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CHRONOLOGY

Small Chronological compendium of


Indian and Tibetan Buddhist Masters

Compiled by Konchog Tendzin (M. Ricard)


Shechen Monastery, Nepal

This document contains the dates of some 1300 spiritual masters and scholars of the Tibetan Buddhist
tradition, together with a small number of dates of masters from India and other cultures. I gathered these
data through reading texts over the years for my own use. This compilation is by no means a systematic
work of research, but since it might be useful to others, I am glad to make it available to anyone who might
be interested. Any addition or corrections are welcomed!

Ce document contient les dates d’un peu plus de 1300 maîtres spirituels et grands érudits du bouddhisme
tibétain avec un petit nombre de dates de maître de l’Inde et de penseurs d’autres pays. J’ai rassemblé ces
données historiques au fil de mes lectures sans autre but que de constituer un compendium chronologique
facilement consultable. Bien qu’il ne s’agisse nullement d’une recherche systématique, cette compilation
peut s’avérer utile à d’autres et je suis donc heureux de la mettre à disposition de ceux qui cela peut
intéresser. Toutes les corrections et additions sont bienvenues!

SOURCES

BA Blue Annals
BU Butön bu ston
RA Red Annals
KG mkhas pa'i dga' ston
DU Dudjom Rinpoche
KS Khetsun Sangpo, Biographical Dictionary of Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism, 12 vol.
GS Gene Smith
TA Tarthang Tulku
TS Tshig mdzod chen mo
Tenzin Palbar (bstan 'dzin dpal 'bar): nga'i pha yul gyi ya nga ba'i lo rgyus (The
Tragedy of My Homeland). Dharamsala. Narthang Publications, 1994.
And many others…

India and others:


-----
Lord Buddha: 961-881 BC According to Butön (bu ston)
624-544 According to Theravadin tradition
569-489 Assuming that King Ashoka reigned 100 years
after the Buddha's Parinirvana
451-371 Assuming that King Ashoka reigned 218 years
after the Buddha's parinirvana
483-403 Calculation based on the "dotted record" of
Vinaya texts.
463-383 Japanese scholars' calculations based on
CHRONOLOGY

Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese texts

Confucius: 551-479 BC
Rajagriha Council: 483 BC
Mauryan Empire: 320-187 BC, Buddhism flourishes throughout India, and up to
Afghanistan.
Reign of King Ashoka: 268-232 or 272-236 BC
Second Council at Vaisali: 100 years after L. Buddha's parinirvana
Nagasena: 200 ?
King Pusyamitra, of the Sunga dynasty, persecutes Buddhists: 187-? BC
Reign of Greek Buddhist King Menander (Milinda): 163-115 BC
King Kanishka's Council of the Sarvastivadins: 147 or 78 BC
Pali Tripitaka first written down: 80 BC
Buddhism enters China: 100s AD
Nagarjuna: some sources say he was born in 482 B.C, other in 212 B.C. According to
mahayana scriptures he was born 1200 years after the Buddha's parinirvana.
Travels of Fa-Hsien: 399-414
King Nyatri Tsenpo ascends the throne as first King of Tibet: 374
Lhathori Nyentsen: 374-494 In 433, brings the first Buddhist scriptures to
TibetBuddhism enters Japan: 550
Boddhidharma: 526
Bhavavika (legs ldan 'byed): 400s
Asanga (thogs med), Buddhapalita, Vasubandhu (dbyig gnyen) Dignaga (phyogs
glang), Aryadeva ('phag pa lha): 500s.
Silabhadra: 6th/700s
Dharmakirti: ca.600-ca.660
Chandrakirti, Vasumitra, Haribhadra, Chandragomin, Dandin: 700s ?
Thomi Sambhota goes to India: 632
Hsuang-tsang's pilgrimage to India: 629-645
I-Tsing's pilgrimage to India: 671-695
Shantideva (shi ba lha): 685-763
Garab Dorje: 55 ?
Songtsen Gampo (srong btsan sgam po): 609/613-650 (Richardson and Gendun
Chöphel, see White Annals p.13, /Vitali, GS 617-649 /Tarthang 569-650.
Songtsen founds the Rasa Trulnang Tsuklhagkhang: 641
Queen Kongjo leaves for Tibet, in 641 and meets the King in 647.
Ramoche founded: 641
Gar ('gar), Songtsen's minister: ?-667
Dusong Manpo ('dus srong mang po rje): reigns 676-704
Purnavardhana (gang ba spel ba): 700s
Yasomitra (rgyal po'i sras grags pa shes gnyen): 700s?
King Me Agtsom (mes 'ag tshoms): reigns 704-755
Shantarakshita: 705-762
Kamalashila: fl. 713-763
Haribhadra: 900s
Vanaratna, Pandita Nag Ki Rinchen (nags kyi rin chen pandita), 15th cent

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CHRONOLOGY

Ngagyur Nyingma:
---------------

Trisong Detsen (khri srong lde btsan): 742-797? /718 (Butön) or 730 (in Bee kar)
rules from 755 (Ehrhard) 730 (NH)
Beginning of construction of Samye: 762
Se (sad) mi, mi bdun ordained: 767/ or 827 (NS)
According to Khetsun Sangpo's history:
Khenpo Shantarakshita consecrates the ground: 797
Khenpo lays the foundations: 798
Guru Rinpoche leaves India: 802
Guru Rinpoche reaches Samye: 809
Guru Rinpoche reconsecrates the ground at Samye: 810
Guru Rinpoche lays again the foundation stone: 811
Completion of Samye: 814
NS V.1, p.950
The seven "trial monks ordained as novices: 827
Guru Padmasambhava depart to Ngayap Ling (Chamara): 864 (NS) or 876
(Patrul, Mipham).

According to NS, Vol.2 p.95:


King Trisong: 730-
Samye founded: 750
Guru Padmasambhava leaves Tibet: 804
King Tri Ralpachen (ral pa can): 806-836, or 866-901 (reign) /or 815-838
assassinated in 896? or 901
Persecution by Langdarma (glang dar ma): 841-846
Assassination of Langdarma (glang dar ma): 846 or 906
Namde Ösung (gnam lde 'od srungs), son of Langdarma: 907-945 or 967 according to
Butön
Pal Kortan (dpal 'khor btsan), son of Namde Ösung: 925- reign from 945 (967
according to Butön), assissinated in 955 ro 985

Yuthok Yonten Gonpo (g.yu thog yon tan mgon po): 729/768/785-
Samye debate: 792
Mune Tsenpo (mu ne btsan po): reigns 797-800
Lopon Nyima Senge (slob dpon nyi ma seng ge): 800s
Senalek (sad na legs): reigns 804-814
Jinamitra: 800s
Guru Rinpoche comes to Tibet and begins the construction of Samye: 810 (NS)
Ba Ratna (sba ratna), disciple of Shantarakshita: 900s
Nyang Ben Tingdzin Zangpo (nyang ban ting 'dzin bzang po): 900s
Nubchen Sangye Yeshe (gnubs chen sangs rgyas ye shes) : 841-?
Langdarma (glang dar ma): 838-842? (reign) Lachen Gongpa Rabsel (bla chen
dgongs pa rab gsal) : 892-975 or 832-915?
King Tride Tsenpo: 847-877
The kingdom of Tibet desintegrates owing to internal rebellions: 929
King Gesar: 993-1080, 1038-1124
Changchup Drekol (byang chub 'bre bkol): 968-1076
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CHRONOLOGY

Panchen Smriti Shri Jnana, the last translator of the Early Translation Tradition (snga
'gyur rnying ma) :late 900s-early 1000s

According to Dudjom Rinpoche, the second period of the spreading of the teachings
begins: 953
Shang Nanam Dorje Wangchuk (zhang sna nam rdo rje dbang phyug): 976-
Nup Yeshe Gyatso (gnubs ye shes rgya mtsho): 1000s
Gyatön Lodrö Changchup (rgya ston blo gros byang chub): late 1000s
Marpa Yonten Changchup (mar pa yon tan byang chub): late 1000s
Nanam Tsultrim Changchup (sna nam tshul khrims byang chub): late 1000s
Pang Mipham Gonpo (spang mi pham mgon po): 1000-1100s
Lhatsun Changchup Ö (lha'i btsun pa byang chub 'od): 1100s
Tertön Kyungpo Pel (gter ston khyung po dpal): 1100s
Dangma Lhungyal (ldang ma lhun grub rgyal mtshan): 1000-1100s
Chetsun Senge Wangchuk (lce btsun seng ge dbang phyug), disciple of Dangma
Lhungyal: 1000-1100s Lives 125 years.
Lharje Deshek Zurpoche Sakya Jungne (lha rje bde gshegs zur po che sakya 'byung
gnas): 945-1012
Lachen Gongpa Rabsel and the ten men from U and Tsang began the later
propagation of the teachings in Central Tibet from Kham: 958
Tertön Sangye Lama (gter ston sangs rgyas bla ma): 1000-1080
Tertön Drapa Ngonshey (gter ston grwa pa mngon shes): 1012-1090
Rongzom Pandita, Chökyi Zangpo (rong zom chos kyi bzang po): 1012-1088
Zurchun Sherap Trakpa (zur chung shes rab 'grags pa): 1014-1072
Tatön Jowo Yeshe (rta ston jo bo ye shes: 1124-?
Gya Lotsawa (rgya lo tsa ba): ?-1041?
Tsondru Bar (brtson 'grus 'bar): 1031-1106
Gyalse Drala Tsegyal, heir of King Gesar of Ling: 1050?
Dzeng Dharmabodhi ('dzeng dharma bodhi): 1050-1136
Dum Gya Shangthrom (dum rgya zhang khrom): 1100s
Tertön Lhatsun Ngönpo (gter ston lha btsun sngon po): 1100-1200s
Magom Chökyi Sherap (rma sgom chos kyi shes rab): 1055-?
Lharje Chenpo Drophukpa, Zur Shakya Senge (lha rje chen po 'gro phug pa shakya
seng ge): 1074-1135
Gartön Zungne (mgar ston zung nge): 1074-1135
Chetön Gyanak (lce ston rgya nag), also knows as Chegom Nagpo (lce sgom nag po):
1094-1148
Gyalwa Shangtön Tashi Dorje (rgyal ba zhang ston bkra shis rdo rje), meets Chetsun
Senge Wangchuk around 1123: 1097-1167
Tertön Bakhal Mukpo (gter ston ba mkhal smug po): 1200s
Be Tönpa Yeshe Dorje ('bas ston pa ye shes rdo rje): 1200s.
Ka Dampa Deshek, Sherap Senge (Ka dam pa bde gshegs shes rab seng ge), founder
of Kathok: 1122-1192
Jobum (jo 'bum), father of Joshö (jo bshod): 1123/4-1174
Upa Shikpo (dbus pa zhig po): 1125-1195
Mal Kawachen (mal ka ba can): 1126-1211
Tsang Tön Dorje Gyaltsen, Kathok Gyaltsap I (gtsang ston rdo rj e rgyal mtshan):
1126-1216
Ngadak Nyang Ral Nyima Öser (sngags bdag nyang ral nyi ma 'od zer): 1136-1204
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CHRONOLOGY

Shikpo Dutsi (zhig po bdud rtsi): 1149-1199


Chak Lotsawa Drachom (chag lo tsa ba dgra bcom): 1153-1216
Khepa Nyima Bum (mkhas pa nyi ma 'bum), son of Gyalwa Shangtön: 1158-1213
Drikung Khenpo Dorje Tsultrim ('bri gung mkhan po rdo rje tshul khrims): -1221
Tatön Joye (rta ston jo ye), disciple of Shikpo Dutsi: 1163-1236
Rog Sherap Öd (rog shes rab 'od), son of Rog Tashi Trak (rog bkra shis grags): 1166-
1244 or 1233
Namkha Pal (nam mkha' dpal): 1170-1226
Rog Shikpo Rinchen Sherap (rog zhig po rin chen shes rab): 1171-1245
Jampa Bum, Kathok Gyaltsap II (byams pa 'bum): 1179-1252
Yonten Zung (yon tan gzungs): 1186-?
Tertön Chokden Dorje (gter ston mchog ldan rdo rje): 1194-?
Guru Jober (gu ru jo 'ber), nephew of Nyima Bum: 1196-1255 or 1231?
Chak Lotsawa Chöje Pel (chag lo tsa ba chos rje dpal): 1197-1264
Loden (blo ldan), son of Namkha Pal: 1205-?
Ngadag Dudul (mnga' bdag bdud 'dul), son of Loden: 1300s
Dode Senge (mdo sde seng ge), son of Ngadag Dudul: 1300s
Guru Chökyi Wangchuk (gu ru chos kyi dbang phyug, 1212-1270)
Chen-nga Mangpuwa Sonam Bumpa, Kathok Gyaltsap III (Ka thog pa rgyal tshab
spyan snga mang phu ba bsod nams 'bum pa): 1223-1284
Trulshik Senge Gyabpa ('khrul zhig seng ge rgyab pa), disciple of Guru Jober: lives
64 years old
Melong Dorje (me long rdo rje): 1243-1303
Chöje Trakpa Gyatso (chos rje grags pa rgya mtsho): 1300s
Jomo Menmo (jo mo sman mo): 1248-1283
Taklung Sangye On Trakpa Pel (stag lung sangs rgyas dbon grags pa dpal): 1251-
1296
Langlap Changchup Dorje (lang lab byang chub rdo rje): 1300s
Tatön Zidji (rta ston gzi brjid): 1300s
Uwöpa Yeshe Bum, Kathok Gyaltsap IV (Ka thog pa rgyal tshab dbu 'od pa ye shes
'bum): 1254-?
Changchup Pelwa, Kathok Gyaltsap V (Ka thog pa rgyal tshab byang chub dpal ba):
1300s
Rigdzin Kumaraja, Yeshe Shonnu a.k.a. Tharpa Gyen (rig 'dzin kumaraja ye shes
gzhon nu thar pa rgyan): 1266-1343
Dungtso Repa (first) (dung mtsho ras pa snga ma): 1267-1329?
Foundation of Riwoche Monastery (ri bo che) by Sangye On: 1277
Yung Tönpa Dorje Pal (g.yung ston pa rdo rje dpal): 1284-1365
Tulku Lekden (sprul sku legs ldan), a.k.a. Sho Gyalse Lekpa Palden Sherap (sho rgyal
sras legs pa dpal ldan shes rab): 1290-1366
Pema Ledrel Tsel Rinchen Tsultrim Dorje (padma las 'brel rtsal rin chen tshul khrims
rdo rje): 1291-1315
Pema Ngodrup (padma dngos grub), son of Dode Senge: 1400s
Osel Rangdrol ('od gsal rang grol): 1400s
Jamyang Samdrup Dorje ('jam dbyangs bsam grub rdo rje): 1295-1377 Zur Jampa
Senge (zur byams pa seng ge): 1300-1400s
Rinchen Lingpa (rin chen gling pa): 1295-1373
Rinchen Senge (rin chen seng ge): 1305-1365
Gyalwa Longchen Rabjam Drime Öser (rgyal ba klong chen rab 'byams dri med 'od
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CHRONOLOGY

zer): 1308-1363/4
Khedrup Khyabdal Lhundrup (mkhas grub khyab gdal lhun grub): 1400s
Tertön Zangpo Trakpa (gter ston bzang po grags pa): 1400s
Jampel Norbu ('jam dpal nor bu), son of Pema Ngodrup: 1400s
Karma Lingpa (ka rma gling pa): 1326-?
Lodrak Drupchen Lekyi Dorje (lho brag grub chen las kyi rdo rje), also known
Khenchen Namkha Gyaltsen (mkhan chen nam mkha' rgyal mtshan): 1326-
1401
Orgyen Lingpa (o rgyan gling pa): 1329-1367
Rigdzin Gödem, Dorje Drak Rigdzin I (rig 'dzin rgod kyi ldem 'phru can), also known
as Tertön Ngodrup Gyaltsen (gter ston dngos grub rgyal mtshan): 1337-1408
Sangye Lingpa (sangs rgyas gling pa): 1340-1396
Yeshe Dorje (ye shes rdo rje), Sangye Lingpa's son: 1400s
Dorje Lingpa (rdo rje gling pa): 1346-1405
Drolmawa /Drölchen Sangye Rinchen Gyaltsen Palzang (sgrol ma ba or sgrol chen
sangs rgyas rin chen rgyal mtshan dpal bzang): 1350-1441
Tertön Drime Lhunpo (gter ston dri med lhun po): 1352-?
Gyalse Tulku Trakpa Özer (rgyal sras sprul sku grags pa 'od zer), Longchenpa's son:
1356-1409
Kunga Gyaltsen (kun dga'i rgyal mtshan), son of Pema Ngodrup: late 1400s
Tertön Buddha Vajra (gter ston buddha vajra): 1376-? KS
Sangye Onpo Trulshik Sherap Gyatso (sangs rgyas 'on po 'khrul shig shes rab rgya
mtsho): 1400-1500s
Samten Lingpa (bsam gtan gling pa): 1400-1500s
Gyalse Dawa Trakpa (rgyal sras zla ba 'grags pa), Trakpa Özer's son: 1400-1500s
Geshe Lha Zangpa (dge bshes bla bzang pa), Kunga Gyaltsen's son: late 1400s
Lopön Sakya Gyalpo (slob dpon sa kya'i rgyal po): 1384-1474
Nagkyi Rinchen (sngags kyi rin chen), a.k.a. Vanaratna of Sadnagar (grong khyer
dam pa): 1384-1458
Thangthong Gyalpo (thang stong rgyal po): 1361-1485 (in namthar),
Gö Lotsawa Shonnu Pal ('gos lo tsa ba gzhon nu dpal): 1392-1481
Rogden Sherap Ö
Dungtso Repa, the later (dung mtsho ras pa phyi ma): 1400s.
Khandro Kunga Bum (mkha' 'gro kun dga' bum): 1400s (born on a Monkey year,
lived 75 years)
Sechog Namgyal Gonpo (sras mchog rnam rgyal mgon po), son of Thangthong
Gyalpo: 1398-1423
Ratna Lingpa Rinchen Pal (ratna gling pa rin chen dpal): 1403-1478
Drime Kunga (dri med kun dga'): 1404-?
Kunkyong Lingpa (kun skyong gling pa), incarnation of Dorje Lingpa: 1408-1489
Nyida Zangpo (nyi zla bzang po): 1436/7-?
Drupchen Kunzang Dorje (grub chen kun bzang rdo rje), disciple of Dawa Trakpa:
1500s
Tendzin Daö Dorje (bstan 'dzin zla 'od rdo rje): 1500s
Jamyang Rinchen Gyaltsen ('jam dbyangs rin chen rgyal mtshan), father of Ngari
Penchen and Lekden Dudjom Dorje: 1446-1558
Pema Lingpa (padma gling pa): 1450-1521
Nyukla Penchen Ngawang Trakpa (snyug la penchen ngag dbang grags pa): 1458-
1515
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CHRONOLOGY

