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Bachelor of Nursing 5A EFN 2B

Reproductive Problem

Prostate cancer

ARRANGED BY :

GROUP 4 :

1. ABDUROSIDI
2. ADI JUNIARTO
3. INGGAR PERMANA PUTRiI
4. REZA WARDANA
5. VADILLA RACHMA ZAIN
I am 50 years old. I have a problem with my urinal habit. I often have frequent
urges to urinate, including at night. I also have difficulty in commencing and
maintaining urination. Sometimes, there’s blood in my urine and I have got bone
pain such as in my spine, femur, pelvis, or ribs. It bothers my daily life very much
and also affects my sexual activity since I achieve an erection difficultly. I am
really worried about it and need to meet a doctor soon.

A. DEFINITION
Prostate cancer is a malignancy that occurs in the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a
gland in the male reproductive system which is located just below the bladder and in front of
the rectum or anus. The size of the prostate gland is as large as a walnut and surrounds a
portion of the urethra. The prostate gland will produce fluid that forms part of the semen
component
B. CAUSE
A person's risk for prostate cancer, including age and family history. Hormonal factors,
high-fat diets, and toxins are also touted as risk factors for prostate cancer, although the link
is unclear.
C. SIGN & SYMTOMS
Here are some of the symptoms that are often encountered in patients with prostate cancer.
1. Often want to urinate, especially at night.
2. Difficulty to start urinating or holding urine.
3. Weak or disturbed urine flow.
4. Feelings of pain or burning when urinating.
5. The presence of blood in urine or semen.
6. Other sexual disorders, such as difficult erections or pain during ejaculation.
7. Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs.
D. TREATMENT
The treatment of prostate cancer patients depends on the stage of the cancer.
1. Early-stage prostate cancer is usually done prostatectomy (prostate removal) and
radiation therapy.
2. Cancer that has spread is usually done hormone therapy, removal of the testes, or
chemotherapy
E. PREVENTION
prevent prostate cancer
1. Reduce consumption of animal fats and dairy products
2. Do not smoke
3. Eat lots of vegetables
4. Exercise regularly
F. QUESTION
1. Can prostate cancer be caused by genetic factors ?
2. What foods should not be consumed by patients with prostate cancer ?
3. Please explain the reason often ejaculation can prevent the risk of prostate cancer ?
4. How do doctor diagnose prostate cancer ?
5. Can diet and exercise prevent prostate cancer ?
G. ANSWER
1. Prostate cancer does have something to do with heredity, but that doesn't have to happen.
Having a family history of prostate cancer only increases the likelihood (only likelihood)
of a person's risk of suffering from the same disease compared to those who have no
family history of prostate cancer.
2. Red meat Research shows that red meat can reduce the health of people with prostate
cancer. Consuming it every day is believed to risk three times the risk of prostate cancer.
Milk As with meat, consuming dairy products regularly is associated with an increased
risk of prostate enlargement. Reducing butter, cheese, and milk can help reduce the
symptoms of prostate enlargement.
Caffeine It's best to avoid consuming products that contain caffeine, such as coffee and
tea. Caffeine acts as a diuretic that can increase the frequency of urination.
Alcohol Caffeine alone shouldn't be let alone alcohol. Alcohol can stimulate urine
production. Men with prostate enlargement will improve if they stop drinking alcohol.
Sodium High salt intake can improve urinary tract symptoms associated with prostate
enlargement. Instead, reduce sodium intake by not consuming excessive salt.
3. Graham giles, Ph.D.,an Autralian researcher found the fact that regular ejaculation helps
clear carcinogens contained in semen. That way, the risk of prostate cancer in the body is
reduced.
4. There are also several other methods that will be used in the inspection, including:
 Plug in the rectum or DRE
 Using prostate specific antigen (PSA) tests that increase in blood
 Ultrasound biopsy
5. A healthy diet and regular exercise will be much better if done as a cancer prevention
measure. If you have cancer the condition of the body decreases should not be forced
more than recommended by the doctor