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Swastik school

Marks:201 Subject:12th-Che Date:


Chapter:1,2,3,4,.. part 1 mimp Time:3 hr

[A] Answer the following Questions. [Each carries 1 mark] [27]


1. In a compound AB2O4, oxide ions are arranged in ccp, cations A are present in octahedral
voids and cations B are equally distributed between tetrahedral and octahedral voids. What
percentage of octahedral voids are occupied ?
2. The vapour pressure of ethanol and methanol at 298 K is 44.5 mm and 88.7 mm
respectively. At same temperature, if ideal solution is prepared by mixing 60 gm of ethanol
and 40 gm of methanol. Then find out mole fraction of methanol in vapour state.
3. When 0.01 mol sodium sulphate is dissolve in 1 kg of water then complete ionization of
solution is observed. Find out decrease in freezing point of such solution.
(Kf = 1.86 K kg mol–1)
4. Find out osmotic pressure of 0.2 M solution of glucose at 300 K.
5. When 1.5 gm phenol is dissolved in 100 gm of toluene, decrease in freezing point is 0.56 K
is observed. If its association is dimeric in nature, then find out percentage of association.
[Kf = 4 K kg mol–1].

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6. How many milimoles of nitrogen dissolve when nitrogen is passed in 1 litre water at 293 K
temperature ? [The value of KH is 7.648 × 104 bar and partial pressure of N2 gas is 0.987
bar.]
7. What is the observation we get when gold ring is placed in the solution of AgNO3 ?
[E฀– Ag+ | Ag = 0.80 V and E฀– Au3+ | Au = 1.40 V]
8. If electrode potential of cell at 298 K temperature is 2.36 V. Write cell reaction and calculate
ST
the half-cell potential. Mg(s) | Mg2+ +
(1M) || H (1M) | H2(g) (1 bar) | Pt(s)

9. Why finely divided particle layer of Pt and Pd is provided on the electrodes of fuel cell ?
T5.1)
10. Write unit of rate constant of following reaction : zero order
T5.2)
11. Write unit of rate constant of following reaction : first order
T5.3)
12. Write unit of rate constant of following reaction : second order
T5.5)
13. Write unit of rate constant of following reaction : fourth order
A

14. Following is a first order gas phase reaction : A(g) ® B(g) + C(g). At t time, total pressure = pt
and partial pressure of A = pA atm. So, derive the integrated rate equation for this reaction.
15. Give the examples of O/W emulsions.
SW

16. Give the examples of W/O emulsions.


17.
E7.22) Does the hydrolysis of XeF6 lead to a redox reaction ?
18. Give uses of lanthanoids and its compounds.
19.14) State IUPAC name of the following complex : [Cr(C2O4)3]3–
20.15) State IUPAC name of the following complex : [Co(en)2(ONO)Cl]Cl
21. Explain optical isomerism in octahedral complexes.
T1.6)
22. Predict the geometrical shape and magnetic propertie of the following compound :
[Cr(NH3)6]2+
23. Explain crystal field splitting in octahedral complexes.
24. Explain colour in coordination compounds.
25. Why are powdered substances more effective adsorbents than their crystalline forms ?
T2.2)
26. Give suitable explanation for the following :
[Fe(CN)6]4– is diamagnetic while [Fe(CN6]3– is paramagnetic.

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27. Dr aw optical isomers of [Fe(C2O4)3]3–.
[B] Answer the following Questions. [Each carries 2 marks] [44]
28..1) A compound is formed by two elements X and Y. Atoms of the element Y (as anions) make
ccp and those of the element X (as cations) occupy all the octahedral voids. What is the
formula of the compound ?
29. Write a note on Ferromagnetism.
30. Explain antiferromagnetism.
31. Explain Ferrimagnetism.
32. Explain paramagnetism and diamagnetism.
E1.3)
33. An element has a body-centred cubic (bcc) structure with a cell edge of 288 pm. The density
of the element is 7.2 g/cm3. How many atoms are present in 208 g of the element ?
34. Write Kohlrausch law and give its importance (applications).
35. 2.25 C14 atom is dissociate from 1 gm carbon of old statue. 15.3 C14 atom dissociate from
carbon of living statue then how many years statue was old ? C14 = 5730 years.
36. Explain Hall-Heroult process.

