel, wire mesh, or steel cable reinforced,
flexible elastomeric material vulcanized into an single integral, seamless, smooth handrail
resistant to environmental conditions. Handrails shall utilize v-type profiles for optimum
g. Handrail color shall be black and shall be provided with synthetic slider material.
h. Handrail guides shall be continuous on exposed portion of handrails, constructed of 316
stainless steel which shall not be subject to corrosion nor pitting, and shall have a
polished or specially coated, permanent finish to minimize frictional wear to under surface
of handrail. On the unexposed portion, guiding shall be by adjustable rollers having
sealed bearings, and set in a way so as not to cause wear on the handrail.
i. All roller systems utilized in the drive and guide of the handrail systems shall be designed
with AFBMA rated L10 life of 100,000 hours and shall include provisions for retention of
lubricants without additional lubrication.
16. Braking Systems:
a. Drive brake shall be designed to meet the stipulated passenger loading
requirements of this section and shall not exceed maximum deceleration rates permitted
by Code during stopping.
1)The brake coil shall be insulated to class F.

2)A monitor shall be provided, and if brake lining becomes insufficient for safe usage,
restart of escalator shall be prevented.
b. Each escalator shall be provided with a positive step band lock located in the upper
machinery end to prevent movement of the step band.
1)Step band lock shall be manually applied and mechanically engaged to prevent
movement of linkages, while escalator is disconnected from its power supply.
2)Electrical interlock that shall prevent escalator drive motors from starting while step
band lock is engaged shall be provided.
17. Trusses
a. Trusses shall be designed to not exceed 1/1000 the existing horizontal span
distance between supports in deflection.
b. Provide a permanent identification on the truss for the centerline at both ends of the
escalator and in both transition curves.
c. Field splices shall be rigid, non-deforming, and shall maintain alignment.
d. Trusses shall be hot dip galvanized.
e. Field modification shall not compromise the corrosion protection in this section.
f. All shims shall be made using type 316 Stainless Steel and shall not exceed a
maximum shim height of two (2) inches.
g. A professional engineer shall evaluate and provide recommendation on bearing
pad upon removal of existing escalator truss and prior to installation of new truss.
18. Step Chain Tensioning Device
a. The step chain tensioning device shall be of a design that keeps the step chains at
the correct tension.
b. A pointer and scale shall be provided to gauge step chain tensioning and wear.
c. Bearings: If used, shall be rated: AFBMA L10, 200,000.
19. Lubrication System Requirements
a. Step Chain:
1)All parts, other than sealed items, requiring lubrication shall be designed for an
automatic or remote lubricating system. The system shall operate only when
escalator is running and the amount of lubrication shall be fully adjustable. A
reservoir with a low oil signal to the controller, and a minimum capacity of two and
one half (2½) gallons shall be provided.
2)System shall be positive acting, located in escalator machine room.
3)Reservoir level indications shall be provided where lubricants are contained within
housings, supply tanks and larger filler cups.
4)Electric heaters installed and connected to panel shall be employed to maintain
lubricant viscosity.
b. Miscellaneous Lubrication:
1) Contractor shall furnish and mount on the controller cabinet, a laminated lubrication
chart for each escalator. The chart shall show the location of each lubrication point,
type of lubricant to be used, and the frequency of lubrication.
c. Bearings
1)Sealed bearings shall be used where possible.
2)Bearings requiring manual lubrication shall be furnished with fittings to accommodate
the use of a pressure gun for lubrication.

