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REPORT

Measurements and Instrumentations


Experiment: Resistance Temperature Sensors

OUEDRAOGO T. Arnaud
1ˢᵗ G.H.E

1
My experiment concerned resistance temperatures sensors such as resistance and
thermistor. The purposes of manipulation were to understand basic operation of these
sensors; to make different kinds of resistance measurement; to determine and compare the
accuracy of these sensors.

Description of manipulation:
Manipulation was simple. I had like apparatus: Platinum resistance thermometer
sensor, thermistor, precision mercury-in-glass thermometer, two digital ohmmeter (one for
resistance and one for thermistor), and constant temperature bath with agitator and
heaters.
Manipulation was to heat water progressively at 30ᵒC to 70ᵒC and to report the value R of
resistance and thermistors. After that, I plotted the resistance of the sensors, determined
coefficient of resistance for sensors and determined coefficient β of thermistor.

Experiment:
1.
After measuring, we had this board:
Temperature in ᵒC 30 40 50 60 70
R(Resistance) in Ω 113 116.8 120.7 124.3 128.3
R(Thermistor or 14.5 10.42 7.7 5.6 4
semi-conductor) in
Ω

At 50 ᵒC:
For resistance:
R (T) =R₀ ×(1+ aT) =R₀ +(a×R₀×T)
(R (T=50)−R₀ )
Considering that R₀=113; m=a×R₀=
50

A.N:
(120.7−113)
m= =0.154
50

2
m=0.154

For thermistor:
1 1
β ( − 0)
R(T)=R₀𝑒 T T

β
Considering that R₀=4k; α=-

A.N:
α=-β×0.0004 with
3000K<β<5000K

According to the graph of the resistance of thermometer as a function of temperature


 = 0.358 %

2.
∆Rmin
We know that resolution ∆T=
m

Our thermoter is accurate to ±1C


√∆2 +𝑐²)
And Accuracy of measurements considering calibration accuracy: where c:
𝑚
calibration accuracy =0.5%

For resistance:
At 30ᵒC:
1
m= =0.033 m=0.033
30
0.01
∆T= =115.15=3.03 delta=0.303
0.033

Accuracy:

0.5 2
√(1+(100) ) =30.3K
0.033

At 70ᵒC:
(128.3−113)
m= =0.21 m=0.21
70
3
0.01
∆T= =0.476 ∆=0.047
0.21

Accuracy:

0.5 2
1+( )
√( 100
) =4.76K
0.21

3.
T (K) =T (ᵒC) +273
R (T) β
=
R₀ T

Temperature 30 40 50 60 70
in ᵒC
T in K 303 313 323 333 343
1
in K 3.3×10⁻³ 3.19×10⁻³ 3.09×10⁻³ 3×10⁻³ 2.9×10⁻³
𝑇
𝑅
3.6 2.6 1.9 1.4 1
R₀

From the graph, β equal:


R
ln( ₀ )
R
β= 1 1
( − )
T T₀

A.N:
ln(3.6)
β= =3202.3K
(3.3×10⁻³−2.9×10⁻³)

β=3202.3K

The smallest changes in temperature that the thermistor can detect in 50 C:


−β×R
S=

A.N:
−3202.3×7.7
S= =-9.8
(50)²

4
S=-9.8Ω/K