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Laborator 1 SS

1. Generalitati

Prin intermediul unui program pentru simulari electronice (TINA


PRO) se vor analiza mai multe semnale elementare. Analiza va consta in
dezvoltarea in serie Fourer a semnalelor alese.

INTREBARI, PROBLEME, CERINTE:


1.1 Identificati caracteristicile si functiile ce pot fi utilizate in simulari
(care apartin programului TINA).
1.2 Tipurile de analize ?
1.3 Tipurile de analize Fourier ?
1.4 Categorii de componente ?

2. Dezvoltarea in serie Fourier a unor semnale elementare :

Sinusoidal, cosinusoidal, dreptunghiular, triunghiular, trapezoidal, ce


au urmatorii parametrii: Amplitudine = 1V, Perioada = 1ms.
Se va construi schema de baza (fig 1) ce va fi folosita in analiza
semnalelor. Cele 5 semnale vor fi generate de catre sursa V in pe rezistenta de
sarcina RS (se va modifica pe rand forma semnalului generat de sursa Vin ).

CERINTE1:
2.1 Se vor extrage (din rezultatele generate de TINA) valorile
coeficientilor Fourier ( an , bn pentru forma trigonometrica si Cn , Φn pentru
forma complexa) pentru toate cele 5 semnale analizate.

1
Pentru analiza se vor seta parametrii cu urmatoarele valori :
- Frecventa de baza 1000 Hz
- Numar de esantioane : 128 minim, 65536 maxim
- Numarul de armonici : 20 (primele 20 din n → ∞)
1|Page
2.2 Pe baza valorilor obtinute anterior se vor trasa spectrele de
amplitudini (pentru an , bn si Cn ) si de faze (pentru Φn )

3. Continutul obligatoriu al lucrarii de laborator :

3.1 Platforma de laborator (acest document)


3.2 Expresiile utilizate pentru dezvoltarea in serie Fourier (cele doua
forme : trigonometrica si complexa)
3.3 Schema de baza folosita in analiza
3.4 Formele de unda (grafic f(t) ) pentru cele 5 semnale utilizate
3.5 Cele 20 de tabele cu coeficientii Fourier (10 tabele pentru un
numar de 128 de esantioane si 10 tabele pentru 65536 esantioane)
3.6 20 de grafice (spectrele de amplitudini si de faza) asociate celor 20
de tabele de valori
3.7 Raspunsurile la cerintele 1.1 – 1.4
3.8 Concluzii personale (serii Fourier, dezvoltarea in serie, programe
de simulare, erori ce apar in analiza Fourier, armonici, frecventa... etc.)

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. 9.35u 0
1. 18.12u 997.95m
2. 16.42u 8.56u
3. 13.74u 12.07u
4. 10.29u 14.72u
5. 6.36u 16.34u
6. 2.24u 16.86u
7. -62.49u -4.5u
8. -5.3u 14.71u
9. 54.79u 33.81u
10. -10.2u 9.38u
11. -11.26u 6.12u
12. -11.33u 2.87u
13. -10.5u -108.42n
14. -8.9u -2.57u
15. -15.59u 3.48u
16. -4.26u -5.29u
17. 7.29u -13.52u
18. 617.22n -4.73u

2|Page
19. 2.54u -3.36u
20. 3.88u -1.48u

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. 8.59u 0
1. 16.64u 997.95m
2. 15.08u 7.8u
3. 12.63u 10.98u
4. 9.49u 13.37u
5. 5.91u 14.81u
6. 2.18u 15.23u
7. -1.4u 14.65u
8. -4.56u 13.18u
9. -7.07u 10.98u
10. -8.77u 8.29u
11. -9.58u 5.38u
12. -9.5u 2.51u
13. -8.59u -54.84n
14. -7.01u -2.09u
15. -4.96u -3.44u
16. -2.69u -4.02u
17. -437.1n -3.8u
18. 1.55u -2.85u
19. 3.07u -1.3u
20. 3.96u 666.14n

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 9.35u 0
1. 498.97m -90
2. 9.26u -27.55
3. 9.14u -41.3
4. 8.98u -55.03
5. 8.77u -68.74
6. 8.5u -82.42
7. 31.32u 175.88
8. 7.82u -109.8
9. 32.19u -31.68
10. 6.93u -137.41
11. 6.41u -151.45
12. 5.85u -165.79

3|Page
13. 5.25u 179.41
14. 4.63u 163.89
15. 7.99u -167.4
16. 3.4u 128.84
17. 7.68u 61.66
18. 2.38u 82.56
19. 2.11u 52.85
20. 2.08u 20.9

