Sunteți pe pagina 1din 5

1/7/2020 Dynamic Seals Selection Guide | Engineering360

Products & Services Search Products & Services SIGN UP LOG I

UNLIMITED

FREE First Name

HOME PRODUCTS & SERVICES


ACCESS
MECHANICAL COMPONENTS SEALS LEARN MORE ABOUT DYNAMIC SEALS
Last Name

T Dynamic
O T Seals
H E Information
Email
WORLD'S
Show all Dynamic Seals Manufacturers

BEST
moving andIDEAS
Dynamic seals retain or separate fluids, keep out contaminants, and contain pressure. They create a barrier between
Company
stationary surfaces in rotary or linear applications such as rotating shafts and pistons. Dynamic seals fall into
one of two categories, contact and clearance. Contact seals have the seal bear against its mating surface under positive
pressure. Clearance seals operate with positive
- Select - clearance, meaning there is no rubbing contact. The majority of dynamic
SIGN UP TO SEE MORE
seals are contact seals. The seal is separated by a thin layer of oil film, which also serves as a lubricant. The relative
movement of the dynamic sealing system is rotary or reciprocating. Rotary motion is the movement of the shaft relative to
its housing or stationary component and reciprocating movement is linear motion of a rod or piston in a cylinder.
SUBMIT

Selection Criteria
By submitting
Industrial buyers specify dynamic seals based onyour registration,
type, you agreedimensions,
sealing orientation, to our application, and material. Additional criteria to con
when selecting a dynamic seal for Privacy Policy. include:
an application

Environmental serviceability
Installation
Reliability
Tolerance to the sealing media
Resistance to extrusion between mating parts

Types
Oil and Grease Seals - Oil and grease seals have a flexible lip that rubs against a shaft or housing to
prevent the leakage of fluids. Some oil and grease seals include a spring to help keep the lip in contact
with the shaft. The seal helps to prevent lubricant from escaping and harmful contaminants from entering
the machine. They are a critical component in almost every type of machine and vehicle.

Hydraulic and Pneumatic Seals -Hydraulic and pneumatic seals are designed for devices that provide
reciprocating motion. They can be used in high pressure, dynamic applications to restrict the leakage of
fluid and the entry of foreign materials. Hydraulic seals are important in converting fluid power to linear
motion. Pneumatic seals have a similar design but typically operate in air or other gaseous mediums. This
category includes piston seals, rod seals, U-cups, and flange packages.

Piston ring - Piston rings are metallic piston rings used to seal cylinders. They have a higher working
temperature than elastomeric, fabric, or polymer materials. Piston rings are available in a variety of
configurations, including compression rings, split rings, and cord rings.

Exclusion seals - Exclusion seals are dynamic seals such as wipers and scrapers that support sliding or
reciprocating motion. They clean the surface by scraping abrasive particles such as dirt, mud, and ice.
Exclusion seals are very important because they protect the seal and extend its service life. The wipers
should be checked frequently to ensure they are in good working condition. Often the wipers fail causing the seal to fail.

Clearance or labyrinth seals - Clearance or labyrinth seals provide positive clearance and do not rub against the shaft or housing. Laby
IEEE GlobalSpec websites place cookies on your
seals device
restrict to give
passage you the
of solid, best
liquid, user
and experience.
gaseous By using
contaminants ourarea
into the websites,
using ayou agree
network of passageways. These seals also preven
to the placement of these cookies. To learnleakage
more, of fluidour
read outPrivacy
of the sealed
Policy.
✓ Accept
containment. Many clearance seals consist of a rotor and a stator. For proper & Close
sealing, the radial gap bet
Privacy - Terms
these members must exceed the clearance of the bearing being sealed. Labyrinth seals will not damage the shaft because it is frictionless

https://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/mechanical_components/seals/dynamic_seals 1/5
1/7/2020 Dynamic Seals Selection Guide | Engineering360
can also be used in extreme temperatures and high shaft rotating speeds without affecting their life
expectancy. Clearance seals, which do not perform well at low operating speeds, include laminar products
Products & Services Search
that contain a series of flat metal washer-like rings Products
of varying & Services
diameters.
SIGN UP LOG I

Bearing isolators - Bearing isolators provide total bearing protection by preventing lubricant leakage and
excluding contaminants from the bearing house. The lip seals used are designed to keep lubricants in, but
do not always keep all the contaminants out. The bearing life can be greatly reduced by a tiny amount of
UNLIMITED
dirt or water. Many bearing isolators use a labyrinth seal design.

