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Science Investigatory Project (SIP)

Bignay (Antidesma Bunius) as Cure for Urinary Tract Infection

Submitted by

Kirsten Leigh Marielle B. Dicion

Genie Marie V. Barcelon

Tricia G. San Pedro

Coreen Arabella S. Sorreda

Project 6 Elem. School

Submitted to

Mrs. Shiela S. Roa

Subject Teacher
Chapter I- PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Introduction

“The effect of antidesma bunius extract to a person with urinary tract infection”

Abstract:

Urinary tract infections are a serious health problem affecting millions of people each year. Infections of the
urinary tract are the second most common type of infection in the body. Women are especially prone to UTI’s for
reasons that are not yet well understood. One woman in five develops a UTI during her lifetime. UTI’s in men are
not as common as in women but can be very serious when they do occur.

This research project shows that we can produce a herbal medicine out of Bignay fruits for Urinary tract
infections. That we can produce this particular medicine with limited financial cost and minimum amount of
time. This particular remedy is made of natural fruit extract from bignay (antidesma bunius) hence it is safe to use.
The fruit extract of this fruit has a cytotoxic properties, which could help for person with urinary tract infections
and other intestinal problems.

Background of the Study

With the world now facing global recession, economy is always a big issue. Government spend considerable
amount of money to solve it, but what do you think is a possible and easiest way to prevent this crisis? During this
crisis, health is always a wealth. But sometimes health related problems cannot be avoided, and medicine is not
cheap. But there are always another side of the story, good news is that the use of herbal supplements for medicinal
purposes has increased dramatically over the past years. If used correctly, many herbs are considered safer than
conventional medications.

The researcher will try to create herbel remedy for Urinary Tract Infection using the extract of the natural fruit of
Bignay, antidesma bunius as scientific name, that contains cytotoxicity to help person with urinary tract infections.
Statement of the Problem

This study sought to answer the following problems:

1. Can we produce a herbal medicine out of the extract of the natural fruits of bignay for a person with urinary
tract infection?
2. Is the herbal medicine safe to use?
3. What are the components of bignay extract that contains enzyme that can help a person with urinary tract
infection.

Hyphotesis

For this project, the following outcomes are anticipated:

1. We can produce a herbal medicine out of extract of the natural fruits of bignay for a person with urinary
tract infection.
2. The herbal medicine is safe to use.
3. Cytotoxicity can help a person with urinary tract infection and the fruit of bignay have this component.

Significance of the Study

We can produce herbal medicine for person with urinary tract infection with limited financial cost and minimum
amount of time. If it happens that you have a tree of bignay or in your neighborhood/community, you can produce
a herbal medicine for urinary tract infection, instead of buying some expensive commercial medicine for that
particular sickness. This research are focus to help anybody to cure urinary tract infection.

Objective of the Study:

1. To make a herbal medicine with the use of bignay fruit extract.


2. To make a non toxic and safe herbal medicine.
3. To lessen the burden of the people who have urinary track infections.

Scope and Limitation:

1. This study used only natural fruits of bignay as the herbal medicine.
2. This is only produced to have a herbal medicine for urinary tract infection and other intestinal problems.
Chapter I- PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Chapter 2 – Review of Related Literature:

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) as define by the Wikipedia.org is a bacterial infection that affects any part
of the urinary tract. Although urine contains a variety of fluids, salts, and waste products, it usually does
not have bacteria in it. When bacteria get into the bladder or kidney and multiply in the urine, they cause
a UTI. The most common type of UTI is a bladder infection which is also often called cystitis. Another kind
of UTI is a kidney infection, known as pyelonephritis, and is much more serious.

According to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC), Urinary
Tract Infections are serious health problem affecting millions of people each year. Infections of the urinary
tract are the second most common type of infection in the body. Urinary Track Infections (UTIs) account
for about 8.3 million doctor visit each year. Women are especially prone to UTIs for reasons that are not
yet well understood. One woman in five develops a UTI during her lifetime. UTIs in men are not as
common as in women but can be very serious when they do occur.

What are the causes of UTI?


Normally, urine is sterile. It is usually free of bacteria, viruses, and fungi but does contain fluids, salts,
and waste products. An infection occurs when tiny organisms usually bacteria from the digestive tract cling
to the opening of the urethra and begin to multiply. Most infections arise from one type of bacteria,
Escherichia coli (E. coli), which normally lives in the colon. Microorganisms called Chlamydia and
Mycoplasma may also cause UTIs in both men and women, but these infections tend to remain limited to
the urethra and reproductive system.

Who is at risk?

Some people are more prone to getting a UTI than others. People with diabetes have a higher risk of a
UTI because of changes in the immune system. Any other disorder that suppress the immune system raises
the risk of a urinary infection. UTIs may occur in infants, both boys and girls, who are born with
abnormalities of the urinary tract, which sometimes need to be corrected with surgery. UTIs are more rare
in boys and young men. In adult women though, the rate of UTIs gradually increase with age.

IV – Materials and Methods

Materials and Equipment to be used:

 Bowl / Glass
 Bignay fruit
 Spoon
 Strainer

Procedures:

Prepare all the materials needed. Wash the fruit of bignay and remove the seed by using the
strainer. Then, get one teaspoon of the extract and drink it, you can also make a juice by using this
extract. Drink it three times a day, after every meal.

V – Results and Discussion:

Taste of extracted bignay Observation


Pure extract Sour
With water Less sour
With Sugar Sweet

According to the table above, it shows that the pure extract of bignay (antidesma bunius) has a sour
taste, and it will taste less sour if you add water, and if you want to it to be undemanding to swallow then
you can add some sugar.