Kathog Sonam Gyaltsen (Ka thog pa bsod nams rgyal mtshan): 1466-1540
Chak Changchup Lingpa (chag byang chub gling pa): late 1500s
Tennyi Lingpa Pema Tsewang Gyalpo (bstan gnyis gling pa padma tshe dbang rgyal
po): 1480-1535.
Rigdzin Chogden Gonpo, of Lhodrak (rig ‘dzin mchog ldan mgon po): 1497-1557
Dorje Drak Rigdzin Chenpo II, Lekden Dorje (rdo rje brag rig 'dzin legs ldan rdo
rje): 1512-1625
Ngakchang Shakya Zangpo (sngags 'chang shakya bzang po): 1500-1600s (discovers
terma in 1512).
Ngari Panchen Pema Wangyal (mnga' ris pan chen padma dbang rgyal): 1487-1542
Tulku Natsok Rangdrol (sprul sku sna tshogs rang grol), reembodiment of Ratna
Lingpa: 1494-1570
Chöje Kunga Gyaltsen Palzang (kun dga' rgyal mtshan dpal bzang), disciple of
Drupchen Kunzang Dorje: 1497-1568
Chokden Gonpo (mchog ldan dgon po), incarnation of Kunkyong Lingpa: 1497-1557
Kunga Lekpai Lodrö (kun dga' legs pa'i blo gros): 1497-1544
Terchen Mati Ratna (gter chen mati ratna): 1600s
Tertön Namchak Mebar (gter ston gnam lcags me 'bar), another name of Drigung
Rinchen Phuntsok: 1509-1602
Tertön Nyida Öser, Lekden Dudjom Dorje (nyi zla 'od zer legs ldan bdud 'joms rdo
rje): 1512-1625
Orgyen Dechen Lingpa (o rgyan bde chen gling pa): 1514-1545
Trengpo Tertön Sherap Özer ('phreng po gter ston shes rab 'od zer): 1518-1584
Rigdzin Ngakyi Wangpo (rig 'dzin ngag gi dbang po): 1520-1579
Shikpo Lingpa Gargyi Wangchuk Tsel (zhig po gling pa gar gyi dbang phyug rtsal):
1524-1583
Mahanatha, Indian master: 1600s
Jahabira, an Indian master, disciple of Mahanatha: 1600s
Nesar Jamyang Khyentse Wangchuk, Do-ngak Lingpa (gnas gsar 'jam dbyangs
mkhyen brtse dbang phyug, mdo sngags gling pa): 1524-1568
Tulku Tendzin Trakpa (sprul sku bstan 'dzin grags pa), reeimbodiment of Pema
Lingpa: 1536-1597
Lochen Gyurme Dechen (lo chen 'gyur med bde chen): 1540-1615
Karma Guru Tashi Tobgyal Wangpoi De (ka rma gu ru bkra shis stobs rgyal dbang
po'i sde), better known as Changdag Tashi Tobgyal (byang bdag bkra shis
stobs rgyal: 1550-1603 Sodokpa Lodrö Gyaltsen (sog bzlog pa blo gros rgyal
mtshan): 1552-1642 (or 1624?)
Khöntön Paljor Lhundrup ('khon ston dpal 'byor lhun grub): 1561-1637
Nyötön Khedrup Do-ngak Tendzin (smyos ston mkhas grub mdo sngags bstan 'dzin):
1576-1628
Dorje Drak Rigdzin Chenpo III, Ngakyi Wangpo (rdo rje brag rig 'dzin ngag gi wang
po): 1580-1639
Jatshön Nyingpo Ledro Lingpa ('ja' tshon snying po, las 'phro gling pa): 1585-1656
Tertön Tendzin Norbu (gter ston bstan 'dzin nor bu): 1589-1668
Lhatsun Namkha Jigme (lha btsun nam mkha' 'jigs med): 1597-1650
Peling Sungtrul III of Lodrak, Tsultrim Dorje (lho brag gsung sprul tshul 'khrims rdo
rje): 1598-1669
Yolmo Tulku III, Tendzin Norbu (yol mo sprul sku bstan 'dzin nor bu): 1589-1644
Gongra Lochen Shenphen Dorje (gong ra lo chen gzhan phan rdo rje): 1594-1654
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CHRONOLOGY

Lachen Dreshongpa Chögyal Dorje (bla chen 'bres gshongs pa chos rgyal rdo rje):
1602-1677
Zur Chöying Rangdrol (zur chos dbyings rang grol): 1604-1669
Tsele Natsok Rangdrol (rtse le sna tshogs rang grol): 1608-?
* Dorje Drak (rdo rje brag) monastery founded by Rigdzin Ngakyi Wangpo : 1610
Sangdak Trinley Lhundrup ('phrin las lhun grub, son of Nyötön Do-ngak Tendzin and
father of Terda Lingpa): 1611-1662
Karma Chagme Raga Assia (karma chags med raga a sya): 1613-1678.
Dudul Dorje, Powo Tertön (bdud 'dul rdo rje spo bo gter ston): 1615-1672 Dalai
Lama V, Ngawang Lobzang Gyatso (ngag dbang blo bzang rgya mtsho), also
known as Dorje Thokme Tsel (rdo rje thogs me rtsal): 1617-1682
Chöling Dewai Dorje (chos gling bde ba'i rdo rje), Ratön Topden Dorje's teacher:
1700s
Gyalse Sonam Detsen (rgyal sras bsod nams lde btsan): 1700s
Rongpa Tertön Dudul Lingpa (rong pa gter ston bdud 'dul gling pa): 1700s
Rigdzin Longsal Nyingpo (rig 'dzin klong gsal snying po): 1625-1692
Dzogchen Pema Rigdzin I (rdzogs chen padma rig 'dzin): 1625-1697
Yonge Mingyur Dorje, Dorje Trakpo Nuden Tsel (yongs ge gter ston mi 'gyur rdo
rje): 1628 or 1641?-1708
Lochen Chögyal Tendzin (lo chen chos rgyal bstan 'dzin), disciple of Sangdak Trinley
Lhundrup: 1631-1708
Rigdzin Kunzang Sherap (rig 'dzin kun bzang shes rab), founded Payul (dpal yul)
monastery in 1665: 1636-1699
Ngari Tertön Garwang Dorje (mnga' ris gter ston gar dbang rdo je), alias Pema
Garwang Tsel (padma gar dbang rtsal), alias Garwang Dawa Gyaltsen (gar
dbang zla ba rgyal mtshan): 1640-1685
Dorje Drak Rigdzin Chenpo IV, Pema Trinley (rdo rje brag rig 'dzin padma 'phrin
las): 1641-1717
Peling Thukse Tendzin Dorje (pad gling thugs sras bstan 'dzin 'gyur med rdo rje):
1641-?
Namchö Mingyur Dorje (gnam chos mi 'gyur rdo rje): 1645-1667
Ganten Trulku Tendzin Lekpai Döndrup (sgang sten sprul sku bstan 'dzin legs pa'i
don grub): 1645-1726?
Minling Terchen Terda Lingpa, Gyurme Dorje (smin gling gter chen gter bdag gling
pa 'gyur med rdo rje): 1646-1714.
Rigdzin Nyima Trakpa (chags ru rig 'dzin nyi ma grags pa): 1647-1710
Yolmo Tulku IV, Rigdzin Zilnön Wangyal Dorje (rig 'dzin zil gnon dbang rgyal rdo
rje): 1647-?
Shechen Rabjam I, Shalam Rabjam Tenpai Gyaltsen (zhwa lam rab 'byams bstan pa'i
rgyal mtshan): 1650-?
Minling Lochen Dharma Shri, Chöphel Gyatso (smin gling lo chen gcung chos dpal
rgya mtsho): 1654-1718
Peling Sungtrul IV, Ngawang Kunzang Dorje (lho brag gsung sprul ngag dbang kun
bzang rdo rje): 1680-1723
Taksham Nuden Dorje (stag sham nus ldan rdo rje), also known as Samten Lingpa
(bsam gtan gling pa): 1655-? or 1682-?
Chung Yishin Lekdrup (gcung yid bzhin legs sgrub), son of Minling Terchen: ?-1717
Gongra Lochen Shenphen Dorje (gong ra lo chen gzhan phan rdo rje): 1654-1714
Rigdzin Palden Tashi (rig 'dzin dpal ldan bkra shis): 17-18th.
8
CHRONOLOGY

Orgyen Tendzin, Nepal-Tibet border (O rgyan bstan ‘dzin): 1657-1737


Ratön Tertön Topden Dorje (rwa ston gter ston stobs ldan rdo rje): 17-18th.
Rong Tön Pema Dechen Lingpa (rong ston padma bde chen gling pa): 1663-1713.
Peyul Gonpa built: 1665
Pema Gyurme Gyatso (padma 'gyur med rgya mtsho), son of Minling Terchen: 1666-
1718
Menlungpa Lodrö Chökyi Dorje (sman lung pa blo gros mchog gi rdo rje): ?-1671
Mindroling Gonpa built: 1670 or 75?
Ngag Rabjampa Ogyen Chödrag (1676 -)
Gyurme Pema Tendzin ('gyur med padma bstan 'dzin, son of Minling Terchen): 1677-
?
Gyalse Yishin Lekdrup (rgyal sras yid bzhin legs grub, son of Minling Terchen):
1679-?
Drupwang Rigdzin Gyalpo (grub dbang rig 'dzin rgyal po): 1692-?
Chöje Lingpa (chos rje gling pa) also known as Orgyen Rogje Lingpa (o rgyan rog
rje gling pa): 1682-1725 /1622?-TS
Lhatsun Tulku Jigme Pawo (lha btsun sprul sku 'jigs med dpa' bo): 1682-?
Dzogchen Gonpa built by Dzogchen Pema Rigdzin : 1685
Pema Gyurme Gyatso (padma 'gyur med rgya mtsho), son of Minling Terchen: 1686-
1717
Rigdzin Nyima Senge (rig 'dzin nyi ma seng ge): 1687-1738
Rinchen Namgyal (rin chen rnam rgyal, son of Minling Terchen, incarnation of
Rigdzin Namgyal): 1694-1758
* Shechen Urgyen Chözong (zhe chen o rgyan chos rdzong), the first Shechen
Monastery, founded by Shalam Rabjam Tenpai Gyaltsen (shwa lam rab
'byams bstan pa'i rgyla mtshan) : 1695
Lelung Jedrung Shepai Dorje (sle lung rje drung bzhad pa'i rdo rje): 1697--?
Kathog Rigdzin Tsewang Norbu (rig 'dzin tshe dbang nor bu): 1698-1755.
Dzogchen II, Gyurme Thekchog Tendzin ('gyur med theg mchog bstan 'dzin), founder
of Derge Pharkhang: 1699-?
Jetsun Mingyur Paldrön (mi 'gyur dpal sgron): 1699-1769
Rabjam Ogyen Palgön, a.k.a Droubwang Shrinatha : 1700s
Trulshik Wangtra Gyatso ('khrul shig dbang drag rgya mtsho): 1700s
Namchak Tsasum Terdak Lingpa (gnam lcags rtsa gsum gter bdag gling pa): 1700s
Tertön Drime Lingpa (gter ston dri med gling pa), also known as Thekchen Lingpa
Drodön Tarchin (theg chen gling pa karma 'gro don mthar phyin): 1700-
1775/6
Rigdzin Thukchog Dorje (rig 'dzin thugs mchog rdo rje): beginning of 18th.
Chubri or Tsubri Drupchen (lcub ri or rtsub ri grub chen): beginning of 18th.
Gyalse Orgyen Tendzin (rgyal sras o rgyan bstan 'dzin) or Guru Sonam Tendzin (gu
ru bsod nams bstan 'dzin), son of Rigdzin Nyima Trakpa, incarnation of
Gampo Zangpo Dorje: 1701-1727/8
Pema Thekchog Tenpai Gyaltsen (padma theg mchog bstan pa'i rgyal mtshan),
reincarnation of Nyima Trakpa: 1712-1771
Shechen Rabjam II, Gyurme Kunzang Namgyal (zhe chen rab 'byams 'gyur med kun
bzang rnam rgyal), founded Shechen Tennyi Dargyeling Monastery in 1735:
1713-1769
Kyungpo Repa Gyurme Ösel (khyung po ras pa 'gyur med 'od gsal): 1715-? Dorje
Drak Rigdzin Chenpo V, Kalzang Pema Wangchuk, alias Dorje Thokme Tsel,
9
CHRONOLOGY

(skal bzang padma dbang phyug or rdo rje thogs med rtsal): 1719/20-ca.1770.
Yolmo Tulku V, Karma Trinley Dudjom Gönang Chöje (ka rma 'phrin las bdud 'joms
mgon gnang chos rje), son of Rigdzin Nyima Senge, disciple of Rigdzin
Tsewang Norbu: 1726-1789
Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa (rig 'dzin 'jigs med gling pa): 1729-1798
Kunzang Dechen Gyalpo, Mönlam Dorje (kun bzang bde chen rgyal po, smon lam rdo
rje): 1736-?
Chögyal Ngakyi Wangpo, Ngawang Dargye chos rgyal ngag gi dbang po ngag dbang
dar rgyas): 1736-1807
Rigdzin Kunzang Dorje (rig 'dzin kun bzang rdo rje): 1738-1805
Dzigar Tertön Dorje Trakpo Tsel ('dzi sgar gter ston rdo rje drag po rtsal): 1740-
1798
Minling Khenchen Orgyen Tendzin (mkhan chen o rgyan bstan 'dzin): 1742-
Dodrup Chen I, Jigme Trinley Öser (rdo grub chen 'jigs med 'phrin las 'od zer), a.k.a.
Dola Kunzang Shenphen (rdo bla kun bzang gzhan phen): 1745-1821
Tertön Dorje Thogme (gter ston rdo rje thogs med): 1746-1797
Chöling Tulku Jigten Wangchuk (chos gling sprul sku 'jig rten dbang phyug, 18th)
Lingsey Tertön Pema Gyepai Tsel (gling sras gter ston padma dgyes pa'i rtsal): active
between 1747 and 1806
Kathok Situ, I, Orgyen Samdrup Jigme Chökyi Senge (o rgyan bsam grub jigs med
chos kyi seng ge): born mid 18th c., died early 19th c.
Orgyen Drodul Lingpa (sgam po o rgyan 'gro 'dul gling pa), fifth Gampopa: 1757-?
Ngedön Tendzin Zangpo, the Third Dzogchen Rinpoche (nges don bstan 'dzin bzang
po): 1759-1792
Shechen Gyaltsap I, Pema Sangnak Tendzin Chögyal (padma gsang sngags bstan
'dzin chos rgyal): 1760-1817
Dola Jigme Kalzang, disciple of 1st Dodrup, recognized Patrul Rinpoche as
emanation of Palge Tulku, teacher of Chögyal Wang.
Peling Thukse IV, Tendzin Gyurme Gyaltsen (lho thugs sras bstan 'dzin 'gyur med
rgyal mtshan): 1763-1817
Peling Sungtrul VI, Kunzang Tenpai Gyaltsen (lho brag gsung sprul kun bzang bstan
pa'i rgyal mtshan): 1763-1817
Chöling Garwang Chime Dorje (chos gling gar dbang 'chi med rdo rje): 1763-?
Kathog Getse Mahapandita, Gyurme Tsewang Chokdrup ('gyur med tshe dbang
mchog grub): 1761-1829
Jigme Gyalwai Nyugu ('jigs med rgyal ba'i myu gu): 1765-1842
Changlung Namkha Jigme (spyang lung nam mkha' 'jigs med): 1769-1833
Shechen Rabjam III, Rigdzin Paljor Gyatso Thupden Nyichey, (zhe chen rab 'byams
rig 'dzin dpal 'byor rgya mtsho thub bstan nyin byed): 1771-1809.
3rd Rigzin Nyima Trakpa, Mingyur Pendhe Gyatso (mi ‘gyur phan bde rgya mtsho,
1772-1817)
Mipham Chökyi Wangchuk (mi pham chos kyi dbang phyug): 1775
Trakar Taso Tulku Chökyi Wangchuk (brag dkar rta so sprul sku chos kyi dbang
phyug): 1775-1837 Kathok Situ, Orgyen Samdrup Jigme Chökyi Senge (o
rgyan bsam grub jigs med chos kyi seng ge): 1775?-1819?
(mtsho phu grub chen ‘gyur med chos dbying rang grol): 1777-1853
Shabkar Tsogdruk Rangdrol (zhabs dkar tshogs drug rang grol): 1781-1851
Kalden Rangdrol, Lhundrup Rigdzin (skal ldan rang grol lhun grub rig 'dzin): 1779-
1828
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CHRONOLOGY

Pema Rangdrol Sengzang Gyatso (padma rang grol seng bzang rgya mtsho): ?-
ca.1837
Chöying Topden Dorje (chos dbyings stobs ldan rdo rje): ca. 1787-1848
Shechen Ontrul Gyurme Thutop Namgyal (zhe chen dbon sprul 'gyur med mthu stobs
rnam rgyal): 1787-?
Mingyur Namkhai Dorje, Dzogchen IV (mi 'gyur nam mkha'i rdo rje): 1793-1870
Tertön Chögyal Dorje (gter ston chos rgyal rdo rje): 1789-1859
Dorje Drak Rigdzin Chenpo VI, Khamsum Zilnön (khams gsum zil gnon) alias
Kunzang Gyurmey Lhundrup Dorje (kun bzang 'gyur med lhun grub rdo rje):
1800-1900s
Dorje Drak Rigdzin Chenpo VII, Ngawang Jampel (ngag dbang 'jam dpal): 1900s
Dorje Drak Rigdzin Chenpo VIII, Kalzang Pema Wangyal (skal bzang padma dbang
rgyal): 1900s

The Dzogchen Pönlop Incarnations

1. Namkha Ösal (d.1726)

2. Pema Sangak Tenzin (1731-1805)

3. Namkha Chökyi Gyatso (1806-1821)

4. Jikmé Chöying Ösel (ca.1825-ca.1897)

5. Könchok Tenpé Nyima (ca.1898-ca.1924). He was from the same family


as Khenpo Shenga and was recognized by the Fifth Dzogchen Rinpoche; he
passed away around the age of 30.