3)Self lubricating bearings or material other than ball or roller type bearings may be
used where practical.
d. Manual Lubrication
1)Location of manual lubrication points shall be easily accessible and available.
2)Remote grease lines to difficult to access lubrication points, including main shaft
pillow blocks, are permissible and shall be made using stainless steel tubing and
swage fittings. All manual grease fittings shall be of the same design throughout the
escalator. Remote lubrication fittings shall be mounted to engraved plates clearly
identifying destination of each fitting.
20. Traffic Direction Indicators
a. Escalator users shall be informed by means of indicator lights of the predetermined
running direction of the escalator.
b. Two (2) circular cut outs, minimum diameter two and three quarter (2¾”) inches.
Shall be provided in the upper and lower right hand balustrade newels, each containing
an inset red and green light. The green light shall be illuminated at the entrance for
escalator running direction and the red lamp shall have a horizontal white stripe and shall
be illuminated at the exiting end. No incandescent lamps shall be permitted.
21. Room Storage Cabinet
a. A metal cabinet of not less than twenty (20) cubic feet in volume (52 inches high x
36 inches wide x 18 inches deep) shall be provided in a room assigned by the Authority.
b. Cabinet shall have lockable doors and be mounted on legs or pedestals, a
minimum of four (4) inches off the floor.
c. Cabinet shall be painted and marked for control purposes, as directed by the
Authority, and Contractor shall store small parts, supplies, tools and other materials
d. A rubber industrial strength mat (42 inches wide x 36 inches deep) with beveled
edges shall be provided and located in front of cabinet. Identical mat, 12” wider than
controller enclosure width, shall be provided for each controller.
22. Lock and Key switch Cylinders
a. All locks and keys shall be as per Authority approval.
b. Authority shall verify with the Contractor that the requirements for hardware have
not been amended or superseded
c. Contractor shall provide the Authority with length, finish, and cam requirements of
each cylinder required.
d. Each switch shall be clearly labeled on engraved metal plates with black lettering
and of identical material and finish of decking to which it is attached.
23. Escalator Heating Systems:
a. Comb heating shall be provided beneath the comb plates to prevent build up of ice
during inclement weather. Comb plate heating shall be controlled by a separate switch
within the escalator controller. Heating elements shall be resistive and shall be suitable
for outdoor use in corrosive environments. Comb plate and floor plate heating may be
provided from the same system.
b. Radiant resistance heaters shall be provided within the truss assembly to prevent
build of snow and ice on step treads exposed to passengers .
1)1000W heaters shall be installed in both the upper and lower machinery spaces of
the escalator.

2)600W heaters shall be installed between the passenger and return sides of the step
band starting at the mid-point of the transition curves and spaced not more than
fifteen (15) feet along the incline. All step band heaters shall be rigidly mounted to
truss cross members.
3)All radiant heaters shall be provided with stainless steel protective mesh covers to
prevent direct contact with heating elements.
c. Both truss and comb heating systems shall be provided with adjustable
thermostatic control based on ambient temperatures on the passenger side of the
escalator at the upper landing. Control shall be programmable for three (3) independent
time based settings per day.
d. Both the comb and truss heating systems shall be provided with separate ground
fault protection.

A. Kiosk Signals, Kiosk Control Panel and Fire Control System: Contractor shall make all necessary
repairs to ensure operation of the kiosk control panel and to ensure that new system is made
compatible with the existing kiosk control system. Contractor shall ensure that new equipment is
properly connected to, and operates with, existing kiosk system and fire control system.
B. Escalator Machine Rooms: Contractor shall replace all escalator related equipment, machine
room ladders, conduit, wiring and enclosures with new. All lighting shall be replaced and placed
to provide code required illumination in all spaces throughout the machine room. Replace existing
machine room access doors with BILCO hatch doors and frames of dimensions to match existing
frame opening. Replace existing machine room ladders with ships ladders with flat treads.
Match existing surrounding elevations and trim and adjust so as to present no tripping hazard.
Electrical outlets shall be replaced with GFCI duplex type receptacles, waterproof, grounded, and
rated for one hundred and twenty (120) volts at twenty (20) amperes. Machine room walls and
floors shall be thoroughly cleaned, all grease and oil residue removed. Machine room walls shall
be painted with at least two (2) coats of water proof paint as approved by the Authority. Machine
room floors shall be painted with at least two (2) coats of waterproof paint as approved by the
Authority and then coated with a skid resistant coating as approved by the Authority.


A. Electric equipment for all escalators shall be designed, selected, and fabricated in accordance with
NEC, NEMA, IEEE, and ANSI standards as applicable, and as specified herein. All equipment
including motors, controllers, switches, indicators, circuit breakers, panel boards, lighting, heating,
wiring, conduit, boxes and other appurtenances for proper installation and operation of the
escalators shall be furnished and installed by the Contractor.
B. Provide wiring and conduit from the mainline disconnect switch throughout the escalator control
system with complete wiring and conduit systems in the hoistway, machine room and pits,
including traveling cables adequate for the proper operation of the equipment.

1. Conduit, Boxes and Fittings

a. All wiring for the escalator equipment and the control devices shall be per current NEC
b. All wiring for escalator equipment and control devices shall be in GRS conduit or
liquid-tight flexible conduit, three (3) feet maximum may be used where conduit is not
embedded in concrete.
c. Rigid conduit and fittings shall be UL-approved galvanized steel conforming to the
requirements of UL 6 and ANSI C80.1. The minimum size shall be 3/4-inch for power

