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PAPER - I (QUESTION PAPER & SOLUTION)

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PAPER - I (QUESTION PAPER & SOLUTION)

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SECTION I : (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)

This section contains 10 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices

(A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONE or MORE than one is/are correct.

1. The left most capacitor has initial charge ‘q’ as shown. The other two capacitors are uncharged. All

the capacitors have same capacitance ‘C’. The switch is first connected to 1 and then to 2 and again

to 1. This process is rapidly repeated for a long time. Select the correct statements :

S

q

q

C C C

1 2

q2

(A) Heat produced in the circuit cannot be greater than 3c over a long time

q

(B) Final charge on the left most capacitor can not be less than 3

q

(C) Final charge on the right most capacitor can not be greater than 3

q

(D) Middle capacitor will never have a charge greater than 2

1. (ABCD)

q

After long time, all the capacitors will have same p.d and hence charge on each is 3 .

2. An idealized diesel engine operates in a cycle known as air standard diesel cycle as shown. Fuel is

sprayed into the cylinder at the point of maximum compression, B. Combustion occurs during

expansion BC.

(B) Heat is released during process DA

(C) Heat is absorbed during process CD

1 TD TA

1

TC TB

(D) Efficiency of the cycle is

2. (ABD)

Q BC nCP T 0

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AITS – 1 PHYSICS (PAPER – I)

Q DA nCV T 0

W Q released nC T TA 1T T

1 1 V D 1 D A

Qabsorbed Qabsorbed nC P TC TB TC TB

3. In the figure, there is a uniform conducting structure in which each small square has side a. The

structure is kept in uniform magnetic field B.

(B) The potential of point B = potential of point D

(C) Potential of point O = potential of point B

(D) The magnetic force on the structure is 2 iBa

3. (ABC)

4. When a current–carrying coil is placed in a uniform magnetic field with its magnetic moment anti-

parallel to the field

(A) Torque on it is maximum (B) Torque on it is zero

(C) Potential energy is maximum (D) Dipole is in unstable equilibrium

4. (BCD)

M B and U M.B

Here M and B are anti-parallel

O and U = +MB (maximum)

5. A nucleus A decays into B with half life T 1 and B decays into C with half life T 2. Graph is drawn

between number of atoms / activity versus time. Select the correct graph(s).

(A) (B)

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AITS – 1 PHYSICS (PAPER – I)

(C) (D)

5. (AD)

N1 t N 0e 1t

N 01 1t 2 t

N2 t

2 1

e e

6. A lens of focal length ‘f’ is placed in between an object and screen at a distance ‘D’. The lens forms

two real images of object on the screen for two of its different positions, a distance ‘x’ apart. The two

real images have magnifications m1 and m2 respectively (m1 > m2). Then

x D2 x 2

f f

(A) m1 m 2 (B) m1m2 = 1 (C) 4D (D) D 4f

6. (ABCD)

v+u=D

and v – u = X

DX Dx D2 X 2

v ,u &f

2 2 4D

DX DX

m1 , m2

DX DX

7. In each of the following diagrams, the magnetic field in the circular region is inside the plane of the

paper and is increasing with time. Four different shaped metallic conductors ‘PQR’ are placed as

shown. The end P will be more positively charged compared to R in: (Q is the centre in options AB).

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

7. (BD)

The changing magnetic field inside the plane produces electric lines of forces in

anticlockwise direction.

There is no direct connection in the shown conductors, so electrons, experiencing

electric force, try to accumulate as shown.

All electrons accumulate at Q symmetrically VP = VR

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AITS – 1 PHYSICS (PAPER – I)

VP VR

All electrons accumulate at R

8. Assume that the nuclear binding energy per nucleon (B/A) versus mass number (A) is as shown in

the figure. Consider a nucleus of A = 110. Fission of this nucleus results into 2 fragments. Which of

the following could possibly be the mass number of the resulting nuclei?

8. (AB)

Fission of a nucleus is feasible only if the binding energy of daughter nuclei is more than the parent

nucleus.

A = 55 will have more BE than 110

A = 70 will have same BE as 110 but A = 40 will have more B.E.

