Sunteți pe pagina 1din 36

Version: 0

Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical


coal-fired thermal power plant

PERFORMANCE TEST PROCEDURE


性能试验大纲

File Encoding:HPE-05-DUL-05-11-CHPI-0-01

Date:September 22th, 2014


Prepared by: Liang Hailei, Zhang Jingrui, Bu Jianan

Reviewed by: Zhao Xiaochen, Liu Xue, Zhao Yang

Reviewed by: Lu Keqiao

Released by: Huang Fangjing

Date: 2014-09-22
Declaration
We, Harbin Electric International Company Limited (HEI), hereby declare the followings:
1. Intellectual property declaration
The intellectual property and interpretation power of this document belongs to HEI, which
can only be used in Turicorin Project contracted by HEI within technique service agreement.
HEI will not take any direct or indirect responsibility for problems of any kind caused by free
application of the entire or part of this document without authorization from HEI.
HEI reserves the right of final interpretation for this document. If the relevant organization
does not act in accordance with the instruction provided by HEI, the owner/relevant organization
will be responsible for all the consequences thereof.
2. Statement of Applicability
This document is compiled by HEI based on the technical parameter of Indian Tuticorin
2×600MW thermal power plant.
Due without appropriate confirmation of relevant organization condition for Indian Tuticorin
2×600MW thermal power plant and for it is impossible to predict possible accidents during plan
implementation period; this document only serves as an instructional scheme provided by HEI
rather than exclusive compulsory execution scheme for relevant organization.

This document is considered as the foundation for contract settlement between relevant
organization and the owner or with any other parties; likewise, HEI is not responsible for this kind
of action thereof.

Harbin Electric International Company Limited (HEI)

Document Control Page


Version No. Submission date Document serial number

0 2014-09-22 HPE-05-DUL-05-11-CHPI-0-01

如有升版则从 1 开始
升版后文件号不变
后续
Contents

1 BRIEF..................................................................................................................................... 1
2 MAIN TECHNICAL DATA OF UNIT .................................................................................. 1
3 GUARANTEE VALUES OF UNIT ....................................................................................... 3
4 TEST OBJECTIVE................................................................................................................ 6
5 TEST STANDARD AND CODES.......................................................................................... 6
6 CALIBRATION REQUIREMENTS..................................................................................... 6
7 TEST METHOD .................................................................................................................... 6
8 CALCULATION AND CORRECTION FOR TEST RESULTS........................................ 11
TABLE 1. THE LIST OF MEASURING INSTRUMENTS FOR BOILER ............................. 16
TABLE 2. THE LIST OF MEASURING INSTRUMENTS FOR TURBINE-GENERATOR. 17
FIG.1 LAYOUT OF BOILER MEASURING POINTS ............................................................. 21
FIG.2 LAYOUT OF STEAM & WATER SYSTEM MEASURING POINTS.......................... 22
FIG.3 LAYOUT OF MEASURING POINTS FOR ELECTRIC POWER .............................. 23
APPENDIX 1 HEAT BALANCE DRAWING....................................................................... 24
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant

1 Brief
INDIAN TUTICORIN 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant was built by The
coast of India Energy Corporation Limited. The design and manufacture of BTG was
sub-contracted by China Harbin Electric Corporation. The performance test of units should be
fulfilled by Harbin Power Equipment Performance Test Center (HPTC).

2 Main technical data of unit


2.1 Main technical specifications of unit
2.1.1 Steam generator

The steam generator manufactured by Harbin Boiler Co., Ltd. is sub-critical, single reheating,
control circulation, suspended structure, balanced ventilation,solid state slag, steel frame, outdoor
arrangement, drum boiler.

2.1.1.1 Main Parameters of boiler(BMCR)

Type HG-2060/17.5-YM9

Superheated steam flow 2060 t/h

Outlet superheated steam pressure 17.5 MPa(g)

Outlet superheated steam temperature 541 ℃

Outlet reheated steam flow 1733.2 t/h

Outlet reheated steam pressure 3.802 MPa(g)

