Sunteți pe pagina 1din 8

SIPROTEC 5 for every application and requirement

Line Differential and Distance Protection


SIPROTEC 7SL87

www.siemens.com/siprotec
Line Protection Devices

SIPROTEC 5 – Line protection devices Features


1
SIPROTEC 5 line protection devices are part of the modular The device types are defined by their main protection functions
1.1 system of SIPROTEC 5. They support all SIPROTEC 5 system and by essential distinguishing features.
features, and can be used individually as well as universally
1.2 in the framework of system solutions. In the following, the
For devices with flexible configurability of the hardware quantity
structure, you can select various standard variants when
specific properties of the SIPROTEC 5 line protection devices are
1.3 described. The description of the SIPROTEC 5 system features is
ordering. Expandability through supplemental modules allows
for individual adaptation to specific applications such as more
found in the system catalog.
1.4 analog channels for breaker-and-a-half schemes, or more binary
SIPROTEC 5 line protection devices are based on the distance contacts (see “Overview of the standard variants”).
1.5 protection and differential protection principles. They protect
overhead lines and cables of all voltage levels with the highest Function library and application templates
1.6 possible degree of selectivity and security. A large number of A common function library makes all protection, automation,
1.7 additional protection and automation functions makes use in all monitoring and auxiliary functions for the SIPROTEC 5 line
areas of line protection possible. protection devices available. Thus, the same functions are truly
1.8 The devices also contain important auxiliary functions that the same for all devices. Once established, configurations can
are necessary for safe network operation today. This includes be transferred from device to device. This results in substantially
1.9 functions for control, measurement and monitoring. The large reduced engineering effort.
number of communication interfaces and communication On the following pages of this catalog, the selection of functions
2 protocols satisfies the requirements of communication-based available from the library is shown in table format. Pre-defined
selective protection, as well as automated operation.
2.1 templates are available in DIGSI for standard applications. These
Commissioning and maintenance work can be completed safely, templates contain basic configurations, required functions and
2.2 quickly and thus cost-effectively with high-performance test default settings for standard applications.
functions. Because of a modular structure design, SIPROTEC 5
2.3 line protection devices can always be flexibly adapted to specific
requirements.
2.4
Definition of device types based on designation

Main protection functions

Distinguishing features

2.5 7 XX YY

Fig. 2.5 / 1 Definition of device types

7 XX YY

Main protection:
2.6 7 SA Distance protection
7 SD Differential protection
2.7
7 SL Distance and differential protection
2.8 7 SJ Overcurrent protection

2.9 7 VK Circuit-breaker management

2.10 Essential distinguishing features:


7 82 – exclusively 3-pole tripping
– Two hardware variants available
3
7 86 – exclusively 3-pole tripping
3.1 – Hardware quantity structure flexibly configu-
rable
3.2 7 87 – 1- and 3-pole tripping
– Hardware quantity structure flexibly configu-
3.3 rable

3.4 Table 2.5 / 1 Distinguishing features

3.5
3.6
3.7
2.5 / 2 SIPROTEC 5 – Devices · Protection, Automation and Monitoring · Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 · Edition 3
Line Protection Devices
Overview

Type designation 7SA82 7SA86 7SA87 7SD82 7SD86 7SD87 7SL82 7SL86 7SL87 7VK87 7SJ86 1
Distance protection „ „ „ „ „ „

Differential protection „ „ „ „ „ „ 1.1


Overcurrent protection for overhead line „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „
1.2
Circuit-breaker management „
3-pole trip command „ „ „ „ „ „ „ 1.3
1-/3-pole trip command „ „ „ „
1.4
Flexibly configurable hardware „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „

Table 2.5 / 2 Overview of the various distinguishing features of the main protection types 1.5
1.6
1.7
*HQHUDWLRQ 7UDQVPLVVLRQ 'LVWULEXWLRQ
1.8
6- .( 1.9
0' 6/ 6$ 6/ 6-
87 6$
6$ 66 0' 6$ 6' 6- 6-
2
6. 6$

.( 6' .( 6- 66 6- 6' 6- 6' 6. 2.1
0' 6- 9. 87 .( 6- 6/ 87 6' 6. 2.2
2.3
0
2.4
*

Visio-Anw_SIP5-LS-us.pdf
0

2.5
Fig. 2.5 / 2 Areas of application of the SIPROTEC 5 devices in the power transmission system

2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
SIPROTEC 5 – Devices · Protection, Automation and Monitoring · Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 · Edition 3 2.5 / 3
Differential and Distance Protection SIPROTEC 7SL87
Properties

