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Summer Internship Report

2019

vConstruct Pvt. Ltd

In partial fulfilment of Academic Requirement for the award of Post Graduate Program in
Advanced Construction Management

Submitted By:

Shivam Sood

(PP18085)

(22nd April 2019 - 28th June 2019)


Summer Internship Report, 2019

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CONSTRUCTION


MANAGEMENT AND RESEARCH
PUNE

The Name of Company vConstruct Pvt. Ltd.


1 Confidential Project (Commercial/ Mixed Use Building)
Name of Project(s) (If Applicable)
2 Confidential Project (Commercial/Lifesciences)
3 Confidential Project (Park, Amphitheater)
Place of Work Pune
Department Virtual Design and Construction (VDC)- Concrete Vertical
Name of Student Shivam Sood
Roll No. PP18085

Mailing Address

Company Personal

4th & 5th Floor Tower B1, IT & ITES, SEZ Vill. Garh Pukhar, V.P.O Pragpur,
Magarpatta City, Hadapsar, Tehsil Pragpur, Dist. Kangra,
Pune- 411013 Himachal Pradesh- 177107
Phone No. : +91-8446001610, +91-8446001611 Phone No.: +91-7807116005
Email ID: vconstructinfo@vconstruct.in
praving@vconstruct.in Email ID: sood.shivam1@gmail.com
Mr. Pravin Gaikwad Shivam Sood
Project Coach VDC Intern
vConstruct Pvt. Ltd. NICMAR, Pune

Date: Date:
Place: Place:

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vConstruct Pvt. Ltd. NICMAR, Pune
Summer Internship Report, 2019

Table of Contents
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................................................................ 6
About the Company ............................................................................................................................... 7
vCONSTRUCT ...................................................................................................................................... 7
About DPR Construction: ................................................................................................................... 9
Building Information and Modeling (BIM) ............................................................................................ 9
Advantages of BIM: ............................................................................................................................ 9
Limitations of BIM ............................................................................................................................ 10
Future Scope ..................................................................................................................................... 11
Added Benefits of BIM ..................................................................................................................... 11
Aspects of BIM.................................................................................................................................. 12
BIM Level of Development............................................................................................................... 13
Project Lifecycle and BIM ................................................................................................................. 14
Difference between 3D CAD, BIM, VDC ........................................................................................... 16
vConstruct VDC Verticals and Services ................................................................................................ 17
1. Concrete & Structural Services ................................................................................................ 17
2. Drywall ...................................................................................................................................... 17
3. Reality Capture ......................................................................................................................... 17
4. MEP & Site Utilities .................................................................................................................. 17
5. BIM Coordination ..................................................................................................................... 17
6. Proposal Modeling Team ......................................................................................................... 17
VDC Role in Project Lifecycle ............................................................................................................... 18
Organization Structure ......................................................................................................................... 18
1. Project Coach ............................................................................................................................ 18
2. Project Lead .............................................................................................................................. 19
3. Project Member........................................................................................................................ 19
The Role Division Scenarios ............................................................................................................. 19
Concrete & Structural Services ............................................................................................................ 20
Why Do Client Needs Concrete and Structural Services ................................................................. 20
Deliverables in Concrete & Structural Services ............................................................................... 21
Concrete & Structural Services Workflow ....................................................................................... 21
Roles and Responsibilities................................................................................................................ 22
Projects Fulfilled ................................................................................................................................... 23
1. Project-1 ................................................................................................................................... 23
About ............................................................................................................................................ 23
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vConstruct Pvt. Ltd. NICMAR, Pune
Summer Internship Report, 2019
Project Information ...................................................................................................................... 24
Project Deliverables and Scope of Work ..................................................................................... 24
Difficulties Faced and Possible Solutions .................................................................................... 29
Software Utilization ..................................................................................................................... 31
2. Project - 2 .................................................................................................................................. 32
About ............................................................................................................................................ 32
Project Information ...................................................................................................................... 32
Project Deliverables ..................................................................................................................... 32
Scope of Work .............................................................................................................................. 32
Difficulties Faced and Possible Solutions .................................................................................... 37
Software Utilization ..................................................................................................................... 38
3. Project - 3 .................................................................................................................................. 38
About ............................................................................................................................................ 38
Project Information ...................................................................................................................... 39
Project Deliverables ..................................................................................................................... 39
Scope of Work .............................................................................................................................. 39
Software Utilization ..................................................................................................................... 40
Productivity Tracker ............................................................................................................................. 41
Meetings and Team Bonding Activities Weekly Meetings ................................................................ 42
Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................ 43
References ............................................................................................................................................ 44

