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Comparison Table between Christianity, Islam and Judaism

Judaism
Christianity Islam (Canaan)
Topic
(Palestine) (Arabia)

Founded in
Founded by Jesus Christ, who was The Hebrew leader Abraham founded Judaism around 2000 B.C.
Arabia by
crucified around A.D. 30 in Jerusalem. It Judaism is the oldest of the monotheistic faiths (religions with
Muhammad
Brief History was after his death when his followers one God).
between A.D.
came to believe in him as the Christ, the
610 and A.D.
Messiah.
632

Followers Called:
Christians Muslims Jews

eternal paradise
eternal heaven eternal heaven, or no afterlife
Afterlife (heaven)
eternal hell eternal hell, or no afterlife
eternal hell

Belief in one
God; good
correct belief, good deeds; by faith
Means of Salvation deeds and Belief in one God; good deeds
accept Christ as Savior (Protestants)
follow Five
Pillars of Faith

Day of Worship
Sunday Friday Saturday

Sacred Texts
Old Testament and New Testament Qur’an (Koran) Hebrew Bible

House of Worship church, cathedral, chapel mosque synagogue or temple

Clergy Called:
bishop, pastor, ministers, priest imams rabbis

Derived from an
Arabic word for
From the Greek:christos, 'Anointed' -
Origin of the Name 'submission'. From the Hebrew:Yehudim, 'Judah'.
referring to Jesus Christ.
Also related to
the Arabic
word salaam,
'peace'.

Mohammed
Jesus Christ
Founder (570 - 632 Abraham (First Patriarch, born c. 1800 B.C.)
(c. 4 B.C. - 30 A.D.)
A.D.) 1

Two main
groups: Sunni
and Shia (The
division occured
due to a dispute
as to the
Three main legitimate Several divisions, including Hasidic, Conservative and Reform
Divisions groups: Orthodox, Protestantand Roman successor of the Judaism. Ethnic groupings include Ashkenazi (The majority) and
Catholic. prophet Sephardi Jews.
Mohammed).
There is also a
mystical/ascetic
movement in
Islam known as
Sufi.

Followers 2,200 Million 1,500 Million


14 Million
(2009 Estimates)2 (2.2 Billion) (1.5 Billion)

One God
(Arabic: Allah),
who is not a
One God, who exists in three distinct trinity. The
One God (known in English as 'Yahweh' or 'Jehovah') - "...Hear
Nature of God persons (The Trinity): Father, Son and Islamic view of
Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one." (Deuteronomy 6:4).
Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19). God is called
strict
Monotheism
(Quran 112:1).

The Quran or
Koran (Arabic:
'recitation'),
revealed to the
The Bible (from the Greek:Biblos,
prophet
'books'), given by God to man. The Bible
Mohammed The Hebrew Tanakh, similar to the Christian Old Testament,
writers were inspired by God in their
Holy Book(s) over a period of comprised of the Torah (Hebrew: 'Law'), Nevi'im ('Prophets') and
writings. Thus Christians refer to the
about 20 years. Ketuvim ('Writings').
Bible as the Word of God (2 Timothy
The Quran is
3:16).
the final
revelation given
by Allah to
mankind.
Jesus Christ The second person of the Isa (Jesus) was a An ordinary Jew, not the Messiah nor a divine person.
Trinity and born of the prophet, sent by Allah
Virgin Mary. "...true God and born of the Virgin
from true God" Mary, but not divine
(Nicene Creed) (Quran 5:17).
Jesus Christ, The To reconcile Man to God, To proclaim the Injil, or As Judaism rejects the idea of Jesus as Messiah, his mission is of no relevance.
Mission of through his death as a gospel. This gospel has
sacrifice for the sins of all been corrupted over time
mankind. by human additions and
alterations.
Jesus Christ, The "...For our sake he was Jesus was not crucified Jesus was crucified for his claim to be divine.
Death of crucified...he suffered (Quran 4:157), but was
death and was buried. On raised to Heaven by Allah
the third day he rose (4:158).
again...he ascended into
heaven..."
(Nicene Creed)
Holy Spirit The third person of the Identical with the Angel Not a distinct person, but a divine power which for example, was given to the
Trinity, truly divine: Gabriel, who appeared to Prophets.
"....with the Father and the the Prophet Mohammed
Son he is worshipped and giving him the Quranic
glorified." text.
(Nicene Creed)
Other Traditions The writings of the early The Hadith, a collection The Talmud, an oral tradition explaining and interpreting the Tanakh. It includes
church fathers and of traditions/sayings of the Mishnah - a code of Jewish law.
ecumenical councils, the Prophet Mohammed.
including the Creeds. The Hadith functions as a
supplement to the
Quran, giving guidance
to Muslims for daily
living.
Examples of Rituals The Sacraments, including Five important rituals Rituals include the Circumcision of newly born Jewish males, Barmitzvah - a
Baptism and Holy (known as the pillars of ceremony marking the 'coming of age' of Jewish Boys and observation of the
Communion (Eucharist). In Islam): Sabbath (Shabat). As in the other faiths, prayer is important. The Jewish prayer
Orthodoxy and Roman 1. Shahadah - A book is called the siddur.
Catholicism, five more are profession of faith.
added, viz: Confirmation 2. Salat - Prayer five
(Chrismation), Marriage, times daily.
Penance, Holy Orders and 3. Zakat - alms giving.
Anointing of the sick. 4. Sawm - Fasting during
Prayer is also an important the Holy month
part of the faith. of Ramadan.
5. Hajj - Pilgrimage to
the Holy city of Mecca.
Sin We inherit a sinful nature There is no concept of Judaism rejects the doctrine of originalsin. Atonement for sins commited is
through our common original sin, nor vicarious made through seeking forgiveness from God in prayer and repentance. In
ancestor Adam, who atonement. All Humans addition, the day of atonement (Yom Kippur) is set aside specially for this
rebelled against God. Jesus are born sinless, but purpose.
Christ atoned for our sins human weakness leads
through his death on the to sin.
Cross (Romans 5:12-17).
Salvation By grace through faith in Achieved through good Through good works, prayers and the grace of God. There is no parallel to the
Jesus Christ (Ephesians works, thus personal Christian view of substitutionary atonement.
2:8-9).3 righteousness must
outweigh personal sin
(Quran 23:101-103).

Hell A place of everlasting A place of torment and Tradtionally, there is the concept of Gehinnom or Gehenna - those who die in
punishment for the fire (Quran 25:65, 104:6- sin may suffer temporary punishment, but certain sins merit eternal
unrighteous (Matthew 7). In Islam, Hell is punishment.
25:46). There is no known as Jahannam. However, Judaism's ideas of the afterlife have varied widely among different
crossover between Heaven Jahannam has several groups and in different time periods. For the most part, Judaism does not
and Hell. levels and a person may emphasize the afterlife.
not necessarily spend
eternity there.
ORIGIN The second oldest religion, Originated in Mecca, Judaism is the oldest religion among the three Abrahamic Religions, beginning
Christianity was formed which is found in Arabian at around 3 500 B.C.E.
around 33 C.E in area Peninsula. Muhammad, Abraham, shepherd who entered into a covenant with God.
called Palestine. Christians considered the last
trace their origin to Jesus Prophet (Seal of the
Christ, born under the Prophet). In Mecca
Roman Empire. His public where Muhammad was
ministry was considered a born.
threat to Roman authority.
He was arrested and
punished.

MORALITY
PURPOSE

DESTINY
VIEWS ON WOMEN