Sunteți pe pagina 1din 17

Sulaiman Nadvi

Syed Sulaiman Nadvi (m), with Ross Masood and


Allama Muhammad Iqbal in Afghanistan
This article contains Urdu text. Without
proper rendering support, you may see
unjoined letters running left to right or other
symbols instead of Urdu script.

Sulaiman Nadvi (Urdu: ‫—ﺳﯿﺪ ﺳﻠﯿﻤﺎن ﻧﺪوی‬


Sayyid Sulaimān Nadwī; 22 November 1884
– 22 November 1953) was a Pakistani
historian, biographer, littérateur and
scholar of Islam. He co-authored Sirat-un-
Nabi and wrote Khutbat-e-Madras.[1]

Maulana Sulaiman Nadvi was the founding


member of Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central
University) situated in New Delhi, India. He
was elected as the member of the
foundation committee headed by
Mahmood Hasan which was met on 29
October in 1920 in Aligarh in United
Province, British India.

Early life and education


Nadvi was born on 22 November 1884 in
then British India). His father, Hakeem
Sayyed Abul Hasan was a Sufi.[1]

His first teachers were Khalifa Anwar Ali of


Desna and Maqsood Ali of Ookhdi. Later
he received his education both from his
elder brother, Hakeem Sayyed Abu Habeeb
and his father. His father was a physician
at Islampur near Patna and was a highly
respected person in the local community.
In 1899, he went to Phulwari Sharif (Bihar)
where he became a disciple of Maulana
Mohiuddin and Sulaiman Phulwari. From
there, he went to Darbhanga where he
studied for a few months at Madrasa-e-
Imdadia.

In 1901, he was admitted into Darul-uloom


Nadwatul Ulama at Lucknow. He studied
for seven years at Nadva. He was also
appointed sub-editor of the journal, An-
Nadwa. His first article, Waqt (Time) was
published in the monthly Urdu Journal
Makhzan edited by Abdul Qadir. Maulana
Shibli Nomani came to Lucknow and was
appointed as 'Secretary of Nadva'.
Sulaiman Nadvi was highly influenced by
Maulana Shibli Nomani at Lucknow. In
1906, he graduated from Nadva. In 1908,
Nadvi was appointed as an instructor of
Modern Arabic and Theology at Dar-ul-
Uloom Nadva. His contemporary at Nadva
was none other than Maulana Abul Kalam
Azad who had come from Calcutta and
also joined the Nadva.[1] Both Sulaiman
Nadvi and Abul Kalam Azad were favorite
pupils of Maulana Shibli Nomani.[1]
Maulana Sulaiman Nadvi was later
destined to become one of the great
biographers of the Prophet of Islam and a
great historian during his own lifetime.[1]
Aligarh Muslim University conferred on
him the honorary degree of Doctorate of
Literature (DLitt) in 1941.[1]

Contribution to Islamic
literature
In 1910, Shibli Nomani began writing Sirat-
un-Nabi in Urdu, but died before
completing it. After Nomani's death in
1914, Nadvi left his position as a professor
at Deccan College, Pune and traveled to
Azamgarh. There he edited and published
the two first volumes of Sirat-un-Nabi
penned by Nomani, and completed the
remaining four volumes himself. The work
was initially funded by Sultan Jehan
Begum of Bhopal, and later by Nizam of
Hyderabad.

In October and November 1925, Nadvi


delivered a series of eight lectures on the
life Muhammad at Madras. These lectures
were later published as Khutbat-e-Madras.

In 1933, he published one of his major


works, Khayyam. The nucleus of this book
was an article on noted Persian scholar
and poet Omar Khayyam.[2][3]

In 1940, he published Rahmat-e-Aalam, a


children's book about Muhammad.
Nadvi, along with others who favored
Hindu-Muslim unity in British India,
suggested that the term "Urdu" be
abandoned in favour of "Hindustani"
because the former conjured up the image
of a military conquest and war whereas
the latter had no such symbolic
baggage.[4]

Nadvi founded Dar-ul-Mosannefeen


(Academy of Authors), also known as the
Shibli Academy, at Azamgarh. The first
book published there was Ard-ul-Quran (2
volumes).[1]

Emigration to Pakistan and


death
One of Sulaiman Nadvi's biographers
writes,"He is scholarly and objective in his
treatment of history, which appeals more
to the mind than to the heart. "[1]

In June 1950 (after the partition of India),


Nadvi moved to Pakistan and settled in
Karachi. He was appointed Chairman of
Taleemat-e-Islami Board to advise on the
Islamic aspects of Pakistan's constitution.
He died on 22 November 1953 in Karachi
at the age of 69.[5]

Literary work
The following is a list of some of the most
famous works of Hazrat Syed Sulaiman
Nadvi.