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List of Figures
Figure 1: The Benefits of BIM................................................................................................................ 10
Figure 2: Perceived ROI on BIM for Transportation Infrastructure (According to BIM Users) ............. 11
Figure 3: From 3D to 8D ........................................................................................................................ 13
Figure 4: Level of Detail/Development ................................................................................................. 13
Figure 5: BIM in Project Lifecycle .......................................................................................................... 14
Figure 6: Project Lifecycle Phases ......................................................................................................... 15
Figure 7: VDC Services in Project Timeline ........................................................................................... 18
Figure 8: Project Timeline and VDC Team Roles ................................................................................... 19
Figure 9: Role Matrix Scenarios ............................................................................................................ 19
Figure 10: Concrete and Structural Services Spread............................................................................. 20
Figure 11: Concrete Vertical Workflow w.r.t Client .............................................................................. 21
Figure 12: Rendered/Proposed view .................................................................................................... 23
Figure 13: Project Information .............................................................................................................. 24
Figure 14: Site View of Building under Construction ............................................................................ 24
Figure 15: Rectification in 3D modeling due to scope addition ............................................................ 25
Figure 16: Framing Plan ........................................................................................................................ 26
Figure 17: EOS Plan ............................................................................................................................... 26
Figure 18: TOC BOC Plan ....................................................................................................................... 27
Figure 19: Embeds Plan ......................................................................................................................... 27
Figure 20: Sleeves and Penetration Plan .............................................................................................. 28
Figure 21: Overlay Popup in Bluebeam Revu........................................................................................ 28
Figure 22: Output of overlays ............................................................................................................... 29
Figure 23: Issue Log in Bluebeam Revu................................................................................................. 30
Figure 24: Space Constraints and Callout for Sleeves ........................................................................... 30
Figure 25: Typical Images of Shoring, Piling and Anchors..................................................................... 33
Figure 26: Plan of Shoring Model.......................................................................................................... 34
Figure 27: Pile and Anchor Schedule Prepared in Revit........................................................................ 34
Figure 28: Wall Profiling in Revit ........................................................................................................... 35
Figure 29: 3D Model of prepared Shoring System in Revit ................................................................... 35
Figure 30: QC of Schedule done in Bluebeam Revu(left) and Excel(right) ........................................... 36
Figure 31: Shoring Schedule.................................................................................................................. 36
Figure 32: Power BI Dashboard of Issue Logs ....................................................................................... 36
Figure 33: Critical Corner of East Wall and Corner Left without Anchors ............................................ 37
Figure 34: Anchors Placement in Staggered Pattern ............................................................................ 37
Figure 35: Shop Drawing Elevation, Sections and Details Including Penetration ................................. 39
Figure 36: 3D Wall Modeling ................................................................................................................ 40
Figure 37: Productivity Tracker ............................................................................................................. 41
Figure 38: Focus Hours and collaboration time: My Analytics ............................................................. 41

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Summer Internship Report, 2019
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The opportunity I had which was provided to me by my institution, NICMAR, Pune to serve as an intern
with vConstruct Private Limited was a great pleasure to acknowledge the invaluable assistance of
Concrete Services team who helped me through the course of my journey in successful completion of
this Internship. Through this internship I learnt and had exposure of this promising, multidisciplinary
and organized technology and its adaptability in construction industry.

vConstruct has provided me with hands-on experience by assigning responsibilities that helped me in
evolving my skills both on personal and professional fronts. I worked in a healthy and flat hierarchal
structure during my internship tenure in vConstruct. Working in vConstruct also gave me an exposure
to construction ethics which are followed in other countries especially USA. Every person with whom I
have worked here even other employees who were directly or indirectly involved were very helpful.
Not only in workload I was also kept involved in extra co-curricular activities and never felt like I am
working as an n Intern. I consider myself very lucky to be a part of such an esteemed organization.

I would like to extend my deepest gratitude to Mr. Saurabh Tiwari, Director and Mrs. Durga Saripally
Tiwari, Operations Manager for providing me a wonderful chance to carry out my internship in
vConstruct. It really has been a big milestone in my career development.

I would like to extend my warm regards and gratitude to Mr. Pravin Gaikwad, Mr. Arun Sundaram, Mr.
Chaitanya Belsare, Mr. Kowshik Gowda and Ms. Satya Mishra for providing constant guidance and
bearing with my mistakes with patience throughout the period which was extremely valuable for my
learning.

Also, I would like to extend my gratitude to Mr. Suraj Sontakke, Mr. AK Harikrishnan, Ms. Avisha Verma
for providing me valuable support, training and organizing the Concrete team with perfection and
Excellency.

I would like to also extend my deepest gratitude to Mr. Intequab Khan (HR) and Mr. Bikash Shrestha
and Nagesh Jeughule (IT) who have been responsible for making the whole process happen smoothly.

Name: Shivam Sood

Roll No: PP18085

Batch: PEM 14th Batch

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vConstruct Pvt. Ltd. NICMAR, Pune
Summer Internship Report, 2019
About the Company
vConstruct Private Limited is a young organization formed in 2013 dedicated to optimizing design and
construction processes using Virtual Simulation, Lean Construction and Integrated Project Delivery
Practices. We realize this by offering Virtual Design and Construction Services and Consultancy
Solutions to AEC, Infrastructure and Utilities sector leveraged on latest BIM platforms.
vConstruct is a wholly owned subsidiary of DPR Construction, USA.
Combining our trained and proficient team with experience across complex projects we focus on
building better, smarter and faster through delivery of our services and solutions related to:

1. Virtual Design and Construction


2. Lean Construction
3. Integrated Project Delivery

vCONSTRUCT
Purpose: vConstruct exists to build better, faster and smarter.

Core Values:

1. Integrity is Integral:
We conduct all business with the highest standards of honesty and fairness; we can be
trusted.
2. People are Pivotal:
We are a people driven company. We believe that only a great company to work for is a
great company to work with.
3. Ever forward Spirit:
We believe in continual self-initiated change, improvement and learning to be better and
smarter at everything we do.
vConstruct specializes in providing high quality Building Information Modelling and Construction
Technology services geared towards construction projects. vConstruct is one among the very few
companies in India to have expertise in providing BIM related consultancy services.

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vConstruct Pvt. Ltd. NICMAR, Pune
Summer Internship Report, 2019

vConstruct Pvt. Ltd. offers the following services:


1. Virtual Design and Construction
The forte of vConstruct is in virtual design and construction (VDC). They deliver to requests for 3D
modeling for construction, BIM Coordination, BIM for Planning, 4D Modeling, BIM for Quantity Take-
off, 5D Integration, BIM for FM, 6D Integration, Model QA/QC, Document Control and Information
Management, Change Management for drawings and models. They also produce high level of detail
virtual mock-ups for project specific details.

