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Author Laura Conaway

Subject Library
Grade Level/Course Grade 9
Collaborating with History teacher for History Day
Title MLA In-Text Citations
Standards AASL

Create, Engage

1. Ethically using and reproducing others’ work.

2. Acknowledging authorship and demonstrating
respect for the intellectual property of others.
3. Including elements in personal-knowledge
products that allow others to credit content

Create, Curate

1. Seeking a variety of sources.

2. Collecting information representing diverse
3. Systematically questioning and assessing the
validity and accuracy of information.
4. Organizing information by priority, topic, or
other systematic scheme.


Standard - CC.1.4.9-10.W

Gather relevant information from multiple

authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced
searches effectively; assess the usefulness of each
source in answering the research question; integrate
information into the text selectively to maintain the
flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and following a
standard format for citation.
Objectives Students will be able to…
1. Explain what an in-text citation is and its
importance in writing a paper, especially when
completing research.
2. Complete a worksheet demonstrating their
understanding of properly citing a work such
as a book, website, newspaper, magazine, etc.

Duration 40 minutes
Materials 1. Teacher computer
2. Projector
3. Student computers
4. Nearpod presentation
5. Pencils
6. Citation worksheet
7. Plain white paper
8. Nearpod instructions on board
Instructional Strategies and 1. When students enter the library, welcome them
Procedures and direct them to the tables in the back right
a. Make sure that there are one or two
books at each table for an activity later
2. Once students are settled at their seats,
introduce yourself and explain that you are the
student teacher school librarian and that today
in class we will be discussing in-text citations.
3. Have students get out their chromebooks and
log onto Nearpod.
a. Make sure it is set to a live presentation
mode so students can not work ahead.
b. Display the how to access Nearpod
instructions on the board.
c. Walk around to make sure all students
have logged on successfully.
4. Start the live mode presentation about in-text
a. Distribute the worksheet and tell
students that they should be answering
questions 1 -3 ONLY during the
5. After the presentation, ask students if they
have any questions.
6. Then, hand out the cheat sheets that will help
them with citing information.
a. Distribute the easel paper as well and
explain the activity we will be
i. Students will use the cheat
sheets provided and the
worksheet information and use
the books on the table to create
a citation and an in-text citation.
ii. Have a demonstration on the
board with the color coded
7. Walk around to assist students if they need
help and then have a time of sharing and going
over the correct citations and in-text citations.
a. If time permits, ask students how they
would then put all of these citations
into their works cited page. Answer = it
should be in alphabetical order and
ignoring articles such as a, the, and an
in the title when alphabetizing,
8. Give students a heads-up about the time
remaining in the period.
a. Give them five to ten minutes at the
end to create the citation for one of
their resources they will be using for
History Day and check them to make
sure they are correct. This should be
done on the worksheet under #4.
9. End the lesson by telling students they can
come down to the library anytime to work on
their history day paper, and I will be available
to answer questions and help them find
Assessment Students will answer questions throughout the
Nearpod presentation to display their comprehension
of the information discussed in addition to completing
a worksheet on MLA in-text citations.
Accommodations for Exceptional Students with accommodations listed will be followed
Students per IEP.
● Frequent movement breaks
● Cues to stay on task
● Preferential seating
● Simplified tests and instructions
● Information and tests read aloud
Resources used to create lesson Nearpod
Name: ____________________________________

MLA In-Text Citations

1. When should we cite something?

2. What are the in-text citation tips?

a. __________________________________________________

b. __________________________________________________

c. __________________________________________________

d. __________________________________________________

3. What is the MLA citation format?

4. Use one of your sources for History Day and cite it down below.

a. _______________________________________________________




Author/editor = red

Book title = blue

Book Publisher = green

Publication year = yellow

Page = purple

Article title = black

Endler, Joyce P.​ ​The Library Reasons to

Love It.​ ​Random,​ ​2010.

Example 1:

Gifford, Clive.​ ​Why did The Vietnam

War Happen?​ ​Gareth Stevens,​ ​2011.

Example 2:

Uschan, Michael V.​ ​Through the

Decades: The 1910s.​ ​Lucent Books,

Example 3:

Davenport, John.​ ​The American

Revolution.​ ​Thomson,​ ​2007.

Example 4:

O’Neill, Robert, ed.​ ​“Soldiers, Sailors,

and Warriors.”​ ​The War of 1812: The

Fight for American Trade Rights,

Rosen,​ ​2010,​ ​pp. 18 - 23.

Example 5:

Nardo, Don.​ ​The Mexican-American War.

Lucent Books,​ ​1991.

Author's Last name, First name. "Title of Source." ​Title of Container​, other
contributors, version, numbers, publisher, publication date, location.

Title of container not needed for anthology or part of a book, it

would be the book title and the title of source would be the chapter.
In articles, it would be the title of the journal or magazine and the title of
source would be the article title
In webpages, it would be the title of the webpage and the title of source
would be the article title

Other contributors = editors

Version = edition number

Numbers = volume number

Location = page number (p), page range (pp) or URL for website

In-Text citation = author’s last name and page number (Bloom 45).
If there is no author, put an abbreviated version of the title and then the
page number (Causes of World War II 3).