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Evaporative Air Coolers

Evaporative air coolers are widely used in India. They are often referred to as swamp coolers, desert coolers
or simply, coolers. Air coolers are cheaper to buy, run and maintain. The air cooler has a simple design.
There is a tank at the bottom, an exhaust fan on one side and three replaceable mediums for water circulation.
A pump is used to pass water through the cooling mediums that act as the walls on three sides of an
evaporative air cooler. The fan is installed on the fourth side to pull hot air through the wet mediums.

How Does an Evaporate Air Cooler Work?

When warm air is drawn into an Air Cooler, it passes through a wet honeycomb cooling media. As it passes
through the honeycomb cooling media, water flowing over it absorbs heat from the air causing the water to
evaporate . This result in cooler, moisturized air. A powerful fan then propels this cool air into the room (or
outdoor area). The result is a constant flow of fresh, moisturized, cool air while stale air is circulated out of
the room through an open window or door.

Ref. by –

As the hot air passes through the wet medium, the water absorbs the heat and the fan releases cool air into
ambient space. Modern air cooler models such as the ones from Honeywell have an ice tray to make the
cooling more effective during peak summer months.

The air conditioner uses stored coolant or refrigerant to recycle the air inside an ambient space. The coolant
absorbs the heat from the room air and pushes cold air through a fan mechanism.
How does an Evaporative Cooler is Different from Air

Cooling Uses water evaporation Use refrigerant and compressor to cool the air
Mechanism to cool incoming hot air
and fan to exple the cool
Temperature Moderate – Temperature High – A chemical refrigerant and an energy –
reduction of dry air can drop consuming compressor are use to cool air
significantly when
liquid water transforms
to water vapor
Air Ventilation Excellent Cross- Poor – Requires windows and doors to be closed
while cooling Ventilation togther with for effective cooling. Stale air is re-circulated
evaporative cooling
creates a cooling breeze
and helps renew stale air
Energy Low Med-high
Dust Filter Available Available
Portability Portable Fixed
Moisture Level Humidifies – Ads Dehumidifies removes moisture from air. Ideal
of Room Moisture to air. Ideal for for environments with high humidity levels
dry environments with
low humidty levels
Outdoor use Honeywell Air Cooler For indoor use only
outdoor models
Also Read: How to Increase Air Cooler Performance
Advantages of Evaporative Air Coolers
 Air coolers are eco-friendly as they use a natural process, i.e. evaporation of water, to cool the air.
 Air cooled by an air cooler is pleasant and offers optimal relief from the summer heat by
humidifying the dry air. On the other hand, chemical refrigerants used by air conditioners can dip
the temperatures way below normal, which is not good for health.
 Air coolers also recycle the indoor air through cross ventilation whereas air conditioners only
recycle the ambient air which may increase the amount of pollutants present in an indoor
 Air coolers are much more energy efficient than air conditioners, making them cheaper to run in
comparison with air conditioners.
 Modern air coolers also come with dust filters to filter dust and debris from the incoming air.
 Portables air coolers can be moved within the house for multipurpose use whereas wall and
window air conditioners are fixed units.
 Air Coolers from brands like Honeywell also have a ‘connect and forget’ feature which allows
you to setup automatic water refill for the unit.
 Since air coolers use a simple mechanism, they are easy to maintain. Air conditioners, on the
contrary, require periodic service and coolant refills which can be cumbersome and costly in the
long run as well.

Also Read: When is the Right Time to Buy an air cooler?

Premium air coolers are now available in India from Honeywell Smart Homes. The International brand
offers reliable cooling performance in a well-designed, contemporary product. To know more about
Honeywell Air Coolers, visit