 3-D Modeling
 BIM Coordination
 BIM for Planning
 BIM for Quantity Take off and Costing
 BIM for Facilities Management
 Change Management- Drawings and Models
 BIM QA/QC
 Virtual Mockups
 Document Control and Information Management

2. Project Admin Services


vConstruct is providing Project Administration Services for projects in the areas of Slip sheeting
Bulletins/ASIs/Addenda, Post RFIs and Hyperlink to Drawings, Drawing overlays, clouding and
annotating, PCI Management. For RFI Submittal and Support they investigate Distribution of RFIs/
Bulletins with RFQ, Close RFIs in CMiC, Create Submittal Log, QC Submittal, create Transmittal, etc.
For BIM to Field effort vConstruct offer service for Publishing BIM to Field (Glue, etc.), Model version
comparisons, etc. They also provide reporting services involving Collection of Data, Publishing project
dashboard and KPI reports.
 RFI Submittal & Support
 Publish to BIM 360/Glue/Plan/Layout
 Project KPI Reporting
 Pre-Construction Document Control & Information Management

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About DPR Construction:
DPR construction has been founded by Doug Woods, Peter Nosler and Ron Davidowski in July 1990.
Since 1997, it has continued to rank in the top 50 general contractors in the country.
DPR Construction is a national commercial general contractor and construction manager specializing
in technically challenging and sustainable projects for the advanced technology, biopharmaceutical,
corporate office, and higher education and healthcare markets.
vConstruct is acting as of the many strategic partners of DPR Constructions in field of VDC.

Building Information and Modeling (BIM)

The US National Building Information Model Standard Project Committee has the following definition
of BIM,
‘Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a digital representation of physical and functional
characteristics of a facility. A BIM is a shared knowledge resource for information about a facility
forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life-cycle; defined as existing from earliest conception
to demolition.’
Building information modelling (BIM) is an intelligent model-based process that provides insight to
help you plan, design, construct, and manage buildings and infrastructure. Building information
modelling (BIM) is a process involving the generation and management of digital representations of
physical and functional characteristics of places.
Building information models (BIMs) are intelligent models loaded with information associated with
different objects that are being modelled. This information acts as reinforcement for various decisions
taken during the execution of any project. BIMs are files which can be exchanged between different
stakeholders of a project. It also helps in avoiding loss of information since enabling all the project
members to work on a central model.
Traditional building design was largely reliant upon two-dimensional technical drawings (plans,
elevations, sections, etc.). Building information modelling extends this beyond 3D, augmenting the
three primary spatial dimensions (width, height and depth) with time as the fourth dimension (4D)
and cost as the fifth (5D), etc. BIM therefore covers more than just geometry. It also covers spatial
relationships, light analysis, geographic information, and quantities and properties of building
components.

Advantages of BIM:
 Better Planning and Design
Using BIM we can visualize a completed building and all its components and systems before
the first brick is laid. This information allows better planning and design that takes best
advantage of available space and resources.
 Fewer Reworks
BIM allows us to see potential problem areas and fix them before the error is committed,
reducing the need of costly rework and revisions thus saving money and resources.

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 Saving on Materials
BIM systems track and monitor resources and provide detailed information on needs even
before construction begins. You are less likely to order more than needed and can replenish
supplies only when necessary.
 Support for Prefabrication
BIM allows us and our partners to more easily prefabricate components of the project offsite,
which saves time and money.

Benifits of BIM
5% 3%
7%
30%
14%

20%
21%

Visualization Quantity Information,Lists


Checking Designs Controlling Schedules and Costs
More Specific Design Design Eases
Simulations and Energy Calculations

Figure 1: The Benefits of BIM

Limitations of BIM
 Incompatibility with partners
The usage of BIM is not yet entirely among construction specialists. There is always the chance
that any of your associates or subcontractors may not use BIM. There are also chances they
may not be able to handle your models.
 Any Legal issues
The legal implications of using BIM software have not yet been broadly tested.
 Cost of software
BIM software needs substantial financing in new technology. The benefits usually perform the
investment worthwhile, but mainly if the software usage is to its full capability.
 Lack of expertise
The comparable newness of BIM indicates that there are very fewer numbers of experts
working in this field. Your software purchase may need extra investment in training and
education.

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Future Scope
At present, BIM has exhibited the potential to trigger work more resourcefully and, in less duration,
which directly helps in project cost savings. As the BIM are used throughout a building’s life cycle,
these benefits will be seen throughout the life cycle and not just the planning through construction
stages.

Over the next few years, the projected percentage that involves BIM will rise by 50% on average. BIM
gives us an opportunity to reimagine the practice, in a much more structured and organized way.
Then, it allowed us to have more quality control, [and be] more organized and thorough, which is
really important for a small practice trying to grow. And that increases the confidence in some clients.

The implementation of BIM has shown a reduction of wastes involved in design development.

RETURN ON INVESTMENT

20%
28%

4%

11%

37%

Psoitive ROI of 25% or more Positive ROI under 25% Break-Even Negataive ROI Not Sure

Figure 2: Perceived ROI on BIM for Transportation Infrastructure (According to BIM Users)

Added Benefits of BIM


 Improved visualization.
 Improved productivity due to easy retrieval of information.
 Increased coordination of construction documents.
 Embedding and linking of vital information such as vendors for specific materials, location of
details and quantities required for estimation and tendering.
 Increased speed of delivery.
 Reduced costs.

