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Multiple choice questions

Principle of inheritance and variations


1. A couple has six daughters. What is the possibility of their having a girl next
time?
a) 10% b)50% c)90% d)100%
2. A tobacco plant heterozygous for a recessive character is self-pollinated and
1200 seeds are subsequently germinated. How many seedlings would have
the parental genotype?
a) 1250 b)600 c)300 d)2250
3. The percentage of ab gamete produced by AaBb parent will be
a) 25% b)50% c)75% d)12.5%
4. A cross between two tall plants resulted in offspring having few dwarf plants.
What would be the genotypes of both the parents?
a) TT and Tt b) Tt and Tt c) TT and TT d) Tt and tt

Molecular basis of inheritance

1. How far is each base pair from the next one in DNA double helix model?
a) 2 nm b) 3.4 nm c) 34nm d) 0.34nm
2. If the sequence of bases in DNA is GCTTAGGCAA then the sequence of
bases in its transcript will be
a) GCTTAGGCAA b) CGAATCCGTT
c) CGAAUCCGUU d) AACGGAUUCG
3. Polycistronic messenger RNA usually occurs in
b) a) Bacteria b) Prokaryotes c) Eukaryotes d) Both a & b
4. In some viruses, DNA is synthesized by using RNA as template. Such DNA
is called
a) A-DNA b) B-DNA c) c-DNA d) r DNA

Reproduction in organisms

1. Multiload devices contains


a) Magnese b) Iron c) Copper d) Calcium
2. Which of the following are the reasons for population explosion?
i)Increase health facilities ii) Rapid increase in MMR
iii) Rapid increase in IMR iv) Rapid decrease in MMR
a) I and iv b) I,iii and iv v) I and iii d) i,ii,iii,iv
3. The early stage human embryo distinctly possesses
a) gills b) gill slits c) external ear d) eye brows
4. Gastrula is the embryonic stage in which
a) Cleavage occurs b) Blastocoel form
c) Germinal layers form d) Umbilical chord
5. This is an example of a very old viable seed excavated from arctic tundra. The
seed germinated and flowered after an estimated record of 10000 years of
dormancy. It is
a) Victoria b) Lupinus arcticus c) Phoenix dactylifera d) Srobilanthus
6. Fusion of one of the male gametes with egg nucleus, is referred to as
a) Generative fertilization b) Syngamy c) Vegetative fertilization d) a & b
7. Endospermic seeds are found in
a) Castor b) Barley c) coconut d) all of these
8. How many meiotic divisions are required for the formation of 100 functional
megaspores?
a) 100 b) 50 c) 25 d) 200
9. The growth phase of an organism before attaining sexual maturity is referred to
as
a) Juveline phase b) Vegetative phase c) Both a& b d) None of these
10. In maize , a meiocytes has 20 chromosomes. What will be the no of
chromosomes in its somatic cell?
a) 40 b)30 c )20 d)10

Human health and Disease


1. Hepatitis B vaccine is produced from
a) Inactivated viruses b) yeast c) Haemophillus influenzae d) Salmonella
2. Which out of the following group represent immune disorder?
a) SCID and diptheria b) SCID & AIDS
c) AIDS & Cholera d) Hepatitis and leukemia
3. The most abundant antibody produced against allergens is
a) IgE b) IgA c) Ig G d) IgM
4. The antibody which can cross placental barrier is
a) IgA b) IgE c) IgM d) IgG
5. The antigen binding site of an antibody is present at
a) Constant Region b) C-terminal
c) Variable region d) Between constant and variable region
6. The drug used to qucikely reduce the symptoms of allergy are
a) Anti histamine and adrenaline b) Histamine and thyroxine
c) adrenaline and interferon d) all of these
7. Lysine and tryphtophan are
a) Proteins b) Non essential amino acid
c) essential amino acid d) aromatic amino acid
8. Meristem culture is used
a) To produce disease free plants b) In germplasm conservation
b) In rapid clonal multiplication d) all of these
9. Which of the following has been covered under the broad patent category?
a) Oryza b) Triticum c) Pisum sativum d) Brassica
10.Viral DNA after being converted from viral RNA by X, incorporates in to the host
genome to undergo replication. What is X?
a) DNA polymerase b) Restriction endonuclease
c) RNA polymerase d) Reverse transcriptase
11. Shakti rattan and protina (maize) are rich in
a) Lysine b) Glycine c) Fats d) Carbohydrates
12. Which of the following is a drought breed of Indian cattle?
a) Malvi b) Gir c) Sahiwal d) Deoni
13. Bee wax is the secretion of abdominal glands of
a) Drones b) Worker bees c) Queen bees d) none of these

