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Mechanics of Materials IV:

Deflections, Buckling, Combined Loading, & Failure Theories


Dr. Wayne Whiteman
Senior Academic Professional and Director of the Office of Student Services
Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials IV:Deflections,Buckling,Combined
Loading,&Failure Theories
 Beam Curvature
 Singularity Functions for Beam Deflections
 Beam Deflections by Superposition
 Statically Indeterminate Beams
 Column Buckling
 Combined Static Loading
 Theories of Failure
Module 9 Learning Outcome
• Determine Beam Deflections by Superposition
Differential equation for the elastic curve of a beam

2
d y
E I 2
 M x 
dx

If we have an equation for the moment along a


beam, we can find deflections by integrating
twice and using boundary conditions to find
constants of integration

Or we can employ singularity functions for


expressing the moment equation and integrate
to find deflections
For common beam configurations, when the beam
bending remains in the linear elastic region, we can
employ superposition techniques to determine the
beam deflection from tables.

Using the superposition method, we can find the


resultant effect of several loads acting on a member
at the same time by adding the contributions from
each of the loads applied individually. There must be
a linear relation between the applied loads, the
stresses, and the resulting deflections.

Recall we did a couple of examples already of


common results that can be found in beam
deflection tables.
Maximum deflection of a simply supported beam with a concentrated load
3
at the center is PL and occurs at the center of the beam.
48 EI

Deflection
+
P
L/2
-
. 3
PL
48 EI
3

3
L
Deflection of a simply supported beam of a simply
supported beam with a moment applied at the right end

y MEND
. x

2
M L
The max deflection is 
END

9 3 EI
L
and occurs at x   0 . 577 L
3
Other common examples from beam deflection tables
w
Deflection

. +

- 5w L
4
L
384 EI
Maximum deflection of a simply supported beam with
a constant distributed load is 5 w L 4 and occurs at the
center of the beam. 384 EI

P Deflection
+

L
- P L
3

3 EI
θ
Maximum deflection of a cantilever beam with a The slope at the free end of a cantilever
3
concentrated load at the end is P L and occurs at beam with a concentrated load at the end
the end of the beam. 3 EI is 2
P L
 
2 EI
Other common examples from beam deflection tables
w Deflection
+
4

L
- w L
8 EI
The slope at the free end of a θ
Maximum deflection of a cantilever beam with a cantilever beam with a constant
4
uniform distributed load is w L and occurs at the distributed load is 3
w L
end of the beam.  
8 EI 6 EI

w Deflection
+ 4
w L

L
- 30 EI
θ
The slope at the free end of a
Maximum deflection of a cantilever beam with a cantilever beam with a decreasing
decreasing ramp load is w L 4 and occurs at the end of ramp load is w L
3

the beam.  
30 EI 24 EI