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 8.59u 0
1. 498.97m -90
2. 8.49u -27.35
3. 8.37u -41
4. 8.2u -54.64
5. 7.97u -68.25
6. 7.69u -81.84
7. 7.36u -95.44
8. 6.97u -109.07
9. 6.53u -122.77
10. 6.04u -136.62
11. 5.49u -150.71
12. 4.91u -165.21
13. 4.29u 179.63
14. 3.66u 163.37
15. 3.02u 145.24
16. 2.42u 123.78
17. 1.91u 96.56
18. 1.62u 61.47
19. 1.67u 23
20. 2.01u -9.54

4|Page
T 1.00

500.00m

Voltage (V)
0.00

-500.00m

-1.00
0.00 250.00u 500.00u 750.00u 1.00m
Time (s)

T 500.00m
400.00m
Amplitude [V]

300.00m

200.00m
100.00m

0.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

200.00

100.00
Phase [deg]

0.00

-100.00

-200.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

T 20.00u
Amplitude A

10.00u

0.00

-10.00u
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

1.00
800.00m
Amplitude B

600.00m
400.00m
200.00m
0.00
-200.00m
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

5|Page
Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. -7.7m 0
1. 982.54m 29.1u
2. -15.41m 55.5u
3. -15.43m 76.94u
4. -15.45m 92.01u
5. -15.48m 100.38u
6. -15.5m 102.67u
7. -15.58m 121.14u
8. -15.53m 95.11u
9. -15.61m 110.48u
10. -15.55m 82.81u
11. -15.56m 77.69u
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13. -15.58m 69.24u
14. -15.59m 64.16u
15. -15.58m 51.43u
16. -15.61m 47.7u
17. -15.6m 29.75u
18. -15.62m 22.05u
19. -15.62m 7.97u
20. -15.61m -4.83u

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. 101.96u 0
1. 998.14m 34.19u
2. 184.49u 64.96u
3. 162.66u 89.48u
4. 136.22u 105.92u
5. 108.35u 113.76u
6. 82.04u 113.72u
7. 59.55u 107.55u
8. 42.16u 97.61u
9. 29.98u 86.32u
10. 22.16u 75.7u
11. 17.22u 66.99u
12. 13.45u 60.55u
13. 9.41u 55.85u
14. 4.24u 51.82u
15. -2.18u 47.16u

6|Page
16. -9.18u 40.77u
17. -15.62u 32.09u
18. -20.15u 21.28u
19. -21.65u 9.2u
20. -19.51u -2.76u
Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 7.7m 180
1. 491.27m -1.7m
2. 7.71m -179.79
3. 7.72m -179.71
4. 7.73m -179.66
5. 7.74m -179.63
6. 7.75m -179.62
7. 7.79m -179.55
8. 7.77m -179.65
9. 7.8m -179.59
10. 7.78m -179.69
11. 7.78m -179.71
12. 7.79m -179.73
13. 7.79m -179.75
14. 7.79m -179.76
15. 7.79m -179.81
16. 7.8m -179.82
17. 7.8m -179.89
18. 7.81m -179.92
19. 7.81m -179.97
20. 7.81m 179.98
Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 101.96u 0
1. 499.07m -1.96m
2. 97.79u -19.4
3. 92.82u -28.82
4. 86.28u -37.87
5. 78.55u -46.4
6. 70.11u -54.19
7. 61.47u -61.03
8. 53.16u -66.64
9. 45.69u -70.85
10. 39.44u -73.68
11. 34.58u -75.58

7|Page
12. 31.01u -77.47
13. 28.32u -80.43
14. 26u -85.33
15. 23.61u -92.64
16. 20.9u -102.69
17. 17.85u -115.95
18. 14.65u -133.43
19. 11.76u -156.97
20. 9.85u 171.94
T 1.00

500.00m
Voltage (V)

0.00

-500.00m

-1.00
0.00 250.00u 500.00u 750.00u 1.00m
Time (s)

T 3.00

2.00
Amplitude A

1.00

0.00

-1.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

30.00m
Amplitude B

20.00m

10.00m

0.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

T 500.00m
400.00m
Amplitude [V]

300.00m

200.00m
100.00m

0.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

200.00

100.00
Phase [deg]

0.00

-100.00

-200.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

8|Page
Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. 1.14E-16 0
1. 395.21u 804.18m
2. 2.17E-16 -1f
3. -1.15m -83.89m
4. 1.55E-16 -2.69E-17
5. 1.82m 26.65m
6. 1.1E-16 -2.86E-16
7. -2.35m -11.33m
8. 1.11E-16 -6.54E-17
9. 2.71m 5.46m
10. 9.59E-17 -1.94E-16
11. -2.89m -2.86m
12. 1.09E-16 -1.3E-16
13. 2.88m 1.65m
14. 7.36E-17 -1.55E-16
15. -2.73m -1.1m
16. 1.04E-16 -1.31E-16
17. 2.45m 836.54u
18. 3.72E-17 -1.59E-16
19. -2.1m -695.68u
20. 7.63E-17 -1.48E-16

