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TTE 4274:

Transportation Engineering Systems


Spring 2018

Instructor: Sabreena Anowar, PhD


Department of Civil, Environmental and Construction Engineering
University of Central Florida

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Today’s Outline
 Teaching style
 Course outline
 Brief lecture

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Teaching Style
 All the material from my class will be posted on
webcourses

 Please note that I do not have a required text

 If you attend class regularly and follow the material I


teach you can complete this class without a textbook

 The classes will be based on an appropriate mix of


powerpoint and webcourses as needed

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Meeting Hours
 Tuesday and Thursday 2.00 – 3.00 pm or by e-mail

 For meeting during non-office hours, please schedule


a meeting by email
 Subject: TTE4274: (your issue)

 Office Location Eng 2 301A

 Email: sabreena.anowar@ucf.edu

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TA Office Hours
 Md Mehedi Hasnat

 Office Eng 2 117A

 Office hours:
 Monday 12:30 PM to 2:00 PM
 Tuesday 12:30 PM to 2:00 PM

 Email: hasnat@Knights.ucf.edu

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Course Outline
 Get acquainted with the fundamental theories and
concepts of transportation engineering systems
 Focus
 Road transportation
 Travel demand
 Traffic analysis
 Transportation related issues and impacts
 Emerging concepts
 Learn to solve problems along the way
 To develop an understanding of the issues and
challenges in transportation

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Acknowledgements
• Professor Haitham Al-Deek
• Professor Naveen Eluru
• Dr. Shamsunnahar Yasmin

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Assignment0
 As of Fall 2014, all faculty members are required to
document students' academic activity at the
beginning of each course. In order to document that
you began this course, please complete the following
academic activity by the end of the first week of
classes, or as soon as possible after adding the
course. Failure to do so will result in a delay in the
disbursement of your financial aid.

 Complete Assignment0 posted on Webcourses.

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Transportation Engineering Systems

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What is Transportation?
• Very simply put,
• Movement of people and goods from one location (origin)
to another (destination)
• The term is derived from Latin trans (across) and
portare (to carry)
• Whether we consider, people or goods – the
movement occurs for accomplishing some purposes
• Necessary element for the economic prosperity and
development of a society/nation

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What is Transportation Engineering?
• Branch of Civil Engineering – diverse and
multidisciplinary
• Formal Definition (Institute of Transportation
Engineers, ITE)
“… the application of technology and scientific principles to
the planning, functional design, operation and management
of facilities for any mode of transportation in order to provide
for the safe, efficient, rapid, comfortable, convenient,
economical, and environmentally compatible movement of
people and goods (transport)”

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Main Work
• The profession of transportation engineering

Source: Traffic & Highway Engineering, By Nicholas J. Garber, Lester A. Hoel

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Overall Goals
• Safety
• Minimize accidents and its consequences (fatalities,
injuries and property damage)
• Efficiency
• Minimize travel time, fuel consumption
• Reliability
• Minimize time delays / accurate arrival times
• Environmental compatibility
• Reduce emissions

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Role of Transportation Engineer
• Tasked with meeting all of these goals and making
appropriate trade-offs
Problems => solutions
• Integrate factors found in both the “hard” and “soft
sciences when searching for the best solution
• Always some engineering challenges involved
• Keep in mind
• Any wrong decisions in the transportation arena are
environmentally damaging and highly costly

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The Transportation System
• A system is a group of different interrelated
components that serve some purposes
• Transportation system
• A planned set of elements and the interactions between
them that produce both the demand for travel within a
given area and the provision of transportation services to
satisfy this demand
• It is a multi-modal, multi-sector, multi-problem,
multi-objective, and multi-disciplinary system –
diverse and complex

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The Transportation System
• The characteristics of transportation system are:
• Hierarchies
• Boundaries
• Components
• Performance
• Capacity

Source: Urban Transportation Planning, By Meyer, M. D, Miller, E. J.


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Hierarchies
• Transportation in a systems hierarchy

Source: Urban Transportation Planning, By Meyer, M. D, Miller, E. J. 17


Boundaries
• Planning process starts with establishment of the
system being analyzed
• System boundaries defined based on the need of the
analysis

Source: Urban Transportation Planning, By Meyer, M. D, Miller, E. J. 18


System Components
• Transportation system
components:
• System user
• Transportation modes
• Infrastructure (facilities
and services)
• Intermodal connections
• Organizations

Source: Urban Transportation Planning, By Meyer, M. D, Miller, E. J.