Outlet reheated steam temperature 541 ℃

Feed water temperature 278.5 ℃

2.1.1.2 Specified fuel properties


Ultimate analysis

Items Symbol Unit Design coal Worst coal

Carbon Car % 42.27 38.08

Hydrogen Har % 3.06 2.7

Nitrogen Nar % 0.9 0.93

Oxygen Oar % 9.5 7.89

Sulfur St.ar % 0.44 0.59

Total moisture Mt.ar % 23.16 10.5

Page 1 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant

Items Symbol Unit Design coal Worst coal

Ash Aar % 20.675 39.31

Volatile matter VMar % 27.59 21.2

Fixed carbon FCar % 28.58 28.99

High heat value Qg.ar kcal/kg 3932 3729

Low heat value Qn.ar kcal/kg 3628 3530

Hartz grind
HGI 47 45
ability coefficient

2.1.2 Steam turbine

Steam turbine manufactured by Harbin Turbine CO., LTD is N600-16.67/538/538 type,


sub-critical pressure, reheat reheating, single shaft, three cylinders, four flow exhausts. The
main parameters (guarantee condition) are as followings:

Type N600-16.67/538/538

Power 600 MW

Main steam pressure 16.7MPa

Main steam temperature 538℃

Steam temperature in outlet of reheater 538 ℃

Exhaust pressure 0.0096Mpa(a)

2.1.3 Generator

The generator manufactured by Harbin electric machine Co. Ltd. is QFSN-600-2YHG type.
The main design parameters are as follows:

Type QFSN-600-2YHG

Rated capacity 705.88MVA

Rated power 600MW

Rated voltage 20kV

Rated current 3000r/min

Rated speed 0.85(lag)

Rated power factor 50Hz

Page 2 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
3 Guarantee values of unit
3.1 The guarantee values of unit under the Liquidated damages
3.1.1 The conditions of guarantee values
3.1.1.1 Boiler efficiency of BMCR

Boiler efficiency 85.2%

-- Excess air 20%

The high heat value based on


-- Calorific value
design coal.

3.1.1.2 Boiler output of BMCR

Boiler output 2060t/hr

3.1.1.3 The Gross power of TMCR

Power output 600MW

-- Power factor 0.85

-- Make-up water 0%

The high heat value based on


-- Calorific value
design coal.

3.1.1.4 Auxiliary power consumption of TMCR(within BTG)

Auxiliary power consumption 29625kW

3.1.1.5 Turbine heat consumption at TMCR

Gross turbine heat rate 8215.03kJ/kWh

-- Make-up water 0%

-- water-cycle temperature 32℃

-- Coal type Design Coal

3.2 The general guarantee value test


3.2.1 Boiler

Page 3 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
3.2.1.1 The bottom ash and fly ash unburned carbon content at BMCR

Bottom ash and fly ash unburned carbon ≤ 1%

3.2.1.2 The test duration at 40% BMCR (minimum load without oil)

The minimum duration at 40% BMCR ≥ 2 hour


without oil

3.2.2 Atmospheric emissions

Items Unit Guarantee condition Guarantee value

With 20% excess air at


NOx ppm 350
TMCR

With design coal, the


Dust mg/Nm3 seventh electric field out 75
of work at BMCR.

With the worst coal at


Dust mg/Nm3 50
BMCR.