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. -685.07f 0
1. 400.78u 804.2m
2. -568.42f 1.04p
3. -1.17m -83.91m
4. 3.47f 136.53f
5. 1.85m 26.67m
6. -38.44f 291.91f
7. -2.38m -11.35m
8. 2.07f 97.27f
9. 2.75m 5.48m
10. 21.21f 152.33f
11. -2.92m -2.88m
12. -24.26f 77.7f
13. 2.92m 1.67m
14. 43.78f 94.79f
15. -2.76m -1.11m

9|Page
16. -33.97f 54.76f
17. 2.47m 842.11u
18. 48.2f 74.19f
19. -2.12m -689.45u
20. -32.59f 36.82f

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 1.14E-16 0
1. 402.09m -89.97
2. 5.13E-16 77.79
3. 41.95m 90.79
4. 7.88E-17 9.84
5. 13.36m -86.09
6. 1.53E-16 68.87
7. 5.79m 101.73
8. 6.43E-17 30.59
9. 3.05m -63.58
10. 1.08E-16 63.72
11. 2.03m 135.28
12. 8.49E-17 50.16
13. 1.66m -29.83
14. 8.57E-17 64.58
15. 1.47m 158.09
16. 8.37E-17 51.64
17. 1.29m -18.86
18. 8.14E-17 76.79
19. 1.1m 161.64
20. 8.32E-17 62.7

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 685.07f 180
1. 402.1m -89.97
2. 593.42f -118.62
3. 41.96m 90.8
4. 68.29f -88.54
5. 13.37m -86.04
6. 147.22f -97.5
7. 5.8m 101.86
8. 48.64f -88.78
9. 3.07m -63.39

10 | P a g e
10. 76.9f -82.07
11. 2.05m 135.39
12. 40.7f -107.34
13. 1.68m -29.86
14. 52.2f -65.21
15. 1.49m 158.04
16. 32.22f -121.81
17. 1.31m -18.8
18. 44.24f -56.99
19. 1.11m 161.97
20. 24.58f -131.51
T 1.00

500.00m
Voltage (V)

0.00

-500.00m

-1.00
0.00 250.00u 500.00u 750.00u 1.00m
Time (s)

T 2.00
Amplitude A

1.00

0.00

-1.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

200.00u
Amplitude B

100.00u

0.00

-100.00u
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

T 500.00m
400.00m
Amplitude [V]

300.00m

200.00m
100.00m

0.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

200.00

100.00
Phase [deg]

0.00

-100.00

-200.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

11 | P a g e
Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. -3.57m 0
1. 7.13m 1.27
2. -7.13m 5.04E-19
3. 7.13m 423.65m
4. -7.13m 9.64E-19
5. 7.13m 253.37m
6. -7.13m 1.34E-18
7. 7.13m 180.1m
8. -7.13m 1.6E-18
9. 7.13m 139.16m
10. -7.13m 1.73E-18
11. 7.13m 112.92m
12. -7.13m 1.7E-18
13. 7.13m 94.6m
14. -7.13m 1.53E-18
15. 7.13m 81.01m
16. -7.13m 1.23E-18
17. 7.13m 70.5m
18. -7.13m 8.18E-19
19. 7.13m 62.08m
20. -7.13m 3.38E-19

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. -15.26u 0
1. 30.52u 1.27
2. -30.52u 5.94E-20
3. 30.52u 424.41m
4. -30.52u 1.16E-19
5. 30.52u 254.65m
6. -30.52u 1.67E-19
7. 30.52u 181.89m
8. -30.52u 2.09E-19
9. 30.52u 141.47m
10. -30.52u 2.42E-19
11. 30.52u 115.75m
12. -30.52u 2.64E-19
13. 30.52u 97.94m
14. -30.52u 2.75E-19
15. 30.52u 84.88m

12 | P a g e
16. -30.52u 2.74E-19
17. 30.52u 74.9m
18. -30.52u 2.64E-19
19. 30.52u 67.01m
20. -30.52u 2.45E-19

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 3.57m 180
1. 636.5m -89.68
2. 3.57m -180
3. 211.85m -89.04
4. 3.57m -180
5. 126.73m -88.39
6. 3.57m -180
7. 90.12m -87.73
8. 3.57m -180
9. 69.67m -87.07
10. 3.57m -180
11. 56.57m -86.39
12. 3.57m -180
13. 47.43m -85.69
14. 3.57m -180
15. 40.66m -84.97
16. 3.57m -180
17. 35.43m -84.22
18. 3.57m -180
19. 31.25m -83.45
20. 3.57m -180

