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SECTION 15083

PIPEING INSULATION
PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 GENERAL

A. Drawings and general provisions of Contract, including General and Special


Conditions and Division-1 Specification Sections, apply to work of this Section.

B. The requirements specified in this section apply to all related sections in this
Division. The requirements of all related sections, elsewhere in this division also
apply to this section unless specified to the contrary.

1.2 DESCRIPTION OF WORK

A. The work includes the providing of all labor, supervision, materials, equipment,
accessories, services and tests necessary to complete, make ready, and set to work for
operation by the Owner, all insulation in accordance with Drawings and
Specifications.

1.3 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Acceptable manufacturers: Firms regularly engaged in manufacture of insulation of


the types and materials, sizes and capacities required, whose products have been in
satisfactory use in similar service for not less than 5 years as approved by Architect.

B. Standards Compliance: Comply with requirements of applicable Local codes and the
standards outlined in Section 15020.

1.4 SUBMITTALS

A. Shop Drawings: Shop detail drawings, including method of attachment.

B. Product Data: Manufacturer's printed data, catalog cuts, test data and
recommendations.

C. Samples, when requested.

Instructions: Installation instructions.

1.5 PRODUCT DELIVERY AND STORAGE

A. .Deliver material properly labeled, packaged and undamaged.

B. Do not store exposed to weather, provide suitable material to protect from damage.

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PART 2 – PRODUCTS

2.1 ACCEPTABLE MANUFACTURERS

Refer to the attached manufacturer’s list

2.2 INSULATION

A. General Insulation Requirements:

1. Insulation shall be applied on clean dry surfaces, after pressure testing


inspection and release for insulation application.

2. Insulation shall be continuous through wall, floor, ceiling openings and sleeves.
Where insulated piping or ductwork pierces fire rated partitions, walls and
floors, substitute anhydrous calcium silicate insulation with vapor barrier in lieu
of fiberglass for a minimum of 200mm from wall in both directions, to produce
a hard surface for fire resistive packing.

3. Insulation on cold surfaces where vapor barrier jackets are used shall be applied
with a continuous, unbroken vapor seal. Hangers, supports, anchors, etc., that
are secured directly to cold services shall be adequately insulated and vapor
sealed to prevent condensation.

4. Insulation pipe hanger shields shall be installed at hangers for insulated piping.
At point of support, pipe shall be protected by a 360 degree insert of high
density, 689 kPa water proofed calcium silicate, encased in a 360 degree
galvanized sheet metal shield. Insert shall be of same thickness as adjoining
pipe insulation. Shield length and minimum sheet metal gauge shall conform to
the following schedule.

Pipe Size mm Shield Length Minimum Thickness mm

15-40 100mm .63


50-150 15 mm 1.1
200-250 22 mm 1.8
300-450 300 mm 1.8
500 and up 450 mm 1.8

Insulation insert to extend 25 mm beyond sheet metal shield on all insulated


lines. Model types shall be standard catalog items for specific application.
Shields shall be installed in full accordance with manufacturer's
recommendations.

5. Insulation on indoor work shall have composite (insulation, jacket or facing, and
adhesive used to adhere the facing or jacket to the insulation. Insulation shall
be flame retardant essentially non combustible, and shall not produce toxic
vapors or dense smoke when burned.

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6. Accessories such as adhesives, mastics, coatings, cements, tapes, etc. for fittings
shall have the same component rating as listed above and shall be applied in
strict accordance with manufacturer's instructions including recommended
coverages. Treatment of jackets or facings to impart flame-and-smoke safety
shall be permanent. The use of water-soluble treatments is prohibited.

7. The only exception to the above material requirements is where a material


meeting these requirements is not available from any manufacturer, in which
case substitute items shall be subject to individual approval by the Architect.

8. Where insulation is specified for piping, insulate similarly all connection, vents,
drains and any piping connected to system subject to heat loss or gain.

9. Adhesives and coating shall be applied according to the manufacturers standard


insulation instructions. No adhesive or cements shall be applied to ambient
temperatures below those recommended by manufacturers.

2.3 INSULATION THICKNESS AND TYPE OF APPLICATION FOR HVAC


SYSTEMS

A. Piping systems described shall be insulated as follows, including all flanges, fittings,
valves, expansion joints, vents, drains and all other parts of the system.
Insulation Insulation
Piping System Thickness Type

chilled water supply


and return Below 50 mm = 38 mm P–1
50 mm to 200mm = 50 mm
200 mm & Up = 65 mm

Refrigerant suction 38 mm P-1

Water Heater feed water


up to 50 mm 38 mm
65 mm & above 50 mm
outdoor domestic water 50 mm P–1

Make-up water 25 mm P-1

Drains from A.C. 25 mm P-2


units, cooling coil
drip pans, and mis-
cellaneous piping
subject to sweating

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Emergency Generator 100 mm P-4
Hot water heating & reheat
up to 50 mm 38 mm P-3
65 mm to 150 50 mm P-3
200 mm & above 65 mm P-3

2.4 PIPING INSULATION TYPES FOR HVAC SYSTEMS

A. Type P-1 Glass Fiber for Cold Pipes

1. Insulation shall be glass fiber with a maximum K factor of .24 at 23C mean
temperature with factory applied vapor barrier jacket.

