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RH incompatible

Which of the following statements is true of the Rh blood system?


a) It was the first blood type system to be discovered.
b) It is more complex genetically than the ABO system.
c) There are 45 Rh blood types.
d) b and c
The Rh system apparently is much more complex genetically since it involves 45
different antigens on the surface of red cells that are controlled by 2 closely
linked genes on chromosome 1. In most cases, the ABO system is controlled by
only 2 antigens.(B)
The greatest medical problem with the Rh blood group is:
a) transfusion incompatibility
b) chronic anemia for Rh negative individuals
c) chronic anemia for Rh positive individuals
d) none of the above
# CORRECT --> The most life threatening problem is the result of an Rh blood
type incompatibility between a mother and her developing fetus.(D)
Mother-fetus Rh blood type incompatibility problems can occur if the mother
is _____ and her fetus is _____ .
a) Rh positive; Rh positive
b) Rh positive; Rh negative
c) Rh negative; Rh positive
d) Rh negative; Rh negative
e) b and c
In order for the fetus to be Rh positive, the father must also be Rh positive.
As a result, when the mother is Rh negative and the father is Rh positive (or
his Rh type is unknown), doctors usually assume that there will be a serious
medical problem.(C).
Which of the following is true of Rh positive people?
a) They are either homozygous dominant (DD) or heterozygous (Dd) for this trait.
b) They are all homozygous dominant (DD).
c) They are all homozygous recessive (dd).
d) They are either homozygous recessive (dd) or heterozygous (Dd) for this trait.
Which of the following is true of Rh positive people?
a) They are either homozygous dominant (DD) or heterozygous (Dd) for this trait.
b) They are all homozygous dominant (DD).
c) They are all homozygous recessive (dd).
d) They are either homozygous recessive (dd) or heterozygous (Dd) for this trait.
> The Rh blood factor is a dominant trait. Therefore, both DD and Dd people
have the Rh antigen on the surface of their red cells which makes them Rh
positive.(A)
Who is at greatest risk for Rh mother-fetus incompatibility problems?
a) Europeans
b) Africans
c) Native Americans
d) all are equally at risk
Europeans have the highest frequency of Rh negative people (40%), which puts
them at the highest risk for this problem. About 13% of newborn Europeans are
at risk, but we can now prevent the life threatening complications in most
cases.(A)
f the father of a fetus is Rh positive and the mother is Rh negative, what are
the chances that there will be a mother-fetus incompatibility problem? Assume
that the couple has already had a child and that there has been no medical
treatment to prevent this problem
a) 100%
b) at least 50%
c) less than 50%
d) 0 %
If the father is homozygous dominant (DD) the chances of the fetus being Rh
positive and an incompatibility problem occurring will be 100%. If the father
is heterozygous (Dd), the chances are 50%. There will be no problem if the fetus
is Rh negative.(B)
Mother-fetus incompatibility problems result from:
a) the mother's antibodies agglutinating the fetus' Rh positive red blood cells
b) the fetus' antibodies agglutinating its own red blood cells
c) the fetus' antibodies agglutinating its mother's red blood cells
## CORRECT --> As a result of fetal blood entering the mother`s system during
her first pregnancy with an Rh positive baby, she will regularly produce
antibodies to Rh antigens. They will pass through the placental barrier into
her fetus and agglutinate its blood.(A_
When a fetus' blood is agglutinated by its mother's Rh antibodies, the severe
anemia that results is called:
a) immunization
b) ectopic pregnancy
c) erythroblastosis fetalis
## CORRECT --> In addition to suffering life threatening anemia, they also are
usually jaundiced, fevered, quite swollen, and have an enlarged liver and spleen.
(C)
9. Which of the following are true of mother-fetus Rh incompatibility problems?

a) They can be prevented by injecting Rho-GAM into the mother's blood system.
b) They are much less likely to occur during the first pregnancy compared to
later pregnancies.
c) Medical treatment can be nearly 100% effective in preventing such problems.
d) all of the above
## CORRECT --> Look at the other answers to see explanations.(D)