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Chapter I

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING

Background of the Study

Student Council is an organization that conducts disciplinary action to all

students. It is composed of students elected to a certain position, with high rank and has

the authority to rule over the school with power. Generally, they provide service.

In connection to this, we decided to take a step for us to know if the students are

really in good terms with how the ARSC officers run this community. Leadership

development was arguably one of the primary objectives leading to the establishment of

institutions of higher education in America (Anonymous, 2015). Without such act,

students may not be guided properly on how they should behave when they are inside the

premises of the school.

Furthermore, the school is now in the mid-year before the school year ends,

months had passed after the officers were elected to take part as the ones who will govern

the school and for sure the students can now say their perception on how the said officers

acted, specifically, on how they deal with their fellow Augustinian and their

responsibilities as an officer. With this, the students can say whatever they want; they can

now stand to what they think the officers are and they can provide information that could

also help all the aspiring leaders for the next year. This would help them to know the

things they need to change for them to get the full cooperation of all students.
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The research focuses on the perception of students towards the governance of the

ARSC officer’s year 2017-2018. The survey will be conducted on the senior high school

students to be exact. This research seeks to know the different views of students on how

the Student Council functioned and what they’ve done so far that catches the attention of

students this year. In connection to this, the researchers decided to spend their time

lurking for answers that could help if the Augustinian Recollect Student Crusader

(ARSC) officers really had done their part as officers-in-charge.


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Statement of the Problem

This study targets to identify the perception of students towards the

governance of the ARSC officers. This study is designed to determine how the students

are being controlled by the ARSC leaders.

The purpose of this study is to consider how the ARSC officers facilitate the

students in following the rules and regulation. Specifically, this will answer the following

questions:

1. Are the students in good terms with how the ARSC officers handle the rules and

regulations?

2. Are the officers responsive enough in fulfilling their plans for the school year?
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Significance of the Study

Good governance is really important for it leads to a better decision, avoid

massive disasters before they occur, encourage elected members and council officers to

be confident, and promote community confidence.

It also aims to a better understanding of their views and prove if they are

factual or not. It is designed to determine how the students are being controlled by the

student leaders: how the student behavior influences the leadership of the ARSC, what

are the student perceptions towards the governance and what could be the strategies that

could help the leaders to develop their capabilities in leading their fellow students. The

voices of the students themselves will provide a more complete picture of undergraduate

leadership experiences.

The final result of the said study could be beneficial to the following:

 Students- This study enables the student to identify whether the ARSC is well

functioning or not.

 Teachers- This study will help the teachers to know what could be the

capabilities of their students without their supervision.


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 Present Officers- This study will help the present officers to come up with a

better way of governing by knowing the perspective of their fellow students.

 Upcoming Officers- This study will inspire other students to take a step and

become a good leader for them to become responsible.

 Future Research- This study will help the future researchers understand and

provide new information and evidences that could support their research.
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Scope and Limitation of the Study

The researcher’s objective is to get the perception of the students towards

to the governance of the ARSC: On how they react to the way they lead the student

crusader. The research respondents will be the selected Senior High School Students of

St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan Inc. A.Y. 2017-2018. The research will be

conducted at St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc., National Highway, Brgy. Ubos

Bayawan City Negros, Oriental.

The researchers, in the process of conducting the study have the

following limitation. The students involved in this survey will be given one (1)

questionnaire for them to answer. This research was done not to offend our leaders but

for them to be aware of how the minds of the students reacted to their way of handling

the rules. This is not to show bias and to give them a bad image because the researchers

only aim to relay what the majority of the students say.


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Operational Definition of Terms

This section of the research shows how the terms are being used in this study and its

purpose:

 ARSC Officers- a group of students elected as officers for the school year 2017-

2018 to assist the students.

 Governance- refers to the action to control or governing the school community.

 Respondents- refer to the people who respond, answer, or reply to a certain

question of the research.

 Researchers-refer to a group of people who conduct the research.

 St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.-setting or the place where the

researchers conducts their study.


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CHAPTER II

REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter includes information and a number of different points of view that

has been found in the literature about: the aims and functions of student governments,

how to be a good leader without being an abusive leader, ways to make them really work,

types of student governments, and how to establish and organize a student government

system.

2.1 Aims and functions of Student Governments

The mission of the 2017-2018 ARSC officers is to elevate and sustain the quality

of students' life by increased collaboration and communication. It is to ensure responsive,

inclusive, participatory, and representative decision-making at all levels to uphold

effective, accountable, and transparent leadership; which will reflect the best interests of

the students they serve.

