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16/5 Read the texts about movie plots. Tick the correct letter for each question.

A The Godfather (1972)

The story starts as Don Vito Corleone, the head of a New York Mafia family, oversees the wedding of
his daughter. The story then focuses on Michael, Vito's youngest son, who has just returned from war. He
doesn't want to follow in the family business, but unfortunately he becomes sucked into the centre of a
vicious gang war. The clash between the Don's fading old world values and the new ways makes this one
of the epic gangster movies of all time.
B Once Upon a Time in America (1984)
This is the tale of the lives of a small group of New York City Jewish gangsters spanning over forty
years. Told mostly in flashbacks, the movie centres on a small-time gangster, “Noodles”, and his friends.
It tells the story of them growing up on New York's rough Lower East Side in the 1920s to the last years
of Prohibition in the early 1930s and finally to the late 1960s. The haunting music of Ennio Morricone
lends a backdrop to this unforgettable movie.
C Gangs of New York (2002)
The story starts with a violent death and then jumps fifteen years to the point where Amsterdam Vallon
returns to the Five Points district of Manhattan with one thought on his mind – to avenge the death of his
father. The backdrop to this Hamlet-like story of revenge is the crime-plagued streets of Manhattan in the
1860s. Brought to us by director Martin Scorsese, this movie has all the signs of a classic.
1 From which text do we know the name of the person who made the movie? __ __ __
2 In which movie is one of the characters a reluctant gangster? __ __ __
3 In which movie is the music an important part? __ __ __
4 From which two texts do we know the period in which the movies are set? __ __ __
5 Which movie is about contrasts between old traditions and modern ones? __ __ __
6 Which movie spans four decades? __ __ __
7 Which movie starts with a happy moment? __ __ __
8 Which two movies are about blood relationships? __ __ __
9 In which movie is the central character known by a nickname? __ __ __

17/4 Complete the sentences with the correct passive form of the verbs in brackets.
1 Most people think America __________________________(discover) by Columbus.
2 Thanksgiving ______________________(celebrate) on the fourth Thursday in November.
3 Millions of turkeys ______________________(eat) on that day.
4 The Pilgrims _____________________(save) by two Indians named Samoset and Squanto.
5 Most Americans ____________________(give) two weeks' vacation time every year.
6 Labour Day _______________________(celebrate) since 1894.
7 It was only later that the Pilgrims realised how lucky they were to ______________________(rescue).
8 The importance of Samoset and Squanto to the Pilgrims can't _____________________(underestimate).

17/5 Tick the correct sentences and correct the wrong ones.
1 A lot of money is spent on celebrating Thanksgiving. ____________
2 The meat was cure over a fire so that the Pilgrims could store it during the winter. ____________
3 Memorial Day is a day when Americans remember the soldiers who was killed in ____________
the Civil War.
4 Most people are given time off work for Thanksgiving. ____________
5 Half the original settlers are known to have died in the first year. ____________
6 People can't be expected to be able to survive in really hard conditions. ____________
7 Corn and maize were growed by the native Indians. ____________
8 Thanksgiving has only celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November since 1863. ____________

17/1 Read the text about Thanksgiving. Complete the text with the phrases from the box.
by heaping the earth into low mounds the decaying fish fertilised the corn
from the captains of fishing boats until the Indian called out, “Welcome”
when an Indian walked into which plants were poisonous with another Indian
enough food to keep them alive with enough food to store without his help

The story of Thanksgiving really starts in March, 1621, ______________________________________ the

Plymouth settlement. The Pilgrims were frightened ____________________________________ in English.
His name was Samoset and he was an Abenaki Indian. He had learned English ________________________
_________________ that had sailed along the coast. A few days later, Samoset returned __________________
_______________________ named Squanto, who spoke even better English. Squanto's importance to the
Pilgrims was enormous and ____________________________________ they would not have survived. He
taught the Pilgrims how to tap the maple trees for sap, ____________________________________ and which
plants had medicinal powers. He taught them how to plant Indian corn, ________________________________
with several seeds and fish in each mound, so that ______________________________________. He also
taught them to plant other crops with the corn. The harvest in October was very successful, and the Pilgrims
found themselves _______________________________________ for the winter months. There was corn,
fruits and vegetables, fish to be packed in salt and meat to be cured over smoky fires. The Pilgrims had much
to celebrate. They had built new homes, they had harvested _________________________________ during
the long winter to come and they were at peace with their Indian neighbours.
PEP Key Word Transformations. Use between two and five words.
29 You really should learn to use the computer. high
It's _________________________________________________to use the computer.
30 Mark is taller than Tony. as
Tony _______________________________________________Mark.
31 You can borrow my book, but you must promise to return it by Monday. long
You can borrow my book ____________________________________to return it by Monday.
32 Peter went to the library and didn't go to the cinema. instead
Peter went to the library ______________________________________to the cinema.
33 The bad weather conditions caused many coaches to be delayed. result
Many coaches were ______________________________________the bad weather conditions.
34 There was no fuel left in the car. run
The car _____________________________________________fuel.