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Denumire indicator Simbol Formula


Viteza maxima Vmax
Greutatea descarcat G0
Puterea maxima Pmax
Turatia coresp puterii maxime np
Moment maxim Mmax
Turatia coresp moment maxim nm
Nr persoane Np
Diametru janta d
Latime banda de rulare B
Coeficient de inaltime H

Trasarea caracteristicii externe

a.Trasarea curbei de putere

coeficient de rezistenta la rulare f50 1.65*(10^(-2))*(1+6.5*(10^(-3))*(150-50))


Coeficient de aerodinamicitate k 0.025
Aria sectiunii transversale A 1.47*1.74
Inaltimea h 1.47
Latimea l 1.74
Coeficient de corectie cc 0.99
Randamentul transmsiei ETAt 0.9
Greutate totala Ga G0+Np*(Gb+Gp)
Greutate persoana Gp
Greutate bagaj Gb
Greutate maxima autorizata Gmaxa
Puterea la viteza maxima Pvmax (Ga*f*Vmax+((k*A*Vmax^3)/13))/367*ETAt
Puterea maxima Pmax Pvmax/f*1.15
Coeficient de elasticitate a motoruCe Nm/Np
Turatia minima nmin
Turatia minima stabila nminstab
Alfa1
Alfa2
Alfa3
f*1.15
nvmax/np
Nvmax 1.15*np
Nmax
Nminstab 0.17*np
Nstab

Raport transmisie principal i0 (pi*nvmax*rr)/(30*vmax)


Rezistenta la rulare rr d/2+H
diametrul jantei d 14*25.4*10^(-3)
procent inaltime anvelopa H 0.6*175*10^(-3)
Forta la roata Fr=FtmaGa*(f*cos(alfamax)+sin(alfamax))
Coeficient de rezistenta rulare f 1.5*10^(-2)
Panta max impusa alfamax 18 grade
Raportul in treapta 1 Icv1 (Ftmax*rr)/(Mmax*I0*ETAt)

nM
q* nVmax/nM
Kmin init(ln(Icv1)/ln(q*))
Kmin
k Kmin+1
q
Raportul in treapta 2 Icv2 Icv1/q
Raportul in treapta 3 Icv3 Icv1/q^2
Raportul in treapta 4 Icv4 Icv1/q^3

Etapa II-Proiectarea ambreiajului

Puterea maxima calculata Pmax


Momentul maxim calculat Mmax
Turatia la Pmax nP
Turatia la Mmax nM
1.Determinarea mom. de calcul
Momentul de calcul Mc BETA*Mmax
Coeficient de siguranta BETA 1.3….1.75
2.Det. moment frecare ambreiaj
Nr suprafete i 2*nd
Nr discuri nd un singur disc
Coeficientul de frecare MIU 0.25-0.3 sau 0.4-0.5 Pt azbest->fonta
Momentul de frecare Mf (2pi/3)*MIU*p*((De/2)^2- (Di/2)^2)
Presiunea p F/Af
Aria de frecare Af 4/pi*(De^2 * Di^2)
3.Det. dimens. garnituri frecare
Suprafata ganiturilor de frecare A λ*Mmax
Coeficient in fct de tipul automobilului λ 25….30
c 0.53….0.75
Raza exterioara Re sqrt((λ*Mmax)/(pi*(1-c^2)*i)
Diametrul exterior De Re*2
Raza interioara Ri c*Re
Diametrul interior Di Ri*2
Diametru exterior STAS De STAS
Diametru interior STAS Di STAS
Raza exterioara STAS Re STAS De STAS/2
Raza interioara STAS Ri STAS Di STAS/2
Grosime disc frictiune g*
Suprafata garnituri recalculata Aad pi*(Re^2-Ri^2)*i
Raza medie a supraf. de frecare Rm (2/3)*((Re^3-Ri^3)/(Re^2-Ri^2))
4.Det. Fortei de apasare necesara
Forta de apasare necesara F (BETA*Mmax)/(MIU*i*(Rm*10^-3))
5.Det. Presiunii specifice
Supraf. unei garinturi de frecare A' (pi/4)*(De^2-Di^2)
Presiunea specifica p p=F/A' <= 0.15…0.35
6.Verificarea la uzura
psi f*cos alfamax+sin alfamax
Coeficient rezistenta rulare f

Lucru mecanic de frecare Laprox(a)


