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Anna University Exams Nov / Dec 2019 – Regulation 2017

Rejinpaul.com Unique Important Questions – 5th Semester BE/BTECH


MA8551 ALGEBRA AND NUMBER THEORY
UNIT – I
PART – A
1. Prove that the identity of a subgroup is the same as that of the group.
2. Define a Field.
3. If ‘a’ is a generator of a cyclic group G, then shows that is also a generator of G.
4. Give an example of a ring which is not a field.
5. Show that every cyclic group is abelian.
6. Define ring and give an example.
PART – B
1. State and prove Lagrange’s theorem.
2. Prove that any group of prime order is cyclic.
3. Prove that every subgroup of a cyclic group is cyclic.
4. Prove that 𝒛𝒏 is field iff n is prime.
5. Prove that 𝒛𝒏 is an integral domain iff n is prime.
6. Let f:G → H be a group homomorphism onto H.If G is abelian then prove that H is
abelian.
7. Prove that𝒛𝒏 , a is a unit iffgcd(a,n)=1.
8. Find[𝟏𝟎𝟎]−𝟏 in the ring 𝒁𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟗 .
9. Prove that necessary and sufficient conditions for a non empty subset of a group
becomes a subgroup.
10. A ring R has no zero divisors iff cancellation law is valid in R.
UNIT – II
PART – A
1. What is the remainder when f ( x) = x 5 + 2 x 3 + x 2 + 2 x + 3  Z 5 [ x] is divided by (x –
1)?
2. Let F be a field. Can F[x] be a field? Why?
3. What is the g.c.d of f ( x) = x 4 + x 3 + 1 and g ( x) = x2 + x + 1 in Z2[x].
4. Find the remainder when f ( x) = 3x5 − 8x4 + x3 − x2 + 4 x − 7 is divided by
g ( x) = x + 9 in Z11[x].
5. Is f ( x) = x 2 + 1 in Z[x] irreducible over Z.
PART - B
𝟑 𝟐
1. Find all the roots of f(x)=𝒙 +5𝒙 +2x+6 in 𝒛𝟕 (x).
2. Let R be a ring.Prove that (R(x),+,.) is a ring.
3. Consider f(x)=3𝒙𝟐 +4x+2 and g(x)= 𝟔𝒙𝟒 + 𝟒𝒙𝟑 + 𝟓𝒙𝟐 + 𝟑𝐱 + 𝟏 in 𝒛𝟕 (x). Find q(x)
and r(x) divided by g(x).
4. If R is an integral domain, then prove that deg (f(x).g(x)) =deg f(x)+deg g(x).
5. Prove that characteristic of a field (F,+,.) is either 0 or a prime number.
6. Prove that R(x) is an integral domain iff R is an integral domain.
7. If f(x)𝝐𝑭(𝒙)𝒊𝒔 𝒐𝒇𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒓𝒆𝒆 n≥1,then Prove that f(x) has atmost n roots in F.
8. Prove that the number of elements of a field is 𝒑𝒏 ,where p is a prime number and
n is a positive integer.
UNIT – III
PART – A
1. Find the gcd of 68 and 80 using the canonical decomposition.
2. Find the positive integer a if [a, a + 1] = 132.
3. State the division algorithm for two integers a and b, where b>0.
4. Express (1776)8 as a decimal number.
5. If ab = 156, and a and b are relatively prime find [a, b].
6. What are the digits and symbols used in the hexadecimal representation?
PART – B
1. Find the number of positive integers  1000 and divisible by 3, 4 or 5.
2. State and prove Fundamental theorem of arithmetic.
3. Use recursion to evaluate (18, 30, 60, 75, 132) .
4. Prove that “Let a and b be two positive integers such that a = qb + r,0  r  b . Then
the gcd(a,b) = the gcd (b,r)”.
5. State and prove division algorithm.
6. Use the Euclidean algorithm to express the gcd of 4076 and 1024 as a linear
combination of them.
7. Prove that there are infinitely many primes.
8. Prove that gcd of two +ve integers a and b is a linear combination of a & b.
9. Observing the pattern of numbers write down the formula for the nth row and
prove it.
1.8+1=9
12.8+2=98
123.8+3=987
1234.8+4=9876. . .
UNIT – IV
PART – A
1. Is the linear Diophantine equation 6 x + 8 y = 25 solvable?.
2. Find the inverse of 7 modulo 26.
3. Find the last digit in 355.
4. Examine whether the linear Diophantine equation 12 x + 16 y = 18 is solvable.
5. Find the remainder when 297 is divided by 13.
PART – B
1. Find the remainder when 1!+2!+3!+4!+...... + 300! is divided by 13.
2. Solve the system x  1(mod 3) , x  2(mod 4) , x  3(mod 5) .
3. Determine whether the congruence 12x  48(mod 18) is solvable and also find all
the solutions if Solvable.
4. Prove that “The linear Diophantine equation ax + by = c is solvable if and only if
d \ c, where d = (a, b). If x0 , y0 is a particular solution of the linear Diophantine
b a
equation, then all its solutions are given by x = x0 +  t and y = y0 −  t ,
d  d 
where t is any integer.
5. Determine if the LDE 2 x + 4 y − 5z = 11 is solvable? If so find the general solution.
6. State and prove Chinese Remainder theorem.
7. Determine all the incongruence solutions 48x  144(mod 84) .
UNIT – V
PART – A
1. Verify Wilson’s theorem ( p − 1)!  −1(mod p) if p = 7.
2. Find  (n)and (n) if n=30.
3. Verify Wilson’s theorem ( p − 1)!  −1(mod p) if p = 13.
4. Find  (n)and (n) if n=16.
PART – B
1. State and prove Fermet’s theorem.
2. Find the positive integers n such that  (n) = 6 .
3. Find the last two digits of 2731961 .
4. Prove that Let f be a multiplicative function and n be a +ve integer with canonical

decomposition n = p1 1 . p2 2 ..... pk k . Then  (n) = n1 − 1 1 − 1 .....1 − 1 


a a a

 p 1  p 2   pk 
5. State and prove Wilson’s theorem.
6. Provethat ‘m’ be a positive and ‘a’ be any integer such that (a, m)=1. Then
a ( m)  1(mod m) .
7. Provethat “Euler function  is multiplicative”.
8. Find (i)  (1105) and  (7!)

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