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# Case Study Replacing FWA

A. Research Options
1. Implementation of Stereo Audio systems (Multiplexing), discussion in analog
prospective and signal processing
2. Butterworth Filter, discussion in analog prospective and signal processing
3. Chebyshev Filter type 1, discussion in analog prospective and signal processing
4. Chebyshev Filter type 2, discussion in analog prospective and signal processing
5. Elliptic Filter, discussion in analog prospective and signal processing
6. Bessel Filter, discussion in analog prospective and signal processing
7. Gaussian Filter, discussion in analog prospective and signal processing
8. Cross-correlation, discussion in analog prospective and signal processing

## Rules Governing Research Project:

1. The research on any of these topics is to be carried out individually or by group two
students.
2. A bonus of 2 Marks in viva will be given to a student that illustrate simulation or
Simulink in Matlab to her/his relative project and explain the code.
3. Students should perform proper citation and referencing for the report content like
images and tables. No plagiarisms should be allowed.
4. Each group must submit a report as per the guidelines mention in “Report Format”
5. Each group must prepare a presentation of not more than ten slides to present
summary and results of the project.
6. Each member of the group must appear for individual viva
7. Marks distribution of report, presentation and viva is as follow
Report: 5 Marks
Presentation: 5 Marks
Viva: 5 Marks
8. Deadline for submission and presentation ………….
9. Late submission will result in penalty of 20% deduction (4 Marks) for the whole group.
B. Project Option
I. Electrical Circuit Modelling and Simulation
For a given electrical circuit:
The choice of the circuit and the values of the components is left to the teacher teaching the
course
Modelling.
1. Draw the equivalent Laplace diagram of the circuit
2. Find the transfer function of the circuit
3. Find the differential equation representing the circuit
Finding response to a given stimulus
4. Apply impulse signal as input to the system represented by above model and find the
output using pen and paper. Draw the calculated response.
5. Apply step signal as input to the system represented by above model and find the
output using pen and paper. Draw the calculated response.
6. Apply sine signal as input to the system represented by above model and find the
output using pen and paper. Draw the calculated response.
7. Discretize the system by applying z transforms with selected sampling time and repeat
step 5 and 6.
Matlab Simulation
8. Simulate Part 4-7 using MatLab to check whether the simulation responses agree with
the calculated response.
9. Find the analytical solution of the differential equation in part 3. And plot the resulted
solution to check whether it agree with the simulation responses of part 8.
Hint: MatLab symbolic toolbox- https://www.mathworks.com/products/symbolic.html

II. Signal Generation Using MatLab Without Using the Library Function

## For a given signal

The choice of signal and its parameters values is left to the teacher teaching the course

Mathematical Derivation.
1. Write the mathematical expression
2. Write the equivalent expression for the signal in part 1 in term of Fourier
series in all the three forms i.e. trigonometric, harmonic and exponential.
Matlab Simulation
3. Use each of mathematical expressions derived in part 2 (trigonometric,
harmonic and exponential) to plot the signal with MatLab.
4. Plot the signal in part 3 with the number of harmonics 10, 20, 30, 40, 50
and 100 respectively. Write your observation on the shape of the signal with the change
in number of harmonics.
5. Run the codes of part 4 for the time step size 0.01, 0.1, 0.5 respectively.
Write your observation and analysis on computational time.
6. Plot the line spectra of the signal and relate it with the constituent
frequencies.

## Rules Governing Practical/Simulation Project:

1. The project is to be carried out individually or in group of not more than three
members.
2. Each group should present their original work. Copy of other people work will be
penalized. (-10%).
3. Each group must submit a report as per the guidelines mention in “Report Format”
4. Each group must prepare a presentation of not more than ten slides to present
summary and results of the project.
5. Each member of the group must appear for individual viva
6. Marks distribution of report, presentation and viva is as follow
Report: 5 Marks
Presentation: 5 Marks
Viva: 5 Marks
7. Deadline for submission and presentation ………….
8. Late submission will result in penalty of 20% deduction (4 Marks) for the whole group.

Report Format
1. Title page
As per HCT report format standards
Use 12 points, Time New Roman Normal fonts for the body of the report, and 14 points, Time New Roman
Bold fonts for all section heads; and double spacing.

2. Content Page
As per HCT report format standards
3. Introduction
Mention the purpose of the project and its important to the course. Briefly sum up the
theme of the project.
4. Project Objective
Simply state the objective of this project
5. Methodology
Mention the main steps you are to use in the carrying out the projects
6. Main Body of the Report
This section comprises of the actual work carried out by the students, in the order of the
tasks required by the project. A well-documented MatLab codes Must be included with
the plots.
7. Results and Discussion
Report your work and results from steps 5. State your observation and analysis.
8. Conclusion