3.3 Demonstration test

3.3.1 Plant Maximum Load (VWO, with 3% make-up water)

Generator Output 648MW

-- Main steam pressure at turbine throttle 16.67MPa

-- Main steam temperature at turbine throttle 538℃

-- Condenser pressure 0.0096MPa

-- Make-up water 3%

-- Power factor 0.921

3.3.2 Plant Maximum Load (VWO, with 0% make-up water)

Generator Output 652MW

-- Main steam pressure at turbine throttle 16.67MPa

-- Main steam temperature at turbine throttle 538℃

-- Condenser pressure 0.0096MPa

Page 4 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant

-- Make-up water 0%

-- Power factor 0.925

3.3.3 Gross power output (100%TMCR, with 0% make-up water)

Gross power output 600MW

-- Main steam pressure at turbine throttle 16.67MPa

-- Main steam at temperature turbine throttle 538℃

-- Condenser pressure 0.0096MPa

-- Make-up water 0%

-- Power factor 0.85

3.3.4 Turbine cycle heat rate (100%TMCR, with 3% make-up water)

Turbine cycle heat rate 8266.3kJ/kWhr

-- Main steam pressure at turbine throttle 16.67MPa

-- Main steam at temperature turbine throttle 538℃

-- Condenser pressure 0.0096MPa

-- Make-up water 3%

3.3.5 Turbine cycle heat rate (80%TMCR, with 3% make-up water)

Turbine cycle heat rate 8328.09kJ/kWhr

-- Main steam pressure at turbine throttle 14.49MPa

-- Main steam at temperature turbine


538℃
throttle

-- Condenser pressure 0.0096MPa

-- Make-up water 3%

3.3.6 Turbine cycle heat rate (60%TMCR, with 3% make-up water)

Turbine cycle heat rate 8533.95kJ/kWhr

-- Main steam pressure at turbine throttle 11.07MPa

-- Main steam at temperature turbine 538℃

Page 5 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
throttle

-- Condenser pressure 0.0096MPa

-- Make-up water 3%

3.3.7 Turbine cycle heat rate (60%TMCR, with 0% make-up water)

Turbine cycle heat rate 8486.2 kJ/kWhr

-Main steam pressure at turbine throttle 11.07 MPa

--Main steam at temperature turbine throttle 538℃

-- Condenser pressure 0.0096 MPa

--Make-up water 0%

4 Test objective
To verify whether the unit attains the guarantee values, which are specified in the contract at
above conditions.

5 Test standard and codes


ASME PTC 6 – 1996 Steam Turbines
ASME PTC 4 – 1998 Fired Steam Generators

6 Calibration requirements
The main instruments for the test should be calibrated by authorized organizations of China.
The copies of calibration certifications should be submitted to the Employer prior the test.

7 Test method
7.1 Test items and conditions
7.1.1 Preliminary test
The preliminary test should be carried out prior acceptance test. The purpose is as follows.
(1) Assurance whether the unit is in a suitable condition for the conduct of the test.
(2) Checking all test instruments.
(3) Training test personnel.
7.1.2 Preliminary test items are as follows:

Items/Load MCR(Guarantee Condition)

Gross power output *

Gross plant rate heat *

Auxiliary power consumption *

Page 6 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant

Boiler efficiency *

Boiler output *

If a preliminary test runs accords with all technical requirements of the acceptance test, the
results may be considered as a part of the acceptance test with agreement between the parties
to the test.
7.1.3 Acceptance test
The contents and conditions of the acceptance test are as follows:

TMCR VWO 60%TMCR 40%


TMCR 80%TMCR
(0%Make-up (0%&3% BMCR
(0%&3%
Items/Load water ) (3%Make- (3%Make- BMCR (minimum
Make-up Make-up load without
(Guarantee up water) up water)
Condition) water) water) oil)

Gross power
output
   

Gross plant
heat rate
   

Auxiliary
power 
consumption

Boiler
efficiency

Boiler output 

Atmospheric
emissions
 

Ash unburned
carbon

7.2 Measuring items

7.2.1 Measuring items for the boiler


7.2.1.1 Flue gas and air temperature
The boiler exhaust gas temperature shall be measured in the flue gas ducts A & B side at air
preheater outlet. Flue gas sampling probe will be arranged according to the principle of
constant section grid method and E-type thermocouples will be mounted on the probe.
The temperatures of primary air and secondary air shall be measured in the air ducts A & B
side at primary air fan and forced draught fan outlet. Air temperature probe will be
arranged according to the principle of constant section grid method and E-type
thermocouples will be mounted on the probe.
7.2.1.2 Flue gas analysis
The boiler exhaust gas composition shall be measured in the flue gas ducts A & B side at
air preheater outlet. Flue gas sampling probe will be arranged according to the principle of
constant section grid method and gas sampling silicone tubes will be mounted on the probe.
Flue gas sample tubes from each grid point are connected to the flue gas analyzer and the