circuits and one-inch for control circuits. Power and control circuits shall be in separate
d. Liquid-tight flexible conduit shall conform to the requirements of UL 360 and consist of a
flexible hot dip galvanized steel core spiral wound with continuous copper ground built in
the core for sizes up to 1-1/4 inch and a neoprene jacket overall. Sizes 1-1/2 inches and
above shall be installed using a separate ground wire. Fittings for flexible conduit shall
be watertight and shall conform to the requirements of UL 514B.
e. Outlet boxes shall be watertight, stainless steel for exterior units and galvanized
malleable iron, cast iron or ductile iron for interior units conforming to the requirements of
UL 514A. Wiring device cover plates shall have weatherproof construction. Junction,
switch, and pull boxes shall be non-metallic NEMA 4X conforming to the requirements of
UL 50 and UL 514A and having screw covers with liquid-tight gaskets.
f. Provide NEMA 4X waterproof fittings, watertight hubs and appurtenances as required by
the installation to preclude the entry of water or moisture into the system.
g. All conduits terminating in steel cabinets, junction boxes, wireways, switch boxes, outlet
boxes and similar locations shall have approved insulation bushings. If the bushings are
constructed completely of insulation material, a steel locknut shall be installed under the
bushing. At ends of conduits not terminating in steel cabinets or boxes, the conductors
shall be protected by terminal fittings having an insulated opening for the conductors.
h. Conduit fittings and connections using set screws or indentations as a means of
attachment are not permitted.
i. Connect motors and other components subject to movement or vibration, to the conduit
with liquid-tight flexible conduit.
j. All existing escalator machine room conduit and wiring, including all new code compliant
disconnects shall be replaced with new materials sized to suit the new equipment.
Conductors in the machine rooms shall be installed in rigid conduit.
k. All existing escalator wiring and conduit shall be replaced with new.
l. Conduits shall be brought and connected to suitable approved connection boxes at all
outlets, apparatus and panels.
m. The conduits shall be of such size that the wires or cables can be readily installed and
replaced, if necessary. No conduit shall be less than 3/4 inch trade size. The total overall
cross sectional area of the wires contained in any conduit shall not exceed forty (40)
percent of the internal area of the conduit.
n. Conduits shall be neatly and systematically run. All exposed conduit and boxes shall be
supported by approved and substantial straps, hangers or clamps to the structural steel,
reinforced concrete, or other approved supports in accordance with NEC.
o. In all machine rooms the equipment shall be laid out and installed so as to allow as
adequate and convenient access for maintenance as space conditions will permit.
p. All screws used for terminal connections of all wiring (machine room and pit) shall be
provided with "star washers" of proper size and type.
q. All existing conduit and wiring shall be removed and wall/floor slabs patched with fire
rated material.
2. Conductors
a. Unless otherwise specified, conductors shall be stranded or solid coated annealed
copper in accordance with Code for Type THHW. Where 16 and 18 AWG are permitted
by Code, either single conductor cable in accordance with Code for Type TF, or multiple
conductor cable may be used provided the insulation of single conductor cable and outer
jacket of multiple conductor cable is flame retardant and moisture resistant. PVC
insulation will not be permitted. Multiple conductor cable shall have color coding or other

suitable identification for each conductor. Conductors for control boards shall be in
accordance with Code. No joints or splices shall be permitted in wiring except at outlets.
Tap connectors may not be used.
b. All wiring shall test free from short circuits or grounds. Insulation resistance between
individual external conductors and between conductors and ground shall be not less than
one (1) megohm.
c. Where size of conductors is not given, capacity shall be such that maximum current shall
not exceed limits prescribed by Code.
d. Equipment grounding shall be furnished and installed. Ground conduits, supports,
controller enclosures, motors and all other non-current conducting metal enclosures for
electrical equipment in accordance with Code. The ground wires shall be copper, green,
insulated and sized as required.
e. Terminal connections for all conductors used for external wiring between various items of
escalator equipment shall be solder-less pressure wire connectors in accordance with
Code. The Contractor may at his option make these terminal connections on No. 10 or
smaller conductors with approved terminal eyelets set on the conductor with an approved
pressure type terminal block. Terminal blocks using pierce-through serrated washers are
not acceptable.
f. Cables shall include ten (10) percent spare wires but not less than two (2) spare
conductors. All spares to be properly tagged or otherwise identified with clear and
indelible markings.
g. All insulated wiring shall be tag coded at their terminals in the machine room and shall
agree with the approved wiring diagrams. All spares shall be marked.
C. The Contractor shall provide equipment grounding conductors from the junction boxes for all
feeders and branch circuits as shown and required. Electrical equipment shall be provided with a
minimum of two (2) ground paths. One (1) path shall be a green, insulated equipment-grounding
conductor. The other path shall be a connection, to grounded metallic items using metallic
fasteners, metallic conduit and/or bonding jumper. Provide a #6 AWG insulated grounding
conductor attached to each truss and running back to the main feeder junction or tap box and
spliced to the equipment grounding conductor run with the feeder wires. On escalator, bond
exposed metallic items, all equipment enclosures and lighting fixtures to grounded escalator
metallic structure with metallic fasteners as shown.
D. The Contractor shall take the necessary steps to ensure the flow to ground of accumulated static
electricity, by means of metallic rollers or other appropriate means installed at appropriate
locations to prevent potential at all times at all points along the handrails.
E. The Contractor shall be responsible for grounding and bonding all parts of the escalator metallic
structure, equipment and raceway in accordance with the applicable requirements of the NEC and
the codes and regulations of the jurisdictional authorities.
F. Provide circuit protection for signal system incorporated in circuit breaker, disconnect switch or
power controller.
G. In the machine room, and escalator pits the equipment shall be laid out and installed to allow
adequate and convenient access for maintenance.
H. Each major component of equipment shall have the manufacturer’s name, type, class or catalog
number on a metal plate securely attached to the item of equipment in a conspicuous location.
I. All cabinets containing motor drives, filter boxes, transformers and power reactors shall be
supported on non-corrosive/non-conductive rails and isolated from the base building structure with
elastomeric pads having a minimum static deflection of 3/8" (Mason Type N, or equivalent). All
connections to and from the cabinetry shall be flexible in order not to compromise the isolation
system. Use non-rigid conduit for the final electrical connection, with all other conduit supports and
clamps provided on a neoprene sponge insert. No connections shall be made through the top of

