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25/5/2018 New York (state) - Wikipedia

Coordinates: 43°N 75°W

New York (state)
New York is a state in the northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United
States. With an estimated 19.85 million residents in 2017,[4] it is the fourth most populous state. To differentiate from its city with State of New York
the same name, it is sometimes called New York State.

The state's most populous city, New York City makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population
lives in the New York metropolitan area, and nearly 40% lives on Long Island.[9] The state and city were both named for the 17th-
century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.55 million in 2015,[9] New York City
Flag Seal
is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States.[10][11][12] The
New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world.[13][14] New York City is a global city,[15] home to the United Nickname(s): The Empire State
Nations Headquarters[16] and has been described as the cultural, financial and media capital[17][18] of the world,[19][20][21] as well as
Motto(s): Excelsior (in Latin)[1]
the world's most economically powerful city.[22][21][23] The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester, Ever upward
Yonkers, and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany.
State song(s): "I Love New York"
New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut,
Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an
international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the
state is in the Atlantic Coastal Plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and
the lower Hudson River Valley. The large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains,
and the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. Two major river valleys  – the north-south Hudson River
Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of
the Great Lakes Region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, and Niagara Falls. The central part of the state is dominated by the
Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination. Official None
New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the Spoken
time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for languages English 69.6%
trade and proselytizing. In 1609, the region was visited by Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company. The Dutch Spanish 15.1%
built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany later
Chinese 3.1%
French 1.6%
developed. The Dutch soon also settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of
Russian 1.2%
New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American
Italian 0.9%
Revolutionary War (1775–1783), a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony
Yiddish 0.7%
and eventually succeeded in establishing independence.
Hindi/Urdu 0.6%
Many landmarks in New York are well known, including four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Arabic 0.5%
Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls (shared with Ontario), and Grand Central Terminal.[24] New York is home to the Statue of Japanese 0.5%
Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.[25] In the 21st century, New York has
Korean 0.5%
emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship,[26] social tolerance,[27] and environmental sustainability.[28][29] New
Demonym New Yorker
York's higher education network comprises approximately 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell
Capital Albany
University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, and Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among
Largest city New York City
the top 35 in the world.[30][31]
Largest metro New York
metropolitan area
Area Ranked 27th
Contents  • Total 54,555[3] sq mi
(141,300 km2)
History  • Width 285 miles (455 km)
Native American history  • Length 330 miles (530 km)
16th century  • % water 13.5
17th century  • Latitude 40° 30′ N to 45° 1′
18th century, the American Revolution, and statehood N
19th century
 • Longitude 71° 51′ W to 79° 46′
September 11, 2001 attacks Population Ranked 4th
Hurricane Sandy, 2012  • Total 19,849,399 (2017
Geography  • Density 416.42/sq mi 
Water (159/km2)
Climate Ranked 7th
Ecology  • Median $58,005 (2016)[5]
Regions household (23rd)
State parks income
National parks, monuments, and historic landmarks Elevation
Administrative divisions  • Highest point Mount Marcy[6][7][8]
Demographics 5,344 ft (1,629 m)
Population  • Mean 1,000 ft  (300 m)
Most populous counties  • Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[7][8]
Major cities
Sea level
Metropolitan areas Admission to July 26, 1788 (11th)
Race and ethnicity Union
Languages Governor Andrew Cuomo (D)
Religion Lieutenant Kathy Hochul (D)
LGBTQ Governor
Economy Legislature New York
Wall Street Legislature
Silicon Alley  • Upper house State Senate
Tech Valley  • Lower house State Assembly 1/18