Page 7 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
O2、CO content in the exhaust gas will be measured.
7.2.1.3 Ambient air
The ambient temperature and relative humidity should be measured by dry–wet bulb
thermometer near the forced draught fan.
7.2.1.4 Coal sampling
Raw coal samples should be taken from the outlet of coal feeder, the samples will be added
together, mixed, and split into four equal portions, then put them in the air-tight plastic
containers, one for local laboratory analysis, one for owner, one for HPE, and one held in
reservation.
7.2.1.5 Feed-coal temperature
The temperature of coal should be measured by infrared temperature meter when taking
coal samples at the outlet of coal feeder.
7.2.1.6 The mass flow of air measurement
The mass flow of primary air、secondary air should be measured with existing station
instrumentation.
7.2.1.7 Fly ash and bottom ash sampling
The fly ash should be collected from ESP ash hoppers during the test, after the test, the
bottom ash should be collected when slagging. The samples will be added together, mixed,
and split into four equal portions respectively, then put them in the air-tight plastic
containers, one for local laboratory analysis, one for owner, one for HPE, and one held in
reservation.
7.2.1.8 Emission
The concentration of NOX and particulate matter in the flue gas should be analyzed by
CEMS system from the power plant.
7.2.2 Main measuring items for steam turbine
7.2.1.9 Pressure measurement
Pressure transducers with 0.1 accuracy class shall be used for measuring pressure.
Turbine exhaust pressure shall be measured by using 8 cage probes.
7.2.1.10 Temperature measurement
Temperatures should be measured with type E thermocouples shielded with 0.4 accuracy
class.
7.2.1.11 Flow measurement
(1) The calibrated flow measurement device shall be used for measuring primary
condensate flow. It consists of ASME low β nozzle with throat taps, perforated plate
flow straightener and the up-stream and down-stream pipe section.
(2) The flows of SH&RH desuperheating water and condenser make-up water will be
measured with existing station orifice device.
(3) Leakage flows of valves-steam and gland steam should be calculated with design values
provided by manufacturer.
7.2.1.12 Water level measurement
The water level of hot well, deaerator storage tanks and drum wi11 be measured with
existing station instrumentation and recorded with DCS or metric scales.
7.2.1.13 Measurement of electric

Page 8 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
7.2.1.14 Measurement of power output at generator terminal
The measurement of gross power output will be measured by two watt-meters method. The
signals will be obtained respectively from PT and CT at the generator terminal by
single-phase power transducers. The power factor will be obtained by existing station
instrumentation.
7.2.1.15 Measurement of auxiliary power consumption
The measurement of auxiliary power consumption of per unit will be measured by two
watt-meters method. The signals will be obtained respectively from PT and CT at the low
voltage side of the auxiliary transformer by single-phase power transducers. (only include
BTG provide the instruments.)
7.3 Test instruments
(1) Refer to the appendix table 1 of test instrument list for Boiler.
(2) Refer to the appendix table 2 of test instrument list for Turbine.
7.4 Arrangement of measurement points
(1) Refer to the attached drawing Fig.1 of boiler measuring points layout sketch.
(2) Refer to the attached drawing Fig.2 of steam & water system measuring points layout
sketch.
(3) Refer to the attached drawing Fig.3 of electrical power measuring points layout sketch.
7.5 Test conditions
(1) The steam generator is operated automatically and maintain main steam pressure and
temperature at the specified value. Other main factors shall be retained at the specified
conditions.
(2) The design fuel should be combusted during the test.
(3) Blow off from steam generator and other parts are entirely closed.
(4) The generator output should be maintained constantly by the load limiter, some devices
will be isolated and shutdown.
(5) The main machines and auxiliaries will be in optimal operation.
(6) Isolation of the test system
The test system must be an independent thermal cycle system.
Auxiliary steam use is limited to only plant operation.
Extraneous flows should be isolated from stabilization of the test load to the end of the
test, bypass system、feed-water recycle pipeline、HP and LP heater bypass pipeline、
Feed-water heater vents and emergency drains and other extraneous steam and water
system should be isolated
(7) Requirement for a steady-state conditions
A. Every effort should be made to run the tests under the specified operating
conditions, or as close to specified operating conditions as possible and should be
maintained stabilization during the test run. The following table lists the
permissible deviation and fluctuations of variables prescribed.

Parameters Permissible deviation Permissible fluctuations

Main steam pressure ±3% (abs) ±0.25% (abs)

Main steam temperature ±8℃ ±4℃

Reheat steam temperature ±8℃ ±4℃

Page 9 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant

Electrical power ±5% ±0.25%

* If it is not practical to obtain designed or rated exhaust pressure, the test may be conducted by
agreement at another exhaust pressure, and either party may require that the exhaust pressure
correction curves should be submitted by manufacture.
B. Except endangered reason for instruments or persons, any adjustment which will
affect the test results should not be conducted during the test.
7.6 Duration of test runs and frequency of observation

7.6.1 Duration of test runs

Test load Steady time(hour) Reading time(hour)

TMCR 1 2

VWO, 0% make-up water 0.5 1

VWO, 3% make-up water 0.5 1

80%TMCR with 3% make-up water 0.5 1

60%TMCR with 0% make-up water 0.5 1

60%TMCR with 3% make-up water 0.5 1

BMCR 1 4

40%BMCR
一一 2
(The minimum load without oil)

7.6.2 Frequency of observations

Temperature/Pressure 1 minutes

Condensate flow 1 minute

Electric power / Power factor 1 minute

Flue gas analysis 15 minutes

Raw coal sampling 1hour

Coal temperature 1 hour

Sampling of fly ash 1hour

Sampling of bottom ash The end of the test

Barometric pressure / Ambient temperature l5 minutes

DCS /CEMS 5 minutes

7.6.3 Once a test has been concluded, the test data should be considered effectively, except for any

Page 10 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
negative reason to be confirmed by the parties to the test.