6. Jikdral Tsewang Dorje (1925-1962)

7. Karma Sungrap Ngedon Tenpa Gyaltsen (b.1965)

Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje (rdo mkhyen brtse ye shes rdo rje): 1800-1866
Gyalse Shenphen Thaye (rgyal sras gzhan phan mtha' yas): 1800-1855 or 1869/70
Dzogchen Khenpo Pema Dorje, Damchö Öser (mkhan po padma rdo rje dam chos 'od
zer), known as Khenpo Pedor or Pema Vajra: 1807-1884
Tagang Kechog Ngawang Lodrö (stag sgang mkhas mchog ngag dbang blo gros),
better known as Guru Tashi (gu ru bkra shis) writes his Nyingma History from
1807 to 1809
Patrul Rinpoche, Orgyen Jigme Chökyi Wangpo (dpal sprul o rgyan 'jigs med chos
kyi dbang po), also known as Dzogchen Palge Tulku (rdzogs chen dpal dge
sprul sku): 1808-1887
Shechen Rabjam IV, Garwang Chökyi Gyaltsen (zhe chen rab 'byams gar dbang chos
kyi rgyal mtshan): ca. 1811?-1862?
Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Thaye, Yonten Gyatso ('jam mgon kong sprul blo gros mtha'
yas, yon tan rgya mtsho) a.k.a Pema Tennyi Yudrung Lingpa (pad ma bstan
gnyis g.yun drung gling pa): 1813-1899
Rigdzin Kunzang Ngedön Long Yang, Dorje Sangwa Tsel (rig 'dzin kun bzang nges
don klong yangs rdo rje gsang ba rtsal): 1813-?, still active in 1882.
Samye caught fire: 1816
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CHRONOLOGY

Nyalak Pema Dudul (nyag bla padma bdud 'dul), also known as Trulshik Changchup
Lingpa ('khrul zhig byang chub gling pa) and Drupchen Nyida Kundze (grub
chen nyi zla kun mdzes): 1816-1872
Drupwang Orgyen Shenphen Thaye (grub dbang o rgyan gzhan phan mtha' yas):
1817-1875 /some have 1800-1855?
Shechen Gyaltsap II, Orgyen Rangjung Dorje (o rgyan rang byung rdo rje) : ca.
1820?-1869?
Khardo Chökyi Dorje (mkhar rdo chos kyi rdo rje): ?-ca.1820
Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, Padma Osel Do-ngak Lingpa, Dorje Zichi ('jam dbyangs
mkhyen brtse'i dbang po, padma ‘od gsal mdo sngags gling pa, rdo rje gzi brjid):
1820-1892
Kathok Situ II, Chökyi Lodrö Orgyen Tenpa Namgyal (ka thog si tu chos kyi blo gros
bstan pa rnam rgyal): 1820-1879?
Je Karma Tsewang (rje ka rma tshe dbang): 1887-1957rdo grub chen
Drupwang Tsonyi Pema Drime Özer (grub dbang tshogs gnyis sprul sku padma dri
med 'od zer): 1828-?
Terchen Chokgyur Dechen Lingpa (gter chen mchog gyur bde chen gling pa), also
known as Shikpo Lingpa (zhig po gling pa): 1829-1870
Nyoshul Loungtog Tenpai Nyima Gyalsen, a.k.a Gyaltsen Changchoub Dorje : 1829-
1901
Terchen Dudjom Lingpa (sgas gter bdud 'joms gling pa): 1835-1903
Khenchen Tashi Öser (mkhan chen bkra shis od zer): 1836-1910
Tertön Dechen Barwai Dorje (gter ston bde chen 'bar ba'i rdo rje): 1836-1920
Drime Shingkyong III, Jigme Yonten Gonpo (‘jigs med yon tan mgon po): 1837-
1898)
Ayu Khandro, Dorje Palden? (a g.yu? mkha' 'gro rdo rje dpal ldan): 1839-1953
Kalzang Sang-ngak Chögyal (skal bzang gsang sngags chos rgyal): 1841-1903
Azom Drukpa Natsok Rangdrol (a 'dzom 'brug pa sna tshogs rang grol), also known
as Drodul Pawo Dorje ('gro 'dul dpa' bo rdo rje): 1842-1924
Peling Sungtrul VII, Kunzang Tenpai Nyima (lho brag gsung sprul kun bzang bstan
pa'i nyi ma): 1843-1891
Lama Mipham (mi pham phyogs las rnam rgyal), also known as Mipham Jamyang
Gyatso (mi pham 'jam dbyangs rgya mtsho) and Jampel Gyepai Dorje ('jam
dpal gyes pa'i rdo rje): 1846-1912
Tertön Rangrik Dorje (gter ston rang rig rdo rje) aka Nyala Rangrik Dorje or Kusum
Lingpa: 1847-1903.
Dharma Senge (dharma seng ge): 1900s
Onpo Orgyen Tendzin Norbu, a.k.a Onpo Tenga, nephew of Gyaltsey Shenphen
Thaye, (o rgyan bstan 'dzin nor bu): 1851-1900
Jigme Tsewang Norbu, son of Chokgyur Lingpo ( 'jigs med tshe dbang nor bu):1856-
1915/6.
Shuksep Lochen Jetsun Rigdzin Chönyi Zangmo (shug gseb lo chen rje btsun chos
nyid bzang mo): 1865-1953
Tertön Sogyal, Lerab Lingpa (gter ston bsod rgyal las rab gling pa): 1856-1926
Jedrung Trinley Jampa Jungne of Riwoche, Namkhai Dorje (ri bo che rje drung 'phrin
las byams pa 'byung gnas, aka nam mkha’ rdo rje): 1856-192?
Khenpo Konchog Drönmey (mkhan po dkon mchog sgron me): 1859-1935
Khenchen Kunzang Palden (mkhan chen kun bzang dpal ldan), known as Khenpo
Kunpel: 1862?-ca.1940
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CHRONOLOGY

Shechen Rabjam V, Gyurme Kunzang Tenpai Nyima or Pema Thekchog Tenpai


Gyaltsen, (zhe chen rab 'byams padma theg mchog bstan pa'i rgyal mtshan or
'gyur med kun bzang bstan pa'i nyi ma): 1864-1909
Dodrup chen III, Jigme Tenpai Nyima (rdo grub chen 'jigs med bstan pa'i nyi ma):
1865-1926
Dzatrul Ngawang Tendzin Norbu (dza sprul ngag dbang bstan 'dzin nor bu): 1867-
1940
Gyakar Ri Dorje Phagmo (rgya gar ri'i or bying mda' O dkar brag, rdo rje phag mo),
daughter of the gzim shag thon par sku 'khrungs: died in 1906
Khyungtrul Pema Wangchen Tendzin Trinley (khyung sprul pad ma dbang chen bstan
'dzin phrin las): 1870-?
Shukgang Rigdzin Pema Dupa Tsel (shugs sgang rig 'dzin padma 'dus pa rtsal):
1870-1932
Shechen Gyaltsap III, Gyurme Pema Namgyal (zhe chen rgyal tshab 'gyur med
padma rnam rgyal): 1871-1926
Khenpo Shenphen Chökyi Nangwa (mkhan po gzhan phan chos kyi snang ba), also
known as Khenpo Shenga (gzhan dga'): 1871-1927
Dudjom Trak-ngak Lingpa (bdud 'joms drag sngags gling pa): 1871-1936
Dzogchen V, Thubten Chökyi Dorje (thub bstan chos kyi rdo rje): 1872-1935
Yuthok Chatral Chöying Rangdröl (g.yu khog bya bral chos dbyings rang drol): 1872-
1952
Eta Radza Pema Dewai Gyalpo (eta ra dza padma bde ba'i rgyal po), disciple of
Dudjom Lingpa: 1873-1933
Khenpo Ngawang Palzang (ngag dbang dpal bzang), also known as Khenpo Ngaga
(mkhan po ngag dga') or Ngakchung: 1879-1941
Wangchok Dorje, son of Chokgyur Lingpa (dbang mchog rdo rje):1860/2-1886
Rigpai Vajra (rig pa'i vajra): 1880-1938
Kathog Situ III Chökyi Gyatso (ka thog si tu chos kyi rgya mtsho): 1880-1925
Tulku Drime, Rigdzin Pema Drodul Sang-ngak Lingpa, son of Dudjom Lingpa (sprul
sku dri med rig 'dzin padma 'gro 'dul gsang sngags gling pa): 1881-1924
Se Pachog Dorje (sras 'phags mchog rdo rje), mind emanation of Khyentse Wangpo:
1881-1948
Khenchen Gyurme Thubten Jamyang Trakpa (mkhan chen 'gyur med thub bstan 'jams
dbyangs grags pa), from Lingtsang Gogön (gling tshang 'go dgon): 1883?-
1945?
Dorje Drak Rigdzin Chenpo IX, Thubten Chöwang Nyamnyi Dorje (thub dbang chos
dbang mnyam nyid rdo rje): 1886-ca.1935)
Bathur Khenpo of Changma (lcang ma) Hermitage (ba thu mkhen po thub sten chos
dpal): 1886-1956
Peyul Droubwang Pema Norbu II (dpal yul padma nor bu): 1887-1932
Pema Siddhi: 1888-?
Dzongnang Rinpoché passed away 1987
Rago Chogtrul (rag mgo mchog sprul): 1890-1973
Pema Lhunthok Gyatso (padma lung rtogs rgya mtsho): 1891-1964
Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö (rdzong gsar 'jam dbyangs mkhyen brtse
chos kyi blo gros): 1893-1959
Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse II (rdzong gsar 'jams dbyangs mkhyen brtse), body
emanation of Khyentse Wangpo: 1894-1909
Peling Sungtrul VIII, Tendzin Chökyi Gyaltsen (pad gling gsung sprul bstan 'dzin
13
CHRONOLOGY

chos kyi rgyal mtshan): 1894-1925


Kunu Lama Tendzin Gyaltsen (kunu bla ma bstan 'dzin rgyal mtshan): 1894/5/6? -
1977
Tarthang Chogtrul Rinpoché Chökyi Dawa: 1894-1959
Adzom Gyalse Rigzin Gyurme Dorje (a 'dzom rgyal sras 'gyur me rdo rje): 1895- ca.
1959.
Kangyur Rinpoche Longchen Yeshe Dorje (bka' gyur rin po che klong chen ye shes
rdo rje): 1897-1975 (passed away on January 15th , Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche
came once on Jan. 26th and performed the cremation on Feb. 17th)
Sera Khandro Kunzang Dekyong Wangmo alias Dewai Dorje (se ra mkha' 'gro kun
bzang bde skyong dbang mo or bde ba'i rdo rje): 1899-1952
Böpa Tulku Do-ngak Tenpai Nyima (bod pa sprul sku mdo sngags bstan pa'i nyi ma):
1900/7-1959
Shechen Kongtrul Pema Drime (zhe chen kong sprul padma dri med): 1901-1960
Dudjom Rinpoche Jigdral Yeshe Dorje (bdud ‘joms 'jigs bral ye shes rdo rje): 1904-
1987
Ngawang Yonten Gyatso (ngag dbang yon tan rgya mtsho): 1907-1959
Shechen Rabjam VI, Nandze Drupai Dorje (zhe chen rab 'byams snang mdzad grub
pa'i rdo rje): 1910-1959
Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, Tashi Paljor (dil mgo mkhyen brtse rin po che bkra shis
dpal 'byor). His many other names include Padma gar dbang 'od gsal mdo
sngags gling pa and 'gyur med theg mchog bstan pa'i rgyal mtshan: 1910-
1991
Chatral Rinpoche, Sangye Dorje (bya bral sangs rgyas rdo rje): 1913-2015
Paljor Lhundrup Dorje (dpal 'byor lhun grub rdo rje): 1917-
Khenpo Thubten Tsondru (mkhan po thub bstan brtson 'grus): 1920-1979
Khetsün Zangpo (mkhas btsun bzang po): 1920-2009
Dza Trulshik Rinpoche, Ngawang Chökyi Lodrö, or Kunzang Trinley Drodul Tsel
('khrul zhig ngag dbang chos kyi blo gros or kun bzang 'phrin as 'dro 'dul
rtsal): 1924-2011
Riwoche Jedrung (ri bo che rje drung): 1925-1982
Dodrup Chen IV, Rigdzin Tenpai Gyaltsen (rdo grub chen rig 'dzin bstan pa'i rgyal
mtshan): 1927-1959?
Do Drupchen IV, Jigme Trinley Zangpo (rdo grub chen 'jigs med 'phrin las bzang
po): 1927-?
Taklung Trulku Shedrup Nyinchey Trinley Zangpo (stag lung sprul sku bshad sgrub
nyin byed 'phrin las bzang po): 1927-2015Katok Situ Chökyi Nyima (1928-1962)
Kathok Situ Chökyi Nyima ((Ka thog situ chos kyi nyi ma):1928-1962)
Khandro Tsering Chödron (mkha’ ‘gro tshe ring chos sgron): 1929-2011
Minling Trichen Kunzang Wangyal (smin gling khri chen kun bzang dbang rgyal):
1931-2008
Dzogchen VI, Jigdral Changchup Dorje ('jigs bral byang chub rdo rje): 1935-1959
Dorje Drak Rigdzin Chenpo X, Namdrol Gyatso (rnam grol rgya mtsho): 1936-
Nyoshul Khenpo Jamyang Dorje (1932-1999)
Khenpo Trinley Wangyal (Wanglo) from Gemang Monastery (mkhan po phrin las
dbang rgyal, 1927-1992)
Droubwang Pema Norbu III, Jigmé Thoubten Shédroub Chökyi Drayang : 1932-2009
Dzogchen VII, Jigme Losel Wangpo ('jigs med blo gsal dbang po): 1964-
Dzongsar Khyentse Thubten Chökyi Gyatso, Khyentse Norbu (rdzong gsar mkhyen
14
CHRONOLOGY

brtse thub bstan chos kyi rgya mtsho, mkhyen brtse nor bu): 1961-
Shechen Rabjam VII, Jigme Chökyi Senge ('jigs med chos kyi seng ge): 1966-

Kadam:
-----
Lochen Rinchen Zangpo (lo chen rin chen bzang po): 958-1055
Atisha (Jo bo rje dpal ldan a ti sha), Dipamkara Shri Jnana: 982-1054, comes to Tibet
in 1042
Drom Tönpa; Gyalwai Jungne ('brom ston pa rgyal ba'i 'byung gnas): 1004-1064
Naktso Lotsawa Tsultrim Gyalwa (nag 'tsho lo tsa ba tshul khrims rgyal ba): 1011-?
Lotsawa Shonnu Sherab, a.k.a. Lawa Marpo (lo tsa ba gzhon nu shes rab, lva ba dmar
po): ?-1043
Karak Gomchung (ka rag sgom chung): 1000-1100s
Potowa Rinchen Sel (po to ba rin chen gsal): 1031-1105
Geshe Puchungwa (dge bshes phu chung ba): 1031-1106
Tölungpa Chenpo Rinchen Nyingpo (stod lung pa chen po rin chen snying po): 1032-
1116
Geshe Chen-ngawa Tsultrim Bar (dge bshes spyan snga ba tshul 'khrims 'bar):
1037/8-1103
Geshe Neu Zurpa Yeshe Bar (dge bshes ne'u zur pa ye shes 'bar): 1042-s1118
Langri Tangba Dorje Senge (glang ri thang ba rdo rje seng ge): 1054-1123
Ngok Lotsawa Lekpai Sherap (rngog lo tsa ba blo legs pa'i shes rab): 1059?-
Geshe Karma Sherap Öd (dge bshes karma shes rab 'od): 1057-
Geshe Dolpa Sherap Gyatso (dge bshes dol pa shes rab rgya mtsho): 1059-1131 .
Ongpo Ngok Lotsawa Loden Sherap (dbon po rngog lo tsa ba blo ldan shes rab):
1059-1109
Ngok Sherap Gyatso (rngog shes rab rgya mtsho): 1059-
Sempa Chenpo Zhantön Sharawa Yonten Trakpa (sems dpa' chen po zhan ston sha ra
ba yon tan grags pa): 1070-1141
Geshe Chayulwa Chenpo Bumtak (bya yul pa chen po 'bum rtag): 1075-1138
Gyergompa Shonnu Trakpa (dgyer sgom pa gzhon nu grags pa): 1090-1171
Cha Duldzin Chenpo (bya 'dul 'dzin chen po): 1091-1166
Sempa Chenpo Chekawa Yeshe Dorje (sems dpa' chen po `chad kha ba ye shes rdo
rje): 1101-1175
Chapa Chökyi Senge (phywa pa chos kyi sen ge): 1109-1169
Kam Lotsawa (kam lo tsa ba): 1119-? Tsang Nakpa Tsöndrup senge (gtsan nag pa
brtson 'grub seng ge): ?-1185, disciple of Chapa.
Dan Bagpa Mawe Senge (Dan bag pa smra ba'i seng ge), disciple of Chapa
Sempa Chenpo Chilbupa Chökyi Gyaltsen (sems dpa' chen po spyil bu pa chos kyi
rgyal tshan): 1121-1189
Kamkam Geshey Kyotön (kam kam dge bshes skyo ston): -1200
Tak Geshey Gya Chakriwa (stag dge bshes rgya lcags ri ba): -1218
Lha Chenpo Lung Gi Wangchuk Changchup Rinchen (lha chen po lung gi dbang
phyug byang chub rin chen), disciple of Chilbupa: 1158-1232
Lha Lama Chanchup Ö (lha bla ma byang chub 'od), a.k.a. Lha Drowai Gonpo (lha
'gro ba'i mgon po): 1186-1259
Kache Panchen Shakya Shri (kha che pan chen shakya shri): 1127/45?-1225
Drophu Lotsawa Tsultrim Sherap (khro phu tshul lo tswa ba khrims shes rab), also
known as Jampai Pal (byams pa'i dpal), disciple of Kache Panchen : 1173-
15
CHRONOLOGY

1225
Gewai Shenyen Chengnawa Zangchenpa Darma Sonam(dge ba'i bshes gnyen bznang
chen pa dar ma bsod nams): 1300s
Duldzin Tsona Chenpo ('dus 'dzin mtsho sna chen po): 1300s
Gewai Shenyen Mön Drapa Tsultrim (dge ba'i bshes gnyen mon gra pa tshul khrims):
1300s
Khenchen Dewa Pel (mkhan chen bde ba dpal): 1231-1297
Chayulpa Tsultrim Senge (bya yul ba tshul khrims seng ge): 1264-
Thangpa Chim Namkha Trakpa (thang pa mchims nam mkha' grags pa): 1252-1289
Khenchen Kazhipa Trakpa Shonnu (mkhan chen bka' bzhi pa grags pa gzhon nu):
1256-1315
Khenchen Changchup Sempa Sonam Trakpa (mkhan chen byang chub sems dpa' bsod
nams grags pa): 1273-1345
Butön Rinchen Drup (bu ston rin chen grub): 1290-1364
Gyalse Ngulchu Thogme Zangpo (dngul chu rgyal sras thogs med bzang po): 1295-
1369
Palden Yeshe (dpal ldan ye shes): late 1300s
Chöje Dondrup Rinchen (chos rje don grub rin chen): 1309-1385
Dratsepa Rinchen Namgyal (sgra tshad pa rin chen rnam rgyal): 1318-1388

Sakya:
-----
Drogmi Lotsawa Shakya Yeshe ('brog mi lo tsa ba shakya ye shes): 993-1050
Kön Konchog Gyalpo ('khon dkon mchog rgyal po), founder of Sakya monastery, 1st
throne holder: 1034-1102
Palchen Öpo (dpal chen 'od po): 1150-1203
Machik Zhama (ma cig zha ma): 1062-1149
Khon Phupa Chökyi Gyalpo ('khon phu ba chos kyi rgyal po), brother of Machik
Zhama: 1067
Five founding lamas of the Sakya tradition:
(1) Sa chen Kunga Nyingpo, 3rd throne holder, son of Konchog Gyalpo (sa chen kun
dga' snying po): 1092-1158
(2) Sonam Tsemo (bsod nams rtse mo), 4th throne holder, son of Kunga Nyingpo:
1142-1182
(3) Jetsun Trakpa Gyaltsen (rje btsun grags pa rgyal mtshan), 5th throne holder, son
of Kunga Nyingpo: 1147-1216
(4) Sakya Pandita (sa skya pan di ta kun dga' rgyal mtshan), 6th throne holder, grand
son of Kunga Nyingpo: 1182-1251
(5) Chögyal Phakpa Lodrö Gyaltsen, 8th throne holder, (chos rgyal phags pa blo gros
rgyal mtshan), nephew of Sakya Pandita: 1235-1280
Zangtsa Sonam Gyaltsen (zangs tsha bsod nams rgyal mtshan): 1184-1239
Martön Chögyal (dmar ston chos rgyal): 1300s
Lopön Rinchen Gyaltsen, 9th throne holder, from 1267 to 1275, (slob dpon rin chen
rgyal mtshan): 1238-1279
Dharmaphala Rakshita, 10th throne holder, from 1280 to 1286: 1268-1287
Sharpa Jamyang Rinchen Gyaltsen, held the throne from 1287 to 1305, (shar 'jam
dbyangs rin chen rgyal mtshan)
Danyi Chenpo Zangpo Pal, 12th throne holder, from 1306 to 1324 and 1343 to 1344,
16
CHRONOLOGY

