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9/6/2019 What are Different Tests for Concrete Quality Check?

(https://theconstructor.org/)

What are Different Tests for Concrete Quality

Quality tests on concrete are performed as a part of quality control of concrete structures. Di
on concrete such as compressive strength tests, slump tests, permeability tests etc.are used to
the concrete that is supplied for a given specification.

These quality tests on concrete give an idea about the properties of concrete such as strength
content, permeability etc.

Tests for Concrete Quality Check


Each quality test conducted on concrete determines their respective quality result of concret
possible to conduct all the test to determine the quality of concrete. We have to choose the be
good judgment of the concrete quality.

The primary quality test determines the variation of the concrete specification from the requ
concrete specification. The quality tests ensure that the best quality concrete is placed at the
structural members of desired strength are obtained.

Below mentioned are the quality tests conducted on fresh and hardened concretes.

Quality Tests on Fresh Concrete


Most Common Quality Tests on Fresh concrete are:

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9/6/2019 What are Different Tests for Concrete Quality Check?

1. Workability Tests

Workability of concrete mixture is measured by, Vee-bee consistometer test, Compaction fact
test.

Read More: Vee-bee consistometer test (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/vee-bee-tes


consistometer/17815/), Compaction factor test,  (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/com
test/1565/)Slump test (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/slump-test/1558/)

2. Air content

Air content measures the total air content in a sample of fresh concrete but does not indicate
place air content is, because a certain amount of air is lost in transportation Consolidating, p
finishing.

Read More: Measurement of Air Content in Concrete by Pressure Air Method


(https://theconstructor.org/concrete/air-content-concrete-measurement-method/20411/)

3. Setting Time

The action of changing mixed cement from a fluid state to a solid state is called “Setting of Ce

Initial Setting Time is defined as the period elapsing between the time when water is added
time at which the needle of 1 mm square section fails to pierce the test block to a depth of ab
bottom of the mold.

Final Setting Time is defined as the period elapsing between the time when water is added
time at which the needle of 1 mm square section with 5 mm diameter attachment makes an
block.

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Read More: Final Setting Time (https://theconstructor.org/practical-guide/final-setting-t


cement/1553/), Initial Setting Time (https://theconstructor.org/practical-guide/initial-set
is-4031-is-269/1551/)

Other tests conducted on fresh concrete are:

1. Segregation resistance

2. Unit weight

3. Wet analysis

4. Temperature

5. Heat generation

6. Bleeding

Read More: Common Tests on Fresh Concrete (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/common-t


concrete/5557/)

Tests on Hardened Concrete


Most Common Quality Tests on hardened concrete are:

1. Compressive strength

The compressive strength of concrete cube test provides an idea about all the characteristics

Read More: Compressive Strength on Concrete Cores, (https://theconstructor.org/practi


guide/compressive-strength-test-on-concrete-core/7581/) Compressive Strength of Concr
(https://theconstructor.org/wp-admin/post.php?post=2234&action=edit), Compressive st
Cubes (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/compressive-strength-concrete-cube-test/156

2. Tensile strength

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The tensile strength of concrete is one of the basic and important properties which greatly af
size of cracking in structures. Moreover, the concrete is very weak in tension due to its brittl
not expected to resist the direct tension. So, concrete develops cracks when tensile forces exc
strength. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the tensile strength of concrete to determine
concrete members may crack.

Read More: Split Tensile Strength on Concrete (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/split


strength-test-cylindrical-concrete-specimen/2116/)

3. Modulus of elasticity

Modulus of elasticity of concrete is the ratio of stress to the strain of the concrete under the a

Read More: Determination of Modulus of Elasticity (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/deter


of-elasticity-of-concrete/2119/)

4. Permeability Tests on Concrete

When concrete is permeable it can cause corrosion in reinforcement in presence of oxygen,


and Cl– etc. This formation of rust due to corrosion becomes nearly 6 times the volume of ste
which cracking develops in reinforced concrete and spalling of concrete starts.

Read More: Permeability Tests on Concrete (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/permea


concrete-cover/8731/)

5. In situ test on concrete

There are various in-situ test conducted on hardened concrete, both destructive and non-des
them are concrete pull out tests, Break off tests, Schmidt Hammer test.

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Read More: Schmidt Hammer (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/rebound-hammer-te


pull-out (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/pullout-lok-test-on-hardened-concrete/286
etc.

Other quality tests are conducted to test the following

1. Modulus of rupture

2. Density

3. Shrinkage

4. Creep

5. Freeze/thaw resistance

6. Resistance to aggressive chemicals

7. Resistance to abrasion

8. Bond to reinforcement

9. Absorption

Read More: Tests on hardened concrete (https://theconstructor.org/concrete/tests-on-ha


concrete/1912/)

Compression Test and Slump Test for Quality Tests


Among the tests mentioned above, the two major tests mainly considered as quality tests are
and slump tests. If necessary, it is desired to conduct fresh concrete temperature and harden
determination tests.

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Fig.1.Slump Test

The reasons for the selection of compressive strength test and slump test in practice for qual
concrete are:

1. Most of the concrete properties are related to the compressive strength that is obtained by
test.

2. Compressive strength test is the easiest, most economical or most accurately determinable

3. The variability of concrete is best studied by means of compressive strength tests.

4. The quality of the mix is judged by the slump test. This studies the variation of construction
These tests focus on the water-cement ratio of the concrete mix.

5. The slump test is easy to conduct. It determines the quality of concrete very fastly before it
placement standards are as recommended by the respective concrete practice codes.

6. Slump test is conducted at the site which does not require any lab arrangement or expensiv
Hence this test is economical.

7. We conduct the slump test before pouring into the formwork. Hence if there is an issue wit
the tested batch can be rejected. This would help in bringing up a defective structural membe
dismantling and repair.

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About Gopal Mishra (https://theconstructor.org/aut


mishra/)
Gopal Mishra is a Civil Engineer from NIT Calicut and has more than 10 years of experience in C
Construction. He is the founder of The Constructor.

©2019 The Constructor - Civil Engineering Home

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