the cabinets; if connections cannot be made through the bottom of the cabinet, a drip loop must be
provided for side connections.
J. Supply, install and connect all fused main line disconnect switch of the lockable type for each
escalator in the machine rooms in accordance with ASME A17.1 and local requirements.
K. Supply and install permanent light fixtures with switches and receptacles in the escalator machine
room and escalator pits. Receptacles shall be ground fault circuit interrupter type.


A. All bearings, pivots, guides, gearing and similar elements subject to friction or rolling wear in the
entire escalator installation, shall be accurately and smoothly finished and shall be arranged and
equipped for adequate and convenient lubrication. Means shall be provided for flushing and
draining the larger bearings and gear cases. All oiling holes shall have dustproof self-closing
B. All plain bearings shall be liberally sized in accordance with the best escalator usages which have
proved entirely satisfactory on heavy duty installation.
C. Ball and roller bearings shall be of liberal size and of a type and make which have been
extensively and successfully used for similar heavy duty on other escalator installations. They
shall be fully enclosed. Loading, lubrication, support and all other conditions of use shall be in
accordance with the recommendations of the bearing manufacturer, based on previous extensive
and satisfactory escalator usage.
D. All bolts used to connect moving parts, bolts carrying hoisting stresses, and all other bolts,
subject to vibration or shock, shall be fitted with adequate means to prevent loosening of the nuts
and bolts. Bolts transmitting shearing stresses between machine parts shall have tight body fit in
drilled holes. All bolts subject to vibration shall be provided with split ring lock washers.
E. All bearing and sliding surfaces of shafts, pins, bearings, bushings, guides, etc., shall be smoothly
and accurately finished. They shall be assembled and installed in accurate alignment and with
working clearance most suitable for the load, speed, lubrication and other conditions of use. All
bearings shall be regularly checked for any tendency to run hot, and all defects corrected.
F. Belts, pulleys, chains, gears, couplings, projecting setscrews, keys, cables and other rotating
parts shall be fully enclosed and properly guarded.


A. The various parts of the escalator systems shall be fabricated and assembled insofar as practical,
in the shop to minimize field assembly. Parts which cannot be shop-assembled but require close
field fit shall be trial-assembled in the shop and given field erection marks where necessary to
eliminate fitting work at the construction site.



A. Procedures for taking a unit out of service shall be performed in accordance with Appendix A
EOC Key Functions.
B. Escalator Construction Enclosure:
1. On removal from service and prior to revenue operations, the escalator rehabilitation shall be
completely barricaded and enclosed by the Contractor to preclude its use without permission
of the Contractor until final acceptance and release for general use by the jurisdictional
inspector and the Authority. The enclosure shall be fabricated in a manner to allow easy