2. Longitudinal lap and 75 mm wide vapor barrier joint seal strips shall be adhered
neatly in place with vapor barrier adhesive. Factory applied self-sealing laps are
acceptable.

3. Ends of pipe insulation shall be sealed off with vapor barrier coating at flanges,
valves and fittings and at intervals of not more than 7 meters on continuous runs of
pipe.

4. Fittings and valves shall be insulated with molded fittings, mitered segments of pipe
insulation or 0.45 kg fiberglass blanket, compressed 2 to 1. Secure with copper-clad
wire. Thickness to be same as adjoining insulation (minimum of 25 mm thickness
on fiberglass blanket). Flanges shall be insulated with sectional pipe insulation
extending a minimum of 25 mm beyond end of bolts. Bolt area shall be filled with
insulating cement. Fittings, etc. shall be vapor-sealed by applying two 1.5 mm thick
coats of vapor barrier coating reinforced with glass fabric (10 x 10). Lap the glass
fabric at least 25 mm on itself and 50 mm on adjoining pipe insulation. If fiberglass
blanket is used, a smoothing coat of finishing cement must be applied before the
vapor barrier is applied.

5. Concealed piping shall be banded in place with three aluminum bands per section,
one over each end of the joint sealing strip, and one in the middle of the section.
Where self-sealing laps are used, bands are not required.

6. All exposed piping shall have a factory attached, pre-sized glass cloth covered vapor
barrier jacket. Vapor-barrier jacket may be vinyl-coated embossed laminate.

B.Type P-2 Glass Fiber for Anti-Sweat Insulation

1. Insulation shall be glass fiber with a maximum K factor of 24 at 23C mean


temperature with factory applied vapor barrier jacket.

2. Longitudinal lap and 75 mm wide vapor barrier joint seal strips shall be adhered
neatly in place with vapor barrier adhesive. Factory applied self-sealing laps are
acceptable.

3. Fittings and valves for pipe sizes smaller than 200 mm shall be insulated and finished
with Insulating and Finishing Cement. On pipe sizes 200 mm and larger, use

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segments of the molded insulation or molded fiberglass fittings wired securely in
place. Flanges shall be insulated with sectional pipe insulation extending a minimum
of 25 mm beyond the end of the bolts. Bolt area to be filled with mineral wool
cement. Thickness of fittings, valve and flange insulation shall be same as adjoining
pipe insulation. Concealed fittings, etc., may be insulated with 0.45 kg fiberglass
blanket wrapped firmly under compression, 2 to 1 and secured with copper-clad wire.

4. Concealed piping shall be banded in place with three aluminum bands per section, one
over each end of the joint sealing strip and one in the middle of the section. Where
self-sealing laps are used, bands are not required.
5. All exposed piping shall have a factory attached, white, all-service jacket (ASJ).
Exposed fittings, etc., shall be finished with open weave glass fabric (10 x 10)
smoothly adhered and coated with lagging adhesive.

C. Type P-3 Glass Fiber Pipe Insulation for Hot Pipes

1. Insulation shall be molded glass fiber with a maximum K factor of 0.24 at 23C mean
temperature with factory applied jacket.

2. Longitudinal lap and 75 mm wide joint seal strips shall be secured with outward clinch
staples on concealed piping and vapor barrier adhesive on exposed piping. Factory
applied self-sealing laps (SSL) are acceptable.

3. Fittings and valves for pipe sizes smaller than 200 mm shall be insulated and finished
with Insulating and Finishing Cement. On pipe sizes 200 mm and larger, use segments
of the molded insulation or molded fiberglass fittings wired securely in place. Flanges
shall be insulated with sectional pipe insulation extending a minimum of 25 mm beyond
the end of the bolts. Bolt area to be filled with mineral wool cement. Thickness of
fittings, valve and flange insulation shall be same as adjoining pipe insulation.
Concealed fittings, etc., may be insulated with 0.45 kg fiberglass blanket wrapped firmly
under compression, 2 to 1 and secured with copper-clad wire.

4. All exposed piping shall be finished with a factory attached, all-service jacket (ASJ).
Exposed fittings, etc., shall be finished with open weave glass fabric (10 x 20) adhered
and coated with lagging adhesive.

D. Type P-4 Calcium Silicate Pipe Insulation.

1. Insulation shall be 132 kP per cu. m. density molded a hydrous calcium silicate with a
maximum K factor of 0.42 at 93C mean temperature. Insulation shall be fastened in
place with 1.7 m copper-clad wire on 450 mm maximum centers.

a. All insulation shall consist of half-round sections in single-layer thickness.

b. Multi-layered or multi-segmental insulation is unacceptable.

