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Table 1
Descriptive Analysis


Mean 35.54
Standard Error 0.37
Median 36.06
Mode #N/A
Standard Deviation 3.22
Sample Variance 10.37
1 Quartile 34.299
3rd Quartile 37.3018
10 Percantile 31.53254
90 Percantile 38.9198
Kurtosis 1.03
Skewness -0.89
Range 15.94
Minimum 26.71
Maximum 42.65
Sum 2665.43
Count 75.00

Table 1 shows descriptive analysis of business competitiveness of

provincial LGUs of the Philippines in 2018.

The total number of data is 75 which represent the 75 cities,

municipalities and provinces in the Philippines that are measured based on the

four pillars to determine the competitiveness of each wherein Rizal placed the

first with a maximum score of 42.6546 and Zamboanga Sibugay as the last
with minimum score of 26.7104. The total sum of the data for ranking of

competitiveness of LGUs in the Philippines is 2665.43.

The mean value of the distribution is 35.54. This explains that the

standard score of all the provinces is 35.54. The median score is 36.06. This

implies that 50% of the provinces have a score of less than 36.06 and the other

50% scored more than 36.06. The data points have no modal value. This

means that there are no data that are the same with the other.

The following are the measures of variation: the range of the distribution

equals 15.94. This value is the difference between the LGU with the maximum

score which is the province of Rizal with 42.65 and the one with the lowest

score which is the province of Zamboanga Sibugay with score of 26.7. It implies

that the scores of each province are significantly proportion to each other. The

sample variance has a score of 10.37. This value is essential in obtaining the

standard deviation which is 3.22. Consequently, the cities, municipalities and

provinces’ scores does not have a wider range which means that most of the

scores are relatively close to the general value according to the population and

earnings of each province. Finally, the standard error is 0.37 which denotes

that the result of the sample mean is close to the actual population mean.

The first quartile falls to 34.299 which implies that the provinces who

gathered less than 34.299 pertains to the lowest 25% of the data while the

provinces who garnered more than 34.299 refers to the highest 75% of the

data. The third quartile of the data is 37.3018 which signifies that the LGU
who scored higher than 37.3018 belongs to the higher 25% of the cities,

municipalities and provinces in the Philippines while the LGU who got a score

below than 37.3018 belongs to the lower 75% of the cities, municipalities and

provinces in the Philippines base on the LGU’s score in the four pillars named

Economic Dynamism, Government Efficiency, Infrastructure and Resiliency.

The 10th percentile of the LGUs of the Philippines represents the

provinces of Sorsogon, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, Romblon, Masbate,

Batanes, Antique, and Zamboanga Sibugay who accumulates the lowest scores

of all the provinces. The 90th percentile falls to 38.9198 which represent 90% of

the provincial LGU’s of the Philippines with the highest provincial rankings

based on population and income weighted average scores of cities

municipalities and provinces. The provinces with the highest score are South

Cotobato, Sultan Kudarat, Cotobato, Sarangani, Cavite, Davao del Norte,

Laguna and Rizal wherein the province of Rizal placed first with a score of


The skewness results to -0.89 which implies that there are more LGUs

who got higher than the mean or average score of the data. The kurtosis is 1.03

representing a Leptokurtic which evidenced that the data are convening

comparably extreme input.