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System Performance
• This is related to the level and quality of the outputs
being produced
• Some common outputs might include:
• The number of vehicle miles traveled
• The level of congestion (average travel delay, on-time
delivery for goods movements, schedule adherence for
transit service)
• Number/severity of transportation accidents
• Performance measures might also include the impact of
transportation on economic development, environmental
quality and societal equity

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System Capacity
• System performance and capacity are related
• Performance is often evaluated in relation to system
capacity

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Transport Modes
• Transport Modes
• Conveyances used to move passengers/freight
• Mobile elements of transportation
• Examples: Automobile, commuter train, bus
• When more than one mode is involved for a trip, this
is usually described as multimodal transportation

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Transport Modes
Bus or Taxi

Car Shuttle
Airport parking
Walking

Origin
Home
Airport
departure
Destination
lounge

Hotel Aeroplane

Bus Arrival
Bus stop Walking

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Transport Modes

Source: Transportation Engineering, By Teodorović & Janić

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Transport Modes

Source: Transportation Engineering, By Teodorović & Janić

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Mode Classification
• The classification of systems within each mode is
carried out at three levels
• Type of the system
• Passengers
• Freight
• Spatial scale of operation
• Urban
• Suburban
• Interurban
• Type of carrier
• Individual
• Group

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Transport Modes

Source: Transportation Engineering, By Teodorović & Janić

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Transport Modes

Source: Transportation Engineering, By Teodorović & Janić

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Transport Modes

Source: Transportation Engineering, By Teodorović & Janić

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Transport Modes

Source: Transportation Engineering, By Teodorović & Janić

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System Component
• Infrastructures/guideways
• Physical support of transport modes
• Fixed elements of transportation
• Examples: routes (rail tracks, canals, highways) and
terminals (ports, airports)

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System Component
• Operation/control
• Set of procedures by which traffic and vehicles are moved
over the guideway
• Examples: schedules/timetables, crew assignments,
control systems

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Transportation System Impacts
• Congestion
• Environmental Impact
• Air Pollution
• Greenhouse Gases, Global Climate Change
• Noise
• Consumption of land
• Energy Consumption
• Safety
• Equity
• Social and Cultural Impacts
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Transportation System Impacts
• Congestion
• Environmental Impact
• Air Pollution
• Greenhouse Gases, Global Climate Change
• Noise
• Consumption of land/Water
• Energy Consumption
• Safety
• Equity
• Social and Cultural Impacts
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Transportation System Impacts
• Problems caused by sedentary lifestyle have become
a public health concern

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Transportation in the US
• Approximately 18% of US household expenditure is
related to transportation
• Over 80% of eligible drivers are licensed to operate a
motor vehicle
• Each person in the Unites States travels an average
of 12,000 miles each year
• There are almost 4 million miles of paved roadway,
of which 754,000 miles are used for intercity travel
and 46,800 miles are interstate highways

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Transportation in the US

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Transportation in the US

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Transportation in the US

Source: OECD - Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.


Environmental Data. Compendium 2006/2007.
Source: Traffic Engineering, By Roess, R.P., Prassas, E.S. & McShane, W. R.
Transportation in the US
• US's per capita (person) use of energy for road
transportation is higher than in many countries

Source: OECD - Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.


Environmental Data. Compendium 2006/2007.
Transportation in the US
• Transportation accounts for about 27% of the total
energy consumption

Source: https://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/inventoryexplorer/
References
• Meyer, M. D. and Miller, E. J. (2001). 2nd edition.
Urban Transportation Planning, McGraw Hill, New
York.
• Ortuzar, J. de D. and Willumsen, L. G. (2001). 3rd
edition. Modelling Transport, John Wiley & Sons.
• Teodorović, D., and Janić, M. (2017). Transportation
Engineering. Butterworth-Heinemann.
• Roess, R. P., Prassas, E. S. and McShane, W. R.
(2011). 4th Edition. Traffic Engineering.

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