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Aspects of BIM
 3D BIM
3 dimensional (3D) BIM, or a shared informational model, adds an additional “Z-axis” to the
existing X and Y-axis. 3D BIM is perhaps, the most commonly known kind of BIM, a concept
that most people are familiar with. It is the process of creating graphical and non-graphical
information and sharing this information in the common data environment, widely known as
CDE.
This helps participants to manage their multidisciplinary collaboration more effectively in
modeling and analyzing complex structural problems. Furthermore, accurate data can be
collected throughout the project lifecycle and stored in the Building Information Model – new
values can be added to predictive models allowing to resolve issues proactively.
 4D BIM
Going UP a level to the 4th dimension or 4D BIM, is taking a simple 3D BIM model, and
applying the ‘TIME’ element to it. 4D BIM adds an additional dimension of information to a
project and information model in the form of scheduling data. This data is added to the
components that we build, in detail, as the project progresses.
The utilization of 4D-BIM technology can result in improved control over conflict detection or
over the complexity of changes occurring during the course of a construction project as
information can be used to obtain accurate program visualizations, showing you just how the
project will develop sequentially. 4D BIM provides approaches for management and
envisioning site status information, alteration impacts, as well as backing up communication
in various situations such as informing site staff or cautioning them about potential threats.
 5D BIM
Moving on, the 5th Dimension (5D) takes a simple 3D geometry and applies the ‘COST’
element to a project. This allows the participants to visualize the progress of their activities
and estimates the overall costing associated with it, resulting in greater accuracy and
feasibility of any given project.
As the cost managers are involved from the start of the project, this helps BIM managers and
the design teams to realize exactly where they stand throughout the various stages of the
project as this data can be queried at any given time, as long as the information is updated
regularly in the software.
Comparing 5D with a traditional approach, where the cost reports aren’t updated as regularly
and only a few times, that too only during the early stages of the project, can result in many
modifications and changes in designs and/or material requirements.
 6D BIM
Finally, we come to the 6D BIM process also known as the ‘project life cycle information.’
6D is sometimes referred to as Facilities Management Where a model is created by the
designer and updated throughout the construction phase, it will have the capacity to become
an ‘as built’ model, which also can be turned over to the owner. The model will be able to
contain all of the specifications, operation, and maintenance (O&M) manuals and warranty
information, useful for future maintenance. This eliminates the problems that can be
experienced if the O&M manual has been misplaced or is kept at a remote location.
This stage also requires capturing data, where relevant data is recorded throughout the
operation phase of a building, enabling BIM to be used in a model, evaluating its energy
efficiency, monitoring a building’s lifecycle cost and optimizing its cost efficiency. This also
enables the owner to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of any proposed upgrades.

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 7D BIM
BIM (seventh-dimensional building information modelling) is used by managers in the
operation and maintenance of the facility throughout its life cycle. The seventh dimension of
BIM allows participants to extract and track relevant asset data such as component status,
specifications, maintenance/operation manuals, warranty data etc.

Figure 3: From 3D to 8D

BIM Level of Development

The BIM's Level of Detail (LOD) - defines how the 3D geometry of the building model can achieve
different levels of refinement, is used as a measure of the service level required.

Figure 4: Level of Detail/Development

The LOD framework defines the following model element content requirements:

 LOD 100
The Model Element may be graphically represented in the Model with a symbol or other generic
representation, but does not satisfy the requirements for LOD 200. Information related to
the Model Element (i.e., cost per square foot, tonnage of HVAC, etc.) can be derived from
other Model Elements.
 LOD 200
The Model Element is graphically represented within the Model as a generic system, object,
or assembly with approximate quantities, size, shape, location, and orientation. Non-graphic
information may also be attached to the Model Element.

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 LOD 300
The Model Element is graphically represented within the Model as a specific system, object,
or assembly in terms of quantity, size, shape, location, and orientation. Non-graphic information
may also be attached to the Model Element.
 LOD 400
The Model Element is graphically represented within the Model as a specific system, object
or assembly in terms of size, shape, location, quantity, and orientation with
detailing, fabrication, assembly, and installation information. Non-graphic information may also be
attached to the Model Element.
 LOD 500
The Model Element is a field verified representation in terms of size, shape, location, quantity, and
orientation. Non-graphic information may also be attached to the Model Elements.

Project Lifecycle and BIM

Figure 5: BIM in Project Lifecycle

 Decision Making
By reducing poor design decisions by using BIM models and BIM tools during design and
construction, decision making is greatly improved.
 Contract Documentation
By reducing the level of unknowns in contract documents and leveraging BIM to reestablish accuracy
and precision and improve construction cognition and assembly understanding of all project
participants, contract documentation becomes better.
 Preconstruction Estimation
Reducing the level of guesswork and inefficiency by leveraging schematic design take-offs generated
in the BIM process greatly improves pre-construction estimation. This also includes leveraging the
use of multiple pricing models by the contractor and reuse as built digital models in new markets.
 Procurement and Scheduling
Reforming procurement and project scheduling using time modelling and cost modelling (BIM
4D/5D) eliminates job-site downtime and improves sub trade coordination, overlap and phasing.
 Coordination
Reducing the number of field coordination errors by integrating models of the major design early in
the process and using clash detection software to facilitate interdisciplinary design coordination
solves coordination issues virtually rather than in the field.

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 Cost Efficiency
Reducing cost impacts of coordination errors, incorrect fabrication, and improper installation by
adopting a pre-fit workflow from the designer to the subcontractor and enforcing greater
installation precision greatly improves cost efficiency. Using BIM in the IPD model also reduces the
use of overtime labor and reduces spending in general conditions, insurance, and carrying costs by
optimizing project schedules that result in faster construction.
 Close-out Documents
Migrating to a BIM-centric approach for all project documents transitions the traditional close-out
documents into digital ones allows the project owner/operator to continue using the documents
from the design and construction phase all through out to facilities management and to overall
building lifecycle management.