The SGA (2017) listed the goals and the objectives of what the officers should consider:

Goals:

1. Elevate and sustain the quality of students' lives

Increasing and sustaining the quality of students’ lives we represent will be one of the

main priorities of the Student Government Association. Increased participation in student


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activities, community engagement, and increased on and off-campus recognition of

students and organizations will help achieve us this goal.

 Establish a campus-wide points system to felicitate and recognize the hard work of the

recognized student organizations.

 Encourage and promote collaboration of student organizations to increase community

engagement and member recruitment.

 Instil a campus-benefit scheme for students to encourage participation in student

activities.

 Invest in a short-term strategic feedback through scrutinized surveys and questionnaires.

 Establish efficient methods of providing information to students of campus activities

including work-in-progress decisions and other general campus functions.

2. Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory, and representative decision-making

Working together with campus departments, on and off-campus partners is another main

priority of the Student Government Association. Through strategic partnerships, we will

not only be able to directly voice the concerns of the students but also bring in valuable

opportunities from the community to the campus.

 Partnerships with organizations ranging from business to charities to promote valuable

opportunities for students to engage.


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 Carry out effective and customized projects in collaboration with campus departments

and administration for the benefit of the student population and to increase inclusive

community engagement.

 Promote attendance to Student Government Association meetings and publicize its

functions to the student body for information and transparency.

 Create discussion-boxes around campus to invite students to voice their concerns.

3. Promote effective, accountable, and transparent leadership

Increasing critical input from the student body is another main priority of the Student

Government Association. We will invest in researching and developing user-friendly and

easily accessible communication methods to provide a platform for the students to engage

in the decision-making process

 Continue to host Organizational Presidents' Council meetings to invite freed back from

leadership teams in Recognized Student Organizations.

 Instil a mechanism for individual and community-oriented leadership teams within

students under the Student Government Association Senate to increase inclusiveness and

participation of students.

Objectives:
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1. President

o To provide transparent information and proactive leadership during the

Armstrong-Georgia Southern Consolidation.

o Increase partnerships with stakeholders of Armstrong to provide better solutions

to concerns raised by students.

o Build a community-oriented culture in the Armstrong community by promoting

inter-organizational collaboration with Student Organizations.

o Delegate student leadership across the campus for inclusive and participatory

decision making.

2. Vice-President

o To maximize the potential of the senate by maintaining a well informed and

cognizant environment.

o To facilitate effective legislation writing and to close loopholes within present

bylaws and future legislation.

3. Secretary

o Provide the senate with well-organized minutes and ensure there are updated

social media pages.

o Continue working with the Savannah Graduates program.


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o Organize Block Parties with full participation from RSOs.

4. Treasurer

o To have a stronger presence, not only on campus but also within the community,

including partnering up with other Student Governments in the area.

o To provide a transparent and liable leadership that gives students the opportunity

to be knowledgeable of the money allocations.

o To review the existent Student Organization policies and create new ones in order

to assure a fair distribution of the funds.

2.2 Ways to make them really work

What should the student council do and ways to make them really work? Base in

the article of Joseph Nicholson (2015) he explain the Purpose of a Student Council,

Starting and Running a Student Council, and Student Council Activities and the

Role of Faculty Sponsors.

Purpose of a Student Council

The functions and level of autonomy of a student council will obviously

depend on the grade level and aptitude of the students involved, but generally, the

purpose of a student council at any level is to develop leadership. By involving


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them in school functions beyond just their classrooms, student council gives

students opportunity to demonstrate their talents while learning useful skills for

the workplace and community. Through student council, student leaders can

pursue personal and collective interests by organizing community outreach and

other events, and motivating the participation of their peers. Student council also

serves as an interface between school management, staff, parents and students.

Starting and Running a Student Council

Most schools already have an established student council process. In these

schools, each new class simply has to find a faculty sponsor and hold democratic

elections to get started. If a student council does not already exist, far more work

gathering support from school administration and parents will be involved, as well

as researching school board guidelines. A student council generally has a

president, vice-president, secretary and treasurer. A historian can either be elected

or appointed by the council. Other interested students who are not officers usually

participate as a steering committee, making recommendati ons and carrying out the

decisions of the council. The role of the president is to be the most visible aspect

of the council in meetings with administration and the students. He or she also

conducts meetings. The secretary is responsible for recording the minutes of each

meeting and can also work to circulate information among students. The treasurer

will work closely with the faculty sponsor to manage the council's funds.
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Student Council Activities and the Role of Faculty Sponsors

In primary grades, the student council will be almost entirely led by the

faculty sponsor, who, with the help of parents, will usually provide services to the

class at large. These can stem from the production and distribution of edible treats

at holidays to the organization of fund raisers and field trips. By high school, the

students will set the tone of their self-government, choosing the activities in which

they want to participate. In addition to planning functions like homecoming and

prom, the student council can stage community outreach, environmental cleanup,

link with other schools, or even try to impact school policy and curriculum. In all

of these, the faculty sponsor should take direction from the student council and

work to empower them as much as possible, letting go of control but offering

useful advice. Faculty advisers should retain the most supervision of finances and

any activities that require coordination with administrators.

