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Turbomachinery

Fluids
Fluids innovations in ANSYS 18.0

• Intro to ANSYS Turbo Suite


• ANSYS v18.0 Turbo Update
• BladeRow methods
− Harmonic Analysis

2 © 2017 ANSYS, Inc. May 2, 2017 ANSYS Confidential


ANSYS Turbo Suite
Full Suite of all of ANSYS’s Design and Flow Analysis Tools for
Turbomachinery
Design Screen Mesh Analyze

1D preliminary Rapid screening of Maximum grid Leading CFD solver


sizing and powerful designs using 2D generation flexibility in a powerful user
3D turbo-specific throughflow with turbo-specific environment
and general analysis and general including dedicated
geometry modelling meshing turbo workflows

BladeModeler Vista TF TurboGrid CFX


ANSYS Meshing CFD Post
Extended
Meshing
Turbo Tools
V18.0 Update
ANSYS CFX

Flank milled blades supported

• Used primarily for automotive turbocharger and


industrial compressors
• BladeModeler supports flank milled process with
controls for blade ruling line distributions
• Consistent geometry represented in all tools for
flank milled blades (design, aerodynamic analysis,
mechanical analysis and manufacturing)

© 2017 ANSYS, Inc. ANSYS Confidential


ANSYS CFX
Improve fidelity and robustness by importing CAD models
directly into TurboGrid & BladeEditor

• Transfer via workbench schematic


− BladeEditor (DesignModeler) exports underlying, native
blade surfaces and meridional flow path in Parasolids format
− Blade modifications such as fillets are not currently
transferred via schematic
− BladeGen to TurboGrid connection still uses blade profile
points
• Direct import
− Supports Parasolids (x_b, x_t) and ICEM CFD Tetin (.tin)
− User must assign faces and curves to appropriate turbo
topology

7 © 2017 ANSYS, Inc. May 2, 2017 ANSYS Confidential


ANSYS CFX
CAD import improves fillets versus
reconstruction from profiles

• CAD surface imported and assigned to


topology
• Exact representation
• High quality parameterization
• High quality mesh

8 © 2017 ANSYS, Inc. May 2, 2017 ANSYS Confidential


ANSYS CFX
CFX periodic motion from complex modes

• Transfer from modal cyclic symmetry


analysis
• Necessary if hub or shroud are
continuous
• Blade flutter for complex mode shape
− Expands flutter to complex industrial cases
− Available for transient and full or reduced
geometry
• Allows hub displacements in
aerodamping calculations when
appropriate harmonic analysis

9 © 2017 ANSYS, Inc. May 2, 2017 ANSYS Confidential


ANSYS CFX
Cyclic and polar plots improve insight

• Judge whether a quasi-steady periodic


state has been reached
• Reveals periodic patterns not easily
discernable when plotting vs.
time/iteration
• Monitor variables are plotted against the
period, allowing values from the current
period to trace over past periods
− Cyclic plots repeat left to right with values on
the vertical axis
− Polar plots revolve once per cycle with values
as a radial offset

Standard XY monitor plot Cyclic plot

10 © 2017 ANSYS, Inc. May 2, 2017 ANSYS Confidential


ANSYS CFX

CFD-Post now presents monitor variables consistent with the


CFX Solver Manager

• “Bars” line type


• Default for FFT

© 2017 ANSYS, Inc. ANSYS Confidential


BladeRow methods

©
May
122017
2, 2017
ANSYS, Inc. ANSYS Confidential
Blade Row Methods Overview and Objectives
 Provide blade row methods to perform
o Aerodynamic, Aeromechanical and Aerothermodynamic Analyses

 Methods for both steady-state and transient simulations

 Provide fast & accurate transient blade


row solution
o Using range of pitch-change methods
(Full-wheel  Reduced geometry) Full-wheel Reduced geometry
ANSYS - CFX Transient Blade Row Methods
With Pitch-Change
 ANSYS CFX transient pitch-change models Full-wheel
Model
Profile Time Fourier
Transformation Transformation Transformation
(PT) (TT) (FT)
Small/Moderate Pitch Small/Moderate Pitch Large Pitch