access by authorized persons for maintenance, testing, and adjustment, and shall be
removed by the Contractor when directed by the Authority Representative. All enclosures
shall be painted Sherwin Williams SW6959 Blue Chip. The enclosure shall conform to all
local and governing codes. The barricade shall be constructed of fire retardant material. The
Contractor shall provide all appropriate Authority required signage, properly maintained and
updated as required by the Authority.
C. Contractor shall demolish and remove escalators in accordance with approved demolition plan.
All existing support beams and bearing plates shall be evaluated by the Contractor. A report of
the condition of the supports and plates shall be brought to the attention of the Authority
Representative in sufficient time so that the project schedule is not affected. The Contractor shall
be responsible for the design, upon approval by WMATA, and repair of the supports and plates.
Repair design shall be stamped by a professional engineer from the jurisdiction where the repair
is required.
D. Contractor shall install all escalator equipment, related systems, and components in strict
accordance with manufacturer's instructions and approved shop drawings.
E. It is the Contractor’s responsibility to ensure that existing equipment can be safely removed and
new equipment installed in existing spaces through existing access. Any exceptions to this shall
be identified and exceptions taken prior to submission of the proposal.


A. Upon completion of rehabilitation work for the escalators, perform all acceptance inspections and
tests required by the ASME A17.1 code, prior to beginning rehabilitation work on the next
escalator; the Authority shall perform a substantial completion inspection in accordance with the
CIP Commissioning Procedure (see Appendix B). All tests results will be included as part of the
CIP Commissioning Procedure documents. Provide all instruments, materials and labor required
for the tests. Final acceptance tests shall be made by the Authority and the Authority Having
Jurisdiction (AHJ). The Contractor shall request a scheduled date for proposed acceptance
inspection, in writing, to the Authority Representative one (1) week prior to each requested
inspection date. Submit copies of all test results to the Authority Representative. The O & M
manuals, schematics, final as-built drawings and sequence of operation shall be submitted to the
Authority Representative for approval prior to the execution of the work on the next escalator. The
approval process will not delay the start of work on the next escalator.
B. All malfunctions and deficiencies revealed by the tests shall be forthwith corrected by the
Contractor at no additional cost to the Authority.
C. CSA certification test.
D. Run Test: Escalators shall be tested for a period of twenty (20) continuous hours, run in each
direction with no shutdowns permitted except to change the direction of the units. Should a
shutdown occur the problem shall be corrected and a new run test shall commence for that point
E. Speed Tests: The actual speed of the escalators shall be determined in both directions of travel
with full contract load and no load in the escalators. Speed tests shall be made before the full
load run test and after the full load run test. The actual measured speed of the escalators with all
loads in either direction shall be within 5% of specified rated speed. Full speed runs shall be quiet
and free from vibration and sway.
F. Static Load Tests: The escalators shall be statically load tested under full load.
G. Skirt Index Testing: The tests shall be performed in accordance with ASME A17.1 code.
H. Insulation Resistance Tests: The escalator's complete wiring system shall be free from short
circuits and grounds and the insulation resistance of the system shall be determined by the use of
a Megohmmeter, at the discretion of the inspector conducting the test.

I. All escalators, if connected to the emergency power system (generator), will also be tested with
the emergency power system. Tests may not be allowed during System Revenue hours.
J. Performance Guarantee: Should any of these tests develop any defects or evidence of poor
workmanship, any variance or noncompliance with the requirements of the specified codes and or
ordinances or any variance or noncompliance with the requirements of these specifications, the
following work and or repairs shall be complete at no expense to the Authority.
1. Replace equipment that does not meet code or specified requirements.
2. Perform work and furnish labor, materials and equipment necessary to meet specified
operation and performance.
3. Perform and assume cost for re-testing required by Governing Code Authority and the
Authority to verify specified operation and performance.
K. Special Tools
1. Diagnostic tool: One (1) per station location.
2. Skirt Index Tools: Three (3) shall be provided to the Authority.
L. Warranties and Interim Maintenance Agreements: Contractor shall be responsible for all warranty
work and interim service for a period of one (1) year. Interim service frequency and service shall
be according to service plan approved by the Authority.


A. Throughout the construction the work areas and revenue areas shall be kept clean and safe.
B. After completion of work of this section, and before the issuance of Certificate of Final
Completion, work shall be thoroughly cleaned, and properly adjusted, so that it is in proper
operating condition. The entire work shall be left in a clean condition, satisfactory to the Authority