(bdag nyid chen po bzang po dpal): 1262-1324


Lachen Kunga Lodrö Gyaltsen (bla chen kun dga' blo gros rgyal tshan): 1299-1327
?Yakde Panchen :1299-1378
Khetsun Chenpo Namkha Lekpai Gyaltsen, 13th throne holder, (mkhas btsun chen po
nam mkha' legs pa'i rgyal mtshan): 1305-1343
Taden Gushri Kunga Nyima (ta bden gu shri kun dga' nyi ma): 1309-1322
Tishri Kunga Lekpai Jungney Gyaltsen (ti shri kun dga' legs pa'i 'byung gnas rgyal
mtshan): 1308-1330/39/41
Tishri Kunga Gyaltsen (ti shri kun dga' rgyal mtshan): 1310-1358
Jamyang Donyö Gyaltsen, throne holder from 1353 to 1355, ('jam dbyangs don yod
rgyal mtshan) also known as Jamyang Döndrup Gyaltsen ('jam dbyangs don
grub rgyal mtshan): 1310-1344
Gushri Dagchen Namkha Gyaltsen (gu shri bdag chen nam mkha' rgyal mtshan):
1312-ca.1331
Lama Dampa Sonam Gyaltsen, throne holder from 1345 to 1348, (bla ma dam pa
bsod nams rgyal mtshan): 1312-1375
Khepa Choklang Sarma (mkhas pa phyogs glang gsar ma): fl. 1320
Dagchen Kunga Lekpai Gyaltsen (bdag chen kun dga' legs pa'i rgyal mtshan): ?-1336
Taden Lodrö Gyaltsen, 16th throne holder, (ta dben blo gros rgyal mtshan): 1332-
/1359/64?
Sai Len Wang Trakpa Gyaltsen (sa'i len dbang grags pa rgyal mtshan): 1336-?
Drupchen Buddha Shri (grub chen buddha shri): 1339-1419
Taden Kunga Rinchen, 17th throne holder, (ta dben kun dga' rin chen): 1339-1399
Nyawon Kunga Pal (nya dbon kun dga' dpal): ?-1379?
Thekchen Chögyal Kunga Trashi Gyaltsen (theg chen chos rgyal kun dga' bkra shis
rgyal mtshan): 1349-1425
Kunpang Sonam Gyaltsen? (kun spang bsod nams rgyal mtshan): 1342-?
Zangdenpa Konchog Trak (bzang ldan pa dkong chog grags): active ca. 1370
Sharchen Yeshe Gyaltsen (shar chen ye shes rgyal mtshan): ?- 1406
Yaktön Sangye Pal (g.yag ston sangs rgyas dpal): ca. 1348/50?-1414 Jetsun Rendawa
Shonnu Lodrö (rje btsun red mda' ba gzhon nu blo gros): 1348/9-1412
Sonam Tashi (bsod nams bkra shis): 1352-1407/1412
Dorje Rinchen Namgyal (rdo rje rin chen rgyal mtshan): 1353-1405
Lopön Chenpo Kunga Lekpai Lodrö Gyaltsen (slob dpon chen po kun dga' legs pa' i
blo gros rgyal mtshan dpal): 1357?-
Dagchen Chökyi Gyaltsen (bdag chen chos kyi rgyal mtshan): 1359-1428
Lopön Chenpo Gushri Lodrö Gyaltsen, 18th throne holder, (slob dpon chen po gu shri
blo gros rgyal mtshan): 1366-1420
Rongtön Mrawai Senge Shecha Kunrig (rong ston smra ba'i seng ge shes bya kun
rig): 1367-1449
Lopön Chenpo Trakpa Lodrö (slob dpon chen po grags pa blo gros): 1367-1437/46
Lhatsun Samyepa (lha btsun bsam yas pa): late 1400s
Paltengpa Dulwa Senge (dpal steng pa 'dul ba seng ge): mid or late XIVs
Sonam Kyap (bsod nams skyabs): mid or late XIVs
Bepo Ru Jampa ('be spo ru byams pa): late XIVs
Zangden Palden Konchog Trak (bzang ldan pa dkon mchog grags): fl. ca. 1370
Sazang Mati Panchen Lodrö Gyaltsen (sa bzang mati pan chen blo gro rgyal tshan):
fl. 1380?
Ngorchen Kunga Zangpo (ngor chen kun dga' bzang po), founder of Ngor Monastery:
17
CHRONOLOGY

1382-1456/7
Mu Sempa Chenpo Konchog Gyaltsen (mus sems dpa' chen po dkon mchog rgyal
tshan), 2nd abbot of Ngor: 1388-1469
Ngor Khenchen Jamyang Sherap Gyatso (ngor mkhan chen 'jams dbyangs shes rab
rgya mtsho), 3rd abbot of Ngor: 1396-1474
Wang Namkha Lekpai Gyaltsen (dbang nam mkha' legs pa'i rgyal mtshan): 1399-
1444
Lopön Chenpo Chumikpa Lodrö Wangchuk (slob dpon chen po chu mig pa blo gros
dbang phyug): 1402-1481.
Taktsang Lotsawa Drapa Sherap Rinchen (stag tshang lo tsa ba dra pa shes rab rin
chen): 1405-?
Khedrup Palden Dorje (mkhas grub dpal ldan rdo rje), 5th abbot of Ngor: 1411-1482
Gungru Sherap Zangpo (gung ru shes rab bzang po): 1411-1475
Jamchen Rabjampa Sangye Pal (byams chen rab 'byams pa sangs rgyas dpal): 1412-?
Lopön Chenpo Kunga Wangchuk, 20th throne holder, (slob dpon chen po kun dga'
dbang phyug): 1418-1462
Gyaltsap Dampa Kunga Wangchuk (rgyal tshab dam pa kun dga' dbang phyug), 4th
abbot of Ngor: 1424-1478
Minyak Pandita Trakpa Dorje (mi nyag pandita grags pa rdo rje): ?- ca. 1491
Sakya Chogden, Serdog Panchen (sa kya mchog ldan, gser mdog pan chen): 1428-
1507
Pökhangpa Rinchen Gyaltsen (spos khang pa rin chen rgyal mtshan): active ca. 1420
Lechen Shonnu Senge (las chen gzhon nu seng ge): early 1500s
Sazang Phakpa Shonnu Lodrö (sa bzang 'phags pa gzhon nu blo gros): fl. ca. 1400?
Gorampa Sonam Senge (go rams pa bsod nams seng ge), 6th abbot of Ngor: 1429-
1489
Kyetsalwa Jamyang Kunga Chözang (skyed tshal ba 'jams dbyangs kun dga' chos
bzang): 1433-1503
Panchen Bumtrak Sumpa (pan chen 'bum phrag gsum pa): 1433-1504
Wang Namkha Gyaltsen Palzang (dbang nam mkha' rgyal mtshan dpal bzang): 1435-
1463
Dagchen Lodrö Gyaltsen (bdag chen blo gros rgyal tshan): 1444-1495
Yongdzin Konchog Pal (yongs 'dzin dkon mchog dpal): 1445-1514
Muchen Sangye Rinchen (mus chen sangs rgyas rin chen): 1450-1524
Khedrup Tensal (mkhas grub bstan gsal): late XVs
Tharlam Rabjampa Kunga Yeshe (thar lam rab 'byams pa kun dga' ye shes): mid XVs
Sepa Kunga Lodrö (srad pa kun dga' blo gros): mid XVs
Nyage Palgyi Gyaltsen (nyag ge dpal gyi rgyal mtshan): mid XVs
Yonten Öser (yon tan 'od zer): mid XVs
Sangye Gyaltsen (sangs rgyas rgyal mtshan): mid XVs?
Guge Chöpal Zangpo (gu ge chos dpal bzang po): mid XVs?
Guge Pandita Trakpa Gyaltsen (gu ge pandita grags pa rgyal mtshan): fl. mid 1500s.
Namkha Rinchen Gyaltsen Palzang (nam mkha' rin chen rgyal mtshan dpal bzang):
1453-?
Lowo Khenchen Sonam Lhundrup (blo ba mkhan chen bsod nams lhun grub): 1456-
1532
Kunga Rinchen Tashi Trakpa Gyaltsen (kun dga' rin chen bkra shis grags pa rgyal
mtshan): 1457-1524
Namkha Trashi Gyaltsen Palzang (nam mkha' bkra shis rgyal mtshan dpal bzang):
18
CHRONOLOGY

1458-?
Kunga Chogden (kun dga' mchog ldan): 2nd half of XVs
Shung Gyapa Ngodrup Pelbar (gzhung brgya pa dngos grub dpal 'bar): 2nd half of
XVs
Chantang Rabjampa (lcang thang rab 'byams pa): 2nd half of XVs
Kongtön Wangchuk Drup (kong ston dbang phyug grub): late XVs
Kunpang Kunzang Chökyi Nyima Loden Sherap Gyaltsen (kun spang kun bzang chos
kyi nyi ma blo ldan shes rab rgyal mtshan): late XVs early XVIs
Muchen Rabjampa Thukje Palzang (mus chen rab 'byams pa thugs rje dpal bzang):
late XVs
Sakya Lotsawa Jampai Dorje (sa skya lotsava 'jam pa'i rdo rje), a.k.a Jamyang Kunga
Sonam ('jam dbyangs kun dga' bsod nams), 23rd throne holder: 1485-1533
Ngor Khenchen Konchog Lhundrup (ngor mkhan chen dkon mchog lhun grub):
1497-1557
Tsarchen Chöje Losal Gyatso (tshar chen chos rje blo gsal rgya mtsho): 1502-1566
Jamyang Sangye Senge ('jam dbyangs sang rgyas seng ge), 11th abbot of Ngor: 1504-
1569
Sakya Ngakchang Chenmo Kunga Rinchen (sa skya sngags 'chang chen mo kun 'dga
rin chen), 24th throne holder: 1517-1584
Mangtö Ludrup Gyatso (mang thos klu sgrub rgya mtsho): 1523-1596
Khenchen Kunchog Palden (mkhan chen kun mchog dpal ldan), 12th abbot of Ngor:
1526-1590
Brangti Penchen Namkha Palzang (brang ti pan chen nam mkha' dpal bzang), 13th
abbot of Ngor: 1535-1602
Muchen Sangye Gyaltsen (mus chen sangs rgyas rgyal mtshan): 1542-1618
Sharchen Jampa Kunga Tashi (shar chen byams pa kun dga' bkra shis), 14th abbot of
Ngor: 1558-1603
Shar Khangpa Gatön Sherap Gyaltsen (shar khang pa sga ston shes rab rgyal
mtshan): mid XVIs
Metri Donyö Gyatso (me tra don yod rgya mtsho): mid XVIs
Sonam Chöphel (bsod rnam chos 'phel): 2nd half of XVIs
Jamyang Sonam Wangpo ('jam dbyangs bsod nams dbang po), 25th throne holder:
1559-1621
Khontön Paljor Lhundrup ('khon ston dpal 'byor lhun grub): 1561-1637
Drup Khangpa Palden Dondrup (sgrub khang pa dpal ldan don 'grub): 1563-1636
Ngakchang Trakpa Lodrö (sngags 'chang grags pa blo gros), 26th throne holder:
1563-1617
Khenchen, or Yongdzin, Ngawang Chötrak (mkhan chen ngag dbang chos grags):
1572-1641
Yol Khanchen Shonnu Lodrö (yol mkhan chen gzhon nu blo gros): 1587-1660
Drung Rampa Namkha Gyaltsen (drung rams pa nam mkha' rgyal mtshan): late XVIs
Jamyang Tutob Wangchuk Trakpa Gyaltsen Palzang ('jam dbyangs mthu stobs dbang
phyug grags pa rgyal mtshan dpal bzang): 1588-?
Ngawang Kunga Wangyal (ngag dbang kun dga' dbang rgyal), 27th throne holder:
1592-1620
Jamgon Amnye Shab, Ngawang Kunga Sonam ('jam mgon a myes zhabs ngag dbang
kun dga' bsod nams), 28th throne holder: 1597-1659 /
Wangchuk Rabten (dbang phyug rab brtan): 1599-1636
Khangsar Khenchen Sonam Gyatso (khang sar mkhan chen bsod nams rgya mtsho),
19
CHRONOLOGY

21st abbot of Ngor: 1617-1667


Sakya Dagchen Ngawang Sonam Wangchuk (sa skya bdag chen ngag dbang bsod
nams dbang phyug), 29th throne holder: 1638-1685
Khenchen Jamyang Sangye Phuntsok (mkhan chen 'jam dbyangs sangs rgyas phun
tshogs), 25th abbot of Ngor: 1649-1705
Morchen Kunga Lhundrup (rmor chen kun dga' lhun grub): 1654-1726
Ngawang Kunga Tashi (ngag dbang kun dga' bkra shis) 30th throne holder: 1656-
1711
Khenchen Jampa Tsultrim Palzang (mkhan chen byams pa tshul khrims dpal bzang)
28th abbot of Ngor: 1675-1710
Khenchen Tashi Lhundrup (mkhan chen bkra shis lhun grub) 31st abbot of Ngor:
1675-1710
Sakyapa Kunga Lodrö (sa skya pa kun dga' blo gros): 1680-?
Khangsar Khenpo Jampa Sonam Zangpo (khang sar mkhan po 'byams pa bsod nams
bzang po) 30th abbot of Ngor: 1689-1749
Zhuchen Tsultrim Rinchen (zhu chen tshul khrims rin chen): 1697-1774 /
Jamgon Sonam Rinchen ('jam mgon bsod nams rin chen), 31st throne holder: early
1800s
Ngor Khenchen Palden Chökyong (ngor mkhan chen dpal ldan chos skyong), 33rd
abbot of Ngor: 1702-1758/9
Nesar Kunga Lekpai Jungne (gnas gsar ba kun dga'i legs pa'i byung gnas, a teacher
of Jigme Lingpa): 1704-1760
Ngor Khenchen Migyur Gyaltsen (ngor mkhan chen mi 'gyur rgyal mtshan): 1717-?
Sachen Kunga Lodrö (sa chen kun dga' blo gros), 32rd throne holder: 1729-1783 or
ca. 1790
Takphu Lobzang Tenpai Gyaltsen (stag phu blo bzang bstan pa'i rgyal mtshan): ca.
1765-?
Tuchen Wangdu Nyingpo (mthu can dbang sdud snying po), the 33rd throne holder:
1765-1806
Pema Dudul Wangchuk (padma bdud 'dul dbang phyug) 34th throne holder: early
1900s
Ngor Pönlop Ngawang Lekdrup (ngor dpon slob ngag dbang legs grub): 1811-?
Ngor Khenchen Palden Chökyi Gyaltsen (ngor mkhan chen dpal ldan chos kyi rgyal
mtshan): early 1900s
Dorje Rinchen (rdo rje rin chen), 35th throne holder: mid 1900s
Tashi Rinchen (bkra shis rin chen), 36th throne holder: ?-1865
Ngor Thartse Khenchen Kunga Tenpai Gyaltsen (ngor thar rtse mkhan chen kun dga'
bstan pa'i rgyal mtshan), 54th abbot of Ngor: 1829-1870
Zim Og Jampa Tendzin Nyentrak (gzim 'og byams pa bstan 'dzin snyan grags): ?-
ca.1885
Kunga Sonam (kun dga' bsod nams), 37th throne holder: ?-1887
Kunga Nyingpo (kun dga' snying po), 38th throne holder: ?-1894
Ngor Khangsar Khenpo Ngawang Sonam Gyaltsen (ngor khang sar mkhan po ngag
dbang bsod nams rgyal mtshan) 55th Abbot of Ngor: ca. 1835-ca.1895?
Ngor Pönlop Jamyang Loter Wangpo (ngor dpon slob 'jam dbyangs blo gter dbang
po): 1847-1914
Dzamling Chegyu Wangdu ('dzam gling che rgyu dbang 'dus), 39th throne holder:
1855-1919
Khenchen Samten Lodrö (mkhan chen bsam gtan blo gros): 1868-1931
20
CHRONOLOGY

Ga Lama Jamyang Chökyi Gyaltsen (sga bla ma 'jams dbyangs chos kyi rgyal
mtshan): 1870-1940
Drashul Trinley Rinchen (drag shul 'phrin las rin chen), 40th throne holder: 1871-
1935
Dezhung Tulku Ajam Kunga Gyaltsen (sde gzhung sprul sku a 'jam kun dga' rgyal
mtshan): 1885-1952
Gatön Ngawang Lekpa (sga ston ngag dbang legs pa): 1864-1941
Drakshul Trinley Rinchen (drag shul phrin las rin chen): 1871-1935
Ngor Khangsar Ngawang Lodrö Shephen Nyingpo (ngor khang gsar ngag dbang blo
gros gzhan phan snyin po): 1876-1952.
Phuntsok Phodrang Ngawang Thuthop Wangdrak (sa skya khri chen ngag dbang
mthu stobs dbang sgrags), 41st throne holder: 1900-1950
Ngawang Kunga Rinchen (ngag dbang kun dga' rin chen): 1902-1950
Ngawang Kunga Gyaltsen (ngag dbang kun rgyal mtshan): 1905-ca. 1940
Thubten Khedrup Gyatso (thub bstan mkhas grub rgya mtsho): ca. 1906- ca. 1933
Lithang Deshung Jamyang Kunga Namgyal (li thang sde gzhung kun dga' rnam
rgyal) a.k.a Deshung Chöphel (sde gzhung chos 'phel): early 20s
Deshung Lungrig Trulku Kunga Lhawang, a.k.a Tenpai Nyima (sde gzhung lung rig
sprul sku kun dga' lha dbang, bstan pa’i nyi ma): 1906-1986
Chogye Trichen, 18th, Thubten Lekshe Gyatso (bco brgyad khri chen thub bstan legs
bshad rgya mtso) : 1920-
Tritso Khenpo Lodrö Zangpo (khri tso mkhan po blo gros bzang po): 1924-?
Dzongsar Khenpo Kunga Wangchuk (rdzong gsar khan po kun dga’i dbang phyug):
b. 1921/3
Phuntsok Phodrang Jigdral Dagchen Ngawang Kunga Sonam ('jigs bral ngag dbang
kun dga' bsod nams): 1929-
Ngawang Kunga Trinley Tashi (nga dbang kun dga' phrin las bkra shis): 1934-
Drolma Phodrang Ngawang Kunga Thegchen Trinley Wangyal (ngag dbang theg
chen kun dga' phrin las dbang rgyal), 42th throne holder: 1945-

