Sunteți pe pagina 1din 2

Lőrinc Szabó

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to navigationJump to search

Lőrinc Szabó by József Rippl-Rónai (1923)

Lőrinc Szabó statue in Debrecen

The native form of this personal name is gáborjáni Szabó Lőrinc. This article

uses Western name order when mentioning individuals.
Lőrinc Szabó de Gáborján (Hungarian: gáborjáni Szabó Lőrinc [ˈɡaːborjaːni ˈsɒboː
ˈløːrint͡s]; Miskolc, 31 March 1900 – Budapest, 3 October 1957) was
a Hungarian poet and literary translator.


 1Biography
 2Poetry
 3Books of poetry
 4References

He was born in Miskolc as the son of an engine driver, Lőrinc Szabó sr., and Ilona
Panyiczky. The family moved to Balassagyarmat when he was 3 years old. He
attended school in Balassagyarmat and Debrecen. He studied at
the ELTE in Budapest where he befriended Mihály Babits. He didn't finish his studies;
instead he began to work for the literary periodical Az Est in 1921, shortly after he
married Klára Mikes, the daughter of Lajos Mikes. He worked there until 1944.
Between 1927 and 1928 he was a founder and editor of the periodical Pandora.
His first published poems appeared in the 1920s in the Nyugat ("The West"). His first
book of poetry was published in 1922 under the title Föld, erdő, Isten ("Earth, Forest,
God") and received considerable success. He got the Baumgarten Award in 1932,
1937 and 1943. As a translator, he translated several works of Shakespeare (Timon
of Athens in 1935, As You Like It in 1938, Macbeth in 1939, Troilus and Cressida in
1948); Coleridge's Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan, Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du
mal (together with Babits and Árpád Tóth); François Villon's Grand
Testament, Molière's L'École des femmes, Goethe's The Sorrows of Young
Werther, Thomas Hardy's Tess of the d'Urbervilles, and works
of Verlaine, Tyutchev, Pushkin, Krylov, Kleist, Mörike, Nietzsche, George, Rilke, Ben
n and Weinheber.
He fought in World War II, met Gyula Gömbös and at a literary congress
at Lillafüred he emphasized the beauty of war poetry. In 1942 Lőrinc Szabó joined
the "Europäische Schriftstellervereinigung" (i.e. European Writers' League) which
had been founded by Joseph Goebbels.[1] Today his correspondence with its head
secretary Carl Rothe shows their close friendship. Szabó became the speaker of
Hungarian section of the European Writers' League after József Nyírő and published
articles in the organisation's magazine "Europäische Literatur" (i.e. European
This led to him being considered right-wing, and because of this, after the war he
was left out of cultural life and could publish only translations, not his own works. His
importance was recognised only shortly before his death, when he received
the Kossuth Prize. He died of a heart attack.

Several of his poems were written to his children Lóci and Klári, while in other poems
he remembers his own childhood.
In 1950 his long-time girlfriend Erzsébet Korzáti committed suicide. His sonnet