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Traffic survey and computation of PCU

As per the traffic census conducted during October 2016,

 Total Vehicle Unit = 3538


 Auto rickshaw = 1318 (46%)
 Four wheelers and above = 2220

For determining the TVU, following factors are applied to the vehicle units,

 Auto rickshaw = 0.5


 Four wheelers and above = 1

Accordingly, the total vehicle units at LC = (2220 x 1) + (1318 x 0.5)

= 2879 (details attached in annexure 1)

From the above traffic census conducted for determining the TVU, PCUs (Passenger Car
Units) are computed as per Table 1, IRC 106 – 1990 (Guidelines for capacity of
Urban/Suburban roads in plain areas). The details are given below:-

In addition to the TVU traffic census, no of two wheelers (Motorcycles/Scooters) passing


through the LC is assessed as 1000 units/day.

V = total vehicle units = 3538 + 1000 = 4538 units


Sl.No: Type of Vehicle Percentage No of Equivalent PCU PCU
composition of vehicle factor as per
vehicle type in units Table 1, IRC
traffic stream 106
(% of V)
1 *Motorcycles/Scooter 22.05 % 1000 0.75 750
s
2 *Passenger Cars 45 % 1592 1 1592
3 Auto - rickshaw 29.05 % 1318 2 2636
4 *Light Commercial 9% 408 1.4 571
Vehicles
5 *Trucks and Buses 4.90% 220 2.2 484
TOTAL PCU 4538 6033
*based on observations and assumptions

Considering an increase of 5% in road traffic every year as per clause 4.2.2 of IRC 37 –
2018,

Year PCU (5% increase per year)


2016 6033
2017 6335
2018 6651
2019 6984
2020 7333
2021 7700
2022 8085
2023 8489
2024 8913
2025 9359
2026 9827
2027 10318
2028 10834
2029 11376
2030 11945
2031 12542
2032 13169
2033 13828
2034 14519

As per Table 2, IRC 106 – 1990, the capacity of two lane two way arterial roads is 1500 PCU
/hour. From the above table, projected PCU in 2034 is 1209/hour (neglecting night traffic).