Kagyu:
-----
Tilopa: 988-1069
Maitripa: 1012-1097
Naropa: Active in the middle of the 1100s, 1016-1100 and 992-1076 are possible
dates.
Marpa Chökyi Lodrö (mar pa chos kyi blo gros): 1012-1097
Ra Lotsawa (rwa lo tsa ba): 1016-1128?
Ngok Tön Chöku Dorje (rngog ston chos sku rdo rje): 1036-1102
Jetsun Milarepa (rje btsun mi la ras pa): 1040-1123 (not 1052, see G.Smith, 1969)
? Bari Lotsawa (ba ri lo tsa ba): 1040-1109
Gampopa, Sonam Rinchen (sgam po pa dwags po lha rje, bsod nams rin chen): 1079-
1153
Guru Balachandra (bla ma ba la tsan dra), an Indian teacher of Rechungpa: 1100-
1200s
Layakpa Changchup Ngodrup (la yag pa byang chub dngos grub): 1200s
Rechung Dorje Trak (ras chung rdo rje grags): 1084-1161
Drogön Rechenpa, a.k.a. Sangye Rechen ('gro mgon sangs rgyas ras chen): 1088-
1158
21
CHRONOLOGY

Ngok Dode (rngog mdo sde), son of the Ngo Chokyi Dorje: 1090-1166
Shamarwa Tsultrim Pal (zhwa mar ba tshul khrims dpal): 1096-1132
Kyewo Yeshe Dorje (skyes bo ye shes rdo rje, also known as 'chad kha pa?): 1101-?
Drolgom Chöyung (grol sgom chos g.yung), disciple of Gampopa: 1103-1199
Phagmo Drupa Dorje Gyalpo (phag mo gru pa rdo rje rgyal po): 1110-1170
Naldjor Chöyung (rnal 'byor chos g.yung), disciple of Gampopa: 1100-1177
Dusum Khyenpa, Karmapa I (dus gsum mkhyen pa): 1110-1193
Ngog Jo Tsultrim Sherap (rngog jo tshul khrims shes rab), son of Ngo Dode: 1115-
1158
Khyung Tsangpa (khyung tshang pa): 1115-1176 Gedingpa (dge sdings pa), disciple
of Khyung Tsangpa: 1200s
Dagpo Gompa Tsultrim Nyingpo, nephew of Gampopa (dwags po sgom pa tshul
khrims snying po): 1116-1169
Gyatsa (?), founder of Drophu Kagyu: 1118-1195
Thogme Trakpa (thogs med grags pa), son of Ngog Dode: 1120-1156
Lama Shang Tsöndru Trakpa (bla ma zhang btson 'grus grags pa) founder of Tsalpa
Kagyu and disciple of Dakpo Gomtsul: 1123-1194
Barom Dharma Wangchuk Dorje Gyalpo ('ba' rom pa dharma dbang phyug rdo rje
rgyal po): 1127-1199
Lingje Repa (gling rje ras pa, padma rdo rje, disciple of Phagmo Drupa, master of
Tsangpa Gyare, founded the bar 'brug): 1128-1188
Namkha Ö (nam mkha' 'od): 1133-1199
Yelpa Yeshe Tsek (yel pa ye shes brtsegs): 1134-1194
Shang Nyamme Shakya ye shes (mnyam med shakya ye shes): - 1207
Taklung Thangpa, Tashi Pal, (stag lung thang pa bkra shis dpal): 1142-1210 (1185,
foundation of Taklung)
Drigung Jigten Gonpo, Rinchen Pal, ('jig rten mgon po rin chen dpal) also known as
Drigung Kyöpa, or Drigung Palzin ('bri gung dpal 'dzin), disciple of Phagmo
Drupa), founded 'bri gung thil in 1179: 1143-1217
Drogön Sangye Rechen ('gro mgon sang rgyas ras chen), also known as Kunden
Repa (kun ldan ras pa): 1148-1217/8
Ngok Dorje Senge (rngog rdo rje seng ge): 1152-1219/20
Khen Rinpoche Tsultrim Dorje (mkhan rin po che tshul khrims rdo rje), 'bri gung:
1154-1221
Ronyam Dorje (ro mnyam rdo rje): second half of 1200s
Ngok Kunga Dorje (rngog kun dga' rdo rje), son of Ngok Jotsul: 1157-1234
Tsangpa Gyare, 1st Gyalwang Drukpa (gtsang pa rgya ras ye shes rdo rje): 1161-
1211
Tishri Repa Karpo Sherap Senge (tishri ras pa dkar po shes rab seng ge): 1164-1226
Gyalwa Nyo Lhanangpa (rgyal ba gnyos lha nang pa, gzi brjid rdo rje), ancestor of
padma gling pa, disciple of 'bri gung 'jigs sten mgon po: 1164-1224
Shang Lotsawa (shang lo tsa ba): ?-1237
Tro Lotsawa Jampa Pel (khro lo tsa ba byams pa dpal): 1172/3-?
Chengnawa Trakpa Jungne (spyan snga' ba grags pa 'byung gnas), 'bri gung: 1175-
1255
Chöje Gangsar (chos rje gangs sar) also known as Gangpa Chöje (gangs pa chos rje):
1175-1249
Sangye On Re Dharma Senge (sangs rgyas dbon ras dharma seng ge), 'bar brug:
1177-1237
22
CHRONOLOGY

Kotrakpa (ko brag pa): 1182-1261


Gyalwa Lorepa Wangchuk Tsöndru (rgyal ba lo ras pa dbang phyug brtson 'grus)
alias Uripa (dbu ri pa), 'bar 'brug: 1187-1250
Chen-nga Drigung Lingpa Sherap Jungney (spyan snga 'bri gung gling pa shes rab
'byung gnas): 1187-1241
On Rinpoche Sonam Trakpa (dbon rin po che bsod nams grags pa), 'bri gung: 1187-
1235
Samgling Rinpoche (bsam gling rin po che): 1189-1260
Gyalwa Götsangpa Gönpo Dorje (rgod tshang pa mgon po rdo rje) 'bar 'brug: 1189-
1258
Taklung Rinchen Gonpo (rin chen mgon po): 1190-1236
Jetsun Gar Dampa Chödingpa Shakya Pel (rje btsun 'gar dam pa chos sdings pa
shakya dpal), 'bri gung: 1192-1254
Chen-nga Repa Karpo Sherap Wangchuk (spyan snga ras pa dkar po shes rab dbang
phyug): 1198-1262
Shamar Tashi Trakpa (zhwa dmar bkra shis grags pa): 1200-1282
Chöje Shonnu Senge (chos rje gzhon nu seng ge), 'bar 'brug: 1200-1266
Gampo Nyi Gomchen (sgam po snyi sgom chen): 1200-
Chengnawa Rinchen Den (sspyan mnga' ba rin chen ldan), stod 'brug: 1202?-
Ngok Ziji Trakpa (rngog gzi brjid grags pa), son of Ngog Kunga Dorje: 1202-1281
Taklung Sangye Yarjön (stag lung sangs rgyas yar byon): 1203-1272
Gyalwa Rinpoche (rgyal ba rin po che): 1203-1267
Lopön Gyalpo Ga (slob dpon rgyal po dga'), son of Ngo Kunga Dorje: 1205-1284
Karmapa II, Karma Pakshi: 1206-1283
Jamyang Gonpo ('jam dbyangs mgon po), disciple of Lorepa: 1208-?
Drigom Shikpo (zhig po): 1208-
Cung Rinpoche Dorje Trakpa (gcung rin po che rdo rje grags pa), 'brin gung: 1211-
1279
Lhadongpa Gyaltsen Pal (lha gdong pa rgyal mtshan dpal), stod 'brug: 1213-1258
Gyalwa Yangonpa (rgyal ba yang dgon pa): 1213-1287
Chögowa Dorje Yeshe (chos sgo ba rdo rje yes shes): 1223-1293
Thogkawa Rinchen Senge (thog kha ba rin chen seng ge), 'bri gung: 1226/7-1284
Sangwa Lume Dorje (gsang ba slu med rdo rje): 1227-1292
Taklung Tashi Lama (stag lung bkra shis bla ma): 1231-1276
Ngok Senge Dra (rngog seng ge sgra), son of Lopön Gyalpo Ga: 1235-1308
Dorje Lingpa Senge Sherap (rdo rje gling pa seng ge shes rab): 1238-1280
Tsamchepa Trakpa Sonam (mtshams bcad pa grags pa bsod nams), 'bri gung: 1240-
1288
Pökyapa Rinchen Senge (spos skya pa rin che seng ge): 1242-1297 / 1258?-1313?
Ngok Rinchen Zangpo (rngog rin chen bzang po), son of Lopön Gyalpo Ga: 1243-
1319
Ngok Lopön Chödor (rngog slob dpon chos rdor), son of Lopön Gyalpo Ga: 1246-
1311
Chen-ngawa Sertokpa, or Nyichöpa Trakpa Rinchen (spyan snga ba gser thog pa or
gnyis mchod pa grags pa rin chen): 1250-1310
Nyima Senge (nyi ma seng ge), bar 'brug: 1251-1287
Ngul Dzongpa Shakya Dorje (rngul rdzong pa sha kya rdo rje): 1252-1338
Taklung Chöje Sangye Palzang (stag lung chos rje sangs rgyas dpal bzang): 1254-
1310
23
CHRONOLOGY

Drukpa Senge Rinchen ('brug pa seng ge rin chen): -1258


Drukpa Ketsun Gyaltsen Bum ('brug pa mkhas btsun rgyal mtshan 'bum): 1261-1334
Taklung Lotsawa Shakya Zangpo (stag lung lo ts'a ba shakya bzang po): 1262-1344
Döndrup Pelwa (don grub dpal ba), son of Lopon Chödor: 1271-1338
Chunyi Rinpoche Dorje Rinchen (bcu gnyis rin po che rdo rje rin chen), 'bri gung:
1278-1316
Taklung Chung Chatral Chenpo (gcung bya bral chen po), a.k.a. Yeshe Lama (ye shes
bla ma): 1279-1324
Je Trakpa Senge (rje grags pa seng ge): 1282-1349
Chökyi Gyaltsen (chos kyi rgyal mtshan), son of Lopön Chödor: 1283-1359
Shamar I, Trakpa Senge (grags pa seng ge): 1283-1349 or 1350
Karmapa III, Rangjung Dorje (karma pa rang byung rdo rje): 1284-1339
Chöje Dorje Gyalpo (chos rje rdo rje rgyal po), 'bri gung: 1284-1351
Yutön Shikpo (g.yu ston zhig po): 1284-1365
Taklung Rinchen Lama, a.k.a Ratna Guru (rin chen bla ma): 1288-1339
Bensumpa Senge Gyalpo (ben gsum pa seng ge rgyal po), bar 'brug: 1289-1326
Samten Palpa of Gomo: 1291-1366
Taklung Orgyen Gonpo (o rgyan mgon po): 1293-1366
Trakpa Gyaltsen (grags pa rgyal mtshan): 1293-1360
Changchup Pel (byang chub dpal), son of Döndrup Pel: 1300-1386
Taklung Rinchen Jungden (rin chen 'byung ldan): 1300-1361
Tai Situ Changchup Gyaltsen, the first of the seven Phadru kings (t'ai si tu byang
chub rgyal mtshan): 1302-1371
Tshalpa Kunga Dorje (tshal pa kun dga' rdo rje), alias Situ Gewai Lodrö (si tu dge
ba'i blo gros), author or the Red Annals: 1309-1364
Trakpa Sherap (grags pa shes rab): 1310-1370
Barawa Gyaltsen Palzang ('bar ra ba rgyal mtshan palzang): 1310-1391
Namkha Senge (nam mkha' seng ge), disciple of Barawa: 1400s
Longchen Repa Rinchen Tsultrim (klong chen ras pa rin chen tshul khrims), stod
'brug: 1400s
Lokharwa Kunga Döndrup (lho 'khar ba kun dga' don grub), stod 'brug: 1400s
Möntsepa Kunga Palden (mon rtse pa kun dga' dpal ldan), stod 'brug: 1400s
Dungtso Repa, the earlier, (dung mtsho ras pa) opened the sacred place of Tsari: 1314
Jamyang Kunga Senge ('jam dbyangs kun dga' seng ge), bar 'brug: 1314-1347
Taklung Namkha Palzang (nam mkha' dpal bzang): 1333-1369
Chöje XXII, Chökyi Gyalpo (chos rje nyer gnyis pa chos kyi rgyal po), 'bri gung:
1336-1407
Karmapa IV, Rolpai Dorje (rol pa'i rdo rje): 1340-1383
Taklung Rinchen Gonpo (rin chen mgon po): 1344-1401
Jamyang Lodrö Senge ('jam dbyangs blo gros seng ge), bar 'brug: 1345-1390
Shamar II, Kachö Wangpo (bka' spyod dbang po): 1350-1405
Shang Rinpoche (shangs rin po che g.yu brag mgon po): 1353-?
Trakpa Jungney (grags pa 'byung gnas): 1356-1386
Shenyen Dondrup Gyalpo (bshes gnyen don grub rgyal po) 'brin gung: 1357-1415
Taklung Tashi Paltsek (bkra shis dpal brtsegs): 1359-1424
Chöje Sötrakap (chos rje bsod grags pa): 1359-1408
Riwoche Densapa Ratnakara (ri bo che gdan sa pa ratna kara), Taklung: 1362-1418
Ri Mibabpa (ri mi 'babs pa): 1362-1453
Döndrup Gyalpo (don grub rgyal po) bar 'brug: 1367-1427
24
CHRONOLOGY

Jamyang Yeshe Rinchen ('jam dbyangs ye shes rin chen), bar 'brug: 1364-1413
Namkha Gyaltsen (nam mkha' rgyal mtshan): 1370-?
Sherap Senge (shes rab seng ge), bar 'brug: 1371-1392
Taklung Trakpa Tashi Pal (grags pa bkra shis dpal): 1372-1409
Taklung Trakpa Tashi Gyaltsen (grags pa bkra shis rgyal mtshan), a.k.a Drakhapar
Trakpa (brag kha pa grags pa): 1376-1421
Situ I, Chökyi Gyaltsen, (chos kyi rgyal mtshan): 1377-1448
Chen-nga Sonam Zangpo (spyan snga bsod nams bzang po): 1380-1416
Wang Rinchen Palkyi Gyaltsen (wang rin chen dpal gyi rgyal mtshan), 'bri gung:
1383-?
Chen-nga Palden Zangpo (spyan snga dpal ldan bzang po): 1383-1407
Karmapa V, Deshin Shekpa (karma pa bde bzhin gshegs pa): 1384-1415
Chöje Sonam Gyaltsen Palzang (chos rje bsod rnam rgyal mtshan dpal bzang): 1386-
1434
Lodrö Rinchen (blo gros rin chen): 1386-?
Dakpo Wang: 1395?
Ranyong Sangdak Namkha Palzang (ra myong gsang bdag nam mkha' dpal bzang),
11th throne holder of Drug Sangnag Chöling and younger brother of Drukpa
Kunleg: 1398-1425
Mase Tokden (sma se rtogs ldan): early 1500s
Sherap Rinchen (shes rab rin chen), bar 'brug: 1400-1438
Taklung Changchup Gyatso (byang chub rgya mtsho): 1403-1448
Shamar III, Chöpal Yeshe (chos dpal ye shes): 1406-1452
Taklung Tashi Pal Ö (bkra shis dpal 'od): 1407-1460
Chögyal Rinchen Palzang (chos rgyal rin chen dpal bzang), 'bri gung: 1409-1467
Taklung Miyo Gonpa (mi g.yo mgon po): 1409-1454
Kunga Chögyal (kun dga' chos rgyal): 1413-1502
Tsurphu Gyaltsap I, Goshri Paldjor Dondrup, (goshri dpal 'byor don grub): 1415-
1478
Karmapa VI, Dönwa Donden (mthong ba don ldan): 1416-1453
Khedrup Mönjong Rechen (mkhas grub mon ljong ras chen): 1418-1505/6
Taklung Ngakyi Wangchuk Trakpa Palzang (ngag gi dbang phyug grags pa dpal
bzang): 1418-1496
Lotsawa Sonam Gyatso'i De (lo tswa ba bsod rnam rgya mtsho'i sde): 1424-1492
Drukchen II, Gyalwang Kung a Paljor (rgyal dbang kun dga' dpal 'byor): 1426-1476
Tsurphu Gyaltsap I, Kuo Shih Paljor Döndrup (mtshur phu rgyal tshab dpal 'byor don
grub): ca. 1427-1489
Taklung Kunpangpa Gonpo Yeshe (kun spang pa mgon pa ye shes): 1430-1473
Lhatsun Kunga Chökyi Gyatso (lha btsun kun dga' chos kyi rgya mtsho): 1432-1505
Pawo I, Chöwang Lhundrup (chos dbang lhun grub): 1440-1503
Drupthop Sangye Nyenpa Tashi Paljor (grub thob sangs rgyas mnyan pa bkra shis
dpal 'byor): 1445-1510
Rinchen Chökyi Gyaltsen (rin chen chos kyi rgyal mtshan), bar 'brug : 1446-1484
Chöje Wang Rinpoche (chos rje dbang rin po che), 'bri gung: 1448-1504
Dagrampa Chögyal Tenpa (dvags ram pa chos rgyal bstan pa): 1449-1524
Karmapa VII, Chödrak Gyatso, (chos grags rgya mtsho): 1450-1506
Situ II, Tashi Namgyal (si tu bkra shis rnam rgyal): 1450-1497
Tsang Nyön Heruka (gtsang smyon he ru ka, rus pa'i rgyan can): 1452-1507
Gyalwa Lapchipa Namkha Gyaltsen (rgyal la phyi pa nam mkha' rgyal mtshan):
25
CHRONOLOGY