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37. Outline the principles of refining of metals by the following methods :
(i) Zone refining
(ii) Electrolytic refining
(iii) Vapour phase refining
38. Discuss the physical properties of group-16 elements.
39. Write a note on alloys.
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40. State physical properties of potassium permanganate and state its uses.
41. Enlist the main postulates of Werner’s theory.
42. [Fe(H2O)6]3+ is strongly paramagnetic whereas [Fe(CN)6]3– is weakly paramagnetic. Explain.
43. Explain zone refining process.
44.1) State importance of coordination compound in : Analytical chemistry
45.2) State importance of coordination compound in : Medicine
A

35.3)
46. State importance of coordination compound in : Metullargical processes
35.4)
47. State importance of coordination compound in : Photography
48. State the limitations of Werner’s coordination theory.
SW

49..5) Silver forms ccp lattice and X-ray studies of its crystals show that the edge length of its unit
cell is 408.6 pm. Calculate the density of silver (Atomic mass = 107.9 u).
[C] Answer the following Questions. [Each carries 3 marks] [78]
50. What is azeotropes ? Explain their types.
51. Explain ideal solution.
52. In electrolysis of CuCl2, 2.0 ampere current is passed through solution at 1 bar pressure and
300 K temperature for 1 hour, so calculate how much product is obtained at anode and
cathode ? [Cu = 63.5, Cl = 35.5, R = 0.08314]
53. What is zero order reaction ? Determine the integrated rate equations for zero order reaction
R ® P.
54. What is first order reaction ? Determine the integrated rate equation for first order reaction
R ® P.
55. Give information about Brownian movement.
56. Explain chemical methods, Bredig’s Arc method and peptization method for the preparation of
colloids.

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57. Explain the mechanism of enzyme catalysis.
58. Give difference between physical adsorption and chemical adsorption.
59. Explain Electrophoresis.
60. Explain froth floatation process.
61. Explain extraction of iron from its oxides.
62. Explain : (i) Zone refining
(ii) Column chromatography.
63. Give preparation of dinitrogen (N2).
64. Give preparation of Nitric acid.
65. Give physical and chemical properties of dinitrogen.
66. Explain the physical and chemical properties of dioxygen.
67. Write a preparation of dioxygen.
68. Write preparation of :
(i) Xenon - Fluorine compounds
(ii) Xenon - Oxygen compounds
Write a note on interstitial compounds.

IK
69.
70. Give preparation of potassium permanganate.
71. Discuss chemical properties of lanthanoids.

Ln2O3 H2
s
bu

id
ac
r ns

ST
th
in

wi
O2

with halogens
heated with S Ln
Ln2S3 LnX3
N
th

w
ith
wi

2773 K
with C

H2
ed
at

O
he

LnN LnC2 Ln(OH)3 + H2

Chemical reactions of the lanthanoids


72. What are metal carbonyls ? Give examples.
SW

73. Write any two characteristics of Chemisorption.


74. Explain vapour phase refining.
75. Calculate the packing efficiency in simple cubic unit cell.
[D] Answer the following Questions. [Each carries 4 marks] [52]
76. Explain Schottky defect and Frenkel defect.
77. Explain crystalline and amorphous solids.
78. Explain non ideal solution and positive deviation and negative deviation occurs in
non-ideal solution.
79. Explain van’t Hoff factor.
80. Write Henry’s law and its application. Also explain it.
81. Resistance of a conductivity cell filled with 0.1 mol L–1 KCl solution is 100 W. If the resistance
E3.4)
of the same cell when filled with 0.02 mol L–1 KCl solution is 520 W, calculate the
conductivity and molar conductivity of 0.02 mol L–1 KCl solution. The conductivity of 0.1 mol
L–1 KCl solution is 1.29 S/m.
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E3.4) Resistance of a conductivity cell filled with 0.1 mol L–1 KCl solution is 100 W. If the resistance
of the same cell when filled with 0.02 mol L–1 KCl solution is 520 W, calculate the
conductivity and molar conductivity of// 0.02Page:4 // solution. The conductivity of 0.1 mol
mol L–1 KCl
–1
L KCl solution is 1.29 S/m.
82. Write a note on standard hydrogen electrode.
83. What is weak electrolyte ? Explain relation between concentration of weak electrolyte and molar
conductivity with suitable graph.
84. Explain Tyndall effect.
85. Give information about Freundlich adsorption isotherm.
86. Discuss the anomalous behaviour of nitrogen.
87. Explain the lanthanoid contraction.
88. Calculate packing efficiency in body-centred cubic structure.

IK
ST
A
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