A = 100 will have same BE as 110 but A = 10 will have lesser B.E.

A = 90 will have same BE as 110 but A = 20 will have lesser B.E

9. Three identical bodies are at temperature T1, T2 and T3 having e1, e2 and e3 as their respective

emissivities. The thermal spectrum obtained for them is as shown in the diagram. Choose the correct

order of temperatures and emissivities:

AITS – 1 PHYSICS (PAPER – I)

(A) T1 > T2 > T3 (B) T1 < T2 < T3 (C) e1 < e2 < e3 (D) e1 > e2 > e3

9. (AC)

1

T1 T2 T3 1 3

T as 1 (Wien’s law)

E

Now as the area under the curve and gives the intensity; so

Ae3T34 Ae2T24 {Area of the bodies are same, given}

Now as

T3 T2 e3 e 2

10. When photons of energy 4.25eV strikes the surface of a metal A, the ejected photoelectrons have

maximum kinetic energy, TA expressed in eV and de Broglie wavelength A . The maximum kinetic

energy of photoelectrons liberated from another metal B by photons of energy 4.70eV is TB

2 A , then:

= (TA – 1.50eV). If the de Broglie wavelength of these photoelectrons is B

(A) the work function of A is 2.25eV (B) The work function of B is 4.20eV

(C) TA = 2.00eV (D) TB = 2.75eV

10. (ABC)

hv = K.E. (T) + work function (W)

hv = T + W

4.25eV = TA + WA (for Metal A)

4.70eV = TB + WB (for Metal B)

T TA 1.5 eV

Since B

Also h p

h p2

T K.E.

2mT 2m

A TB

B TA

1

A B

Since 2

TA 4TB

TB TA 1.50 gives

TB 4TB 1.5

TB 0.5eV

TA 2eV

WA 2.25eV

WB 4.20 Ev

AITS – 1 PHYSICS (PAPER – I)

with Two questions on each paragraph. Each question has four choices (A), (B),

(C) and (D) out of which ONLYONE is correct.

Motion of a spinning top is quite intriguing. When a spinning top is placed on the floor and its tip

held in one position, it starts to process about a vertical axis as shown.

Let us take the mass of top as m, its moment of inertia about spinning axis as I, distance of its centre

of mass from pivot points is , and its spinning rate is S . The rate of precession, that is angular

speed at which the top starts to rotate about vertical is . Generally is much smaller than

, so

in our present discussion we will assume that does not contribute to angular momentum L and it

arises only due to

S alone. So IS . As the top precess, horizontal component of its angular

L

momentum changes. This change is brought by the torque due to weight of top, about the pivot. If

top precess with a steady rate, then

dL

ext

dt

Rate of change of horizontal component of L can be calculate easily, as described below.

dL H d

L sin

dt dt

11. If the top described in the problem is precessing uniformly, then its rate of precession is given by:

AITS – 1 PHYSICS (PAPER – I)

(A) IS (B) IS (C) IS (D) IS

11. (A)

d

L sin mgsin

dt

L mgl

mg

IS

12. Sometimes when a ceiling fan is fixed loosely on the ceiling, it performs a conical pendulum like

motion with frequency while running. If a fan is running at 100 rpm, find the value of

assuming it to be much smaller as compared to spinning frequency. Take mass of fan 5kg, its

moment of inertia about spinning axis is 2kg-m 2 and distance of centre of mass of system from point

of hanging is 0.5m. (g = 10m/s2)

(A) 3.14 rev/min (B) 6 rev/min (C) 9.2 rev/min (D) 11.4 rev/min

12. (D)

5 10 0.5 rad s

100 2

2

60

25 60

rad s

400

25 60 60

rev min

400 2

25 60 60

rev min

8002

= 11.4 rev/min

Figure shows a massless wheel of radius R and massless spokes with five charges each of charge Q

and mass m. System is placed in a field created by two large fixed plates having charges +Q 0 and

–Q0 respectively. Entire assembly lies in a smooth horizontal plane. Wheel is placed in horizontal

plane and constrained to move in horizontal plane. Initially spokes are released along X & Y axis as

shown in figure. (A = surface area of plate)