FREE
The following table is adapted from the Seals and Sealing Handbook, and shows several of the most
common seal types.
First Name

ACCESS Last Name

T O T H E
Email Operation
WORLD'S
Seal Type
Condition
Application(s)

BEST IDEAS
Vee Packing Company

Normally used in sets for high pressure hydraulic


Reciprocating
SIGN UP TO SEE MORE - Select - cylinder seals; pump glands; propeller shafts, etc.

SUBMIT
C-ring

By submitting your registration, you agree to our Low-friction heavy duty seals for
Privacy Policy. Reciprocating
pneumatic cylinders; may be used with headers

Automatic

Normally used in sets for high pressure hydraulic


Reciprocating
cylinders, pump glands, etc.

Distributor

Reciprocating Similar applications to automatic seals

Wedge-action U-ring

Alternative to both O-ring and U-ring, combining th


Reciprocating favorable properties of both. Various proprietary
designs.

Spring-energized U-ring

U-ring alternative incorporating spring-loaded wedg


Reciprocating
a composite construction. Various proprietary desig

Plastic U-ring

Reciprocating / Light duty flexible lip seal comprising a PTFE envelo


Rotary and internal spring.

Packed gland

Reciprocating / High duty cylinder or rod seals; also primary choice


Rotary rotating shaft seals on pumps, etc.

Bushing Rotary Low cost shaft seal where leakage can be tolerated
IEEE GlobalSpec websites place cookies on your device to give you the best user experience. By using our websites, you agree
to the placement of these cookies. To learn more, read our Privacy Policy.
✓ Accept & Close
Privacy - Terms

https://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/mechanical_components/seals/dynamic_seals 2/5
1/7/2020 Dynamic Seals Selection Guide | Engineering360

Products & Services Search Products & Services SIGN UP LOG I

UN LIMITED
Floating bush

FREE
Shaft seal with self-alignment properties to
Rotary
accommodate eccentricity, etc.
First Name

ACCESS
V-ring
Last Name

T O T H E
Email
WORLD'S
All rubber seals that mount to a shaft and provide
Rotary sealing in the axial direction. Can also be used in dr
applications
BEST IDEAS Company

Wiper-
SIGN Exclusion
UP TO SEE MORESeal - Select -

SUBMIT
Rotary Exclusion seal for rods or shafts

By submitting your registration, you agree to our


Privacy Policy.

Scraper

More robust form of wiper seal capable


Rotary
of removing and excluding abrasives

Convoluted diaphragm Labyrinth

Long-stroke
Metering pumps, servo drives etc. Grease-lubricate
reciprocating
bearings
Rotary

Composite (co-axial)
Proprietary designs of compact composite PTFE/rub
seal rings for piston and rod duties, many with high
Reciprocating /
pressure ratings.
Rotary
Some types suitable.

Composite (axial)
Compact piston and rod seals for hydraulic and
Reciprocating / pneumatic cylinders: single and double-acting types
Rotary
Some types suitable.
Various proprietary designs

Lip Seal

Low pressure oil seals: many proprietary designs no


Rotary incorporate ‘wind back’ action, which creates a sma
counter-pressure to help reduce seal leakage.