Laprox(b)
Lucru mecanic specific Ls(a) Laprox/(2*nd*A')
Ls(b) Laprox/(2*nd*A')
7.Verificarea la incalzire
Coeficient de lucru mecanic->caldura γ
Masa disc presiune Mp Mp=ro*pi*(Rep^2-Rip^2)*gp
Densitate ro
Grosime disc presiune gp 10..18
Raza exterioara disc presiune Rep Re+3…5
Raza interioara disc presiune Rip Ri+ 2…4
Cresterea de temperatura la cuplare Delta t(a) ( γ*L)/(427*c*Mp)
Delta t(b) ( γ*L)/(427*c*Mp)
Valoare UM Tip n Pe Me Ch Ce
140 km/h dat 1000 14.21035 135.7088 3.765445 264.9791
1035 kgf dat 1100 15.7877 137.0659 4.14199 262.3555
60 kw dat 1200 17.38171 138.3294 4.518534 259.9592
5000 rpm dat 1300 18.98944 139.4993 4.895079 257.779
116 Nm dat 1400 20.60795 140.5756 5.271623 255.8054
2500 rpm dat 1500 22.2343 141.5583 5.648168 254.0295
5 dat 1600 23.86555 142.4475 6.024712 252.4439
14 inch dat 1700 25.49876 143.243 6.401257 251.0419
175 mm dat 1800 27.13099 143.945 6.777801 249.8177
60 % dat 1900 28.7593 144.5533 7.154346 248.7664
2000 30.38075 145.0681 7.53089 247.8836
2100 31.9924 145.4892 7.907435 247.1661
2200 33.5913 145.8168 8.283979 246.6108
2300 35.17453 146.0508 8.660524 246.2157
2400 36.73914 146.1912 9.037068 245.9793
0.027225 n/np 0.2 2500 38.28219 146.238 9.413613 245.9006
0.025 2600 39.80074 146.1912 9.790157 245.9793
2.5578 2700 41.29184 146.0508 10.1667 246.2157
1.47 2800 42.75257 145.8168 10.54325 246.6108
1.74 2900 44.17997 145.4892 10.91979 247.1661
0.99 3000 45.57112 145.0681 11.29634 247.8836
0.9 3100 46.92306 144.5533 11.67288 248.7664
1510 3200 48.23286 143.945 12.04942 249.8177
75 3300 49.49758 143.243 12.42597 251.0419
20 3400 50.71428 142.4475 12.80251 252.4439
3500 51.88002 141.5583 13.17906 254.0295
58.288461538 3600 52.99186 140.5756 13.5556 255.8054
61.251502996 3700 54.04686 139.4993 13.93215 257.779
0.5 3800 55.04207 138.3294 14.30869 259.9592
3900 55.97456 137.0659 14.68524 262.3555
4000 56.84139 135.7088 15.06178 264.9791
1 4100 57.63962 134.2581 15.43832 267.8422
1 4200 58.36631 132.7139 15.81487 270.9589
-1 4300 59.01852 131.076 16.19141 274.3446
0.951625 4400 59.5933 129.3446 16.56796 278.0171
1.15 4500 60.08772 127.5195 16.9445 281.9961
5750 4600 60.49884 125.6009 17.32105 286.3038
5800 4700 60.82372 123.5886 17.69759 290.9653
850 4800 61.05942 121.4828 18.07414 296.009
1000 4900 61.20299 119.2834 18.45068 301.467
5000 61.2515 116.9904 18.82723 307.3757
5100 61.20201 114.6038 19.20377 313.7768
5200 61.05158 112.1236 19.58031 320.7176
5300 60.79726 109.5498 19.95686 328.2526
5400 60.43612 106.8824 20.3334 336.4445
5500 59.96522 104.1214 20.70995 345.366
5600 59.38162 101.2669 21.08649 355.1013
5700 58.68237 98.31871 21.46304 365.7493
5800 57.86454 95.27696 21.83958 377.426

3.64711
0.2828
0.3556
0.105
4788.82
0.015
18
2.8213464

3000
1.9166667
2.5949372
3
4
1.4129
1.9968479
1.4132974
1.0002813

62 kw
147 N*m
5000
1800

191.1
1.3

2
1
0.4

411.6
28
0.55
9.693614739
19.38722948
5.331488106
10.66297621
250
155
125
77.5
3.5
362.67
103.0038889