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 15.26u 180
1. 636.62m -90
2. 15.26u -180
3. 212.21m -90
4. 15.26u -180
5. 127.32m -89.99
6. 15.26u -180
7. 90.95m -89.99
8. 15.26u -180
9. 70.74m -89.99

13 | P a g e
10. 15.26u -180
11. 57.87m -89.98
12. 15.26u -180
13. 48.97m -89.98
14. 15.26u -180
15. 42.44m -89.98
16. 15.26u -180
17. 37.45m -89.98
18. 15.26u -180
19. 33.51m -89.97
20. 15.26u -180
T 1.00

500.00m
Voltage (V)

0.00

-500.00m

-1.00
0.00 250.00u 500.00u 750.00u 1.00m
Time (s)

T 700.00m
600.00m
Amplitude [V]

500.00m
400.00m
300.00m
200.00m
100.00m
0.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

200.00

100.00
Phase [deg]

0.00

-100.00

-200.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

T 5.00m

2.50m
Amplitude A

0.00

-2.50m

-5.00m
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

2.00
Amplitude B

1.00

0.00

-1.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

14 | P a g e
Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. -789.39u 0
1. 2.01m 1.19
2. -416.64u 1.52m
3. -911.23u 211.81m
4. 1.33m 793.47u
5. -2.47m 218.64u
6. 1.1m -1.05m
7. -437.07u -36.96m
8. -702.93u -1.3m
9. 2.14m -13.63m
10. -1.38m 320.11u
11. 1.55m 8.17m
12. -56.71u 1.35m
13. -1.18m 9.5m
14. 1.21m 391.57u
15. -2.07m 528.51u
16. 655.33u -992.7u
17. -12.15u -4.65m
18. -720.09u -828.91u
19. 1.88m -2.69m
20. -904.97u 428.38u

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (A) Amplitude (B)

0. -750u 0
1. 1.99m 1.19
2. -391.83u 1.44m
3. -900.1u 211.82m
4. 1.27m 747.87u
5. -2.45m 230.34u
6. 1.04m -1.01m
7. -441.42u -36.95m
8. -687.95u -1.23m
9. 2.12m -13.65m
10. -1.32m 328.05u
11. 1.56m 8.14m
12. -30.76u 1.31m
13. -1.17m 9.5m
14. 1.19m 355.57u
15. -2.07m 574.86u

15 | P a g e
16. 618.87u -991.57u
17. -24.8u -4.61m
18. -738.46u -801.47u
19. 1.88m -2.73m
20. -894.17u 460.09u

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 789.39u 180
1. 594.8m -89.9
2. 786.06u -105.37
3. 105.91m -90.25
4. 776.13u -30.74
5. 1.24m -174.94
6. 759.76u 43.87
7. 18.48m 90.68
8. 737.25u 118.47
9. 6.9m 81.09
10. 708.97u -166.95
11. 4.16m -79.23
12. 675.4u -92.41
13. 4.79m -97.1
14. 637.11u -17.9
15. 1.07m -165.7
16. 594.75u 56.57
17. 2.32m 90.15
18. 549u 130.98
19. 1.64m 55.05
20. 500.62u -154.67

Fourier coefficients

k Amplitude (C) Phase (ø)

0. 750u 180
1. 594.8m -89.9
2. 747.2u -105.2
3. 105.91m -90.24
4. 738.83u -30.41
5. 1.23m -174.63
6. 725.04u 44.38
7. 18.48m 90.68
8. 706.01u 119.16
9. 6.91m 81.17

16 | P a g e
10. 682.05u -166.08
11. 4.14m -79.18
12. 653.5u -91.35
13. 4.79m -97.02
14. 620.8u -16.64
15. 1.08m -164.51
16. 584.43u 58.03
17. 2.3m 90.31
18. 544.9u 132.66
19. 1.66m 55.42
20. 502.8u -152.77
T 1.00

500.00m
Voltage (V)

0.00

-500.00m

-1.00
0.00 250.00u 500.00u 750.00u 1.00m
Time (s)

T 600.00m
Amplitude [V]

400.00m

200.00m

0.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

200.00

100.00
Phase [deg]

0.00

-100.00

-200.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

T 50.00u

25.00u
Amplitude A

0.00

-25.00u

-50.00u
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

2.00

1.50
Amplitude B

1.00

500.00m

0.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Base frequency 1k[Hz]

17 | P a g e