Properties – SIPROTEC 7SL87


1
Main function Differential and Distance Protection
Tripping 1- and 3-pole, min. tripping time 9 ms 1.1
Inputs and outputs 12 predefined standard variants with
4/4 or 8/8 current/voltage transformers, 1.2
5 to 31 binary inputs,
8 to 46 binary outputs 1.3
Hardware flexibility Flexibly adjustable I/O quantity structure
within the scope of the SIPROTEC 5 modular 1.4
system
Housing width 1/3 × 19" to 2/1 × 19"
1.5
1.6
The combined line differential and distance protection SIPROTEC
7SL87 is part of the new SIPROTEC 5 series of modular, flexible 1.7
and intelligent digital field devices.
1.8
With its modularity and flexibility and its high-performance
DIGSI 5 engineering tool, the SIPROTEC 7SL87 fits perfectly for 1.9
protection, control, monitoring, and measuring applications in
electrical energy systems. 2
Function 2.1
All functions can be configured freely with DIGSI 5. For the 2.2
application of some of the functions, you require the appropriate Fig. 2.5 / 22 Differential and distance protection SIPROTEC 7SL87
number of free function points within the device. The function 2.3
point calculator in the online configurator provides support in
determining the required number of function points for your • Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) for synchrophasor measured 2.4
device. values and IEEE C37.118 protocol
• Minimal tripping time 9 ms • Time synchronization IEEE 1588
• Main protection function is differential protection with • Powerful fault recording
adaptive algorithm for maximum sensitivity and stability even
• Additional functions for simple tests and easy commissioning
at different CT errors, CT saturation and capacitive charging
currents • Adjustable I/O quantity within the scope of the SIPROTEC 5
modular system.
2.5
• Diverse distance protection methods as backup or main 2 pro-
tection available: Classic, reactance method (RMD), impedance Table 2.5 / 11 shows all available functions for SIPROTEC 7SL87.
protection for transformers
• Directional backup protection and various additional functions Applications

• Adaptive power swing blocking, Out-of-Step protection The combined line differential and distance protection device
• Recognition of static and transient ground faults (transi-ent SIPROTEC 7SL87 is a universal protection, control and automa-
function) in resonant-grounded and isolated networks tion device on the basis of the SIPROTEC 5 system. It is especially 2.6
designed for the protection of feeders and lines.
• Arc protection
Typical applications are: 2.7
• Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protection
• 1-/3-pole Automatic reclosing function • Line protection for all voltage levels with 1- and 3-pole tripping 2.8
• Control, synchrocheck and system interlocking • Phase-selective protection of overhead lines and cables with
single- and multi-ended infeeds of all lengths with up to 6 line 2.9
• Powerful automation with graphical CFC (Continuous Function ends
Chart) 2.10
• Switchgears with breaker-and-a-half schemes
• Support of single line in small and large displays
• Integrated electrical Ethernet port J for DIGSI and IEC 61850
• Transformers and compensating coils in the protection zone 3
functionality (reporting) • Detection of ground faults in isolated or resonant-grounded
systems with radial, ring-shaped or meshed topology 3.1
• Up to four optional pluggable communication modules usable
for different and redundant protocols (IEC 61850, IEC 60870- • Serial protection data communication over different distances 3.2
5-103, IEC 60870-5-104, Modbus TCP, DNP3 (serial and TCP)) and physical media such as fiber-optic cable, 2-wire connec-

• Serial protection data communication over fiber-optic cable,


tions and communication networks 3.3
two-wire connections and communication networks (IEEE • Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU).
3.4
C37.94 et al.) including automatic switch over between ring
and chain topology 3.5
• High available Ethernet redundancy protocols PRP and HSR
• Cyber Security in accordance withNERC CIP and BDEW White-
3.6
paper 3.7
SIPROTEC 5 – Devices · Protection, Automation and Monitoring · Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 · Edition 3 2.5 / 41
Differential and Distance Protection SIPROTEC 7SL87
Application examples

Application templates are available in DIGSI for standard


1 applications. They comprise all basic configurations and default
settings.
1.1
The following application templates are available:
1.2 • Basic differential and distance protection
1.3 • Differential and distance protection with RMD for overhead
line in grounded systems
1.4 • Differential and distance protection with RMD for overhead
line in grounded systems for applications with breaker-and-a-
1.5 half schemes.
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
Busbar with line feeder
2
2.1 QA 52
2.2 7SL87
MP
2.3 V4
VT-1ph 1