QQ0

(A) Acceleration of centre of mass is 5 0 mA

AITS – 1 PHYSICS (PAPER – I)

QQ0

(B) Acceleration of centre of mass is 10 0 mA

QQ0

(C) Instantaneous angular acceleration of system is 4 0 AmR

QQ 0

(D) Instantaneous angular acceleration of system is 5 0 AmR

13. (A)

Q

Q 0

F A 0 QQ0

a cm

5m 5m 5 0 mA

QQ0

2 R

F.R F.R 2FR A 0

I I I 4mR 2

QQ0

2mAR 0

(A) When released from rest system executes periodic motion in the reference frame-fixed to centre

of mass

(B) When released from rest system executes simple harmonic motion in the reference frame-fixed to

centre of mass

QQ0 QQ0

i j

(C) Acceleration of point A immediately after release is 5 0 mA 2 0 Am

QQ0 QQ0

i j

(D) Acceleration of point A immediately after release is 5 0 mA 5 0 Am

14. (A)

Acceleration of point

QQ 0 QQ0 R

A i j

5 0 mA 2mAR 0

QQ 0 QQ 0 R

i j

5 0 mA 2mA 0

AITS – 1 PHYSICS (PAPER – I)

This section contains 06 Questions. The answer to each question is a Single digit

integer, ranging from 0 to 9 (both inclusive)

15. A bicycle wheel (ring) of mass 1kg and radius 2m is attached at the end of a long rod of mass 1kg

and length 3m, with the axis of wheel perpendicular to the rod. The rod is rotating counter clockwise

as seen from below, about its other end with an angular speed 0.5 rad/s. If wheel is also rotating

about its axis with same angular speed in counter clock wise sense as seen from below. Find angular

momentum of the system (in kg–m2/s) about the axis passing through one end of rod. (Neglect mass

of spokes and mass of rod connecting end of rod of length 3m and centre of ring)

15. (8)

1

1 3 0.5 1 0.5 3 3 1 2 0.5

2 2

L

3

1.5 4.5 2 8kg m 2 s

16. India plans to place geostationary satellites, in equatorial orbit at a height 36000 km from surface of

earth. Each of these satellites are arranged equispaced in same orbit and should be able to see

(exchange signals directly with each other) at any instant of time. If maximum number of such

geostationary satellite is 2N + 1, then find the value of N.

(Radius of earth = 6400 km sin–1(0.15) = 0.15 radian)

16. (4)

640

sin 0.15

4 42400

0.6 {in radian}

6.28

n max 10.46

0.6

n 3,5, 7,9

2N 1 9 N 4

17. Two metallic bodies separated by a distance 20cm are given equal and opposite charges of

magnitude 0.88C . The component of electric field along the line AB, between the plates, varies as

E x 3x 2 0.4 N C , where x (in meters) is the distance from one body towards the other as shown.

AITS – 1 PHYSICS (PAPER – I)

17. (1)

V E.dx

Q = CV and

18. A pure inductor of inductance 3H is given across which a potential difference varying with time is

shown in the adjoining figure. At t = 0, current in the inductor is zero. If the current in the circuit at

t = 3s is N amperes. Find N

18. (7)

V = LdI/dt

19. Nuclei of radioactive element A are produced at rate ‘t2’ at any time t. The element A has decay

dN

constant . Let N be the number of nuclei of element A at anytime t. At time t = t 0, dt , is

Nt 0 t 02

minimum. Then the number of nuclei of element A at time t = t 0 is found to be . Find the

value of N

19. (2)

dN / dt = kt2– λN

dN /dt is minimum if d2N/dt2 = 0

2kt0 – λdN/dt =0

2kt0 – λ(kt02– λN) = 0

Compare coefficients of t0

20. If 10000 V is applied across an X–ray tube, if the ratio of de-Broglie wavelength of the incident

1

electrons to the shortest wavelength of X-ray produced (e/m for electron is 1.8 10 c kg ) is r. Find

11

2/5r.

20. (4)

λe = h/p

λm = eV/hc

λe/ λm = r

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