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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

5, Issue 12, 2018 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

Smart Shock Absorber

Sayed Shabaz1 Sayyed Azharuddin2 Shinde Nitin3 Shinde Vishwas4 Deshmukh Mahesh5
Student 5Assistant Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering
SND College of Engineering & Research Centre, Yeola, Nashik-423401, Maharashtra, India
Abstract— Automobiles and trucks have shock absorbers to
damp out the vibration experienced due to roughness of the II. LITERATURE REVIEW
roads. However, energy in conventional shock absorber gets The purpose of this literature review is to go through the main
dissipated as heat and it is not use in anyway. We know that topics of interest. The literature reviews is concerned with
in conventional vehicle suspension dissipates the mechanical design of spur gear, DC generator, design of shaft, selection
vibration energy in the form of heat which waste considerable of bearings & shock absorber with theoretical and
energy. If the vibration energy can be recovered and experimental evaluation.
converted to other form of energy so as to supply for other 1) Zhongjie Li, Lei Zuo*, JianKuang, and George Luhrs ,
devices then the aim of eco-friendly energy saving is reach. This paper deal with energy harvesting shock absorber is
And this energy is used to charge the battery and this stored able to recover the energy otherwise dissipated in the
energy is used for different vehicle accessories. suspension vibration while simultaneously suppress the
Key words: Smart Shock Absorber vibration induced by road.
2) Pei Sheng Zhang 2010“Design of Electromagnetic
I. INTRODUCTION Shock Absorbers for Energy Harvesting from Vehicle
In the present scenario fossil fuels are being consumed with Suspensions”, this paper discussed about the different
very fast rate. So somebody has to work on saving of the fuel type of suspension system. Also the rank and pinion
consumption, a wide experimentation & work is done on the arrangement in vehicle suspension.
increment of IC engine efficiency. We propose a design plan 3) Pedro Portela, JoãoSepúlveda, JoãoSenaEsteves 2008
that converts the mechanical energy in cars to electrical “Alternating current and Direct current Generator”This
energy much more efficiency that has been done before. paper discussed about generators that produce direct
Currently the batteries of automobile are charged by specific current (DC) are called dynamos and the ones that
alternator which is attached to IC engine shaft. So that the fuel produce alternating current (AC) are called alternators.
used in automobiles is also consumed for rotating the The device described in this paper is a generator capable
alternator to charge the battery. This consumption is found to of supplying an electrical load with the desired type of
be 4% of the fuel consumption. Shock absorbers are having current: alternating current or direct.
reciprocating motion in it. Although the reciprocating 4) Rahul Uttamrao Patil, Dr. S. S. Gawade, “Design and
distance is very low the suspending mass is very high i.e. the static magnetic analysis of electromagnetic regenerative
mass of total vehicle. When vehicle is on a normal road then shock absorber” Electronic equipment systems are
also shock absorbers are working due to uneven roads, precision system. There are some vibrations and impact
sudden breaking or sudden acceleration. So this reciprocating in moving vehicles for road environments. Therefore,
motion of shock absorbers can be converted into rotary shock absorber is significant in protection of electronic
motion. Through small gearbox is attached to alternator of equipment in moving vehicles. In this paper a systematic
automobile such that electricity will be generated when shock investigation to design or evaluation of a shock absorber
absorbers will be reciprocating. When vehicle will pass for protection of electronic equipment system in harsh
through a dump or pit, that time high energy will be generated vibration-impact environment.
through alternator. Battery is connected to the alternator,
Such that battery will be charged due to suspension system. III. CONCEPT OF PROJECT
Currently the batteries of automobiles are charged by specific Rank and Pinion operated Suspension energy generation. In
alternator which is attached to IC engine shaft. So that the fuel project we have to develop a suspension energy generation
used in automobiles is also consumed for rotating the unit by using rank and pinion method. It is less costly than the
alternator to charge the battery, this consumption is found to hydraulic unit.
be 4% of total consumption. By newly designed suspension
generation system presently using alternator is detached from A. Part of the System
the engine and attached to suspension system. If we install 1) Standard Part
this regeneration system for all 4 wheels then we can generate  Wheel Assembly
high amount of electric power. This high amount of electric  Suspension Unit
power can be used for the working of car air conditioner or  Rack and Pinion
refrigeration system of vehicles. This suspension system will  Generator.
be mostly useful for heavy compressed vehicles, milk truck, 2) Manufacturing Part
fire brigade trucks and also those having high requirement of 1) Chassis.
electricity inside it. 2) Wheel mounting.
3) Drive to run generator (gear box).