8 Calculation and Correction for Test Results


8.1 Test data processing
The effective data recorded during the test run should be made arithmetic averaged and
corrected for each item. The corrected items include: errors of instrument calibration, absolute
altitude of water column, barometric pressure and ambient temperature.
8.2 Calculation and correction of steam generator efficiency
8.2.1 Calculation of steam generator efficiency
Boiler thermal efficiency should be calculated with energy balance method.
EF  100  QPL  QPB
where:
EF -------- Efficiency of steam generator based on HHV, %;
QPL -------- Total heat loss from fuel basis, %;
QPB
Heat credits added to the steam generator from fuel
--------
basis, %.
The calculation formula of total heat loss:
QPL  QpLDFg  QpLH 2 F  QpLWF  QpLWA  QpLUbC  QpLco  QpLRS
 QpLSrc  QpLNOx
where:
QpLDFg -------- Loss due to dry flue gas, %;
QpLH 2 F -------- Loss due to moisture from burning hydrogen, %;
QpLWF -------- Loss due to moisture in the fuel, %;
QpLWA -------- Loss due to moisture in air, %;
Loss due to unburned carbon in ash(90% fly
QpLUbC --------
ash, 10% bottom ash), %;
QpLco -------- Loss due to unburned CO in the flue gas, %;
QpLRS -------- Loss due to sensible heat of ash %;
Loss due to radiation(refer to standard surface
QpLSrc --------
heat loss curve of ABMA), %;
QpLNOx -------- Loss due to the formation of NOx, %.
Calculation of total heat credit is as following:
QPB  QpBDA  QpBWA  QpBF
where:
QpBDA -------- Credit due to heat from entering dry air, %;
QpBWA -------- Credit due to moisture from entering air , %;
QpBF -------- Credit due to sensible heat in fuel, %.
8.2.2 Correction of steam generator efficiency.
Corrections for deviation of guarantee conditions should be carried out according to the
curve provided by the boiler manufactures.
8.3 Calculation and Correction for Turbine-Generator Test Results

Page 11 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
8.3.1 Calculation for heat rate at test condition
G ms  H ms  G fw  H fw  G hrsh  H hrsh  G crsh  H crsh  G shs  H shs  G rsh  H rsh
THR t 
Pgro
Where:
Turbine-generator heat rate(test condition) ,
THRt --------
kcal/kWh;
Gms -------- Main steam flow,kg/h;
H ms -------- Enthalpy of main steam,kcal /kg;
G fw -------- Final feed water flow,kg/h;
H fw -------- Enthalpy of final feed water,kcal /kg;
Ghrsh -------- Hot-Reheat steam flow,kg/h;
H hrsh -------- Enthalpy of hot-reheat steam flow,kcal /kg;
Gcrsc -------- Cooler-reheat steam flow,kg/h;
H crsc -------- Enthalpy of cooler-reheat steam,kcal /kg;
G shs -------- Superheated spray flow,kg/h;
H shs -------- Enthalpy of superheated spray,kcal /kg;
Grsh -------- Reheater spray water flow,kg/h;
H rsh -------- Enthalpy of reheater spray water,kcal /kg;
Electric power output of generator terminal
Pgro --------
(test condition) ,kW.
8.3.2 Final feed water flow
Based on the condensate flow and heat balance calculation of HP heater and deaerator, the
final feed water flow and each extraction flow can be determined.
8.3.2.1 Heat balance equation of No.1 HP feed water heater
G fw  ( H 01  H i1 )  G1  ( H s1  H d 1 )
Where:
G fw -------- Final feed water flow,kg/h;
G1 -------- Extraction of No.1 HP,kg/h;
H 01 -------- Outlet water enthalpy of No.1,kcal /kg;
H i1 -------- Inlet water enthalpy of No.1,kcal /kg;
H s1 -------- Inlet steam enthalpy of No.1,kcal /kg;
H d1 -------- Drain water enthalpy of No.1,kcal /kg.
8.3.2.2 Heat balance equation of No.2 HP feed water heater
G fw  ( H 02  H i 2 )  G2  ( H S 2  H d 2 )  G1  ( H d1  H d 2 )
Where:
G2 -------- Extraction of No.2,kg/h;
H 02 -------- Outlet water enthalpy of No.2,kcal /kg;
Hi2 -------- Inlet water enthalpy of No.2,kcal /kg;
H s2 -------- Inlet steam enthalpy of No.2,kcal /kg;