Figure 6: Project Lifecycle Phases

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Difference between 3D CAD, BIM, VDC
 3D CAD
CAD, or Computer Assisted Design, is the oldest methodology of the three. This is a design and
documentation tool that uses computer technology to arrive at the most accurate,
comprehensive and information-rich model within its parameters. It is typically used for
designing and engineering complex projects, from mobile phones to airplanes to buildings,
which include multiple precision parts and components.
CAD utilizes both 2D drawings and 3D models. 3D CAD has been standard in manufacturing
since the 1990s and has benefited the industry enormously in terms of allowing more complex
design work to be executed quickly and more efficiently. Its widespread adoption was largely
driven by the need for businesses to remain competitive, as 3D CAD enabled products to be
delivered to market a lot faster than before, and so any company not using 3D CAD would
inevitably lag. 3D CAD has been increasingly used for the design of buildings.
 BIM
While CAD is a technological tool, BIM (Building Information Modelling) should be understood
as a process of collaboration that is facilitated by the latest digital technology. By providing a
holistic approach to construction that unifies design, building and documentation across a
project's lifespan, BIM has caused considerable positive disruption to the construction
industry in recent years. The key difference between BIM and 3D CAD is that a BIM file is much
more information-rich, and includes details of performance characteristics, specifications, and
other non-physical data embedded in a shared 3D digital model of the project.
BIM is a technologically enabled process of collaborative design and production that allows
architects, engineers, clients, and contractors to collaboratively work together in a single
model, both simultaneously and in sequence. Using a shared computer-generated model and
database, decisions can be made, and problems defined and solved prior to the project
"breaking ground". Clash detection and coordination across trades can be resolved in
coordination meetings prior to construction — avoiding delays and issues in the field. This
saves time and money as well as reducing environmental impact. BIM also allows for more
complex and ambitious 3D design to be realized successfully and safely.
 VDC
VDC, or Virtual Design and Construction, is the most difficult of the three terms to define —
there is no single agreed upon understanding of this phrase. The use of the word 'virtual' is
perhaps misleading here, as this implies that VDC is a form of digital software. But, although
information technology will almost certainly be used, VDC like BIM is a process and a way of
working that involves the management of integrated multidisciplinary performance models.
It is a way of coming up with an ideal strategy for a given project that incorporates the right
people and the right technology. VDC emphasizes collaboration and integrated working, and
BIM is frequently a valuable part of VDC. BIM and VDC should not be considered analogous,
however. Virtual design and construction need not necessarily involve building information
modeling and building information modeling can be undertaken without it being considered
part of virtual design and construction. BIM is a much more specific process than VDC, but
both are essentially methods of planning and managing a project collaboratively.

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vConstruct VDC Verticals and Services

1. Concrete & Structural Services


 Concrete Modelling
 Shop Drawing Creation
 Rebar & PT Tendons Modeling
 Formwork Modeling
 Trimble Field Point Layout Drawings
 Shop Drawing Review
 Model Based Quantity Take-off

2. Drywall
 Critical Stud Modeling
 MEP Opening Modeling
 Spool Sheet Creation
 Backing and Anchor Points Modeling

3. Reality Capture
 Reality Capture Analysis (LiDar/Photogrammetry/Data Sensing &
Visualization/Drone Scanning)
 As Built Modeling
 As built Verification
 Floor Slope Modelling
 Floor Slope Heat Map
 As Built Model for FM

4. MEP & Site Utilities


 Design Modelling
 Clash Coordination
 Shop Drawing Generation
 GPS Points Generation
 As Built Modeling

5. BIM Coordination
 Building
 Trade Coordination
 Information
 Information Coordination
 Data Coordination
 Modeling
 Model Coordination

6. Proposal Modeling Team


 Still Renders
 Site Logistics
 Site Construction Sequencing
 Video Renders
 4D Construction Sequencing Animation
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 Exterior Walkthrough
 Interior Walkthrough
 Site Logistics

VDC Role in Project Lifecycle

Figure 7: VDC Services in Project Timeline

Organization Structure
The VDC team handles the project by dividing roles as:

 Project Coach
 Project Lead
 Project Member

There is no restriction as who can be coach lead or member it is purely based on expertise and
responsibility, even 1 member can play multiple roles.

This is in fact due to flat hierarchy followed at vConstruct.

1. Project Coach
 Estimate scope of work and submit proposals.
 Induct project leads and members to new projects/additional scope.
 Explain value addition and guide on best practices.
 Project health Check.
 Manage resources.
 Conduct client feedback sessions.
 Ensure QC work plan is implemented consistently.
 Rapid feedback program
 Document lessons learnt.
 Invoicing.
 Kickoff meeting with client.
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2. Project Lead
 Produce QC for project.
 Plan delivery schedule.
 Understand contract and scope.
 Estimate and execute change orders.
 Day to day client communications.
 Set up project control meetings and maintain project control KPIs.
 Maintain resource requirement on workload distribution.
 Notify project coach for additional scope and resource requirement.
 Document and implement best practices.
 Hold project close out meeting to discuss the best practices and lessons learnt.
 Train new members.
 Convene project kick-off meeting to project members.
 Get project sign-off document after project close-out.
 Ensure client satisfaction while production.
 Call client within a day of work delivered asking for feedback.

3. Project Member
 Production and QC their tasks.
 Production and QC of production by others.
 Participate in client communication and take/manage meetings minute.
 Contribute to project KPI.
 Get internal review for questions before asking clients.
 Contribute best practices.

Project Proposal
Client Project Coach

Project Setup
Client Project Coach Project Lead

Production Phase
Client Project Coach Project Lead Project Member

Project Closeout
Client Project Coach Project Lead

Client Satisfaction Survey


Client Proejct Coach

Figure 8: Project Timeline and VDC Team Roles

The Role Division Scenarios


S.NO. COACH LEADER MEMBER TEAM SIZE
1 1 1 4 6
2 1 1 1 3
3 1 1 2
4 1 1 2
5 1 1
6 (0.5)+1+(0.5) 6
1 3

Figure 9: Role Matrix Scenarios

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Concrete & Structural Services
As per the latest data available, concrete and Structural Services has 70+ projects collaborated with
DPR, with central region of America with most of the projects located, 750+ SQFT. of area modeled
per hour with a team size of 20+ people.