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Smart Shock Absorber
(IJSRD/Vol. 5/Issue 12/2018/013)

generate electricity, and frequently make acceptable


Fig. 1: Concept of Project

In which when suspension work do to this rank
moving reciprocating motion because of this pinion rotating.
This rotation of pinion we converted in to high RPM by using
gear box. At the end of gear box we attached the generator
which generated electricity.
Fig. 4.2: D.C. Generator.
Without a commentator, a dynamo becomes an
A rack and pinion mechanism is used to transform rotary alternator, which is a synchronous singly fed generator. When
motion into linear motion and vice versa. A round spur gear, used to feed an electric power grid, an alternator must always
the pinion, meshes with a spur gear which has teeth set in a operate at a constant speed that is precisely synchronized to
straight line, the rack. A rack and pinion is a type of linear the electrical frequency of the power grid. A DC generator
actuator that comprises a pair of gears which convert can operate at any speed within mechanical limits, but always
rotational motion into linear motion. A circular gear called outputs direct current. Typical alternators use a rotating field
"the pinion" engages teeth on a linear "gear" bar called "the winding excited with direct current, and a stationary (stator)
rack"; rotational motion applied to the pinion causes the rack winding that produces alternating current. Since the rotor
to move, thereby translating the rotational motion of the field only requires a tiny fraction of the power generated by
pinion into the linear motion of the rack. For example, in a the machine, the brushes for the field contact can be relatively
rack railway, the rotation of a pinion mounted on a small. In the case of a brushless exciter, no brushes are used
locomotive or a railcar engages a rack between the rails and at all and the rotor shaft carries rectifiers to excite the main
pulls a train along a steep slope. field winding. Before the connection between magnetism and
electricity was discovered, electrostatic generators were
invented that used electrostatic principles. These generated
very high voltages and low currents. They operated by using
moving electrically charged belts, plates and disks to carry
charge to a high potential electrode.

Fig. 4.1: Rack and Pinion

In electricity generation, an electric generator is a
device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy.
A generator forces electric charge (usually carried by
electrons) to flow through an external electrical circuit. It is Fig. 4.3: Alternator
analogous to a water pump, which causes water to flow (but The charge was generated using either of two
does not create water). The source of mechanical energy may mechanisms Electrostatic induction and the turbo electric
be a reciprocating or turbine steam engine, water falling effect, where the contact between two insulators leaves them
through a turbine or waterwheel, an internal combustion charged. Because of their inefficiency and the difficulty of
engine, a wind turbine, a hand crank, compressed air or any insulating machines producing very high voltages,
other source of mechanical energy. The reverse conversion of electrostatic generators had low power ratings and were never
electrical energy into mechanical energy is done by an used for generation of commercially significant quantities of
electric motor, and motors and generators have many electric power. The Wimshurst machine and Van de Graff
similarities. Many motors can be mechanically driven to generator are examples of these machines that have survived.

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Smart Shock Absorber
(IJSRD/Vol. 5/Issue 12/2018/013)

[1] Zhongjie Li, Lei Zuo*, JianKuang, and George Luhrs
,Department of Mechanical Engineering, State
University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook,
NY, 11794
[2] Pei S.Z., “Design of Electromagnetic Shock Absorbers
for Energy Harvesting from Vehicle Suspensions”,
Master Degree Thesis, Stony Brook University, 2010.
[3] Y. Zhang, F. Yu, and K. Huang, “A state of the art review
on regenerative vehicle active suspension,” in Proc. 3rd
ICMEM, Beijing, China, Oct. 21–23, 2009, pp.1689–
[4] Pedro Portela, JaaoSepulveda, Joao Sena Esteves,
“Alternating current and direct current Generator”, Sep
3, 2008.
[5] Rahul Uttamrao Patil, Dr. S. S. Gawade, “Design and
static magnetic analysis of electromagnetic regenerative
shock absorber”.

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