Conclusion:

After the study had been done, the following conclusion were made;
1. We can produce a herbal medicine out of the extract of natural fruits of bignay for the person with urinary
track infections.
2. The herbal medicine is safe to use.
3. The extract of bignay contains cytotoxicity, it can help the person with urinary track infection.

Recommendation:

The following recommendation were given;

1. Use extract of bignay to help you to your problem about intestinal problems, like urinary track infections.
2. Do further study to improve the quality of herbal medicine mad

Bignay is one of the delicious fruit cultivated many regions throughout the world with
numerous health advantages. The scientific name of Bignay is Antidesma bunius. It
belongs to the Genus: Antidesma, family: Euphorbiaeae. It is believed that this
delicious fruit is native to the Southeast Asia and northern Australia, but now it is also
cultivated widely all over the world for domestic and commercial purpose.
Due to various types of Vitamin, Minerals and nutrients, present in the Bignay, it has
lots of health benefits. Among that some of the health benefits of Bignay include
preventing the Risk of Cancer, improving the immune system, keep our bone strong,
improve digestive system, used as a antidote, increase blood circulation, acts as a
detoxifier, improve our vision, helps to relieve anxiety and stress, prevents the risk of
Anemia and reduce the cholesterol level.
Nutritional Value of Bignay:
Bignay contains lots of Vitamin, Minerals and other components. Some of the
vitamins Bignay have Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E Folate, Thiamin, Niacin,
Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid and Riboflavin. Bignay also contains dietary fiber,
sodium and potassium, which have lots of health advantages. Apart from this Bignay
also contain minerals, such as calcium, magnesium, iron, protein, zinc, copper and
Manganese. The best part of the Bignay is, it contains zero cholesterol.

Bignay Improves Digestive Health:


Bignay contain high amount of dietary fiber and B-Complex group of vitamins, which
is very beneficial in the metabolism of carbohydrate, protein and fats. Beside this
dietary fiber present in Bignay can promote the bowel movement and adds bulk to our
stomach that ensure the proper elimination of stool from our body, thus prevent the
risk of various types of digestion related problem such as constipation, gas, bloating,
digestive ulcers, etc.

Bignay Improves Eye Health:


Bignay is highly rich in beta-carotene and vitamin A, which is very good for our eye
health, It helps to prevent the retina damage and antioxidant properties helps to
prevent the free radicals to do any oxidative damage to our eye cells, which is the
main cause of age related eye problem and macular degeneration. Different studies
have been proven that consumption of Bignay can improve our eyesight and prevent
various types of eye related issues, such as cataract.

Bignay Boost Immune System:


Bignay is highly rich in antioxidant, such as Vitamin C, which is very ben eficial for
our immune system and protect our body from foreign invaders, such as virus and
bacteria. Vitamin C helps to improve the production of which blood cells; it is the
main element of our immune system that protects us from any bacterial infection and
viral infection.

Bignay Reduces Blood Pressure:


Bignay is highly rich in potassium; it helps to reduce the blood pressure. Potassium
act as a vasodilator, which mean, it reduces the strain from blood vessels and provide
smooth passage for blood through the arteries, thus reduce the pressure from the
cardiovascular system that helps to reduce the blood pressure. Studies have been
proven that consumption of Bignay on a regular basis can reduce the risk of
hypertension.

Bignay Improves Bone Health:


Bignay is highly rich in calcium, which is very good for our bone health and prevent
various types of bone related issues such as osteoporosis. Calcium is one of the most
important elements of our bone; it helps to improve the bone density. Beside this
Bignay also contain anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which help to
reduce the inflammation. Different studies have been proven that consumption of
Bignay on a regular basis can improve the growth and repair of bone tissue.

Bignay Improves Cardiovascular Health:


Bignay is highly rich in dietary fiber, which is very good for our Heart and it also
helps to prevent various types of cardiovascular disease, such as heart attack, heart
stroke, etc. Different studies have been proven that consumption of fiber rich food,
such as Bignay can reduce the bad cholesterol level of our body, such as LDL
cholesterol, it is the main cause of various types of cardiovascular disease and it also
helps to increase good cholesterol levels of our body, such as HDL cholesterol, HDL
cholesterol support our cardiovascular system, thus control the cholesterol level in our
body.
Bignay Prevents Anemia:
Due to the high amount of iron present in Bignay, it is very beneficial for preventing
the risk of anemia because anemia is a disease of iron deficiency in our body, so
consumption of Bignay can provide a lot of iron in our body that helps to prevent
anemia. Iron present in Bignay helps to improve the production of hemoglobin in our
blood stream, which bind oxygen and other nutrition in blood and carry them to each
and every part of the body, which helps to prevent anemia symptoms, such as fatigue,
shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, weakness, headache, dizziness, etc.

Bignay Prevents Various Types of Cancer:


Due to the high amount of vitamin C present in Bignay, it is very beneficial for our
overall health and also helps to prevent the risk of cancer. Vitamin C is an antioxidant,
who fights against free radicals and prevent them from doing any oxidative damage to
our healthy cells. These free radicals are the main cause of various types of cancer.

Bignay Can Treat Snake Bites:


In various countries like Asian countries, Bignay have been utilized for treating
poison of snakebites. It may cure snake venom and utilized as a viable drug for
chomps of snakes. Expend Bignay to have quality for executing as a demonstrated
antidote of snake venom. It has been utilized as a part of a few sections of Asia for
treating this significant issue.

Bignay Detoxify the Body:


As we already discussed above, Bignay contains high amount of diuretic properties,
which helps in promoting the urination in our body, which is very beneficial for our
kidneys and livers. It helps to flush out uric acid, urea, toxin, extra water and calcium
from our body through urine that prevents the stone formation in our kidneys.
Different studies have been proven that, those who are consuming Bignay tea in their
daily diet, they have less chance of affecting by kidney and liver diseases.