Page 12 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
Hd2 -------- Drain water enthalpy of No.2,kcal /kg.
8.3.2.3 Heat balance equation of No.3 HP feed water heater
G fw  ( H o3  H i 3 )  G3  ( H S 3  H d 3 )  (G1  G2 )  ( H d 2  H d 3 )
Where:
G3 -------- Extraction of No.3,kg/h;
H 03 -------- Outlet water enthalpy of No.3,kcal /kg;
H i3 -------- Inlet water enthalpy of No.3,kcal /kg;
H s3 -------- Inlet steam enthalpy of No.3,kcal /kg;
Hd3 -------- Drain water enthalpy of No.3,kcal /kg.
8.3.2.4 Heat balance equation of deaerator
G4  H s 4  (G1  G2  G3 )  H d 3  Gc  H c  (G fw  Gshs  Grhs  Gds )  H d 4
Where:
G4 -------- Steam flow of deaerator inlet, kg/h;
Gc -------- Flow of condensate water, kg/h;
H s4 -------- Steam enthalpy of deaerator inlet, kcal /kg;
Hc -------- Condensate water enthalpy at deaerator inlet,kJ/kg;
Hd 4 -------- Outlet water enthalpy of deaerator,kcal /kg。
Equivalent flow of level change in deaerator water tank.
Gds -------- It is positive when level is decreased and negative when
level is increased,kg/h.
8.3.2.5 Flow balance equation of deaerator
Gc  G1  G2  G3  G4  G fw  Gshs  Grhs  Gds
8.3.3 Calculation of main steam flow
Gms  G fw  Gun  Gshs
Where:
Gun  Gds  Ght  Gdr
Gun -------- Unaccounted flow,kg/h;
Equivalent flow of level change in Condenser
Ght -------- hot well . It is positive when level is decreased
and negative when level is increased,kg/h.
Equivalent flow of level change in Drum . It is
Gdr -------- positive when level is decreased and negative
when level is increased,kg/h.
8.3.4 Calculation of cooler-reheat steam flow
Gcrsc  Gms  G1  G2  Glz  Gd
G lz  0.34  0.12  6.16  1.4  0.09
Gd  32.11  17.06
Where refer to heat balance drawing load 1 (MCR):
The flow of HP gland seal and MSV leakage
Glz --------
(design value), kg/h;
Gd -------- The steam flow from HP cylinder exhaust to

Page 13 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
IP cylinder (design value),kg/h.
8.3.5 Calculation of reheat steam flow
Ghrsh  Gcrsc  Grhs
8.3.6 Calculation of electric power
Pgro  K PT 1  K CT1 (Wab1  Wcb1 )  103
Where:
Pgro -------- Generator gross output,kW;
K PT 1 -------- Ratio of measuring PT on the generator side;
K CT 1 -------- Ratio of measuring CT on the generator side;
Wab1 -------- Average meter reading of phase A to B,W;
Wcb1 -------- Average meter reading of phase C to B,W.

8.3.7 Calculation of auxiliary power consumption


Paux  K PT 2  K CT 2 (Wab2  Wcb2 )  103
Where:
Paux -------- Auxiliary power consumption of per unit,kW;
Ratio of measuring PT on the low voltage side of
K PT 2 --------
the Aux. transformer;
Ratio of CT measuring on the low voltage side of
K CT 2 --------
the Aux. transformer;
Wab2 -------- Average meter reading of phase A to B,W;
W cb 2 -------- Average meter reading of phase C to B,W.
8.3.8 Correction of heat rate and generator output
If there is any difference between the test parameter and designed value, the following
corrections shall be made as per the curves provided by the manufacturer.
(1) Main steam pressure;
(2) Main steam temperature;
(3) Reheat steam temperature;
(4) Reheat pressure drop;
(5) Turbine exhaust pressure;
(6) Superheater water spray flow;
(7) Reheater water spray flow;
(8) BFPT steam flow
(9) Emporary strainer
(10) Ageing correction
(11) Power factor
8.3.9 Correction of heat rate
THR t
THR c 
1  0 . 01 C 1   1  0 . 01 C 2     1  0 . 01 C n 
Where:
THRc -------- Corrected turbine heat rate;
C1 , C 2 ...C n -------- Corrected coefficients obtained by above curves.