Evolution

1. According to Oparin which one of following was not present in the primitive
atmosphere of the earth?

a) Methane b) Oxygen c) Hydrogen d) Water vapour

2. The first life originated

a) on land b) in air c) in water d) all of these

3. Golden age of reptiles was

a) Proterozoic era b) Palaeozoic era c) Mesozoic era d) cenozoic era

4. Which of the following is an example of link species?

a) lobe fish b) dudo bird c) sea weed d) chimpanzee

5. The presence of gill slits in the embryos of all vertebrates support the theory of

a) metamorphosis b)biogenesis c) organic evolution d) recapitulation

Biotechnology

1. Which one of the following characteristics generally not preferred for a cloning
vector?
a) An origin of replicon b) An antibiotic resistant marker
c)Multiple restriction sites d) A high copy number
2. Which of the following is not a characteristic of PBR322 Vector?
a) It was the first artificial cloning vector
b) most widely used and easily manipulated vector
c) It has two antibiotic resistant genes
d) It does not have restriction site for Sal I
3. The source of restriction enzyme Hin d III is
a) E.coli RY 13 b) Hamophillus influenzae Rd
c) Bacillus amyloliquefaciens H d) Streptomyces albus
4. The term chimeric DNA refers to
a) DNA with overhanging stretches b) DNA with palindromic sequence
c) A recombinant DNA d) molecular scissors
5. An antibiotic resistant gene in a vector usually help in the selection of
a) competent cells b) transformed cells c) recombinant cells d) none of the above
6. Human insulin is being commercially produced from a transgenic species of
a) Mycobacerium b) Rhizobium c) Saccharomyces d) Escherichia
7. A doctor while operating on an HIV (+) patient accidentally cuts himself with a
scalpel. Suspecting himself to have contracted the virus which test will he take to
rule out his suspicion?
a)PCR b) Routine urine examination c) TLC d) DLC
8. The transgenic animals are those which have
a) foreign RNA in all its cells b) foreign DNA in some of its cells
c) foreign DNA in all its cells d) Both a & c
9. Which of the following has been covered under broad patent category?
a) Triticum b) Oryza c) Pisum sativum d) Brassica
10. A Protoxin is
a) a primitive toxin b) a denatured toxin
c) toxin produced by protozoa d) inactive toxin

Ecology

1. Desert, rainforests, tundra are example of


a) Community b) biome c) ecosystem d) population
2. Basic unit of ecological hierarchy
a) Population b) community c) ecosystem d) individual
3. A place has very scanty rainfall, the dominate plants there may be
a) Opuntia b) Nymphea c) Asparagus d) Both a & c
4. When we are in a hot room we sweat profusely. It is a …………..means of
maintaining homeostasis?
a) Morphological b) physiological c) behavioural d) none of these
5. Which of the following problems does the frequent deep sea diver organisms
like whale may face?
a) Compression of tissues surrounding air filled cavities
b) High blood nitrogen level c) Lack of oxygen d) All of these
6. Species interaction with negative influence on both is referred to as
a) Amensalism b) competition c) commensalism d) mutualism
7. In a pond there were 30 lotus plants in last year. Through reproduction 25
new lotus plants were added by reproduction in one year while 8 plants died.
The birth and death rates for the lotus population respectively are
a) .83 &.26 b) .26 & .83 c) .25 & .80 d) .80 & .25
8. In a population per capita birth rate is 0.15 and per capita death rate is .08
during a unit time period. What is the value of r for the given population?
a) 0.23 b) 0.07 c) 0.05 d) 0.25
9. The prickly pear cactus became unusually abundant after its introduction in
Australia because it
a) Had no co evolved herbivore b) formed new mycorrhizal association
c) lost its thorns d) All of these
10. Which of the following is a partial root parasite?
a) Sandal wood b) Mistletoe c) Orobranche d) Gaoderma
11. If 10 joule of energy is available at the producer level, then amount of
energy present at the level of secondary consumers is
a) 10 j b) 1 j c) .1 j d) 0.01 j
12. In grassland ecosystem if the number of primary producers is approx..
6 million plants, the no. of top carnivore which may be supported by it, may be
a) 3 b) 30 c) 6 d) 60
13. The second stage of hydrosere is occupied by plants like
a) Azolla b) Typha c) Carex d) Vallisenaria
14. Edaphic factor refer to
a) Water b) soil c) relative humidity d) altitude
15. The diversity of organisms sharing the same habitat or community is
termed as
a) Alpha diversity b) beta diversity
c) gamma diversity d) delta diversity
16. Antilope cervicapra (black buck) is
a) Vulnerable b) endangered c) critically endangered d) extinct
17. India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity centre of the world and is being
divided in to …………………..biogeographical regions
a) 8 b) 10 c) 16 d) 18
18. Which of the following organisms are protected by the people of
Bishnoi community of Rajasthan?
a) Prosopis cineraria b) Black buck c) Bhojpatra d) Both a & b
19. Nanda devi biosphere reserve is found in
a) Nilgiri b) Uttaranchal c) Himachal Pradesh d) Andhra Pradesh
20. Which of the following is not an invasive alien species in Indian
context?
a) Lantana b) Cynodon c) Parthenium d) Eichhornia
21. Which of the following is the most dangerous metal pollutant of
automobile exhaust?
a) Cadmium b) Copper c) Mercury d) Lead
22. Peroxyaceyl nitrates (PAN) are formed through photochemical
reactions between
a) Sulphur oxides and hydrocarbons b) nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbon

b) Nitrogen oxides and O3 d) none of these

23. Contamination of water with sewage is indicated by cysts of


a) Escherichia b) Entamoeba c) Psedomonas d) Leishmania
24. DDT residues are rapidly passed through food chain causing
biomagnification because DDT is
a) Water soluble b) Lipid soluble c) Moderately toxic d) Non toxic
to aquatic animals
25. Green muffler scheme helps to reduce
a) Air pollution b) Noise pollution c) Soil pollution d) Both a& b