1500s.
Pawo I, Chöwang Lhundrup (dpa' bo chos dbang lhun grub): 1500s
Shamar IV, Chen-ngawa Chökyi Trakpa Yeshe Palzang (spyan snga chos kyi grags
pa ye shes dpal bzang): 1453-1524
Taklung Jigten Wangchuk ('jig rten dbang phyug): 1454-1532
Drukpa Kunleg ('brug pa kun dga' legs pa): 1455-1529
Karma Trinlepa (karma 'phrin las pa): 1456-1539
U Nyön Kunga Zangpo, Madman of Central Tibet (dbus smyon kun dga' bzang po):
1458-1532
Taklung Tashi Pal (bkra shis dpal): 1461-1507
Ngawang Chökyi Gyalpo (ngag dbang chos kyi rgyal po), bar 'brug: 1465-1540
Taklung Namgyal Trakpa Palzang (rnam rgyal grags pa dpal bzang): 1469-1530
Trakpa Thaye (grags pa mtha' yas), 'brug pa: 1469-1531
Taklung SonamYeshe Palzang (bsod nams ye shes dpal bzang): 1472-1520
Drakar Lhatsun Rinchen Namgyal (brag dkar lha btsun rin chen rnam rgyal), disciple
of Tsang Nyön: 1473-1557
Drigung Kunga Rinchen ('bri gung kun dga' rin chen): 1475-1527
Namkha Gyaltsen Palzang (nam mkha' rgyal tshan dpal bzang): 1475-1530
Drukchen III, Jamyang Chökyi Trakpa, ('jam dbyangs chos kyi grags pa): 1478-1523
Awadhutipa Kunpang Sherap Gyatso (a wa dhu ti pa kun spangs shes rab rgya
mtsho), bar 'brug: 1478-1542
Tokden Phuntsok Dargye (rtogs ldan phun tshogs dar rgyas), 'bri gung: late 1500s
Namkha Dorje (nam mkha' rdo rje): 1485-1553
Tsurphu Gyaltsap II, Tashi Namgyal (mtshur phu rgyal tshab bkra shis rnam rgyal):
1500s
Situ III, Tashi Paljor (si tu bkra shis dpal 'byor): 1498-1541
Chökyi Gonpo (chos kyi mgon po), 'brug pa: 1501-1582
Pawo II, Tsuklak Trengwa (dpa' bo gtsug lag 'phreng ba): 1504-1566
Karmapa VIII, Mikyö Dorje (mi skyod rdo rje): 1507-1554
Ngawang Trakpa (ngag dbang grags pa), bar 'brug: 1506-1538
Drigung Chögyal Rinchen Phuntsok ('bri gung chos rgyal rin chen phun tshogs) also
known as Tertön Namchak Mebar (gter ston gnam lcags me 'bar): 1509-1557
Taklung Ngawang Namgyal Kunga Rinchen Palzang (ngag dbang rnam rgyal kun
dga' rin chen dpal bzang): 1511-1566
Dagpo Tashi Namgyal (dwags po bkra shis rnam rgyal): 1512/3-1587
Tsurphu Gyaltsap III, Goshri Trakpa Paldjor (mtshur phu rgyal tshab grags pa dpal
'byor): 1516-1546
Drukpa Chung Rinpoche Ngakyi Wangpo ('brug pa gcung rin po che ngag gi dbang
po), alias Ngakyi Wangchuk Trakpa Gyaltsen (ngag gi dbang phyug grags pa
rgyal mtshan), bar 'brug: 1517-1554
Je Nyukla Penchen (rje smyug la pan chen): 1518-1576
Thutop Yonten Yeshe (mthu stobs yon tan ye shes), bar 'brug: 1600s
Rinchen Namgyal (rin chen rnam rgyal), 'bri gung: 1519-1576
Chökyi Gonpo (chos kyi mgon pa), the first Shabdrung of Dechen Chökhor (bde chen
chos 'khor zhabs drung): 1600s
Mapham Dorje (ma pham rdo rje), 'brug pa: 1600s
Taklung Ngawang Namgyal Tashi Trakpa Gyaltsen (ngag dbang bkra shis grags pa
rgyal mtshan): 1524-1563
Konchog Yanlag, Shamar V, (dkon mchog yan lag), or Kongchog Bang (dkon mchog
26
CHRONOLOGY

'bangs): 1525-1583
Drukchen IV, Kunkhyen Pema Karpo (kun mkhyen pad ma dkar po): 1527-1592
Penchen Palkyi Gyatso (pan chen dpal gyi rgya mtsho), 'bri gung: 1527-1570
Taklung Tsokyi Dorje (mtsho skyes rdo rje): 1530-1590
Taklung Kunga Tashi (kun dga' bkra shis): 1536-1605
Chökyi Trakpa (chos kyi grags pa bkra shis nor bu mi 'gyur dbang gi rgyal po): 1538-
1583
Situ IV, Mindruk Chökyi Gocha (mi 'khrugs chos kyi go cha): 1542-1585
Mipham Chökyi Gyalpo (mi pham chos kyi rgyal po), bar 'brug: 1543-1604
Tsurphu Gyaltsap IV, Trakpa Dondrup (mtshur phu rgyal tshab grags pa don grub):
1547-1613
Chögyal Phuntsok (chos rgyal phun tshogs), 'bri gung: 1547-1602
Treho I, Chökyi Gyatso (tre ho chos kyi rgya mtsho): ?-1547
Karma Kunga Namgyal (karma kun dga' rnam rgyal): 1555-1628
Karmapa IX, Wangchuk Dorje, (karma pa dbang phyug rdo rje): 1556-1603
Kewang Sangye Dorje (mkhas dbang sangs rgyas rdo rje), 'brug pa: 1569- 1645
Pawo III, Tsuklak Gyatso, (dpa' bo gtsug lag rgya mtsho): 1568-1630
Taklung Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal (stag lung zhabs drung ngag dbang rnam
rgyal), 'brug pa from Ladakh?: 1571-1626
Taktsang Repa Ngawang Gyatso (stag tshang ras pa ngag dbang rgya mtsho): 1574-
1651
Naro Tashi Phuntsok (na ro bkra shis phun tshogs), 'bri gung, son of Chögyal
Phuntsok: 1574-1628
Shamar VI, Chökyi Wangchuk (chos kyi dbang phyug): 1584-ca. 1635
Situ V, Chökyi Gyaltsen the later (si tu chos kyi rgyal mtshan phyi ma): 1586-1632
Drigung Konchog Rinchen (dkon mchog rin chen): 1590-1654
Drukchen V, Gyalwa Pagsam Wangpo ('brug chen rgyal ba dpag bsam dbang po, the
immediate reembodiment of Pema Karpo): 1593-1641
Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal (zhabs drung ngag dbang rnam rgyal): 1594-1651
Drigung Chungtsang I, Rigdzin Chökyi Trakpa ('bri gung chung tshang rig 'dzin chos
kyi grags pa): 1595-1659
Panchen Konchog Lhundrup (pan chen dkon mchog lhun grub), disciples of Rigdzin
Chökyi Trakpa, 'bri gung: 1700s
Khamtrul I, Karma Tenphel (khams sprul ka rma bstan 'phel): 1598-1638
Gampopa Dzamling Norbu Gyenpa (sgam po pa nor 'dzam gling bu rgyan pa): 1599-
1633
Taklung Tashi Paldrup (bkra shis dpal grub): 1600-1671
Konchog Gyaltsen, Drupthop (grub thog dkon mchog rgyal mtshan): 1601-1685
Pökhey Mipham Gelek Namgyal (bod mkhas mi pham dge legs rnam rgyal), 'brug pa:
1700s
Karmapa X, Chöying Dorje (chos dbyings rdo rje): 1604-1674
Tsang Khenchen Jamyang Palden Gyatso (gtsang mkhan chen 'jam dbyangs dpal ldan
rgya mtsho): 1610-1684
Dingpochen Chogtra II, Mipham Ngawang Nyentrak (sdin po che cog gra mi pham
ngag dbang snyan grags), 'brug pa: 1617-1680
Tsurphu Gyaltsap V, Trakpa Choyang (mtshur phu rgyal tshab grags pa chos
dbyangs): 1617-1658
Rangrig Repa Kunga Lodrö, aka Rangrig Rechen, (rang rig ras chen, rang rig ras pa
kun dga' blo gros), 'brug pa : 1619-1683
27
CHRONOLOGY

Karma Trinley III (karma phrin las): 1631-1701


Shamar VII, Yeshe Nyingpo (ye shes snying po): 1630-1694
Pawo IV, Tsuklak Kuntu Zangpo (dpa' bo gtsug lag kun tu bzang po): 1632-1685
Gampo Zangpo Dorje (sgam po bzang po rdo rje): ca. 1634- passed away before
1700.
Je Khenpo of Bhutan IV, Damchö Pekar (rje mkhan po dam chos pad dkar): 1636-
1708
Gyalse Tendzin Rabgye (rgyal sras bstan 'dzin rab rgyas): 1638-1696
Kyishö Shabdrung, Tulku Ngawang Tendzin Trinley (skyid shod zhabs drung sprul
sku ngag dbang bstan 'dzin 'phrin las): 1639-1682
Drukchen VI, Mipham Wangpo ('brug chen mi pham dbang po): 1641-1717
Tendzin Repa (bstan 'dzin ras pa): 1646?-1723.
Seula Jamgön Ngawang Gyaltsen (se'u la byams mgon ngag dbang rgyal mtshan), a
Bhutanese 'brug pa scholar: 1647-1723
Pawo V, Trinley Gyatso (dpa' bo phrin las rgya mtsho): 1650-1699
Treho III, Karma Tendzin Dargye (tre ho karma bstan 'dzin dar rgyas): 1653-1730
Drigung Chetsang II, Konchog Trinley Zangpo ('bri gung che tshang dkon mchog
'phrin las bzang po): 1656-1718
Rinchen Tenpai Selchey, Barawa Tulku, ('ba' ra ba sprul sku rin chen bstan pa'i gsal
byed): 1658-1696
Situ VI, Chögyal Mipham Trinley Rabten (si tu chos rgyal mi pham phrin las rab
brtan): 1658-1682
Taklung Ngawang Tashi Chökyi Gyalpo (ngag dbang bkra shis chos kyi rgyal po):
1660-1689
Tsurphu Gyaltsap VI, Norbu Zangpo Drokun Kuntu Gawai Pal (mtshur phu rgyal
tshab nor bu bzang po 'gro kun kun tu dga' ba'i dpal): 1660-?
Goshri Karma Dondrup Nyingpo (go shri karma don grub snying po): 1664-?
Lodrö Chöphel (blo gros chos 'phel): 1665-1727
Dondrup Chögyal (don grub chos rgyal), incarnation of Rigdzin Chökyi Trakpa, 'bri
gung: 1668-1718
Taklung Tashi Jampel Gyatso (bkra shis 'jam dpal rgya mtsho): 1672-1706
Karmapa XI, Yeshe Dorje (ye shes rdo rje): 1675-1702
Situ VII, Lekshey Mrawai Nyima (legs bshad smra ba'i nyi ma): 1683-1698
Gyalsey Tulku I, Kunga Gyaltsen (rgyal sras sprul sku kun dga' rgyal mtshan),
Bhutanese: 1689-1713
Taklung Ngawang Trinley Tendzin Namgyal (stag lung ngag dbang phrin las bstan
'dzin rnam rgyal): 1691-?
Khamtrul III, Ngawang Kunga Tendzin (khams sprul ngag dbang kun dga' bstan
'dzin): 1680-1728
Taklung Ngawang Trinley Tendzin Namgyal (ngag dbang 'phrin las bstan 'dzin rnam
rgyal): 1691-?
Shamar VIII, Palchen Chökyi Döndrup (dpal chen chos kyi don grub): 1695-1732
Situ VIII, Panchen Chökyi Jungne or Tenpai Nyinche (si tu pan chen chos kyi 'byung
gnas or bstan pa'i nyin byed): 1699/1700-1774
Je Khenpo of Bhutan X, Tendzin Chögyal (rje mkhan po bstan 'dzin chos rgyal):
1700-1766
Tsurphu Gyaltsap VII, Kongchog Özer (mtshur phu rgyal tshab dkon mchog 'od zer):
early 1800s
Gampo Kunzang Ngedon Wangpo (sgam po kun bzang nges don dbang po): ?- d.
28
CHRONOLOGY

before 1757.
Pawo VI, Tsuklak Döndrup (dpa' bo gtsug lag don grub): 1701-1718
Pagar Geshe Ngawang Kunga Gyatso (spa sgar dge bshes ngag dbang kun dga' rgya
mtsho), Bhutanese, 'brug pa: 1702-1776
Karmapa XII, Changchup Dorje (byang chub rdor rje): 1703-1732
Shabdrung Sungtrul Chokle Namgyal (zhabs drung gsung sprul phyogs las rnam
rgyal): 1708-1736
Je Khenpo of Bhutan IX, Shakya Rinchen (rje mkhan po shakya rin chen): 1710-1759
Taklung Tsetrul Tashi Gewang (stag lung rtse sprul bkra shis dge dbang): ?-1763
Trulshik Ngawang Tsering ('khrul zhig ngag dbang tshe ring), 'brug pa: 1717-1794
Pawo VII, Gawai Wangpo (dpa' bo dga ba'i dbang po): 1718-1781
Drukchen VII, Trinley Shingta ('phrin las shing rta): 1718-1766
Konchog Rinchen Chökyi Nyima (dkon mchog rin chen chos kyi nyi ma), incarnation
of Dondrup Chögyal, 'bri gung: 1719-?
Dechen Chökor Yongdzin IV, Jampel Pawo (bde chen chos 'khor yongs 'dzin 'jam
dpal dpa' bo): 1720-1780
Dreula Drupwang Kunga Mingyur Dorje (dre'u lhas grub dbang kun dga' mi 'gyur
rdo rje): 1721-1769
Tendzin Pema Gyaltsen (bstan 'dzin padma rgyal mtshan), incarnation of Konchog
Trinley Zangpo, 'bri gung: 1722-1778
Ngawang Chötrak Gyatso (ngag dbang chos grags rgya mtsho): 1722-1768?
Je Khenpo of Bhutan XIII, Yonten Thaye, (lho 'brug mkhan chen yon tan mtha' yas):
1724-1783
Khamtrul IV, Tendzin Chökyi Nyima (khams sprul bstan 'dzin chos kyi nyi ma):
1730-1779/80
Ripa Bayö IV, Karma Kunzang Wangchuk (ri ba bag yod karma kun bzang dbang
phyug): c.1732-c.1819
Dudul Dorje, Karmapa XIII (bdud 'dul rdo rje): 1733-1797
Shamar IX, Konchog Gewai Jungney (dkon mchog gde ba'i 'byung gnas): 1733-1740
Shamar Zurpa Garwang Gyatso (zhwa dmar zur pa gar dbang rgya mtsho): born
around 1735, lived 58 years.
Dzigar IV Dorje Drakpo ('dzin sgar rdo rje drag po): 1740-1798
Shamar X, Chodrup Gyatso (chos grub rgya mtsho): 1742-1792
Taklung Chökyi Nyima (stag lung chos kyi nyi ma): 1744-1787
Jamyang Pekar Tendzin ('jam dbyangs pad dkar bstan 'dzin), 'brug pa: 1750-1798
Dochenpa Tsewang Chime Gonpo (mdo chen pa tshe dbang 'chi med mgon po): 1755-
1807 Gampopa V Orgyen Drodul Lingpa (sgam po o rgyan 'gro 'dul gling pa)
also known as Jampel Trinley Wangpo ('jam dpal phrin las dbang po) and
Tertön Dechen Gyalpo (gter ston rdo rje rgyal po): 1757-?
Ngawang Chökyi Gyatso (ngag dbang chos kyi rgya mtsho), 'brug pa: 1755-1831 or
1759-1812 Drukchen VIII, Kunzig Chökyi Nangwa ('brug chen kun gzigs chos
kyi snang wa): 1768-1822
Tendzin Pemai Gyaltsen, 27th hierarch of Drigung and IVth Drigung Chetsang ('bri
gung che tsang bstan 'dzin padma'i rgyal mtshan): 1770-?
Tsurphu Gyaltsap VII, Chöpel Zangpo (mtshur phu rgyal tshab chos dpal bzang po):
late 1800s
Je Khenpo of Bhutan XXV, Sherap Gyaltsen (rje mkhan po shes rab rgyal mtshan):
1772-1847
Chatral Rigdzin Chöying Dorje (bya bral rig 'dzin chos dbyings rdo rje): 1772-1838
29
CHRONOLOGY

Situ IX, Pema Nyinchey Wangpo (si tu padma nyin byed dbang po): 1774-1853
Ladakh Tripön Pema Chögyal (khrid dpon pad ma chos rgyal): 1878-1959
Konchog Tendzin Shiwai Lodrö (dkon mchog bstan 'dzin zhi ba'i blo gros), 'bri gung:
1779-?
Yontan Gyatso (yon tan rgya mtsho), 'brug pa: 1780-1840
Yongdzin V of Dechen Chökor, Yeshe Drupa (bde chen chos 'khor yongs 'dzin ye
shes grub pa), 'brug pa: 1781-1845
Khamtrul V, Drupgyu Nyima (khams sprul sgrub brgyud nyi ma): 1781-1847
Pawo VIII, Chökyi Gyalpo (dpa' bo chos kyi rgyal po): 1785-1840
Taklung Matrul IV, Ngawang Tenpai Nyima (stag lung ngag dbang bstan pa'i nyi ma
also known as chos kyi ’byung gnas phrin las rnam par rgyal ba: 1788-?
Tsoknyi Rigdzin Chögyal Dorje of Nangchen (tshogs gnyis rig 'dzin chos rgyal rdo
rje): 1789-1844.
Shabdrung of Bhutan III, Jigme Trakpa (zhabs drung 'jigs med grags pa): 1791-1830
Konchog Tendzin Chökyi Gyaltsen (dkon mchog bstan 'dzin chos kyi rgyal mtshan),
son of Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa, 'bri gung: 1793-1826
Karmapa XIV, Thekchog Dorje (theg mchog rdo rje): 1798-1868
Ripa Lagen Trulku III, Karma Dargye Gyatso, a.k.a Karma Khechog Drupai Wangpo
(ri ba bla rgan sprul sku karma dar rgyas rgya mtsho, karma mkhas mchog
sgrub pa'i dbang po): 1813-1882
Ripa Bayö V, Karma Thutop Namgyal (ri ba bag yod karma mthu stobs rnam rgyal):
c.1820-c.1827
Drukchen IX, Jigme Mingyur Wangyal ('jigs med mi 'gyur dbang rgyal): 1823-1883
Je Chökyi Norbu (rje chos kyi nor bu), 'bri gung: 1824-1865
Konchog Thukjei Nyima (dkon mchog thugs rje'i nyi ma), 'bri gung: 1828-1900
Ripa Bayö VI, Karma Thabke Namrol Gyatso (ri ba bag yod karma thabs mkhas
rnam rol rgya mtsho): c.1829-1875
Drigung Chung Tsang VI, Konchog Tendzin Chökyi Lodrö, 34th hierarch of Drigung
('bri gung chung zang dkon mchog bstan 'dzin chos kyi blo gros rnam par
rgyal ba'i sde): 1829-1906.
Shabdrung of Bhutan IV, Jigme Norbu (zhabs drung 'jigs med nor bu): 1831-1861
Khyentse Longdrol (mkhyen brtse klong grol), 'brug pa?: 1832-1909
Tsurphu Gyaltsap IX, Trakpa Yeshe (mtshur phu rgyal tshab grags pa ye shes): 1900s
Khenchen Tashi öser (mkhan chen bkra shis 'od zer): 1836-1910
Pawo IX, Nyinche Wangpo (dpa' bo nyin byed dbang po): end of 1900s
Chame Lhachog Ngawang Tendzin Lodrö (byams me lha mchog ngag dbang btsan
'dzin blo gros), 'brug : 1843?-?
Tokden Shakya Shri (stogs ldan shakya shri): 1853-1919
Situ X, Pema Kunzang (si tu padma kun bzang): 1854-1885
Matrul V, Thekchog Jigme Pawo (theg mchog 'jigs med dpa' bo): 1856-1915
Tsurphu Gyaltsap X, Jampel Zangpo (mtshur phu rgyal tshab 'jam dpal bzang po):
late 1900s
Konchok Paldrön (dkon mchog dpal sgron, 1858?-1939?), the daughter of Terchen
Chogyur Dechen Lingpa and the grand-mother of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche
Ngedön Gyatso (nges don rgya mtsho), 'bri gung: 1859?-?
Shabdrung of Bhutan V, Jigme Chögyal (zhabs drung 'jigs med chos rgyal): 1862-
1904
Drigungpa Konchog Norzang ('bri gung pa dkon mchog nor bzang): 1865-?
Khakhyap Dorje, Karmapa XV (karma pa mkha' khyab rdo rje): 1871-1922
30
CHRONOLOGY