Figure 10: Concrete and Structural Services Spread

Why Do Client Needs Concrete and Structural Services


The main intent is to save time and money for any construction project by

 Identifying Construction Issues


 Finding out Missing Information
 Discrepancy between design drawings

And to get them all resolved before the start of construction on site

But not limited to above and there are other by product from the model like

 Shop drawings for field use


 Quantity take-off for estimates and procurement
 Clash coordination
 Field point layout

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Deliverables in Concrete & Structural Services
1. Concrete Modeling
2. Shop Drawings
 Typical
 Coordinated Embeds Plan
 Coordinated Sleeves and Penetration Drawings
 Quantities- Schedules and Pour Plan
 Custom Made- Soffit Plan
3. Formwork Modeling & Shop Drawing
4. Rebar Modeling
5. Field Point Layout & Deviation Report
6. Tilt-up Panels Modeling and Shop Drawing
7. Issue Log and Dashboard
8. Issue Log using BIM Track

Concrete & Structural Services Workflow

Proposal Inititaion Kick-off Meeting with Client Get Documents from Client

Issue(Constructibility/Missing
Project Setup and Plan
Production Information/Discrepancies)
Deliverables
Clarification, Issue Log Creation

Issue Resolution and


Submission after Final QC
Incorporation

Figure 11: Concrete Vertical Workflow w.r.t Client

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Roles and Responsibilities
As a summer intern, I have been provided the role of ‘Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) Intern’
for a period of 10 weeks.

Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) is the use of integrated multi-disciplinary performance models
of construction projects to support customer’s business objectives.

My major responsibilities as a VDC Intern includes but not limited to the following,

 Develop detailed models based upon libraries of parametric or solid objects which may
include structure, interior and exterior architectural elements.
 Produce dimensioned drawings for layout and pre-fabrication from the models.
 Perform various Quality Checks on the Models to validate models for things like:
 Model completeness
 Alignment with design documents
 Model sanity: No duplication of data, no errors and omissions, continuity of systems
between the different points of connection.
 Develop 3D models and compare the inputs provided by sub-contractors to check for any
discrepancy and later to contact the contractor for possible solutions by deploying RFIs and
generating issue logs.
 Analyze and modify data from BIM in tools like Excel spreadsheet and Microsoft Power BI.
 Communicate with POC based in USA for clarifications and coordination.

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Projects Fulfilled
1. Project- 1 Commercial, Mixed Use Building
2. Project -2 Commercial, Lifesciences Building
3. Project -3 Park, Amphitheatre

1. Project-1

Figure 12: Rendered/Proposed view

About
This project is at the City of Austin’s assigned number for a 1.75-acre downtown block owned by the
University of Texas and bordered by West Seventh, Colorado, West Sixth and Lavaca Streets. But
more importantly, it’s also the presumed name of developer Trammell Crow Company’s planned
mixed-use complex, set to transform the site with a 36-story office tower, retail, restaurants, an
outdoor plaza, and an adaptive reuse project restoring a historic former post office on the
southwestern corner of the site, Claudia Taylor Johnson Hall. With DPR as one of its contractors.
The project would contain two towers, one with apartments and the other offices, with the office
tower slightly taller based on available square footages, for a more visually engaging geometry.
The towers are starting the height count from a 100-foot grade — the data table for the building’s site
plan lists its actual height from ground to top at 512 feet, another thing that’s extremely crucial to
Texas is parking, so this tower will have 1502 total parking spaces spread across seventeen floors, five
of which are underground. The site plan also shows the tower having 3,500 square feet of restaurant
space and 4,300 square feet of retail.

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Project Information

Type of Building Mixed Use Development (Commercial, Residential)


Type of Contract Lumpsum
Location of Project Austin, Texas
Project Address TC AUSTIN BLOCK-71, LLC, 200 W. 6th Austin, TX 78701
Estimated Start Date November,2018
Estimated Completion Date August, 2020
Software Used Autodesk Revit 2018, Bluebeam, Autodesk AutoCAD 2018

Figure 13: Project Information

Figure 14: Site View of Building under Construction

Project Deliverables and Scope of Work


 Base Scope
 Concrete Modeling
 Shop Drawings
 QC of the drawings and model as per the revisions.
 Added Scope
 Coordinated Embeds Modeling
 Coordinated Embeds Shop Drawings
 Coordinated Sleeves and Penetration Drawings

Concrete Modeling
We were required to have following drawings before we create a 3D structural Model and same were
provided by the Architect and Designers, in association with General Contractor DPR Constructions
we can file an RFI or Issue Log in case of any more requirement or clarity.

 Architectural
 Floor Plans
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 Edge of Slab (EOS) Plans
 Reflected Ceiling Plan (RCP)
 Openings Schedule
 Walls Schedule
 Details and Sections
 Structural
 Foundation Plan
 Framing Plan
 Footing, Beams, Column Schedules
 Details and Sections
 MEP
 Layout Plans (For Duct Openings/Shafts/Sleeves/Sump Pit/ Drains)

Concrete Modeling
In concrete modeling I was responsible for modeling any new elements in model if included by any
latest revisions, rectify the existing model in case of modeling error, RFIs, Architectural Supplementary
Information (ASI) and issue logs. Typically a model will be used further for inter trade coordination,
cast in place concrete and constructability review via potential RFI generation.

Figure 15: Rectification in 3D modeling due to scope addition

Shop Drawings
Shop drawings are made for onsite use or reference purposes. Primarily we have to submit the
drawings demanded by the client, 21 days prior to the actual construction start date, this gap can
take care of all the RFIs, issue logs and other interactions regarding the same. Our deliverables in
shop drawings consisted of following drawings

 Foundation Plans
 Framing Plans
 Edge of Slab (EOS) Plans
 Top of Column (TOC) and Bottom of Column (BOC) Plans
 Curtain Wall Embeds

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 Sleeves and Penetrations Plan
 Sections and Details

Figure 16: Framing Plan

Figure 17: EOS Plan

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Figure 18: TOC BOC Plan

Figure 19: Embeds Plan


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Figure 20: Sleeves and Penetration Plan

Quality Check
Quality check (QC) of the shop drawings was done in Bluebeam Revu Extreme 2017 by overlaying them
with designer’s drawing to highlight any missing tag or component prior submission, if there is no
discrepancy between the both drawings resultant overlay will show black (perfectly superimposed)
color if not we can easily figure out which element is left out as color assigned green (new drawing)
or red (old/designer’s drawings) will stand separate.