A. The Contractor shall provide a training program incorporating all aspects of the installation,
operation and maintenance of the mechanical, electrical and control equipment. The training
program shall be completed within thirty (30) days of final acceptance of the first escalator. The
Contractor shall provide competent equipment manufacturer’s authorized representative, having
specialized technical knowledge and training to conduct the lectures.
B. A two part training course consisting of three (3) days (7 hours per day), shall be provided and
shall include all necessary graphics, equipment, video, etc. One (1) day session shall be
centered on the operation and maintenance of the equipment and system and a two (2) day
session shall deal with controls and trouble-shooting. Course outline and proposed instructors are
to be approved by Authority.
C. A minimum of ten (10) groups of ten (10) maintenance mechanics will attend the training.
Classroom facilities will be provided by the Authority.
D. The course shall cover the theory and the practical aspects of start-up, operation, shutdown,
dismantling, and re-installation of the system furnished and installed under this Contract, but with
the main emphasis directed toward maintenance and trouble-shooting procedures. The students
shall be thoroughly trained in finding and replacing faulty components by means of “test-and-
check” procedures using appropriate test equipment. The course shall be suitable for the
Authority’s maintenance personnel not having prior experience or background in control
maintenance. Each student shall be given a training manual, which shall consist of
manufacturer’s instruction manuals, bulletins and/or cuts covering the approved equipment,
approved equipment drawings and wiring diagrams, maintenance and troubleshooting
procedures, component replacement procedures, testing and alignment procedures, as well as all
other pertinent technical data and information. The approved Operational Maintenance Manual

shall be used as a reference in addition to the training manuals provided. Ten (10) complete, up
to date copies of the Operational Maintenance Manual shall be provided for use in the training
course. All manuals will become the property of the Authority.
E. All drawings and instructional material in the training manuals shall be of good quality. Printed
material shall be used where available, but clean, clearly legible white prints (or other approved
reproductions) of printed material will be acceptable. Material that is faded, smeared, or
otherwise difficult to read will be rejected.


A. Prior to commencement of work on EACH escalator, Contractor will contact the Authority in
writing to determine what equipment, if any, is to be retained by the Authority. Authority
Representative will respond within five (5) working days.
B. The specified equipment shall be delivered to the Authority at the Carmen E. Turner Facility in
Landover, Maryland as directed by the Authority Representative.



Appendix A
EOC Key Functions/Procedures

Appendix B
CIP Commissioning Procedure



Work Order Management

Responding To Callback/Trouble Calls

Caller (Station Manager, ELES In- MOC: EOC:
House or Contract Personnel): 1. Opens work orders in 1. Reviews Equipment, Location,
1. Discovers or responds to Maximo in “Waiting Approval” Description, Labor Group, Work
elevator/escalator outage or status Type, Problem Code for
problem 2. Issues work order number accuracy/consistency
2. Initiates a Station Logbook to caller 2. Checks "Maintenance Alert"
entry 3. Work order notification is box and saves work order to
3. Calls MOC to have a work sent electronically to EOC via check for pre-existing work orders
order opened, and receive a work email - if cancelling work order is
order number 4. Calls EOC as necessary to necessary, notifies MOC and
verify receipt of high priority Station Manager
Note: Remote Monitoring work orders such as 3. Updates equipment status
(SCADA) work orders will be incidents, accidents or key (“Up” or “Down”) as necessary
opened automatically in “Waiting station outages 4. Enters a “Target Finish Date”
Scheduling” status - with no input 5. Changes work order status to
from MOC “Approved” when/if dispatched or
6. Changes work order status to
“In Progress” when/if work is
7. Changes work order status for
SCADA work orders to
“Approved” or “Cancelled” as
8. For Incidents/Accidents, notify
appropriate inspectors,
supervisors and management
Starting Assigned/Scheduled Work Actions
ELES In-House or Contract MOC: EOC:
Personnel: 1. If called, opens work orders 1. Reviews and updates
1. Has been scheduled to perform in Maximo in “Waiting equipment status (“Up” or
a service action (repair, Approval” status “Down”) as necessary
maintenance, inspection, etc) 2. Issues work order number 2. Changes work order status to
2. Initiates a Station Logbook to caller “In Progress” when/if work is
entry 3. Work order notification is starting
3. Calls EOC when arriving at job sent electronically to EOC via
site to report start of work action email
for scheduled work orders
4. Calls MOC to obtain Preventive
Maintenance, Inspection or
Repair work order numbers, calls
EOC to report work start

Updating/Completing Work Orders
All ELES Personnel (Mechanics, EOC:
Supervisors, Inspectors, Contract, 1. Reviews and updates equipment status (“Up” or “Down”) as
Parts Support): necessary
1. Assigned or scheduled service 2. Leaves work order status as “In Progress” if work is ongoing, or
action is performed (callback, equipment is unavailable for use
repair, maintenance, inspection, 3. Changes work order status to “Complete” if all work is complete
parts delivery/pickup, etc) and the equipment is in service - for Incidents/Accidents
2. Completes Station Logbook management approval must be obtained in advance
entry 4. Enters Actuals data (Task, Component, Position, Reason For
3. Calls EOC to update/complete Repair, Work Accomplished Codes)
work order, with the following 5. Will generate child work orders for follow-up work actions, such
data: description, start/stop times, as Safety Work Orders and Incomplete PM’s
component code, position code (if
needed), work accomplished
code, reason for repair code