2319.087197

30202.875
0.076783657

0.315
0.25

3796.914401
407.528716
6.28628212
0.674716417

0.5
4.013251584
7.85
16
130
82.5
6.808046742
0.541683719
n Pe*1 Me*0.4 Ch*1 Ce*0.1 PeTAB MeTAB ChTAB
1000 14.21035 54.28353 3.765445 26.49791 4.263105 15.74222 0.376545
1100 15.7877 54.82637 4.14199 26.23555 5 16 0
1200 17.38171 55.33177 4.518534 25.99592 5.214512 16.04621 0.451853
1300 18.98944 55.79973 4.895079 25.7779 6 16 0
1400 20.60795 56.23025 5.271623 25.58054 6.182384 16.30677 0.527162
1500 22.2343 56.62334 5.648168 25.40295 7 16 1
1600 23.86555 56.97899 6.024712 25.24439 7.159664 16.52391 0.602471
1700 25.49876 57.2972 6.401257 25.10419 8 17 1
1800 27.13099 57.57798 6.777801 24.98177 8.139296 16.69761 0.67778
1900 28.7593 57.82132 7.154346 24.87664 9 17 1
2000 30.38075 58.02722 7.53089 24.78836 9.114224 16.82789 0.753089
2100 31.9924 58.19569 7.907435 24.71661 10 17 1
2200 33.5913 58.32672 8.283979 24.66108 10.07739 16.91475 0.828398
2300 35.17453 58.42031 8.660524 24.62157 11 17 1
2400 36.73914 58.47647 9.037068 24.59793 11.02174 16.95818 0.903707
2500 38.28219 58.49519 9.413613 24.59006 11 17 1
2600 39.80074 58.47647 9.790157 24.59793 11.94022 16.95818 0.979016
2700 41.29184 58.42031 10.1667 24.62157 12 17 1
2800 42.75257 58.32672 10.54325 24.66108 12.82577 16.91475 1.054325
2900 44.17997 58.19569 10.91979 24.71661 13 17 1 C
70
3000 45.57112 58.02722 11.29634 24.78836 13.67134 16.82789 1.129634
3100 46.92306 57.82132 11.67288 24.87664 14 17 1
60
3200 48.23286 57.57798 12.04942 24.98177 14.46986 16.69761 1.204942
3300 49.49758 57.2972 12.42597 25.10419 15 17 1
50
3400 50.71428 56.97899 12.80251 25.24439 15.21429 16.52391 1.280251
3500 51.88002 56.62334 13.17906 25.40295 16 16 1
3600 52.99186 56.23025 13.5556 25.58054 40
15.89756 16.30677 1.35556
3700 54.04686 55.79973 13.93215 25.7779 16 16 1
3800 55.04207 55.33177 14.30869 25.99592 30
16.51262 16.04621 1.430869
3900 55.97456 54.82637 14.68524 26.23555 17 16 1
4000 56.84139 54.28353 15.06178 26.49791 20
17.05242 15.74222 1.506178
4100 57.63962 53.70326 15.43832 26.78422 17 16 2
4200 58.36631 53.08555 15.81487 27.09589 10
17.50989 15.39481 1.581487
4300 59.01852 52.4304 16.19141 27.43446 18 15 2
4400 59.5933 51.73782 16.56796 27.80171 0
17.87799 15.00397 1.656796
00 200 400 600 800 000 200 400 600 800 000
4500 60.08772 51.0078 16.9445 28.19961 10 118 1 1 151 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3

Pe*1 M
0
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 3

4600 60.49884 50.24034 17.32105 28.63038 18.14965 14.5697 1.732105


Pe*1 M
4700 60.82372 49.43545 17.69759 29.09653 18 14 2
4800 61.05942 48.59312 18.07414 29.6009 18.31783 14.092 1.807414
4900 61.20299 47.71335 18.45068 30.1467 18 14 2
5000 61.2515 46.79615 18.82723 30.73757 18.37545 13.57088 1.882723
5100 61.20201 45.84151 19.20377 31.37768 18 13 2
5200 61.05158 44.84943 19.58031 32.07176 18.31547 13.00633 1.958031
5300 60.79726 43.81991 19.95686 32.82526 18 13 2
5400 60.43612 42.75296 20.3334 33.64445 18.13084 12.39836 2.03334
5500 59.96522 41.64857 20.70995 34.5366 18 12 2
5600 59.38162 40.50675 21.08649 35.51013 17.81449 11.74696 2.108649
5700 58.68237 39.32748 21.46304 36.57493 18 11 2
5800 57.86454 38.11078 21.83958 37.7426 17.35936 11.05213 2.183958
CeTAB
4.769623
5
4.679265
5
4.604497
5
4.543991
5
4.496719
4
4.461906
4
4.438995
4
4.427627
4
4.427627
4
4.438995
4 Chart Title
4.461906
4
4.496719
5
4.543991
5
4.604497
5
4.679265
5
4.769623
5
4.877259
5
5.004308
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
80 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 580
5

Pe*1 Me*0.4 Ch*1 Ce*0.1


0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
80 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 580

5.153468
Pe*1 Me*0.4 Ch*1 Ce*0.1
5
5.328162
5
5.532763
6
5.772916
6
6.056002
6
6.391824
7
6.793668