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TUTORIAL PROBABILITY

YEAR 2004
1. A box contains 6 white marbles and k black marbles. If a marble is picked randomly from the box,
3
the probability of getting a black marble is .
5
Find the value of k. [3 marks]

YEAR 2005
2. The following table shows the number of coloured cards in a box
Colour Number of Cards
Black 5
Blue 4
Yellow 3

Two cards are drawn at random from the box.


Find the probability that both cards are of the same colour. [3 marks]

YEAR 2006
2
3. The probability that Hamid qualifies for the final of a track event is while the
5
1
probability that Mohan qualifies is . Find the probability that
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(a) both of them qualify for the final,
(b) only one of them qualifies for the final. [ 3 marks]

YEAR 2007 -
5 3
4. The probability that Shariman and Jeffry wake up early on a certain day are  and  
7 7
respectively. Find the probability that

(a) both of them wake up early.


(b) only one of them wakes up early.
[3 marks]

YEAR 2008

5. The probability of Sarah being chosen as a school prefect is while the probability of Aini being

chosen is . Find the probability that


(a) neither of them is chosen as a school prefect.
(b) only one of them is chosen as a school prefect.
[4 marks]

YEAR 2009
6. The probability that a student is a librarian is 0.2. Three students are chosen at random. Find the
probability that
(a) all three are librarians,
(b) only one of them is a librarian.

[4 marks]

1
YEAR 2010
1
7. In a selection of a class monitor, the probability that student X is chosen is , while the
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2
probability that either student X or student Y is chosen . Find the probability that
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(a) student Y is chosen,
(b) studentX and Y is not chosen.
[3 marks]

YEAR 2011
8. A sample space of an experiment is given by S = {1, 2, 3, ……, 20}. Events M and N are defined
as follows:
M : {3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18}
N : {1, 3, 5, 15}
Find
(a) P(M),
(b) P(M and N). [3 marks]

SPM 2012
9. A box contains 20 chocolates. 5 of the chocolates are black chocolates flavor and the other 15 are
white chocolates flavor. Two chocolates are taken at random from the box. Find the probability
that
(a) both chocolates are black chocolates,
(b) the chocolates taken are of different flavor. [4 marks]

TRIAL MRSM 2008


10. Bag X contains k red balls and 2 green balls. Bag Y contains 4 red balls and 8 green balls. One ball
is randomly chosen from each bag. The probability of getting one red ball and one green ball is .
Find the value of k.
[3 marks]
TRIAL MRSM 2009
11. A fair dice is tossed 10 times. Find the probability of getting multiple of 3 for 4 times.
[3 marks]
TRIAL MRSM 2010

3. In a bag, there are 4 green cards and y red cards. Two cards are picked at random from the bag, one
after the other, without replacement. Find the value of y if the probability of getting two red cards is .
[3 marks]

JAWAPAN.

PROBABILITY

1. k = 4

2. 0.2276

2
3. y = 6

ANSWERS (PROBABILITY)

1. k = 9 8. (a) 3/10 (b) 3/50


19
2. 9. (a) 1/19 (b) 15/38
66
2 7
3. (a) (b)
15 15
15 26
4. (a) (b)
49 49
1 29
5. (a) (b)
6 60
6 (a) 0.008 (b) 0.384
7 (a) 1/15 (c) 3/5