Page 14 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
8.3.10 Correction of turbine-generator output
Pgro
Pgro.c 
1  0.01C  1  0.01C    1  0.01C 
1
'
2
'
n
'

Where:
Pgro.c -------- Corrected generator output;
' '
C1 , C 2 ...C ' n -------- Corrected coefficients obtained by above curves.

Page 15 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant

Table 1. The list of measuring instruments for boiler


NO. Test items Qua. Point No. Instruments Accuracy

1 Primary air temperature 8 TA8A1-8 Type E thermocouple 0.4

2 Secondary air temperature 8 TA081-8 Type E thermocouple 0.4

3 Primary air flow KKS Operation instrument

4 Secondary air flow KKS Operation instrument

Infrared temperature
5 Coal temperature 7 TC011-7 ±2%
meter

6 Coal sampling 7 SC011-7 Collector

7 Feed coal mass flow 6 KKS Operation instrument

8 Flue gas temperature at AH outlet 22 TG151-22 Type E thermocouple 0.4

OPTIMA7 flue gas


9 Flue gas analysis at AH outlet 22 AG151-22 ±0.2%
analyzer

10 Sampling ash in ESP hopper 6 SR551-6 Collector

11 Bottom ash sampling 1 SR37 Collector

12 Emission 1 KKS Operation instrument

Ambient temperature and relative Dry –wet bulb


13 1 TA06 ±0.1℃
humidity thermometer

Page 16 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
Table 2. The list of measuring instruments for turbine-generator
NO. Test items Qua. Point No. Instruments Accuracy