QC was held in three rounds- Self QC, Peer QC, Final QC.

Both drawings are associated with different colors in Bluebeam later when overlaid changes can be
differentiated.

Figure 21: Overlay Popup in Bluebeam Revu

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Figure 22: Output of overlays

Difficulties Faced and Possible Solutions

1. Missing Information and Discrepancies

There were discrepancies in architectural and designer’s drawing sets, which were at some points
consisted of data without which further modeling and shop drawings cannot be done.

Solution:

We marked all the missing information and discrepancies as issues on the model, shop drawings and
designer’s and architectural drawings and CAD files as well, logged them in an issue log using
Bluebeam Revu and created RFIs whose location was shared with POC and those were discussed in
meetings with POC.

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Figure 23: Issue Log in Bluebeam Revu

2. Comprehensive Shop Drawing Production Issues

In the sleeves and penetration plans there were several sleeves at a single location of different trades
which caused drawings to look clumsy and unreadable and sometimes we were not able to annotate
those sleeves and penetration components due to space constraints and client’s demands.

Solution:

We created different callouts for the same location and annotated the trade of left out category in
that, other method was to annotate the sleeves and penetrations on the same place just below the
other annotations in a pattern similar in a way sleeves are laid down.

Figure 24: Space Constraints and Callout for Sleeves

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Software Utilization

Autodesk Revit, 2018 Modeling, Shop drawings

Reference for Shop drawings and Modeling and


Autodesk AutoCAD, 2018
Client’s Platform for sharing Embeds plan.

SnagIt Effective E-mail communication with clients


Preparing Issue Logs, Client’s Platform for
sharing Designer’s and Architectural Drawings
Bluebeam Revu Extreme, 2018 PDFs, Submitting Deliverables, Flattening and
Hyperlinking in PDF Form.

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2. Project - 2

About
The proposed building is nearly 285,000 SF of office space, it includes almost 10,000 SF of retail or
other street level uses along Eastlake Ave. E. Near to 500 parking stalls are located below grade.
Proposal also includes to create a multi-level public amenity area. This project goals to enliven the
pedestrian environment on Eastlake, provide ample public open space, reinforce pedestrian
connections to the waterfront and create a well-articulated and unique massing that draws from and
further enhances the neighborhood.

Project Information

Type of Building Commercial, Life-Sciences


Type of Contract Lumpsum
Location of Project Seattle, WA
1150 Eastlake Ave E,
Project Address Seattle, WA 98109,
USA
Estimated Start Date 24th April,2019
Estimated Completion Date 9th May,2019
Software Used Autodesk Revit 2017, Bluebeam, Power BI

Project Deliverables
 Shoring model in NWC (Navisworks Cache File), which was exported out of the prepared
shoring model in Revit. It was to be used by coordination team for testing and detecting
clashes with other trades.

Scope of Work
 Walls, Soldier Piles, Anchor (Tiebacks) Modeling
 Walls and Piles Profiling
 QC as per Schedule Received
 Create dashboard of issues and level effected by them in Power BI.
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Shoring Modeling
We were required to model walls, piles and anchors in the whole shoring system.

 Shoring
It’s a temporary supporting building, structure or trench with shores (props which can be
either wooden or metal and can be vertical, horizontal or angled) used typically in danger of
collapse, repairs and new construction phase.
 Soldier Piles
A soldier pile is a common retaining wall strategy in which H-shaped steel beams (piles) are
drilled deep into the earth at regular intervals, usually 2 to 4 yards apart. In between each
vertical pile, horizontal supports fill the gap, helping to spread the load.
These are also known as “lagging walls,” these horizontal supports are most often made
from precast concrete panels, steel girders or pressure-treated timber.
Those H shaped, or I section steel piles are driven into ground at designed intervals.
(Transfers the load) and the timber planks are stacked in between. (Retains the load/earth
pressure).
 Tieback Anchors
A tieback is a structural element installed in soil or rock to transfer applied tensile load into
the ground. It is in the form of a horizontal wire or rod, or a helical anchor. A tieback is
commonly used along with other retaining systems (e.g. soldier piles, sheet piles) to provide
additional stability to cantilevered retaining walls.

Figure 25: Typical Images of Shoring, Piling and Anchors

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Figure 26: Plan of Shoring Model

Figure 27: Pile and Anchor Schedule Prepared in Revit

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Figure 28: Wall Profiling in Revit

Figure 29: 3D Model of prepared Shoring System in Revit

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Figure 30: QC of Schedule done in Bluebeam Revu(left) and Excel(right)

Figure 31: Shoring Schedule

Figure 32: Power BI Dashboard of Issue Logs

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Difficulties Faced and Possible Solutions

1. Critical Areas of the Model

There were tricky and critical corners of the wall which made the soldier piles insertion with reference
to subcontractor’s drawing and design model input hard to model due to very fine space left due to
variable angles and direction of the neighboring tieback anchors.

Solution:

We carefully placed all anchors successfully, but one corner was impossible to model as anchor at that
location were clashing with other neighboring anchors so an RFI and issue log was created for the
same.

Figure 33: Critical Corner of East Wall and Corner Left without Anchors

2. Anchor Placement on the Piles

Those anchors were placed with a staggered pattern on the piles with unequal spacing, so it was
time consuming to place them individually

Solution:

We used mirror with axis command of Revit to place anchors on single pile then again mirrored
them on other adjacent piles.

Figure 34: Anchors Placement in Staggered Pattern


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Software Utilization

Autodesk Revit, 2017 Modeling, Exporting to NWC, Preparing


Schedules

MS Excel QC, Preparing Schedules

Power BI Creating Dashboard for presenting issue logs

QC, Reading Drawings from Pdf, Creating RFI and


Bluebeam Revu Extreme, 2018 Issue Logs.