2.4 I1 FG Line FG Circuit breaker


I2 MP
I-3ph V-1ph 25
I3 CT-3ph 1
21 67N 50HS V-3ph
I4
87L 85 68 FL 50/51

Fig_22_Visio-Appl-Bsp_.pdf
V1 27 59 81
MP I-3ph 50BF
V2 V-3ph
2.5 V3
VT-3ph 1
79

CI PI Ctrl

BI
CB
BO
Teleprotection (85) can use
2.6 conventional signalling or serial
protection interface
Com.
Power line
2.7 FG Function group 21 Distance protection
MP Measuring point 25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function
2.8 PI Protection interface 27 Undervoltage protection
CI Communication interface 50/51 Overcurrent protection, phases, ground
2.9 CB Circuit breaker 50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection
BI Binary input 50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection
2.10 BO Binary output 59
67N
Overvoltage protection
Directional overcurrent protection for ground-faults
68 Power-swing blocking
3 79 Automatic reclosing
81 Frequency protection
3.1 85 Teleprotection schemes
Ctrl Control
FL Fault locator
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5 Fig. 2.5 / 23 Application example: Combined line differential and distance protection for overhead line

3.6
3.7
2.5 / 42 SIPROTEC 5 – Devices · Protection, Automation and Monitoring · Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 · Edition 3
Differential and Distance Protection SIPROTEC 7SL87
Application examples

1
Busbar 1
1.1
1.2
7SL87
Power line 1
V1
1.3
V2
Com. 1.4
MP
V3
VT-1ph 1 1.5
I1 FG Line FG Circuit breaker A-QA
I2 MP
1.6
I-3ph Ȉ V-1ph 25
I3 CT-3ph 1
A-QA I4
87
STUB
21 67N 50HS V-3ph 1.7
52
I-3ph 50BF
87L 85 68 FL 50/51 1.8
V1
27 59 81 79
V2 MP 1.9
V-3ph
V3 VT-3ph 1
V4 Ctrl
B-QA 2
52 BI
CB
CI PI BO 2.1
I1
I2 MP 2.2
I3 CT-3ph 2
I4 FG Circuit breaker B-QA 2.3
MP
V4
VT-1ph 2
V-1ph 25 2.4
V-3ph
C-QA I-3ph 50BF
52
79
Teleprotection (85) can use
conventional signalling or serial Ctrl

Fig_23_Visio-Appl-Bsp_.pdf
protection interface 2.5
BI
CB
Power line 2 BO

FG Function group 21 Distance protection


MP Measuring point 25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function
Busbar 2 PI Protection interface 27 Undervoltage protection 2.6
CI Communication interface 50/51 Overcurrent protection, phases, ground
CB Circuit breaker 50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection
Ȉ Summation of currents 50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection 2.7
BI Binary input 59 Overvoltage protection
BO Binary output 67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground-faults 2.8
68 Power-swing blocking
79 Automatic reclosing 2.9
81 Frequency protection
85 Teleprotection schemes for 21 and/or 67N
87L Differential protection, line 2.10
87STUB STUB Differential protection
Ctrl Control 3
FL Fault locator
3.1
Fig. 2.5 / 24 Application example: Combined line differential and distance protection for overhead line
with breaker-and-a-half scheme 3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
SIPROTEC 5 – Devices · Protection, Automation and Monitoring · Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 · Edition 3 2.5 / 43
Differential and Distance Protection SIPROTEC 7SL87
Functions, application templates

Application templates
1

DIFF / DIS Basic

solid grounded
1.1

overhead line,

overhead line,
DIFF/DIS RMD

DIFF/DIS RMD
neutral point
Available
in 7SL87
1.2

1.5 CB
1.3 ANSI Functions Abbr.
Protection functions for 3-pole tripping 3-pole „ „ „ „
1.4 Protection functions for 1-pole tripping 1-pole „ „ „ „
Hardware quantity structure expandable I/O „ „ „ „
1.5 21/21N Distance protection Z<, V< / „ „ „ „
I>/ (V,I)
1.6
21T Impedance protection for transformers Z< „

1.7 87L Line differential protection for 2 line ends ∆I „ „ „ „


87L Line differential protection for 3 to 6 line ends (dependent on Significant ∆I „ „ „ „
1.8 properties)
25 Synchrocheck, synchronizing function Sync „ „ 2
1.9 27 Undervoltage protection, 3-phase V< „ „ „
27 Undervoltage protection, positive-sequence system V1< „
2 27 Undervoltage protection, universal, Vx Vx< „
27Q Undervoltage-controlled reactive power protection Q>/V< „
2.1 32, 37 Power protection active/reactive power P<>, Q<> „
37 Undercurrent I< „
2.2
38 Temperature Supervision „