Ripa Bayö VII, Karma Drupgyu Trinle Rabgye (ri ba bag yod karma sgrub brgyud
phrin las rab rgyas): 1876-1942
Trulshik Pema Chögyal (khrul zhig padma chos rgyal), also known as Ladakh Tripön
(la dwags khrid spon): 1876-1958
Changchup Tsondru (byang chub brtson 'drus), 'brug pa: 1877-1916
Kardangpa Norbu Rinpoche (dkar dwangs? nor bu rin po che): 1883-1947
Drukchen X, Mipham Chökyi Wangpo (mi pham chos kyi dbang po): 1884-1930
Situ XI, Pema Wangchog Gyalpo (padma dbang mchog rgyal po): 1886-1952
Mendong Tsampa Karma Ngedön Tengye (sman sdong mtshams pa karma nges don
bstan rgyas): fl. 1891
Lopön Sonam Zangpo (slop dpon bsod nams bzang po), 'brug pa: 1892-1983
Dzatö Tsenyi Tulku IV, Jampal Norbu (rdza stod mtshan nyid sprul sku 'jam dpal nor
bu), 'brug pa: 1892-?
Shamar XI, Jamyang Rinpoche ('jam dbyangs rin po che): 1892-1946
Tsurphu Gyaltsap XI, Trakpa Gyatso (mtshur phu rgyal tshab grags pa rgya mtsho):
1894-1952
Palpung Khyentse, Karma Jamyang Khyentse Öser (dpal spungs mkhyen brtse karma
'jam dbyangs mkhyen brtse'i 'od zer): 1896-1945
Kunu Lama Tsewang Namgyal (khu nu bla ma tshe dbang rnam rgyal), 'brug pa:
1896-1973
Sangye Nyenpa IX, Karma Shedrup Tenpai Nyima, (sangs rgyas mnyan pa karma
bshad sgrub bstan pa'i nyi ma): 1897-1962 (passed away on 21st of 9th
Tibetan month)
Tokden VII, Ngawang Lodrö Gyaltsen (rtogs ldan nga dbang blo gros rgyal mtshan),
'bri gung: 20s
Khyentse Öser, Karse Kongtrul (kar sras kong sprul mkhyen brtse'i 'od zer): 1904-
1953
Kalu Rinpoche, Karma Ranjung Kunkhyap (karma rang 'byung kun khyab): 1905-
1989
Je Khenpo of Bhutan LXV, Jamyang Yeshes Senge ('jam dbyangs ye shes seng ge):
1906-1969
Ripa Selche V, Karma Rabjam Chöying Trinley Nyingpo (ri ba gsal byed karma rab
'byams chos dbyings phrin las snying po): 1907-1991
Tendzin Chökyi Jungney (bstan 'dzin chos kyi 'byung gnas), 'bri gung: 1909-?
Pawo X, Tsuklak Nangwa Wangchuk (dpa' bo gtsug lag snang ba dbang phyug)or
Tsuklak Mrawa (gtsug lag smra ba): 1912-1991
Drukpa Thuksey Rinpoche ('brug pa thugs sras rin po che): 1914-1983
Taklung Matrul VI, Chökyi Nyinche (mi pham bshad sgrub chos kyi nyin byed, alias
ngag dbang bde chen 'gyur med): 1917-1983.
Tulku Urgyen, Tsewang Chokdrup Pelbar (sprul sku o rgyan tshe dbang mchog grub
dpal 'bar): 1919-1996.
Ripa Aleb Tokden II, Do-ngak Tenpai Nyima Shedrup Trinle Tharchin (ri ba a leb
rtogs ldan mdo sngags bstan pa'i nyi ma bshad sgrub phrin las mthar phyin):
1921-1973
Rangjung Rigpai Dorje, Karmapa XVI (rang 'byung rig pa'i rdo rje): 1924-1982
Apo Rinpoche, Yeshe Rangdrol (a pho rin po che ye shes rang grol): 1925-1974
Geshe Drakphuk Gedun Rinchen (dge bshes brag phug dge 'dun rin chen), ?th, Je
Khenpo of Bhutan, 'brug pa: 1926-?
Khamtrul VIII, Döngyu Nyima (khams sprul don brgyud nyi ma): 1930-1980 (26
31
CHRONOLOGY

December)
Drukchen XI, Tendzin Khyenrap Gelek Wangpo (bstan 'dzin mkhyen rab dge legs
dbang po): 1931-1960
Tenga Rinpoche : 1932-
Khenchen Trangu Rinpoche : 1933-
Zurmang Trungpa XI, Chökyi Gyatso (zur mang drung pa chos kyi rgya mtsho):
1940-1987
Tokden VIII, Tupden Tenpai Nyima (rtogs ldan thub bstan bstan pa'i nyi ma), 'bri
gung: 1941-
Shamar XII, Mipham Chökyi Lodrö (mi pham chos kyi blo gros): 1952-
Situ XIII, Pema Dönyö Nyinchey (padma don yod nyin byed): 1954-
Drukchen XII, Jigme Pema Wangchen ('jigs med padma dbang chen): 1963-

Shangpa Kagyu:
--------------

Kyungpo Naljor, Tsultrim Gonpo (khyung po rnal 'djor tshul khrims mgon po): born
in 990? lived till at least 1130

Mokchokpa Rinchen Tsondrü (rmog lcog pa rin chen brtson 'grus, 1110-1170)

Tsangma Khedrup Shangtön Tsultrim Gonpo (gtsang ma mkhas grub shangs ston
tshul khrims mgon po), founder of Jagpa ('jag pa): 1234-1309

Kalachakra:
--------------

Orgyen Nyengyu:
--------------

Drupthop Orgyenpa, Rinchen Pal (grub thob o rgyan pa rin chen dpal) : 1230-1309

Shiche-Chöd:
----------

Padampa Sangye (pha dam pa sangs rgyas), reaches Tingri in 1091, last visit to Tibet
in 1113 : ?-1117?
Machik Labdrön (ma gcig lab sgron): 1055-1153
Shijepa Kunga (zhi byed pa kun dga'): ?-1124
Khonphupa Chökyi Gyalpo ('khon phu ba chos kyi rgyal po), brother of Machik:
1069-1144
Droyi Lama Chupa Dartsön (sgro'i bla ma 'chus pa dar brtson), zhi byed: 1117-?
32
CHRONOLOGY

Jonang, Bodong:
---------------

Kunpang Thukje Tsondru (kun spangs thugs rje brtson 'grus), founder of Jonang
Monastery: 1243-
Jonang pa Yongyam (jo nang pa yon rgyam): 1260-
Jonang Kunkhyen Dolpupa Sherap Gyaltsen (shes rab rgyal mtshan, dol bu pa):
1292-1361
Khenchen Changtse (lo chen byang chub rtse mo): 1303-1380
Jonang Chogle Namgyal (phyogs las rnam rgyal), also known as Bodong Chogle
Namgyal: 1306-1386
Takdepa Senge Gyaltsan (stag sde pa seng ge rgyal mtshan): 1272-1354
Pang Lotsawa Lodrö Tenpa (dpang lotsawa blo gros brtan pa) : 1276-1342
Changchup Tsemo (byang chub rtse mo), abbot of Bodong : 1303-1380
Bodong Chögyal Chogle Namgyal (bo dong chos rgyal phyogs las rnam rgyal): 1375-
1451
Jonang Jetsun Jamyang Kunga Drolchog (rje btsun 'jam dbyangs kun dga' grol
mchog): 1507-66
Jetsun Taranatha, Kunga Nyingpo (kun mkhyen jo nang tah ra na thah kun dga'
snying po): 1575-1635
Bamda Gelek - Thubten Gelek Gyatso (‘ba’ mda’ thub ldan dge legs rgya mtsho):
1844-1904

Zhalu:
------
Zhalu Lotsawa Chökyong Zangpo (zhwa lu lo tsa ba chos skyong bzang po): 1441-
1527/38
Zhalu Ribu Tulku Losel Tenkyong (zhwa lu ri sbug sprul sku blo gsal bstan skyong) :
1804-?

Geluk:
-----
Jamchen Chöje Shakya Yeshe (byams chen chos rje shakya ye shes): 1354-1440
Tsako Khenchen Ngawang Trakpa (tsha kho mkhan chen ngag dbang grags pa):
1350-1400
Tokden Jampel Gyatso (rtogs ldan 'jam dpal rgya mtsho): 1356-1428
Je Tsongkhapa Lobzang Trakpa (rje tsong kha pa blo bzang grags pa): 1357-1419
Gyaltsap Je Dharma Rinchen (rgyal tshab rje dharma rin chen): 1364-1432
Rongchen Janagpa Gedun Gyaltsen (rong chen ljags nag pa dge 'dun rgyal mtshan):
1374-1450
Jamyang Chöje Tashi Palden ('jam dbyangs chos rje bkra shis dpal ldan), founder of
Drepung: 1379-1449
Gyu Sherap Senge (shes rab sen ge), founder of Gyume Tantric College: 1383-1445
Khedrup Je, Gelek Palsang (mkhas grub rje dge legs dpal bzang): 1385-1438
Dalai Lama I, Gedun Drup (dge 'dun grub): 1391-1474
Lodrö Bepa (blo gros sbas pa): 1400-1475
Jampa Lingpa SonamNamgyal (byams pa gling pa bsod nams rnam rgyal): 1401-
1475
33
CHRONOLOGY

Chengnawa Lodrö Gyaltsen (spyan snga ba blo gros rgyal mtshan) of Gyama
Rinchen Gang (rgya ma rin chen sgang): 1402-1472
Basowa Chökyi Gyaltsen (ba so ba chos kyi rgyal mtshan): 1409-1473
Drupchen Chökyi Dorje (grub chen chos kyi rdo rje): 1500s)
Panchen Zangpo Tashi (pan chen bzang po bkra shis): 1410-1478
Gyuchen Kunga Döndrup (rgyud chen kun dga' don grub), founder of Gyu Tö (rgyud
stod), the Tantric College of Upper Tibet: 1419-1486
Khedrup Norzang Gyatso (mkhas grbu nor bzang rgya mtsho): 1423-1513
Building of Tashi Lhunpo by Gedun Drup: 1453
Sera Jetsun Chökyi Gyaltsen (se ra rje btsun chos kyi rgyal mtshan): 1469-1546.
Dalai Lama II, Gedun Gyatso (dge 'dun rgya mtsho): 1475-1542
Panchen SonamTrakpa (pan chen bsod nams grags pa), 15th throne holder of
Ganden: 1478-1554.
Sermed Khedrup Tenpa Rabgye (ser smad mkhas grub bstan pa dar rgyas): 1493-
1568
Gyalwa Wensapa Lobzang Döndrup (rgyal ba dben sa pa blo bzang don grub):
1504/5-1566
Tri Dewachenpa Gelek Palzang (khri bde ba can pa dge legs dpal bzang): 1505-1567
Khedrup Densapa Sangye Yeshe (mkhas grub bden sa pa sangs rgyas ye shes): 1525-
1591.
Dalai Lama III, SonamGyatso (bsod nams rgya mtsho): 1543-1588
SonamYeshe Wangpo (bsod nams ye shes dbang po) II Zimkhang Gongma of
Drepung ('bras spungs gzims khang gong ma): 1556-1592
Köntön Paljor Lhundrup ('khon ston dpal 'byor lhun grub): 1561-1637
Panchen Lama IV (1st to hold the actual title) Lobzang Chökyi Trakpa, a.k.a.
Lobzang Chögyan or Lobzang Chökyi Gyaltsen (blo bzang chos kyi grags pa
= chos rgyan = chos kyi rgyal mtshan): 1570-1662
Kohuwa Chö Gyatso (ko'u ba chos rgya mtsho): 1571-1635
Dalai Lama IV, Yonten Gyatso (yon tan rgya mtsho): 1589-1617
Chöpa Rinpoche, Lobzang Tenpai Gyaltsen (chos pa rin po che, blo bzang bstan pa'i
rgyal mtshan): 1581-1659
Tongkor Gyalwa Gyatso (stong skor rgyal ba rgya mtsho): 1588-1639
Zurtön Paljor Trinley Rabgye (zur ston dpal 'byor phrin las rab rgyas): 1604-1682
Jetsun Kalden Gyatso (rje btsun skal ldan rgya mtsho), also known as Shar (shar)
Kalden Gyatso, or Rongpo Drupchen (rong po grub chen) or Kalden Repa
(skal ldan ras pa): 1607-1677
Konchog Gyaltsen (dkon mchog rgyal mtshan): 1612-1687
Yu Ngok Manipa Samten Gyatso (g.yu rngog mani ba bsam gtan rgya mtsho): 1616-
1678
Dalai Lama V, Ngawang Lobzang Gyatso (ngag dbang blo bzang rgya mtsho): 1617-
1682
Tongkor Dogyu Gyatso (stong skor mdo rgyu rgya mtsho): 1639-?
Komtrang Chöje Yeshe Ngodrup (kom 'phran chos rje ye shes dngos grub): 1641-
1727
Drup Khangpa Gelek Gyatso (sgrub khang pa dge legs rgya mtsho): 1641-1713
Changkya I, Ngawang Lobzang Chöden (lcang skya ngag dbang blo bzang chos
ldan): 1642-1714
Jaya Pandita Lobzang Trinley (ja ya pandita blo bzang 'phrin las): 1642-?
Lamo Shenyen Trakpa Gyatso (la mo bshes gnyen grags pa rgya mtsho): 1647-1713
34
CHRONOLOGY

Jamyang Shepa Ngawang Tsondru ('jam dbyangs bzhad pa nga dbang btson 'drus),
founder of Lhabrang Tashikhyil: 1648-1722
Desi Sangye Gyatso (sde srid sangs rgyas rgya mtsho): 1653-1703/5
Lamo Ngawang Lobzang Tenpai Gyaltsen (la mo ngag dbang blo bzang bstan pa'i
rgyal mtshan): 1660-1728
Panchen Lama V (II), Lobzang Yeshe (blo bzang ye shes): 1663-1737
Trichen Ngawang Chöden (khri chen ngag dbang chos ldan): 1665-1739
Kachu Trinley Rabten (bka' bcu 'phrin las rab brtan): 1667-1744
Drupwang Lobzang Namgyal (grub dbang blo bzang rnam rgyal): 1670-1751
Khardo Zöpa Gyatso (mkhar rdo bzod pa rgya mtsho): 1672-?
Conepa Trakap Shedrup (co ne pa grags pa bshad sgrub): 1675-1748
Se Ngawang Tashi (bse ngag dbang bkra shis): 1678-1738
Ganden Trichen VXII, Gyaltsen Senge (rgyal mtshan seng ge): 1678-1756
Kalden Gyatso II, Ngawang Trinley Gyatso (ngag dbang 'phrin las rgya mtsho) a.k.a
Minling Nomohan (smin gling no mo han) Ngawang Trinley Gyalpo(?) :
1678-1739
Khenchen Gedun Gyatso (mkhan chen dge 'dun rgya mtsho): 1679-1765
Thuhuken II, Ngawang Chökyi Gyatso (thu'u bkvan ngag dbang chos kyi rgya mtso):
1680-1736
Phurchok Ngawang Jampa (phur lcog ngag dbang byams pa): 1682-1762
Dalai Lama VI, Tsangyang Gyatso (tshangs dbyangs rgya mtsho): 1683-1702
Gyanagpa Jamyang Tenpai Nyima (rgya nag pa 'jam dbyangs bstan pa'i nyi ma):
1686-1738
Dokar Shabdrung Tsering Wangyal (mdo mkhar zhabs drung tshe ring dbang rgyal):
1695-1763
Keutsang Tulku Lobzang Jamyang Monlam (ke'u tshang sprul sku blo bzang 'jam
dbyangs smon lam): 1700s
Sumpa Khenpo Yeshe Paljor (sum pa mkhan po ye shes dpal 'byor): 1704-1787
Dalai Lama VII, Kalsang Gyatso (skal bzang rgya mtsho): 1708-1757
Ngagö Namkha Senge (rnga rgod nam mkha' seng ge): 1712-1780
Tsechogling Yongdzin Pandita Kachen Yeshe Gyaltsen (tse mchog gling bka' chen ye
shes rgyal mtshan), tutor of 8th Dalai Lama and founder of Kyirong
Samtenling: 1713-1793
Changkya II, Rolpa'i Dorje (lcang skya rol pa'i rdo rje alias ye shes bstan pa'i sgron
me), teacher of the Emperor of China: 1717-1786
Longdol Lama Ngawang Lobzang (klong rdol bla ma ngag dbang blo bzang), a.k.a
Khyentse Öser (mkhyen brtse'i 'od zer): 1719-1794
Ra Sönam Wangyal (ra bsod rnams dbang rgyal): 1726-1793
Arik Geshe (a rig dge bshes 'jam dpal dge legs rgyal mtshan, or rgyal mtshan 'od
zer): 1726-1803
Thuhuken III, Lobzang Chökyi Nyima (thu'u bkvan blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma): 1737-
1802
Jamyang Shepa II, Konchog Jigme Wangpo (dkon mchog 'jigs med dbang po or kun
mkhyen dbyig gnyen dbang po): 1728-1791
Yershong Gedun Datrak (g.yer gshong dge 'dun zla grags): 1734-1811
Thuhuken Tenpai Nyima (Thu'u bkwan blo bzang brtan pa'i nyi ma): 1737-1802
Panchen Lama VI (III), Lobzang Palden Yeshe (blo bzang dpal ldan ye shes): 1738-
1780
Kalden Gyatso III, Gedun Trinley (dge 'dun 'phrin las rab rgyas): 1740-1794
35
CHRONOLOGY

