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Introduction

What is literature?
Literature is generally taken to mean those pieces of writing which, despite the passing of years and even of the centuries, still inspire admiration,
reflection and emotion in readers. Poems, plays, novels and short stories in a given language that have stood the test of time collectively make up a
national literature.

 Literature is…………………………………………………………………………..

Why read literature?


* Because it is enjoyable. Everybody loves a good story!
* It provides an escape from our daily lives by transporting us to different times and places.
* It can also be viewed as a source of knowledge and information.
* It breaks down personal barriers. Literature invites us to share in a range of human experiences that we might otherwise be denied.
* It stirs up emotions, it amuses, frightens, consoles, frustrates, and challenges us. Literature widens our field of vision.

 One should literature …………………………………………………………….


Why analyze literature?
Literary analysis is any attempt to understand a literary text. Every time we close a book and think about what we have read, we are doing some kind
of literary analysis. An analytical approach to literature involves careful observation and drawing conclusions. It does not mean just tearing a poem
or work of literature down into its separate parts for labeling purposes, but for a better understanding of the writer’s intentions.
Literary analysis is relevant to my …………………………………………………
What is Poetry?
* Poetry is a form of writing in which a few lines run to the edge of the page!
* “Poetry is the kind of thing poets write.” Robert Frost
* Poetry emerges from the interplay between the meaning of words and their arrangement on paper.
* “Poetry is the best words in their best order.” Samuel Taylor Coleridge

 Poetry is…………………………………………………………………………..
Figures of Speech: Match the definitions with the appropriate figure of speech (Metonymy, metaphor, simile, personification, synecdoche):

 A comparison between two distinctly different things is indicated by the word ‘like’ or ‘as’.

 An implied comparison which creates a total identification between the two things being compared. Words such as ‘like’ or ‘as’ are not used

 (Greek for ‘a change of name’) The term for one thing is applied to another with which it has become closely associated. For example: ‘The
Crown’ can be used to refer to a king.

 (Greek for ‘taking together’) A part of something is used to signify the whole or vice versa, although the latter form is quite rare.

 A form of comparison in which human characteristics, such as emotions, personality, behavior and so on, are attributed to an animal, object,
or idea.