Sunteți pe pagina 1din 6

Manchester City Football Club is an English football club based

in Manchester, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of

English football. Founded in 1880 as St. Mark's (West Gorton), it
became Ardwick Association Football Club in 1887 and Manchester City
in 1894. The club's home ground is the City of Manchester Stadium in east
Manchester, to which it moved in 2003, having played at Maine Road since
Manchester City entered the Football League in 1899, and won their
first FA Cup in 1904. It had its first period of success in the late 1960s,
winning the League, FA Cup and League Cup under the management
of Joe Mercer and Malcolm Allison. After losing the 1981 FA Cup Final, the
club went through a period of decline, which eventually saw
them relegated as far down as third tier of English football by the end of the
1997–98 season. They since regained promotion to the top tier in 2001–02
and have remained a fixture in the Premier League since 2002–03. In
2008, Manchester City was purchase(parcest) by Abu Dhabi United
Group for £200 million and received considerable financial investment.
The club have won six domestic league titles. Under the management
of Pep Guardiola they won the Premier League in 2018 becoming the only
Premier League team to attain 100 points in a single season. In 2019,
they won four trophies, completing an unprecedented sweep of all domestic
trophies in England and becoming the first English men's team to win
the domestic treble.[3] Manchester City's revenue was the fifth highest of a
football club in the world in the 2018–19 season at 500 milions of pounds.
Manchester City's home colours are sky blue and white. Traditional
away kit colours have been either maroon or red and black; however, in
recent years several different colours have been used. The origins of the
club's home colours are unclear, but there is evidence that the club has
worn blue since 1892 or earlier. A booklet entitled Famous Football Clubs –
Manchester City published in the 1940s indicates that West Gorton (St.
Marks) originally played in scarlet and black, and reports dating from 1884
describe the team wearing black jerseys bearing a white cross, showing the
club's origins as a church side.[51] The red and black away colours used
infrequently yet recurrently come from former assistant manager Malcolm
Allison, who believed that adopting the colours of A.C. Milan would inspire
City to glory.[52] Allison's theory worked, with City winning the 1969 FA Cup
Final, 1970 League Cup Final and the 1970 European Cup Winners' Cup
City have previously worn three other badges on their shirts, prior to their
current badge which was implemented in 2016. The first, introduced in
1970, was based on designs which had been used on official club
documentation since the mid-1960s. It consisted of a circular badge which
used the same shield as the current badge, inside a circle bearing the
name of the club. In 1972, this was replaced by a variation which replaced
the lower half of the shield with the red rose of Lancashire.
On occasions when Manchester City played in a major cup final, the club
wore shirts bearing a badge of the arms of the City of Manchester, as a
symbol of pride in representing the city at a major event. This practice
originated from a time when the players' shirts did not normally bear a
badge of any kind.[53] The club has since abandoned the practice; for
the 2011 FA Cup Final, its first in the 21st century, City used the usual
badge with a special legend, but the Manchester coat of arms was included
as a small monochrome logo in the numbers on the back of players' shirts.

A new club badge was adopted in 1997 This badge was based on
the arms of the city of Manchester, and consisted of a shield in front of
a golden eagle. The eagle is an old heraldic symbol of the city of
Manchester; a golden eagle was added to the city's badge in 1958 (but has
since been removed), representing the growing aviation industry. The
shield features a ship on its upper half representing the Manchester Ship
Canal, and three diagonal stripes in the lower half symbolise the city's three
rivers – the Irwell, the Irk and the Medlock. The bottom of the badge bears
the motto "Superbia in Proelio", which translates as "Pride in Battle"
in Latin. Above the eagle and shield are three stars, which are decorative.
On 15 October 2015, following years of criticism from the fans over the
design of the 1997 badge,[55] the club announced they intended to carry out
a fan consultation on whether to disregard the club badge and institute a
new design.[55] After the consultation, the club announced in late November
2015 the current club badge would be replaced by a new version which
would be designed in the style of the older, circular variants.[56]  The new
badge was leaked two days early prior to the official on 26 December 2015
by the IPO when the design was trademarked on 22 December.[57] The new
design was officially unveiled at the club's home match on 26 December
against Sunderland.[58]