2.3 How to establish and organize a student government system

Asu(2005) summarizes very valuable information as to what steps and actions

need to be taken if one is to initiate a successful student government. Those

interested and convinced of the need for student government should:

• Have an idea of the attitude of their administration to student government.

• Have interviews with students and conferences with student groups in order to

include them in the planning process


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CHAPTER III

Research Methodology

Research Design

This study occupies to find out the student’s perception about the governance of

the ARSC. The researcher’s uses phenomenological research. Phenomenological research

is a study that attempts to understand people’s perceptions, perspectives, and

understandings of particular information. The use of this approach is that it corresponds

to the main objective of this research and to determine the sensitivity of the students

towards the governance of the ARSC Officers.

Research Locale

This study was conducted at St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc., known to

be the only existing private Catholic School in the City of Bayawan. This institution was

said to be headed and administered by the Augustinian Recollect Sisters. It was founded

on the year 1948. It is located at National Highway and in front of the Sto. Thomas

Villanova Church, Brgy. Ubos, Bayawan City, Neg. Or.

Research Respondents

The participants on this study are the Senior High School Students of St.

Augustine Academy of Bayawan Inc. There are 31respondents in this research, out of it,

15 are male and 16 are female.


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Research Instrument

To provide and gather as much information and relative evaluation, the use of

survey questionnaire was applied. The survey questionnaire of our research was used as

the main data-gathering instrument for this investigation. It follows a format of a

narrative questionnaire which can be answered in essay form. It is divided into four

sections. First is the profile, contains the name (optional), age, gender, grade and section.

The second part consist of personal, student’s welfare and lastly perceived problems

questions.

The survey questionnaire contains five items questions. Thus, its goal is to

provide and distinguish the students perceptive regarding the governance of the ARSC

Officers.

Data Collection Procedure

The researchers were able to gather data by knowing the perception of the

students towards the governance of the ARSC officers through the use of survey. The

researchers made use of a survey questionnaire to collect data suited to their concerns.

The researchers were also able to apply a non-participant observation to support the

outcome of the survey.


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CHAPTER IV

Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data

Presentation of Data

No. of Respondents

Total No. of Senior High


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School Students
15
Male

Female
124

Percentage

30% Responded that they are


not in good terms with
how the officers act
Responded that the
70% officers are responsible
and had done their part

Interpretation of Data

The researchers conducted a survey in the Senior High School .There are 124

Senior High School Students in St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan Inc. The 25% of the

overall Senior High School population were the respondents (31 students). Out of 31

respondents, 15 were male and 16 were female. Based on the gathered data, 70% (22
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students) of respondents said that they are not in good terms with how the officers act

especially in dealing with their duties. The 30% (9 Students) of the respondents, on the

other hand, said that the officers are responsible and has managed to handle their

responsibilities. Furthermore, the officers are semi- responsible because majority of the

Senior High School students who responded have not seen any changes in our school. So

far, changes are not visible to the students.


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CHAPTER V

Summary of Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

This study was conducted for the purpose of knowing the perspective of the

students towards the governance of their role models and leaders, which are the ARSC

Officers this academic year 2017-2018. A descriptive type of research was used to

survey, to observe, and to interview the respondents, the research were able to gather data

suited to their concerns. The questionnaire served as an instrument in collecting those

data. The selected thirty-one (31) students from the secondary level are the respondents.

Out of the thirty-one (31) respondents, 15 are male and 16 are female.

CONCLUSION

 Some students are not in good terms with the ARSC officers

 The ARSC officers are semi- responsible because they have some duties that they

failed to do and that‘s what other students also think.


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RECOMMENDATIONS

 There should be a leadership training activity to all aspiring students who would

like to become an officer for them to be aware of what they are going to face

when they are in different positions and situations.

 Officers should strive hard to make their platforms visible for the students to see

if they are really effective or not.


