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Franciscan College of the Immaculate Conception, -Bring legitimacy to the rules that govern specific

Baybay, Leyte, Incorporated activities.

Baybay City, Leyte -Help to bring about some kind ‘of adjustment
between different sets of rules.
Alexander A. Gallego -Differentiate between right and wrong and what is
Education 111 Values Education desirable and undesirable.
The Human Person
Values -A person's principles or standards of Human Being -A man, woman, or child of the
behavior; one's judgment of what is important in life. species Homo sapiens, distinguished from other
- Basic and fundamental beliefs that guide or animals by superior mental development, power of
motivate attitudes or actions. articulate speech, and upright stance.
Ethics -Moral principles that govern a person's -A person, especially as distinguished from other
behavior or the conducting of an activity. animals or as representing the human species.
- Ethics is based on well-founded standards of right Six types of human values
and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, 1. Individualistic Values -Valuing the self over
usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to anything else in the world.
society, fairness, or specific virtues. -The individualistic value support freedom as it
Morality -Principles concerning the distinction believes that every person has the right to decide
between right and wrong or good and bad behavior. what is good for him.
- A particular system of values and principles of -Every child starts with individualistic values and he
conduct, especially one held by a specified person or wants everything in the world for the self and wants
society. everyone to serve him.
Moral Conscience-Present at the heart of the person, 2. Family Values -The support of family is must for
enjoins him at the appropriate moment to do good the growth of every human child.
and to avoid evil. It also judges particular choices, -Family is considered to be the basic unit of the
approving those that are good and denouncing those society instead of the individual.
that are evil. -The interest of each member of the family is
Moral Conscience Formation-Begin by being open protected through an unwritten law as love and trust
to the truth and what is right. alone govern the management of a family.
-Study Sacred Scripture and the teaching of the 3. Professional Values -Every person has to join an
Church. origination to earn his livelihood and to contribute to
-Examine the facts and background information the society. These organizations are designed to serve
about various choices and a specialized function of the society and thus need a
-Be discerning in where we gather information. set of value to keep all members of the organization
-Prayerfully reflect to discern the will of God. motivated and united.
Characteristics of Values-Values provide standards -Thus man develops a set of values due to his
of competence and morality. profession.
-Values are fewer in number than attitudes. 4. National Values -The values of a nation represent
-Values transcend specific objects, situations or its tradition, history and experiences of its people
persons. since its creation.
-Values are relatively permanent and resistant to 5. Moral Values -Moral values are passed on from
change. one generation to another by tradition.
-Values are most central to the core of a person. 6. Spiritual Values -These values are eternal as
-Values have two attributes-content and intensity. they never change. Therefore, often people call
The content attribute stresses that a particular code of such values as spiritual or divine as it never dies.
conduct is important. The intensity attribute specifies The worth of human person -Every human being is
how important that particulars code of conduct is. uniquely made in the image of God. Every human
-When we rank an individual’s values in terms of being has priceless value and unlimited potential
their intensity. We obtain the value system of that regardless of the circumstances of their conception
person. -The justice system considers a human life
Functions of Values -Provides goals or ends for the "priceless", thus illegalizing any form of slavery; i.e.,
members to aim for. humans cannot be bought at any price.
-Provide for stabilities and uniformities in group -In social and political sciences, it is the marginal
interaction; hence create sense of belongingness cost of death prevention in a certain class of
among people who shared commonly. circumstances.
Source: Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009.
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