2.3 46 Negative sequence overcurrent protection with direction I2>, „


∠(V2,I2)
2.4 47 Overvoltage protection, negative-sequence system V2> „
49 Thermal overload protection θ, I²t „ „ „
50/51 TD Overcurrent protection, phases I> „ „ „ „
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, ground IN> „ „ „ „
50HS High speed instantaneous overcurrent protection I>>> „ „ „ „
Instantaneous tripping at switch onto fault SOTF „
50N/ 51N TD Overcurrent protection, 1-phase IN> „
2.5 50Ns/ 51Ns Sensitive ground-current protection for systems with resonant or isolated INs> „
neutral
Intermittent ground fault protection Iie> „
50BF Circuit-breaker failure protection, 1-/3-pole CBFP „ „ 2
51V Voltage dependent overcurrent protection t=f(I,V) „
59 Overvoltage protection, 3-phase V> „ „ „
59 Overvoltage protection, positive-sequence system V1> „
2.6 59 Overvoltage protection, Compounding V1comp> „
59N Overvoltage protection, zero-sequence system V0> „
2.7 59 Overvoltage protection, universal, Vx Vx> „
67 Directional overcurrent protection, phases I>, ∠ (V,I) „
2.8 67N Directional overcurrent protection for ground faults in grounded systems IN>, ∠ (V,I) „ „ „

2.9 67Ns Dir. sensitive ground-fault detection for systems with resonant or isolated neu-
tral incl. a) V0>, b) Cos-/SinPhi, c) Transient fct., d) Phi(V,I), e) Admittanz
„

2.10 68 Power-swing blocking ∆Z/∆t „ „ „


74TC Trip circuit supervision TCS „

3 78 Out-of-step protection ∆Z/∆t „


79 Automatic reclosing, 1-/3-pole AR „ „ 2
3.1 81O Overfrequency protection f> „ „ „
81U Underfrequency protection f< „ „ „
3.2 81R Rate-of-frequency-change protection df/dt „
85/21 Teleprotection for distance protection „ „ „ „
3.3 85/27 Weak or no infeed: Echo and Tripping WI „ „ „ „

3.4 85/67N Teleprotection for directional ground fault protection „ „ „ „


86 Lockout „
3.5 87N T Restricted ground-fault protection ∆IN „
87L/ 87T Option for line differential protection: including power transformer ∆I „
3.6
3.7 Further functions see next page

2.5 / 44 SIPROTEC 5 – Devices · Protection, Automation and Monitoring · Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 · Edition 3
Differential and Distance Protection SIPROTEC 7SL87
Functions, application templates

Application templates
1

DIFF / DIS Basic

solid grounded
1.1

overhead line,

overhead line,
DIFF/DIS RMD

DIFF/DIS RMD
neutral point
Available
in 7SL87
1.2

1.5 CB
ANSI Functions Abbr. 1.3
Option for line differential protection:charging-current compensation ∆I „
Broken-wire detection for differential protection „ 1.4
87 STUB STUB Differential protection (for one-and-half circuit-breaker applications) „ „
90V Automatic voltage control for 2 winding transformer „
1.5
90V Automatic voltage control for 3 winding transformer „ 1.6
90V Automatic voltage control for grid coupling transformer „
FL Fault locator, single-ended measurement FL-one „ „ „ „ 1.7
PMU Synchrophasor measurement (1 PMU can be used for max. 8 voltages and 8 PMU „
currents) 1.8
Arc-protection (only with plug-in module ARC-CD-3FO) „
Measured values, standard „ „ „ „
1.9
Measured values, extended: Min, Max, Avg „
Switching statistic counters „ „ „ „ 2
Circuit breaker wear monitoring Ix, I²t, 2P „
„ „ „
2.1
CFC (Standard, Control) „
CFC arithmetic „ 2.2
Switching sequences function „
Inrush current detection „ 2.3
External trip initiation „ „ „ „
Control „ „ „ „ 2.4
Fault recording of analog and binary signals „ „ „ „
Monitoring and supervision „ „ „ „
Protection interface, serial „ „ „ „
Circuit Breaker „ „ „ 2
Disconnector „ „
Region France: Overload protection for lines and cables 'PSL-PSC' „
Region France: Overcurrent protection 'MAXI-L' „ 2.5
Region France: Net decoupling protection 'PDA' „
Region France: Overload protection for transformers „
Function points: 0 225 400
The configuration and function points for your application can be ascertained in the
SIPROTEC 5 order configurator under: www.siemens.com/siprotec

Table 2.5 / 11 SIPROTEC 7SL87 – Functions and application templates


2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
SIPROTEC 5 – Devices · Protection, Automation and Monitoring · Siemens SIPROTEC 5.01 · Edition 3 2.5 / 45