2. Fittings and valves for pipe sizes smaller than 200 mm shall be insulated and finished
with Insulating and Finishing Cement to a thickness equal to the adjoining pipe
insulation. Fittings and valves for pipe sizes 200 mm and larger shall be insulated with

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segments of the molded insulation wired securely in place and finished with a smoothing
coat of finishing cement.

3. Flanges shall be insulated with sectional pipe insulation extending a minimum of 25 mm


beyond the ends of the bolt. Bolt area shall be filled with mineral wool cement.

4. Flanges and welded joints shall not be covered until the piping has been hydrostatically
tested per section 15510 of this specification.

E. Type P-5 Cellular Glass

1. Install insulation in staggered layers. Tightly butt the longitudinal and circumferential
joints and wire the sections in place with type 304 stainless steel bands (12 mm x .5
mm) on 225 mm centers. Install at least two bands per section of insulation. Install
expansion joints in both horizontal and vertical runs, fabricated in accordance with
manufacturer's standards.

2. Insulate fittings, valves and flanges with premolded insulating covers wired in place
with either stainless steel bands or soft annealed stainless steel wires. Install beveled
or tapered transition sections between fittings and adjacent pipe. Pack voids in
insulation with glass fiber blanket insulation.

3. Finish insulation with an acrylic latex coating applied at a rate of 8 liters per 9m².
While the coating is still tacky, install an open-weave cloth, overlapped 100 mm, laid
smooth and thoroughly embedded in the coating. Before the surfaces become dry,
apply a second coating of acrylic latex at a rate of 16 liters per 9m². Completely cover
the cloth with no portion visible through the finish while wet.

2.5 PIPE SLEEVES OPENINGS

A. All pipe sleeves openings penetrating floor slabs, partitions, walls, etc., shall be packed
with fiberglass and sealed with mineral wool.

2.6 WEATHERPROOFING FINISHES FOR OUTDOOR INSULATION

A. Outdoor Piping and Piping in trench.

1. Finish with a 0.4 mm thick aluminum jacket which has a factory


applied moisture barrier. For all applications where it is available, the jacketing shall
be factory attached to the insulation and installed per manufacturer's
recommendation.

2. Where field applied jacketing must be used, it shall be applied with


50 mm overlap facing down from the weather and shall be secured with an
aluminum band 12 x .3 mm and seals applied on 300 mm centers with bands applied

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directly over but overlaps. As an alternate, the jacketing may be applied with rivets.
Where hacketing is cut out or abutts an un-insulated surface, the joint shall be sealed
with foam sealant.

3. Fittings and valves shall be insulated and finished with mitered


sections of the insulation with factory attached aluminum jackets installed per
manufacturer's recommendation.

4. All valves and coil hook-up should be cladded with aluminum


jacket same as item 1

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 INSPECTION

A. Examine areas and conditions under which insulation is to be installed. Notify


Architect in writing of conditions detrimental to proper completion of the work.
Do not proceed with work until unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

3.2 INSTALLATION

A. Install insulation as indicated, in accordance with manufacturer's written


instructions, and in accordance with recognized industry practices to ensure that
installation complies with requirements and serves intended purpose.

B. Coordinate with other work, as necessary to interface installation of insulation with


other work.

C. Install insulation on pipe system subsequent to installation of heat tracing, testing


and acceptance of tests.

D. Clean and dry pipe surfaces prior to insulating. Butt insulation joints firmly
together to ensure complete and tight fit over surfaces to be covered.

E. Cover valves, fittings and similar item in each piping system with equivalent
thickness and composition of insulation as applied to adjoining pipe run. Install
factory molded, precut or job fabricated units except where documents call for
insulation to be another type.

F. Install insulation materials with smooth and even surfaces. Install each continuous
run of piping with fall length units of insulation with single cut piece to complete
run. Do not use out pieces or scraps abutting each other. Install pipe hanger
insulation insert at all hangers of equal thickness to adjacent insulation. Install
insulation protection shields at each pipe hanger between jacket and hanger.

G. Install rigid pipe insulation inserts on all pipes passing through floor sleeves and
through fire rated walls and fire rated partition or ceiling openings in order to
maintain required fire rated composite for sleeve caulking. In lieu of this

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requirement, insulation may be deleted from hot pipes below 160oF at the point
where they pass through the building's construction.

H. Install all-purpose insulation jackets over all hot pipe insulation. Install a
continuous unbroken vapor barrier seal over all cold water pipe to prevent
condensation on cold pipes and hangers, supports, anchors, etc., which are secured
directly to cold pipes. For hot pipes, apply 76 mm wide vapor barrier type or band
over the butt joints.

I. Where insulation is specified for piping, also insulate all connections, vents, drains
and piping connected to the system which are subject to heat loss or gain.

J. Do not use staples on hot pipe insulation jackets if hot water heat maintenance
system is used.

END OF SECTION 15083

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