Staff Coordination
All ELES Personnel (Mechanics, Supervisors, Inspectors, Contract, Parts Support) must call the EOC:
1. Call Supervisors at the beginning of work shifts - only call EOC if no Supervisor available
2. Call EOC when arriving or departing locations/assignments during shift
3. Call Supervisor at the end of work shifts - only call EOC if no Supervisor available
4. Supervisors will call EOC with updated attendance

Workflow Coordination
All requests/schedules for planned activities should be submitted to the EOC:
1. Planned Elevator outages (for Bus Bridges)
2. Preventive Maintenance, Rehab/CIP, Major/scheduled repairs, and Inspection schedules
3. Support requests/commitments
4. Overtime requests/schedules
5. Panel re-skin pickups and deliveries

Materials Support Coordination

ELES Callback Mechanics Only: ELES Maintenance/Repair EOC:
1.Calls EOC to initiate Mechanics: 1. Coordinates parts deliveries;
parts/materials reservations in 1. Calls supervisor to initiate initiates a parts/materials
Maximo and to coordinate parts parts/materials reservation in reservations in Maximo for out of
deliveries for out of service units Maximo and to coordinate service units and/or emergencies
and/or emergencies only parts deliveries only
2. Supervisors will call EOC
to coordinate parts deliveries




The purpose of this administrative procedure is to establish consistent guidelines within TIES, so
affected staff can effectively manage the elevator/escalator commissioning process for new or
modernized elevators/escalators.


This procedure is applicable to all TIES offices, Contractor, Vendor and Consultant Program/Project
employees but specifically intended for use by the Office of Elevators and Escalators, Capital
Improvement Program Management, Inspections Group, Maintenance Group and Engineering.


A. The General Superintendent of TIES/ELES and the TIES/ELES CIP Project Manager are
responsible for the overall implementation and enforcement of this procedure.

B. The TIES/ELES CIP Group is responsible for the overall administration of the
modernization and/or replacement process as well as the quality assurance (testing and
inspections) of vertical transportation equipment.

C. The CIP Project Manager, CIP Assistant Project Manager and Construction Engineer are
responsible for maintaining and updating this procedure. The CIP Project Manager is
responsible for assigning staff to manage and monitor the modernization/replacement
process and perform the testing and inspections of the vertical transportation equipment.

D. Supervisors of Contract Inspections/Inspectors are responsible for the day-to-day

monitoring of construction activities. Tasks include:
a) Recording contractor’s daily activities
b) Performing O & I
c) Verifying completion of items found during O & I
d) Monitoring construction for adherence to specifications
e) Monitoring construction for adherence to applicable codes
f) Notifying construction engineers of unforeseen field conditions
g) Estimating per cent complete of project
h) Conducting SCI [in Arlington County, Virginia, the SCI is equivalent to an acceptance
i) Creating punch lists
j) Verifying completion of punch list items

E. The assistant project manager and construction engineers are responsible for overseeing
tests and inspections. Tasks include:

a) Tracking progress of construction toward completion
b) Scheduling SCI with contractor
c) Assigning ELES inspectors to perform SCI
d) Assisting/participating in a small number of inspections
e) Coordinating with other departments to perform system tests of equipment that affects
elevators/escalators e.g. TSSM/COMM to perform test of smoke detection system
f) Creating and tracking punch list items from the O&I and SCI
g) Scheduling the AHJ in Maryland
h) Tracking punch list items created by AHJ inspectors
i) Tracking acceptance inspection documents from AHJ and SCI documents from
j) Coordinating with Maintenance Manager and CIP Project Manager to return vertical
transportation equipment to service


AHJ Authority Having Jurisdiction

ASME A17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators
CIP Capital Improvement Program
COMM Communications
DCRA Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs (Washington, DC)
DLLR Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation (Maryland)
ELES Office of Elevator and Escalator Services
O&I Open Step Inspection/Open and Inspect
SCI Substantial Completion Inspection
TIES Transit Infrastructure and Engineering Services


A. A report of substantial completion of the vertical transportation equipment will be issued by

the Authority upon completion of the modernization/replacement of the equipment. An
acceptance report of the equipment will be issued by the AHJ except for Arlington County,
VA where the Authority is the AHJ. These reports indicate that the elevator/escalator meet
the minimum standards for revenue service operations and could include a list of
discrepancies. The discrepancies shall be corrected by the Contractor or responsible
Authority department within 30 days.

B. The Contractor shall have their representatives perform all tests and inspections required
by the contract. The Contractor shall provide all tools and personnel necessary to perform
the required tests and inspections.