Sirat-un-Nabi (Life of the Prophet) by


first Shibli Nomani, the teacher of
Sulaiman Nadvi. Shibli started writing
this book, which was later finished by
Sulaiman Nadvi after Shibli's death in
1914[1]
Ardh al-Quran
Seerat-e-Aisha
Durûs-ul-Adab
Khutbat-e-Madras
Rahmat-e-Aalam[5]
Naqûsh-e-Sulaimân
Hayât Imâm Mâlik
Ahl-us-Sunnah-wal-Jamâ'ah[5]
Yâd-e-Raftagân[6]
Barîd Farang
Seir-e-Afghânistân
Maqâlât-e-Sulaimân
Khayyam (about the contributions of
Omar Khayyam, published in 1933)[1]
Hayat-e-Shibli (1943)[6]

English translation of his book include:

Fundamental principles of an Islamic


state (Karachi, Jamaat-e-Islami, 195?)
Sovereignty of Allah (Karachi, Maktabat-
al-Sharq, 1953)
Brief life of the blessed prophet
(Lucknow, M.S. Siddiqi, 196?)
Indo-Arab relations (Hyderabad, India,
Institute of Indo-Middle East Cultural
Studies, 1962)
The education of Hindus under Muslim
rule (Karachi, Academy of Educational
Research, All Pakistan Educational
Conference, 1963)
Human rights and obligations, in the light
of the Korʼan and Hadith (Dacca, S.M.
Zahirullah Nadvi, 1966)
The Arab navigation (Lahore, Sh.
Muhammad Ashraf, 1966)
A comparative study of Islam & other
religions (Lahore, Sh. Muhammad
Ashraf, 1977)
Hadhrat Ayesha Siddiqa : her life and
works (Safat, Kuwait, Islamic Book
Publishers, 1986)
Muhammad, the ideal prophet
(Islamabad, Dawah Academy,
International Islamic University, 1989)
Heroic deeds of Muslim women
(Islamabad, Dawah Academy,
International Islamic University, 1990)
A geographical history of the Qurʼan
(Lahore, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1992)

See also
Shibli Nomani
Muhammad Ali Jauhar
Khilafat Movement
Allama Muhammad Iqbal

References
1.
http://shibliacademy.org/founders/Syed_Su
laiman_Nadvi , Profile of Sulaiman Nadvi on
shibliacademy.org website, Published 23
March 2009, Retrieved 20 Dec 2016
2. Syed Sulaiman aur Tibb Unani by Hakim
Syed Zillur Rahman, Mutallae Sulaimani,
Edited by Prof. Masoodur Rahman Khan
Nadvi and Dr. Mohd. Hassan Khan, Darul
Uloom, Tajul Masajid, Bhopal, 1986, p. 285-
293
3. Syed Sulaiman Aur Tibb Unani by Hakim
Syed Zillur Rahman, Akhbar-ul-Tibb, Karachi,
Pakistan, Nov. 1987, p. 9-12
4. "Myths about Urdu" . DAWN. Retrieved
2009-11-26.
5.
http://khanqahashrafiya.blogspot.com/sear
ch/label/Allama%20Hazrat%20Saiyid%20Su
laiman%20Nadvi%20r.a , Profile and
graveside monument of Sulaiman Nadvi in
Karachi, Pakistan, Retrieved 20 Dec 2016
6.
http://www.salaam.co.uk/knowledge/biogra
phy/viewentry.php?id=1630 , Brief profile of
Sulaiman Nadvi on salaam.co.uk website,
Retrieved 20 Dec 2016

This biographical article about a Pakistani


historian is a stub. You can help Wikipedia
by expanding it.
Retrieved from
"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?
title=Sulaiman_Nadvi&oldid=879691450"

Last edited 2 months ago by Anupam

Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless


otherwise noted.