Main steam system

Pressure
1 Main steam pressure (boiler) 1 PX101 0.1
transducer

Type E
2 Main steam temperature (boiler) 1 TW101 0.4
thermocouple

Pressure
3 Main steam pressure (turbine) 2 PX102A,B 0.1
transducer

TW102AA,AB Type E
4 Main steam temperature (turbine) 4 0.4
BA,BB thermocouple

Reheat system

Pressure
5 HP cylinder exhaust pressure 1 PX103 0.1
transducer

Type E
6 HP cylinder exhaust temperature 2 TW103A,B 0.4
thermocouple

Pressure
7 Steam pressure to reheater 1 PX104 0.1
transducer

Type E
8 Steam temperature to reheater 1 TW104 0.4
thermocouple

Pressure
9 Steam pressure at reheater outlet 1 PX105 0.1
transducer

Steam temperature at reheater Type E


10 2 TW105A,B 0.4
outlet thermocouple

Pressure
11 Steam pressure before RSV 2 PX106A,B 0.1
transducer

TW106 Type E
12 Steam temperature before RSV 4 0.4
AA,AB,BA,BB thermocouple

Feed water system

Pressure
13 Feed water pressure (boiler) 1 PX300 0.1
transducer

Type E
14 Feed water temperature (boiler) 1 TW300 0.4
thermocouple

Page 17 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant

Pressure
15 Final feed water pressure(turbine) 1 PX301 0.1
transducer

Type E
16 Final feed water temp. (turbine) 2 TW301A,B 0.4
thermocouple

Feed water temp. at No.1 HP Type E


17 1 TW302 0.4
heater outlet thermocouple

Feed water temp. at No.1 HP Type E


18 1 TW303 0.4
heater inlet thermocouple

Feed water temp. at NO.2 HP Type E


19 1 TW304 0.4
heater inlet thermocouple

Feed water press. at NO.3 HP Pressure


20 1 PX305 0.1
heater inlet transducer

Feed water temp. at NO.3 HP Type E


21 1 TW305 0.4
heater inlet thermocouple

TW306 Type E
22 Feed water temp. at Dea. Outlet 3 0.4
A,B,C thermocouple

23 Spray water flow of RH 1 FE307 On line meter

24 Spray water flow of SH 1 FE308 On line meter

25 Turbine steam flow of BFP 1 FE309 On line meter

Condensate system

Pressure
26 Condensate press. at Dea. inlet 1 PX401 0.1
transducer

Type E
27 Condensate temp. at Dea. inlet 1 TW401 0.4
thermocouple

1 Nozzle 0.15
Condensate water flow FE402
28 2 Transducer 0.1

Condensate water temp. before Type E


29 1 TW402 0.4
nozzle thermocouple

Condensate water temp. at hot Type E


30 1 TW403 0.4
well outlet thermocouple

31 Water level at hot well 1 FE701 On line meter

32 Water level at Dea. water tank 1 FE702 On line meter

Page 18 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant

Make up water system

33 Make-up water flow of Hot well 1 FE601 On line meter

Drain system

TW501 Type E
34 Drain temperature of No.1 HP 1 0.4
thermocouple

Type E
35 Drain temperature of No.2 HP 1 TW502 0.4
thermocouple

Type E
36 Drain temperature of No.3 HP 1 TW503 0.4
thermocouple

Steam extraction and exhaust system

Steam press. to NO.1 HP heater Pressure


37 1 PX201 0.1
inlet transducer

Steam temp. to NO.1 HP heater Type E


38 1 TW201 0.4
inlet thermocouple

Steam press. to NO.2 HP heater Pressure


39 1 PX202 0.1
inlet transducer

Steam temp. to NO.2 HP heater Type E


40 1 TW202 0.4
inlet thermocouple

Steam press. to NO.3 HP heater Pressure


41 1 PX203 0.1
inlet transducer

Steam temp. to NO.3 HP heater Type E


42 1 TW203 0.4
inlet thermocouple

Pressure
43 Steam press. to Dea. inlet 1 PX204 0.1
transducer

Type E
44 Steam temp. to Dea. inlet 1 TW204 0.4
thermocouple

PX206 Pressure
45 LP cylinder exhaust pressure 8 0.1
A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H transducer

Generator system

46 Generator gross output 2 W01AB,CB Power transducer 0.2

W02AB,CB
47 Auxiliary power consumption 4 Power transducer 0.2
W03AB,CB

Page 19 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant

Common auxiliary power


48 On line meter
consumption

Ambient condition

Barometric pressure Pressure


49 1 PX701 0.1
transducer

TW701 Type E
50 Ambient temperature 1 0.4
thermocouple

Page 20 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
Fig.1 Layout of boiler measuring points

Page 21 of 31
TW102AA,AB,BA,BB PX102A,B
GV TV
X

D
TW106AA,AB,BA,BB PX106A,B TW101
BFPT PX101
TW105A,B
PX105

BOILER

D F L P H I P
TW104
PX104
PX206A,B PX206C,D
PX103A
TW103A,B

TW300
PX204 PX300
GR TW204

PX401
TW401
FE402
Condenser TW601 PX601
PX402
L702
FE601
L701
TW402 TW306A,B,C

Page 22 of 31
来自补给水
TW301A,B

CP PX301
PX203
PX202
D FE307 TW203 PX201
TW202
Reheater Desuperheater Water
TW201
Fig.2 Layout of steam & water system measuring points

TW305 TW304 TW303 TW302

GJ1
DJ8 DJ7 DJ6 DJ5 GJ3 GJ2 GJ1
GC Superheater Desuperheater Water
TW502 TW501
FE308 TW503

Le g e n d : P re s s u re Te m p e ra tu re F lo w Wa te r le v e l
图例: 压力 温度 流量 水位
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
Fig.3 Layout of measuring points for electric power

Page 23 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
Appendix 1 Heat Balance Drawing
1. Heat balance drawing (MCR)
2. Heat balance drawing (VWO makeup water with 3%)
3. Heat balance drawing (VWO makeup water with 0%)
4. Heat balance drawing (MCR makeup water with 3%)
5. Heat balance drawing (80% MCR makeup water with 3%)
6. Heat balance drawing (60% MCR makeup water with 3%)
7. Heat balance drawing (60% MCR makeup water with 0%)

Page 24 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
1. Heat balance drawing (MCR)

Page 25 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
2. Heat balance drawing (VWO makeup water with 3%)

Page 26 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
3. Heat balance drawing (VWO makeup water with 0%)

Page 27 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
4. Heat balance drawing (MCR makeup water with 3%)

Page 28 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
5. Heat balance drawing (80% MCR makeup water with 3%)

Page 29 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
6. Heat balance drawing (60% MCR makeup water with 3%)

Page 30 of 31
Performance Test Procedure 性能试验大纲
Indian Tuticorin 2×600MW sub-critical coal-fired thermal power plant
7. Heat balance drawing (60% MCR makeup water with 0%)

Page 31 of 31