C. The Contractor is responsible for enforcing its quality plan. Therefore, the Contractor shall
provide all necessary resources to prepare the elevators/escalators and ensure they are
ready for the Authority’s inspection prior to requesting an SCI.


A. Day-to-day review of the Contractor’s progress will be monitored by a WMATA Supervisor
of Contract Inspections. One Supervisor of Contract Inspections will be assigned to each
project and will be designated as the Inspector of Record for the specific project.

B. The Contractor will complete and ensure that all work done is in compliance with approved
technical specifications, applicable codes and quality standards. The Contractor must
notify the ELES CIP Group one week prior to the equipment inspection date.

C. WMATA Supervisor of Contract Inspections will complete an SCI. The SCI will be
composed of several tests and deliverables including but not limited to the following:

a) Safety Switch Activation

b) Run Tests
c) Smoke Test/fire Service
d) Comb Impact Switch Activation Force Measurement
e) Brake Torque and Slide
f) Step-to-Skirt Index
g) Wiring Diagrams (as-built)
h) PLC program
i) Locking Bars
j) Handheld Maintenance Station

The Supervisor of Contract Inspections will complete the commissioning checklists during
the substantial completion inspection.

D. The Contractor must correct all major discrepancies before being allowed to start the next
modernization/replacement. Exceptions will be handled on a case by case basis. The
Contractor needs to request a second inspection to close the discrepancies.

E. All units will undergo a 72-hour “burn-in” period before the Contractor moves to the next
piece of equipment.


A. Elevator/Escalator Inspection Checklist

B. Major Component Checklist
C. Operating & Safety Devices Checklist
D. Comb Impact Installation Inspection
E. Step-to-Skirt Graph

Attachment A - Elevator/Escalator Inspection Checklist (Sample)

Escalator Inspection Checklist Date Date:


Top Comb Impact Results:

Direction Left Center Right
Vertical N/A
Horizontal Unit No.:
Bottom Comb Impact Results:
ASME A17.1 Code Year:___
Direction Left Center Right
Vertical N/A
Dynamometer Serial No.: Calibration Expiration Date:

Safety Switches Tested Mechanically________ Passed _______ Failed

Smoke Test ________Passed_________Failed
Underspeed/Overspeed Conditions Demonstrated: XX overspeed tripped; xx underspeed tripped
Brake Torque ; Torque Wrench S/N: xxxxxx Calibration Date: xx/xx/xx
Brake Slide Down: Actual: xx” PLC: xx” Up: Actual: xx” PLC:
Up Direction Handrail Speed ______ left H/R ______ right H/R
Down direction Handrail Speed ______ left H/R ______ right H/R
Step Speed______ up direction______ down direction
350 lbs Load Test on Top and Bottom Combs___Passed ___Failed
Floor Plate Gaps _______Top ________Bottom
Light Levels (FC): Top Landing Combplate: xx/Floorplate: xx; Bottom Landing Combplate: xx/Floorplate: xx
Light Levels (FC): Incline: xx; Controller: xx
Balustrade Panels Gaps: Acceptable
Disconnect: Fused and Lockable: Yes Electrical Feed Label:____________________
Jumpers Removed from Controller/Jumper Log Completed _____________________
Gear oil level in reducer:
Step-Skirt Index: _____Passed ______Failed
Run Test: Up Direction Hours Completed ____ Date Checked_____
Run Test: Down Direction Hours Completed ____ Date Checked_____
Stuck Keyswitch Test: ____Passed; _____Failed
Powerloss Fault Recall Test: _____Passed; _____Failed

Visual Inspection Comments:

 Steps (treads, demarcations, step tabs):
 Rollers (step and axle, half moon clips):
 Handrails (pinch points, color, track, Nylatron, Nylathin):
 Conduits and Fittings (anti-short bushings/inserts):
 Boxes (labels, openings, covers):
 Wires (labels, gauge, color):
 Lights (balustrade, understep, comb, direction):

 Deck (gaps and baggage stops):
 Signs (deck, key switch, machine space):
 Comb Sections:
 Remote Monitoring (kiosk lights):

Attachment B - Major Component Checklist (Sample)

Attachment C - Operating & Safety Devices Checklist (Sample)

Attachment D - Comb Impact Installation Inspection (Sample)


Comb Impact Installation Inspection



Top Comb Impact Results:
Direction Left Center Right
Vertical N/A

Bottom Comb Impact Results:
Direction Left Center Right
Vertical N/A

Dynamometer Serial No.: Calibration Expiration Date:


Attachment E - Step-to-Skirt Graph (Sample)