U-ring Reciprocating Homogeneous rubber and reinforced for hydraulic


cylinders: more flexible U-rings for pneumatic cylin

IEEE GlobalSpec websites place cookies on your device to give you the best user experience. By using our websites, you agree
to the placement of these cookies. To learn more, read our Privacy Policy.
✓ Accept & Close
Privacy - Terms

https://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/mechanical_components/seals/dynamic_seals 3/5
1/7/2020 Dynamic Seals Selection Guide | Engineering360

Products & Services Search Products & Services SIGN UP LOG I

UN L Iderivations
U-ring MITED

FREE First Name


Reciprocating
Improved U-ring sections with or without reinforcem
for similar applications as conventional U-rings, wit

ACCESS Last Name


uprated performance. Various proprietary designs.

T O T H E
Email
WORLD'S
Sealing Orientation
BEST IDEAS Company
Internal seals (also referred to as shaft seals) fit into a housing bore with the sealing lip in contact with the shaft. These are also called ro
seals. Rod seals are radial seats that pre-fit into a housing bore with the sealing lip contacting the shaft.
SIGN UP TO SEE MORE - Select -
External seals fit onto the shaft so that the sealing lip contacts the housing bore. These seals also referred to as piston seals which are r
seals that fit onto a shaft with the sealing lip contacting the housing bore. V-rings are considered lip seals.
SUBMIT
Symmetric seals are suitable substitutes for both internal rod seal and external piston seals. They work equally well with piston and rod s

Dynamic Seals Search Form Axial seals are used with housingBy or submitting your registration,
machine components. Axial you
sealsagree
in thetosame
our direction as the axis of rotation, as opposed to radial
Privacy Policy.
which seal perpendicular to this axis.
Search manufacturer catalogs by these
specifications:

Seal Type: Design tip: For proper sealing, the seal lip on a dynamic seal needs to point towards the medium being contained.
Oil / Grease Seal
Hydraulic / Pneumatic Seal
Exclusion Seal
Clearance / Labyrinth Seal
Bearing Isolator Dynamic Seal Dimensions
Sealing Orientation and Direction:
Internal / Rod Seal Seal inside diameter (ID) - This dimension refers to the seal inside diameter or the shaft or piston outside diameter
External / Piston Seal Shaft outside diameter (OD) or housing bore - This dimension refers to the housing bore diameter or the seal outside diameter.
Symmetric Seal
Axial cross-section - This dimension refers to the axial cross section, or thickness, of the seal.
Axial Seal
Shaft O.D. or Seal I.D.:
Radial cross-section - This dimension refers to the radial cross section of the seal. This dimension is commonly used for seals such
Less than 2 inch V-rings, back-up rings, piston rings, and pipe seals.
Housing Bore Diameter or Seal O.D.:
Less than 3 inch Specifications
Axial Cross Section or Thickness:
Less than 0.27 inch Dynamic seals are influenced by several factors in their service life. The effect of these factors should be considered when selecting a sea
Radial Cross Section:
Less than 0.12 inch Maximum operating speed - The speed or velocity of the media in the system can affect the performance and service life of the seal. Th
More Specifications >> sits on a film of lubricant between the seal lip and the moving surface. The amount of friction depends on the thickness of the lubricating f
The film is squeezed to its minimum thickness when there is no movement, as an increase in velocity causes more lubricant to be drawn
between the seal the the moving surface, friction of the system decreases. Maximum operating speed is generally given as ft/min or m/se
the maximum operating speed, the frictional force rises and the seal will begin to wear.

Maximum operating pressure - This is the maximum pressure that the seal is rated for without failure. If the pressure is too high the sea
be forced into the gap which exists between tolerance machined parts at the non-pressure side of the seal. The seal will begin to extrude
causing premature failing. Anti-extrusion rings are available which minimize extrusion and maintain reasonable machining tolerances.

Vacuum Rated - The seal can operate in a vacuum.