• Single Stage • Frozen gust • Frozen gust


• Single Stage • Fan Inlet Distortion
Reduced
• Multistage
• Multistage • Single Stage Model
• Blade Flutter

 Flow solution is obtained by :


Transient Time marching
Solution Method Current offerings Periodicity
treatment
R/S Interface &
Harmonic Frequency based pitchwise periodic
Solution Method Future releases determine pitch-change
method
Blade Row in Previous Releases
 R14.0 : First release FT and TT pitch-change methods
 R14.5 : Blade flutter with FT method
 R15.0 : ECMF and support for Forced Response
 R16.0 : Release FT-TRS, introduce CHT with TBR
 R17.0 : Multi-row & multi-frequency flow modeling

Hot streaks migration Impeller in Vanless Multi-row transonic


In Turbine stage diffuser compressor simulation
CFX 18.0 (including 17.1 & 17.2)
Focus on Aeromechanics
Very Fast Solution
 First release of Harmonic Analysis (HA) From analysis tool
to
o Blade Flutter (aerodamping Design tool
calculations)

 Improved CFX  mechanical data exchange


Continue to
o Forced Response
improved TBR
o Blade flutter usability

 Improved post processing for blade flutter


Expand modeling
 Blade flutter for complex mode shape -beta capabilities
Harmonic Analysis (Harmonic Balance) and Frequency Based Methods

• Turbomachinery flow is often


transient and periodic.
• Instead of marching in time to get final
steady-periodic (some call it transient
periodic) state
• We use HB method and converge fast
on stead-periodic state

Transient solution
convergence

Hybrid time-frequency
solution convergence
Harmonic Analysis
Frequency Based Methods in CFD Codes

Early Methods Recent Methods

Non-Linear Harmonic Harmonic Balance (HB)/


Time-Linearized
Balance (NLH) Time-Spectral Method (TSM)

Linear Quasi-nonlinear Non-Linear


Mean flow + Perturbation Mean flow + Perturbation Truly nonlinear

decoupled Some coupling Full coupling, unsteady flow is


represented by Fourier series

CFX
Harmonic Analysis (HA)
is based on this method
Harmonic Analysis
Example 1: STCFF-11
 Standard Configuration 11 (STCF-11)
o Annular Turbine Cascade
o IGTI 2016-57962 (Sunil Patil et al.)
o 20 Blades
o Vibration defined by sinusoidal oscillation
o Bending orthogonal to chord @ 209 Hz
o Range of IBPA (Nodal Diameter) simulated
o Subsonic case: Mach @ inlet 0.69

 Compare Three simulations: Total Mesh Displacement


IBPA=126 (ND=7)
o Reference, Transient periodic sector @ 128 tspp
o FT-Transient (2 passages) @ 128 tspp
o FT-Harmonic (2 passages) @ m=1

Harmonic: m=1 sufficient to resolve flow

Transient: 128 tspp is timestep independent solution


Harmonic Analysis
Example 1: STCF-11
 Standard Configuration 11 (STCF-11 Subsonic)
o Aerodynamic Damping Excellent agreement between:
o Reference , Transient Periodic Sector
(aka Symmetric Sector)
o 2-passage FT-Transient
o 2-passage FT-Harmonic (m=1)
For all IBPA (nodal diameters)

~  sin  dA
Damping    c Wall Work Density
p i
Ai FT-Harmonic
IBPA=126 (ND=7)
Harmonic Analysis
Example 1: STCF-11
 Standard Configuration 11 (STCF-11 Subsonic)
o Amplitude & Phase for IBPA=180 (ND=2)
Amplitude Phase a 
c~p  a1  b1   arctan 1 
2 2

 b1 

Good comparison between numerics and experimental data


Other examples in
FT-Harmonic: m=1 & 15 pseudo time-step per oscillating cycle IGTI 2016-57962
FT-Transient & transient full-periodic sector : 128 tspp
Harmonic Analysis
Example 1: STCF-11
 Standard Configuration 11 (STCF-11 Subsonic)
o Computation efficiency
FT-Harmonic FT-Transient

Time steps

IBPA=108 deg. Reference FT-Transient FT-Harmonic


(ND=6) Transient Periodic sector m=1
(10 passages) (2-passages) (2-passages)
Speed Up
1 4X 100 X
25 X
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