3. Project - 3

About
Projected opening fall 2019. This Amphitheater is the centerpiece of the transformation of Waterloo
Park, an 11-acre park that will include one-and-a-half miles of trails, heritage trees and wetland
gardens, elevated promenades, and play spaces located at the northern end of the new Waller Creek
Park. Designed by world-renowned architects Thomas Phifer & Partners, the Moody Amphitheater
will become a new architectural icon for the city, featuring a unique steel and translucent stage-house
structure that fits seamlessly in the park and provides a dramatic public gateway to Waterloo Park.
With its Great Lawn, the Moody Amphitheater will accommodate 5,000 attendees for concerts, and
educational, cultural, Park and performing arts events, showcasing the full range of Austin’s creative
community. As the largest park within the Waller Creek district, this Amphitheater will create a new
public space that reflects the spirit of Austin and will serve as the central gathering space for the Red

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River Cultural District, the emerging Innovation Zone, the Central Health Brackenridge redevelopment,
and the Dell Medical School.

Project Information

Type of Building Commercial, Park


Type of Contract Lumpsum, Cost Reimbursable, Unit Rate
Location of Project Austin, Texas
Project Address 500 E 12th St, Austin, TX 78701, USA
Scope Start Date 11th June, 2019
Scope Completion Date 17th June, 2019
Software Used Autodesk Revit 2017, Bluebeam
Project Deliverables
 Shop Drawings to the client containing elevations, sections and other details.

Scope of Work
 Preparing shop drawings of outer flat and curved walls
 Modeling walls as per the pour plans received.
 QC as per Schedule Received.

Shop drawings
We were assigned the task to prepare shop drawings for the walls as these walls are going get pre-
fabricated by the subcontractor as per the pour plan so accuracy was of utmost importance.

Figure 35: Shop Drawing Elevation, Sections and Details Including Penetration

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Wall Modeling
Wall splits are to be created as per the pour plans for all the flat and curved walls.

Figure 36: 3D Wall Modeling

Critical Situation Faced


1. Sudden Modeling Changes from Client in Model

There were sudden changes that were introduced by the client in to the previously created model
and drawings due to inaccurate data provided and new additions to the model this created scope
creep and time overrun.

2. Delay in submissions due to client’s other subcontractor

Other Subcontractors of the client on whom our future deliverables were based were delayed this
further paused the project progress

Software Utilization

Autodesk Revit, 2017 Modeling, Exporting to NWC, Preparing


Schedules

QC, Reading Drawings from Pdf, Creating RFI and


Bluebeam Revu Extreme, 2018
Issue Logs.

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Productivity Tracker
Productivity tracker is a centralized weekly time tracking tool developed by vConstruct, it tracks how
many hours an employee has spent on specific projects and the activities he/she has performed during
that period e.g. Time spent during meetings, trainings, production, QC and other admin works, based
on the total of hours worked in a week, those becomes chargeable.

Figure 37: Productivity Tracker

We used a variety of Microsoft Software like skype business, MS Office, SharePoint, Teams, Outlook
which all tracked our usage during working hours and off hours and later gives us our analysis.

Figure 38: Focus Hours and collaboration time: My Analytics

It's a Microsoft 365 tool that shows us insights about our time at work and provides you tips on how to
balance your schedule, have effective meetings, and build stronger networks.

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Meetings and Team Bonding Activities

Weekly Meetings
In all verticals of vConstruct there are weekly meetings as “Concrete and Structural All Hands
Meeting”.

In these everyone is given a chance to speak up, present and share any of these or all the following:

 Presentations about Innovation


 Project Presentations
 Training Sessions
 Brainstorming on Service Excellence Topics
 Any important announcements
We were provided with training sessions from service champions regarding various core templates
and strategies along with the learning which helped every member of the vertical to grow
professionally and in the domain.

Team Bonding Activities

I am also fortunate enough to be part of all the team bonding and extra co-curricular activities
which enhanced my bonding with my team mates like Camping and Trekking, including all the
sports events held during weekends.

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Conclusion

The experience that I have gained during this period was thoroughly enjoying and the journey was
unforgettable. I gained a lot of knowledge while implementing my learning, it all happened in a
playful and classroom like environment. Everyone in the company treated me like a full time
employee and provided me with ample opportunities and resources to learn and apply to the
productive activities of the organization. As is perceived from the analytics above (Figure 38), I
received a valuable exposure to BIM through various assignments and indirect means while being
present in the office campus during my period of 10 weeks and as evident from the analytics my
focus hours and collaboration hours increased even during last few weeks were left.

Of course BIM is going to be the future of construction industry in every country as its
implementation through lifecycle of project will not only reduce cost of the reworks, but also
prevents the project to fall in to the trap of time overshoot and scope creep during construction
phase by use of 4D & 5D BIM respectively.

I am positive that all the learnings and experience I had during this internship period will add a lot of
value to my career and personality development. Being part of vConstruct I am even more of a BIM
savvy than before and I am considering it as just a beginning of my career in BIM. Looking forward to
continue the efforts wherever possible and contribute to the construction Industry via BIM.

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References

 https://wdistudios.com/strategies-for-bim-implementation-cost-process-future-scope/
 https://blog.drawbotics.com/2018/11/07/the-bim-revolution-in-building-management/
 https://dprprod.sharepoint.com/sites/toolbox/vConstruct/Lists/News
 https://www.bimframework.info/2013/12/project-lifecycle-phases.html
 https://vconstruct.in/
 https://www.autodesk.com/solutions/bim
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Building_information_modeling
 https://austin.towers.net/heres-a-fresh-look-at-block-71-an-austin-tower-worth-remembering/
 https://www.trammellcrow.com/en/projects/central/austin/block-71
 https://www.seattleinprogress.com/project/3020264
 http://www.fox7austin.com/news/local-news/restored-waterloo-park-coming-by-end-of-2019

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