Operating Temperature - This is the full required range of ambient operating temperature. The operating temperature range ranges for t
media in the system. The range for felt is - 65° F to 200° F (- 54° C to 93° C). If the temperature gets to cold for the seal, the material may
and become brittle and then relax again once the temperature heats up. Higher temperatures will cause the material to become elastic an
compression set. The fatigue of temperature changes can cause a seal to fail so special attention should be paid to the characteristics of
material chose in the temperature range of the system.

Materials
Seals can be made of rubber or polymer, metals, or other materials including felt, and leather.

Polymers or rubbers - Dynamic seals are made of natural and synthetic rubbers, polymers and elastomers, metallic compounds, and sp
materials. Ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM), a high-density synthetic rubber, provides superior durability for dynamic seals.
Commonly used polymers and elastomers include fluoroelastomer, fluorosilicone, nitrile, polyamide, polyacrylate, polyetheretherketone,
polyoxymethylene, urethane, polyurethane, and polytetrafluoroethylene.

Metals - Metallic seals are made of sintered bronze, cast iron, or stainless steel. Sintered bronze is not suitable for heavily loaded applica
but useful when lubrication is inconvenient. Cast iron is a family of materials made mainly of iron, but with important trace amounts of carb
and silicon. Stainless steel is chemical and corrosion resistant and can have relatively high-pressure ratings.

Specialty materials - Specialty materials for dynamic seals include leather and felt. Felt seals are used primarily with heavy lubricants.

Resources
Seal Specification Guide (.pdf; Timken)

Seal Selection (.pdf; Claron)

How to Protect Bearings from the Elements (Machinery Lubrication)

IEEE GlobalSpec websites place cookies on your


Seals device
and toHandbook
Sealing give you (Brown,
the bestMelvin
user experience. ByElsevier
W., Oxford, UK: using our websites,
Advanced you agree
Technology, 1995)
to the placement of these cookies. To learn more, read our Privacy Policy.
✓ Accept & Close
Privacy - Terms
Image credits:

https://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/mechanical_components/seals/dynamic_seals 4/5
1/7/2020 Dynamic Seals Selection Guide | Engineering360
Daemar | ESP International | Allied Metrics | Seals and Sealing Handbook
Products & Services Search Products & Services SIGN UP LOG I

Read user Insights about Dynamic Seals

URelated
N L I MProducts
I T E D & Services

FREE
Back-up Rings
Back-up rings or anti-extrusion rings are washer-like devices used to prevent seals from extruding through gaps while under pressure.
First side
Seals are installed in the downstream Name of the gland.

AC CESS
Bearing Isolators
Last
Bearing isolators are dynamic seals Name to protect bearings from outside contaminants. They are comprised of a rotor (rotating)
designed
and stator (stationary) member.
T O T H E
Exclusion Seals Email
WORLD'S
Exclusion seals are comprised of wipers, scrapers and V-ring seals.

BEST IDEAS
Hydraulic Company
Seals and Pneumatic Seals
Hydraulic seals and pneumatic seals include piston seals, rod seals, U-cups, vee, cup, and flange packings.

SIGN
OilUPSeals
TO SEE MORE
and Grease Seals- Select -
Oil seals and grease seals have a flexible lip that rubs against a shaft or housing to prevent the leakage or ingress of fluids and dirt.
SUBMIT
Supplier Datasheets
View Suppliers by Country
View Suppliers by State By submitting your registration, you agree to our
View Datasheets by Spec Privacy Policy.
Related Products

STAY CONNECTED WITH US

360 Websites Helpful Links Engineering360

Datasheets360 Top Categories Home


Electronics360 Site Map About Us
Terms of Use Advertise With Us
Privacy Policy Contact Us
Client Services
Employment Opportunities

© Copyright 2020 IEEE GlobalSpec - All rights reserved. Use of this website signifies your agreement to the IEEE Terms and Conditions.

IEEE GlobalSpec websites place cookies on your device to give you the best user experience. By using our websites, you agree
to the placement of these cookies. To learn more, read our Privacy Policy.
✓ Accept & Close
Privacy - Terms

https://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/mechanical_components/seals/dynamic_seals 5/5