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References

Student Life: Student Government Association Goals

https://www.armstrong.edu/student-life/student-life-sga-goalsStudent Government

Association (SGA)

http://www.lander.edu/sites/student-activities/student-government-association-(sga)

6 Tips for Running for Student Council

https://www.teenvogue.com/story/run-for-student-council-tips

Student Perceptions of Leadership, Accountability, and Governmance

https://www.google.com.ph/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&u

act=8&ved=0ahUKEwjz49-

_manXAhXDi5QKHceOAocQFggxMAE&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.sfcg.org%2Fwp

content%2Fuploads%2F2014%2F08%2FNEP_RR_Apr14_HRDP_Perception_Survey_R

eport_FINAL_20140401.pdf&usg=AOvVaw38C2N1WA3iG5rI7tF3c7XQ
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APPENDICES
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Appendix A: Letter of Permission


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Appendix B: Questionnaires for Respondents

Name: Age:
Section: Sex:

Dear Respondents,
Good Day! The purpose of this survey is to know the perception of the students towards
the governance of the ARSC Officers this academic year 2017-2018. We would like to
ask for your precious time to answer the following questions below.
Your time and effort is highly appreciated.
Sincerely yours,
The Researchers
1. Do you think the ARSC officers are doing their responsibilities well? Why and
why not?

2. What can you say about their platforms? Do they push through it?

3. Is there a good change in the school while they are in position?

4. Are you having a hard time in approaching the ARSC officer?

5. What can you say about the progress that they have done?
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Curriculum Vitae
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Curriculum Vitae

PERSONAL DATA

Name: Steven R. Sagang

Age:17

Date of Birth: March 24, 2000

Place of Birth: Bayawan City District Hospital

Address: Brgy.Malabugas Bayawan City neg or.

Email Address:stevensagang@yahoo.com

Status: Single

Parents:Pepito R. Sagang

Rosalinda R. Sagang

Sibling/s: Rey R. Sagang

Shaina R. Sagang

Shiann R. Sagang

ACADEMIC BACKGROUND

Elementary: TGMES(TelesforoGargantiel Memorial Elementary School)

Junior High School: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.

Senior High School:St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.


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Curriculum Vitae

PERSONAL DATA

Name: Shara Mae N. Llandres

Age: 18

Date of Birth: May 6, 1999

Place of Birth: Bayawan Distinct Hospital

Address: Gomez St. Brgy. Ubos, Bayawan City

Email Address: Shfb_llandres@yahoo.com

Status: Single

Parents: Jose Rey P. Llandres

Emily N. Llandres

Sibling/s: Kyle Rey N. Llandres

Faye Erica N. Llandres

Kent Daryl N. Llandres

ACADEMIC BACKGROUND

Elementary: Bolirocon Elem. School

Junior High School: Bayawan National High School

Senior High school: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawa, Inc.


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Curriculum Vitae

PERSONAL DATA

Name: Clyde V. Cadngan

Age: 17

Date of Birth: January 14 2000

Place of Birth: Cebu City

Address: Brgy. Subabayawan city

Email Address:

Status: Single

Parents: Almira Capadngan

MargaritoCapadngan

Sibling/s: Clifford V. Capadngan

Clarenz V. Capadngan

Cloriel V. Capadngan

ACADEMIC BACKGROUND

Elementary:St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.

Junior High School: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.

Senior High School: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.


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Curriculum Vitae

PERSONAL DATA

Name: Donna Mae M. Callojellas

Age: 17

Date of Birth: August 6, 2000

Place of Birth: Dumaguete City

Address: Poblacion Sta. Catalina Neg. Or.

Email Address:dmc@yahoo.com

Status:Single

Parents: Corazon M. Callojellas

Hipolito L. Callojellas Jr.

Sibling/s: Hope Lester M. Callojellas

Karl Mark M. Callojellas

Icon Mae M. Callojellas

Zenn Lee M. Callojellas

ACADEMIC BACKGROUND

Elementary: Sta. Catalina Elementary School

Junior High School: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.

Senior High School: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.


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Curriculum Vitae

PERSONAL DATA

Name: Jamina F. Terania

Age: 18

Date of Birth: August 25, 1999

Place of Birth: KSA, ALBAHA Hospital

Address: HDA. San Ramon Bayawan Poblacion

Email Address: jamina_t082599@yahoo.com

Status: Single

Parents: Ruben Q. Terania

Jasmin F. Terania

Sibling/s: Kirk Resty F. Terania

ACADEMIC BACKGROUND

Elementary: BCECS ( Bayawan City East Central School)

Junior High School: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.

Senior High School: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.


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Curriculum Vitae

PERSONAL DATA

Name: Marlon R. Ybalane Jr.

Age:17

Date of Birth:June 13,2000

Place of Birth: Bayawan City Hospital

Address: Basay, Negros Oriental

Email Address: Marlonybalane@yahoo.com

Status: Single

Parents: Marlon Ybalane Sr.

Arlene Ybalane

Sibling/s: Mark Ian Ybalane

ACADEMIC BACKGROUND

Elementary: Basay Central School

Junior High School: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.

Senior High School: St. Augustine Academy of Bayawan, Inc.