Rigdra Lobzang Jigme (rigs grwa blo bzang 'jigs med), a.k.a Rigpai Raldri (rig pa'i
ral gri): 1745-?
Guge Yongdzin Lobzang Tendzin (gu ge yongs 'dzin blo bzang bstan 'dzin), alias
Dongdruk Drupai Dorje (gdong drug grub pa'i rdo rje): 1748-?
Trijang Changchup Chöpel, 69th throne holder of Gaden (krhi byang chub chos spel):
1756-1838
Demo Gelek Gyatso (de mo rin po che, dge legs rgya mtsho,) regent 1757 until his
death 1777
Dalai Lama VIII, Jampel Gyatso ('jam dpal rgya mtsho): 1758-1804
Khedrup Sopo Tendar (mkhas grub sog po bstan dar), also known as Alak Sha
Ngawang Tendar (a lag sha ngag dbang bstan dar): 1759-1831
Reting II, Lobzang Yeshe Tenpa Rabgye (khri chen a chi thu no mon han blo bzang
ye shes bstan pa rab rgyas): 1759-1816
Shingza Pandita Lobzang Dargye (shing bza' pan di ta blo bzang dar rgyas), second
abbot of rwa rgya monastery and reincarnation of Tsongkhapa's mother (shing
bza' a chos): 1752/1759?-1824
Gyal Khenchen Trakpa Gyaltsen (rgyal mkhan chen grags pa rgyal mtshan), 23rd
abbot of Labrang Tashikhyil: 1762-1836/7
Gungtang Konchog Tenpai Drönme (gung thang dkon mchog bstan pa'i sgron me):
1762-1823
Palmang Pandita Konchok Gyaltsen (dpal mang pan di ta dkon mchog rgyal mtshan):
1764-1853
Bipa Ngawang Mipham Dawa (bis pa ngag dbang mi pham zla ba): 1767-1807
Konchog Chöpel (dkon mchog chos 'phel): 1767-1834
Chang Lung Pandita Ngawang Lobzang Tenpai Gyaltsen (lcang lung pandita ngag
dbang blo bzang bstan pa'i rgyal mtshan): 1770-1846
Ling Konchog Gyepai Lodrö (gling dkong mchog dgyes pa'i blo gros): 1773-1838?
Detri Jamyang Thubden Nyima (sde khri 'jam dbyangs thub bstan nyi ma): 1779-1862
Serkhang Dorjechang Lobzang Tendzin Gyatso (gser khang rdo rje chang blo bzang
bstan 'dzin rgya mtsho): 1780-1848
Chubar Khen Rinpoche, Yonten Lhundrup (chu dbar mkhan rin po che yon tan lhun
grub, 1800-1900s)
Panchen Lama VII (IV), Lobzang Tenpai Nyima (blo bzang bstan pa'i nyi ma): 1781-
1854
Senchen Lobzang Tendzin Paljor (sen cheng blo bzang bstan 'dzin dpal 'byor): 1784-?
Tsemön Ling Ngawang Tsultrim regent until his death 1791
Regent Taksa Rinpoche (kun gling rtag tshag bstan pa'i mgon po), ruled 1791-1810
Ridzong Tsultrim Nyima (ri rdzong tshul khrims nyi ma), founder of Ridzong
monastery in Ladakh: 1796-1872
Jamyang Shepa III, Losel Jigme Gyatso, or Lobzang Yignyen Thubten Gyatso (blos
gsal 'jigs med rgya mtsho, also called blo bzang dbyig gnyen thub bstan rgya
mtsho): 1796-1855
Chöje Ngawang Palden of Urga (chos rje ngag dbang dpal ldan): 1797-?
Trakgom Tenpa Rabgye (brag sgom bstan pa rab rgyas): 1799-?
Drakgon Shabdrung Tenpa Rabgye (brag dgon zhabs drun bstan pa rag rgyas): 1801-
?
Labrang Je Sherap Gyatso (bla brang rje shes rab rgya mtsho): 1803-1875
Dalai Lama IX, Lungthok Gyatso (lung rtogs rgya mtsho): 1805-1815
Ngulchu Yangchen Drupai Dorje (dngul chu dbyangs can grub pa'i rdo rje): 1809-
36
CHRONOLOGY

1887
Tharshul Gedun Chökyong Gyatso (thar shul dge 'dun chos skyong rgya mtsho):
1810-1888
Regent Demo Rinpoche (de mo ngag dbang blo bzang thub bstan 'jigs med rgya
mtsho) ruled 1811-1819 (passed away 1819)
Drupwang Jigme Samten (grub dbang 'jigs med bsam gtan): 1814-1859
Dalai Lama X, Tsultrim Gyatso (tshul khrims rgya mtsho): 1816-1837
Shelkar Sangye Tenpel (shel dkar sangs rgyas bstan 'phel): 1817-1884
Regent Tsemön Lingpa (tshe gling ngag dbang 'jam dpal tshul khrims,) ruled 1819-
1844
Minyak Kunzang Sonam (mi nyag kun bzang bsod nams): 1823–1901
Shangtsun Tenpa Gyatso (zhang btsun bstan pa rgya mtsho): 1825-1899
Phurchok Jampa Gyatso (phur lcog byams pa rgya mtsho): 1825-1901
Tsendrok Khen Rinpoche Lobzang Dargye (mtshan dgrogs mkhan chen blo bzang rab
rgyas): ?-1834
Tsangpa Drupchen Jampa Chödzin (gtsang pa grub chen 'jam pa chos 'dzin): 1830-
1945
Khenpo Ngawang Thubten Gyatso (mkhan po ngag dbang thub bstan rgya mtsho):
1836-1889
Dalai Lama XI, Khedrup Gyatso ('mkhas grub rgya mtsho): 1838-1855
Gyalwang Chöje Darhen Khenpo (rgyal dbang chos rje dar an mkhan po): mid 1900s
Gomang Khechen Khyenrap Tenpa Chöpel (sgo mang mkhan chen mkhyen rab bstan
pa chos 'phel): 1840-1908
Bari Lobzang Rabsel (dpa' ris blo bzang rab gsal): 1840-?
Sertok Lobzang Tsultrim Gyatso (gser tog blo bzang tshul khrims rgya mtsho): 1845-
1914
Kirti Lobzang Trinley Tenpa Gyatso (kir ti blo bzang 'phrin las bstan pa rgya mtsho):
1849-1905
Shamar Gedun Tendzin Gyatso (shwa dmar dge 'dun bstan 'dzin rgya mtsho): 1852-
1912
Panchen Lama VIII (V), Tenpai Wangchuk (bstan pa'i dbang phyug): 1854-1882
Shelkar Kangyur Lama, Ngawang Logzang Tendzin Tsultrim Gyaltsen (shel dkar bka'
'gyur bla ma ngag dbang blo bzang bstan 'dzin tshul khrims rgyal mtshan):
1856-1932
Dalai Lama XII, Trinley Gyatso ('phrin las rgya mtsho): 1856-1875
Rongta Chetsang Tulku Lobzang Chöjor Lhundrup (rong tha che tshang sprul sku blo
bzang chos 'byor lhun grub): 1857-1900
Ridzon Setrul Lobzang Tsultrim Chöpel (ri rdzong sras sprul blo bzang tshul khrims
chos 'phel), Ladakh: 1860-1926?
Cheshö Lobzang Tenpai Dronme (che shos blo bzang bstan pa'i sgron me): 1861-
1934
Rongta Lobzang Damchö Gyatso (rong tha blo bzang dam chos rgya mtsho): 1863-
1917
Changlung Trigen Jamyang Tubten Gyatso (lcang lung khri rgan 'jam dbyangs thub
bstan rgya mtsho): 1866-1928
Lakho Jigme Trinley Gyatso (bla kho 'jigs med phrin las rgya mtsho): 1866-1948
Guntang Lodrö Gyatso (gun thang blo gros rgya mtsho): ?-1928
Lobzang Tamdrin (blo bzang rta mgrin): 1867-1937
Dalai Lama XIII, Thubten Gyatso (thub bstan rgya mtsho): 1876-1933
37
CHRONOLOGY

Panchen Lama IX (VI), Chökyi Nyima (chos kyi nyi ma): 1883-1937
Kumbum Geshe Sherap Gyatso (sku 'bum dge bshes shes rab rgya mtsho): 1884-1967
Arö Lobzang Lungtok Tenpai Gyaltsen (a rod blo bzang lung rtogs bstan pa'i rgyal
mtshan): 1888-1959
Gya Shabdrung Rinpoche Kalzang Kongchog Gyatso (rgya zhabs drung rin po che
bskal bzang dkon mchog rgya mtsho): ?-1960
Wangda Gyangtrul Rinpoche Dondrup Dorje (dbang mda'i gyang sprul rin po che
don grub rdo rje): 1892-1960
Khewang Sungrap Gyatso (mkhas dbang gsung rab rgya mtsho): 1896-1982
Ngakchen Tulku Nyamnyi Dorje (sngags chen sprul sku mnyam nyid rdo rje) of rwa
sgreng: 1900s
Trijang Lobzang Yeshe (khri byang blo bzang ye shes): 1901-1981
Gedun Chöpel, Dordrak Tulku, (dge 'dun chos 'phel, rdo brag sprul sku): 1905-1951
Tseten Shabdrung Jigme Rigpai Lodrö (tshe tan zhabs drung 'jigs med rig pa'i blo
gros): 1910-1985
Geshe Muge Samten Gyatso (dge bshes dmu dge bsam gtan rgya mtsho): 1914-1993
Jamyang Shepa V (blo bzang 'jam dbyangs ye shes bstan pa'i 'chang 'dzin): 1915-
1947
Shar Lobzang Trinley Lungtok Gyatso (shar blo bzang 'phrin las lung rtogs rgya
mtsho): 1916-1978
Taktser Thubten Jigme Norbu (stag mtsher thub bstan 'jigs med nor bu): 1922-
Panchen Lama X (VII) Chökyi Gyaltsen (chos kyi rgyal tshan): 1938-1989
Dalai Lama XIV, Tendzin Gyatso (bstan 'dzin rgya mtsho): 1935-

Bönpo
-----
Bru Namkha Yungdrung (bru nam mkha' g.yung drug): 996-1054?
Shenchen Luga (gshen chen klu dga'): 996-1035
Kutsha Da Ö (khu tsha zla 'od): 1024-?
Ritrö Chenpo Gongdze (ri khrod chen po dgongs mdzad): 1038-?
Metön Sherap Özer (me ston shes rab 'od zer): 1058-1132
Shotön Ngodrup Trakbar (bzhod ston dngos grub grags 'bar): fl. 1088 Matön Söldzin
(rma ston srol 'dzin): 1092-? Onse Kyung Gö Tsel (dpon gsas khyung rgod
rtsal): 1175-?
Azha Lodrö Gyaltsen (a zha blo gros rgyal mtshan): 1198-1263
Shense Lhaje (gshen gsas lha rje): 1215-?
Bönshik Yudrung Lingpa (bon zhig g.yung drung gling pa): 1228-?
Brutön Gyalwa Yudrung (bru ston rgyal ba g.yu drung): 1242-?
Khyungpo Rangdrol Lodrö Gyaltsen (khyung po rang blo gros rgyal mtshan): 1328-?
Nyame Sherap Gyaltsen (mnyam med shes rab rgyal tshan): 1356-1415
Loden Nyingpo, (blo ldan snying po): 1360-1385?
Kyabtön Rinchen Özer (skyab ston rin chen 'od zer): 1353-?
Tulku Tronyen Gyaltsen (sprul sku khro gnyan rgyal mtshan): 1400s
Shutön Nyima Trakpa (zhu ston nyi ma grags pa): 1616-1670
Mishik Dorje (mi shig rdo rje): 1650-?
Horla Yidzin Gyalwa Tsultrim (hor la yid dzin rgyal ba tshul khrims): ca.1651-?
Namkha Lhundrup (nam mkha' lhun grub): 1665-?
Rigdzin Kundrol Trakpa (rig 'dzin kun grol grags pa): 1700-?
Kudun Sonam Lodrö (sku mdun bsod rnams blo gros), teacher of Jamgon Kongtrul:
38
CHRONOLOGY

1785-1835
Shen Khedrup Tsultrim Gyaltsen (gshen mkhas grub tshul khrims rgyal mtshan):
1783-?
Kudun Sonam Lodrö (sku mdun bsod nams blo gros): 1784-1835
Karu Drubwang Tendzin Rinchen (dkar ru grub dbang bstan 'dzin rin chen): 1801-?
Khenchen Nyima Tendzin (mkhan chen nyi ma bstan 'dzin): 1813-1875
Tertön Dechen Lingpa (gter ston bde chen gling pa): 1833-?
Shardza Tashi Gyaltsen (shar rdza bkra shis rgyal mtshan): 1859-1933
Nyakrong Tertön Sang-ngak Lingpa (nyag rong gter ston gsang sngags gling pa):
1864-?
Khandro Dechen Wangmo (mkha' 'gro bde chen dbang mo): 1868-?
Gotön Nyima Gyaltsen (sgo ston nyi ma rgyal mtshan): 1887-?
Gashel Trichen Yungdrung Gyaltsen (ga shel khri chen g.yung drung rgyal mtshan):
1893-1953
Kyungtrul Jigme Namkha'i Dorje (khyung sprul 'jigs med nam mkha'i rdo rje): 1897-
1956
Kundro Trakpa VI, Humchen Drodul Lingpa (kun grol grags pa hum chen 'gro 'dul
gling pa): 1901-1956
Palden Tsultrim (dpal ldan tshul khrims): 1904--1972.
Patang Terchen Yeshe Yudrung (spa tshang gter chen ye shes g.yung drung): 1910-
1959?
Tendzin Namdak (bstan 'dzin rnam dag): 1926-

39
Phycisians, gramarians, ....

Yuthok Yonten Gonpo (g.yu thog yon tan mgon po): 1100s
Zurkar Nyamnyi Dorje (zur mkhar mnyam nyid rdo rje): 1439-1475.
Zurkhar Lodrö Gyalpo (zur mkhar blo gros rgyal po): 1508-?
Palkhang Chodze Lotsawa Ngawang Chökyi Gyatso (dpal khang chos mdzad lotsawa
ngag dbang chos kyi rgya mtsho): 1600s
Darmo Menrampa Lobzang Chötrak (dar mo sman rams pa blo bzang chos grags):
1700s.
Khyenrap Norbu (mkhyen rab nor bu): ca.1883-ca.1963
Trogawa Rinpoche Gyurme Ngawang (khro dga' ba 'gyur med ngag dbang): 1931-
2005

General:
----------
Building of Jowo Lhakhang: 641
Tibetan army defeat the Chinese Emperor, and invades China up to Thranhen: 763
Chögyal Phagpa Lodrö Gyaltsen is given by the Mongols the rule over 13 provinces
of Tibet : 1260?
The Sakyas destroy Drigung: 1290
The Phamo Drupa (Chanchup Gyaltsen) everthrow the Sakya rule: 1352
Rinpungpa (rin spungs pa) allied with the Karmapas challenge the Phamodrupas'
power: 1447
Donyö Dorje overthrow the Phagmo Drupa rule, the Rinpungpa rule begins (for 130
years)
Conflict between the Ringpung and the Tsangpas against the Phagdru: 1475
Tseten Dorje overthrows the Rinpungpa, begins the 76 years rule of the Tsangpas:
1565-1641
Karma Tenkyong: 1599-1641
Phamo Drupa lose all power. The gstang and the Karmapa increase their power.
Gushri Khan and the Qosot Mongols come to help the Dalai Lama: 1617
Gushri Khan defeats the Bönpo King of Beri in Kham: 1641
Gushri Khan defeats the King of Tsang and give his territories to the Dalai Lama
The civilian and military power is given to the regent sde srid, nominated by the Dalai
Lama. Many Nyingma monasteries are converted to Geluk: 1642-1659
The great 5th visits China: 1651-1653
The great 5th nominates Sangye Gyatso as regent.
Lhajang Khan (Qosot) invades Tibet, takes Lhasa. Sangye Gyatso is murdered: 1705
Lhajang Khan dethrones the 6th Dalai Lama and imposes a pseudo successor: 1706
The Djungars take and ransack Lhasa. The seventh Dalai Lama is recognized. The
temporal power is controled by a council headed by Khangchen Neh (khang
chen nas) who is killed in 1727 : 1717-1727
Miwang Pholaneh Sonam Topgyal (mi dbang pho lha nas bsod nams stobs rgyal,
1689-1747) puts an ends to internal feuds and becomes the actual chief of
Tibet. Given the title of Wang in 1740.
Pholaneh's son, Gyurme Namgyal ('gyur med rnam rgyal) is killed by the Chinese
Amban, while he was ploting with the Djungars against the Chinese: 1750
Emperor Chienlung acknowledges the Dalai Lama as the sovereign of Tibet. Creation
of the high council of ministers, the Kashag (bka' shag). Presence of two
40
representatives of the Chinese emperor, the ambans: 1771
Demo Gelek Gyatso restore Samye: 1770
Gorkha armies invade Tibet, reach Shigatse: 1791
Gorkha armies send back, British expedition:1816
Nyake Pulong (lcags mdud nyag sked mgon po rnam rgyal): 1799-1865
Samye caught fire: 1816
The British enter Tibet: 1888
First King of Bhutan, Urgyen Wangchuk: 1862-1926
Conflict between Britain and Tibet : 1904
Second King of Bhutan, Jigme Wangchuk: 1905-1952
--------------------

Sino-Tibetan relationships:
1260-1360: Yuang Emperor, Kublai Khan (Mongolian)
1360-1644: Ming (chinese)
1644-1911: Manchu (Ching)
1644-1661: Shun-chih
1662-1722: K'ang-hsi
1723-1735: Yung-cheng
1736-1795: Ch'ien-lung
1796-1820: Chia-ch'ing
upto 1728: Amban has no power
1792-1895: Amban has some power
1811-1814: Amban Ahu Thuli
1814-1817: Amban Shiming
1817-1820: No 85 Amban Yuling
1819-1821: No 86 Amban Linghai
1820-1907: Kuang-hsu
1820-1823: No 87 Weng'gan (Wenming)
1821: No 88 Nadanzhu
1821-1825: No: 90 Amban Baochang
1823-1827: No 91 Amban Songting
1895: 13th Dalai Lama, Amban becomes less powerful and in
1908-1911: Hsuan-t'ung
1912: The last Amban is expelled from Lhasa.
1913-1914 Conference of Simla. The Chinese refuse to sign the final agreement.

Affiliation to be finalized:
chos skyabs dpal bzang, d: 1476-1565
bsod nams blo gros, from dmar sgom from dol po: 1456-1521.
rdo dmar zhabs drung mi 'gyur rdo rje from gnya' nang: 1675-
Hor Chöje I, Ngawang Phuntsok (hor chos rje ngag dbang phun tshogs): 1668-1746
Hor Chöje II, Kalzang Thutop Pelbar (hor chos rje skal bzang mthu stobs dpal 'bar):
1747-1796
Khamnyön Jigdral Chökyi Senge (khams smyon 'jigs bral chos kyi seng ge):
postérieur à Jamyang ?

41
Mindroling Throne Holders:
1. Tri Chögyal Terdag Lingpa
2. Tri Rinchen Namgyal
3. Tri Gyurme Pema Tenzin
4. Tri Gyurme Thrinley Namgyal
5. Tri Gyurme Pema Wangyal
6. Tri Gyurme Sangye Künga
7. Tri Gyurme Yidzhin Wangyal
8. Tri Gyurme Dechen Chogdrub
The sons' lineage ended with the 8th Mindrolling Trichen- Tri Gyurme Dechen
Chogdrub. During the time of Tri Gyurme Dechen Chogdrub, there were only
daughters and no sons to carry on the family lineage. It was then that the
daughter of Tri Gyurme Dechen Chogdrub, Mindrolling Jetsün Chimed Donden
Dolma, married the son of the great treasure master-Tertön Rangrig who was an
emanation of Terdag Lingpa. His son, Pema Wangchen, married into the family
of Mindrolling and became the Tritsab or regent. In this way of enumerating the
Trichens of Mindrolling, Tri Pema Wangchen is counted as the 9th Mindrolling
Trichen. The son from his marriage to Jetsün Chimed Donden Dolma became the
10th Trichen, Tri Dondub Wangyal who was the father of His Holiness Kyabje
Mindrolling Trichen, our root Guru.
9. Tri Pema Wangchen
10. Tri Dondrub Wangyal
11. Mindrolling Trichen Gyurme Kunzang Wangyal

42