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DHS 2009 Sec 4 SAP Preliminary Exam Mathematics Paper 1

1  The diameter of a H1N1 flu virus in a form of a circle is measured by a team of health
officers from WHO as 0.000 131 01 mm. Find the area of the H1N1 flu virus, giving your
answer in square metres and express this answer in standard form correct to 3 significant
figures.

Answer:

1 0.000 131 01 ÷ 10 ÷ 100 Correct


Radius = M1 conversion of
2
−8 mm to m
= 6.5 × 10 m

∴ area of H1N1 flu virus is π × ( 6.5 × 10−8 ) ≈ 1.348 × 10−14


2

A1 cao
= 1.35 × 10−14 m (to 3sf)

2 (i) Simplify a 2 − ( a − b )( a + b ) .
(ii) Hence evaluate 31.012 − 28.01× 34.01 .

Answer:

2(ai) a 2 − ( a − b )( a + b ) = a 2 − ( a 2 − b 2 )
= a 2 − a 2 + b2
= b2 B1
(aii) Hence, 31.01 − 28.01× 34.01 = 31.01 − ( 31.01 − 3) × ( 31.01 + 3) B1
2 2 Award this
mark only if
= 32 result from (ai)
=9 is used

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 1 

 
3. (i) Find the prime factorisation of 4950 and 5880.

(ii) Hence find


(a) the highest common factor of 4950 and 5880,
(b) the smallest positive integer value of n for which 4950 × 5880 × n is a perfect
square.

Answer:

3(i) 4950 = 2 × 32 × 52 ×11 B1 cao


B1 cao
5880 = 23 × 3 × 7 2 × 5
(iia) HCF ( 4950,5880 ) = 2 × 3 × 5
B1 cao
= 30
(iib) Smallest positive integer value of n for which 4950 × 5880 × n B1 cao
is a perfect square is 3 × 5 ×11 = 165

4. Given that 4 < 2 x + 3 < 29 , find


(i) the least prime number of x,
(ii) the greatest natural number of 2x.

Answer:

4(i) 4 < 2x + 3
2x > 1
1
x>
2
∴ the least prime number of x is 2. B1
(ii) 2 x + 3 < 29
2 x < 26
∴ the greatest natural number of 2x is 25. B1

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 2 

 
5 Solve the simultaneous equations:
20 x − 18 y = 73
12 x − 10 y = 45

Answer:

5 20 x − 18 y = 73
12 x − 10 y = 45 M1 By any valid
method
1 A1
x = 5, y = 1
2 +
A1 ft using c’s
answer for 1st
variable
answer

1.2 −1
⎛ x5 ⎞ ⎛ 512 ⎞
6 Simplify ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ + ⎜⎜ 3 18 ⎟⎟ .
⎝ 32 ⎠ ⎝ 125 x ⎠

Answer:

6 6 1
⎛x 5 ⎞1.2 ⎛ 512 ⎞
−1
⎡⎛ x ⎞ ⎡ ⎛ 6 ⎞3 ⎤ 3
5⎤5 M1 Award the
5x
⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ + ⎜⎜ 3 ⎟⎟ = ⎢⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + ⎢⎜ ⎟⎟ ⎥ mark for either
⎢ ⎜
⎠ ⎥⎦
18
⎝ 32 ⎠ ⎝ 125 x ⎠ ⎢⎣⎝ ⎠ ⎥⎦
2 8
⎣⎝ correct
simplified
x6 5 x6 expression of
= +
64 8 part of the sum
41 6 A1 cao
= x
64

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 3 

 
7 A polygon has n sides. Two of its exterior angles are 88° and 103°. The remaining
( n − 2 ) exterior angles are each 13° , Calculate the value of n.

Answer:

7 88° + 103° + ( n − 2 ) ×13° = 360° M1


13 ( n − 2 ) = 360 − 191
169
n−2=
13
n = 13 + 2
= 15 A1

8 Sum of interior angles in a regular polygon is 2520°. Find the order of rotational symmetry
of the polygon.

Answer:

8 ( n − 2 ) ×180° = 2520° M1
2520
n= +2
180
= 16
Hence, the order of rotational symmetry is 16. A1

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 4 

 
9 A map of the downtown district of Singapore is drawn to a scale of 1 : 2000.

The diagram below shows a section of the Marina’s Floating Platform.

B C
Audience seating
area

F G
radius

Floating stage

E H

(i) Measure the radius of the audience seating area on the map with a ruler and write
down the actual radius in metres.

(ii) The organizer wanted to light up a section of the audience seating area denoted by
arc BC and the perimeter of the whole floating stage EFGH in the upcoming 44th
National Day Parade.
By using a protractor and a ruler, measure and calculate the actual length, in metres,
of wire required.
(iii) If the holding area for all the participants of the 44th National Day Parade contingents
(not shown in this section of map) covers an area of 1.5 square kilometers. Find, in
square centimeters, the area representing the holding area on the same map.

Answer:

(i) Actual map measurement of radius = 4.9 cm B1 s.o.i. and ±0.1 cm


Actual radius = 4.9 × 2000 = 9 800 cm
= 98 m B1 cao and ±2 m

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 5 

 
(ii) θ
Arc length BC of the audience area (sector) = × 2π × r
360°
75 M1 Accept if using
= × 2π × 98 equivalent angle
360
in radian to
5
= 40 π ≈ 128 m calculate ( ±1° )
6
(to 3 s.f.)
B1
Actual length of the stage = 3.9 × 2000 cm = 7800 cm = 78 s.o.i., and ±0.1 cm
m or ±2 m, both
Actual width of the stage = 5.9 × 2000 cm = 11 800 cm = must be correct at
118 m the same time to
get this mark.

B1
5 cao, accept
Required length = 40 π + 2 ( 78 + 118 ) correct answers
6
derived from
= 520 m (to 3 s.f.)
those within
acceptable range
(iii) Ratio of length = 1 : 2000
Therefore,
Ratio of areas = 1: 4 000 000 B1 s.o.i.
1.5
So the area on the map = km2
4 000 000
1.5
= × (100 000 × 100 000) M1 show of correct
4 000 000 conversion from
km2 to cm2
= 3 750 cm2 A1 cao

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 6 

 
10 Two containers bought from “EKIA” shown in the diagram are geometrically similar. The
16
cost of painting the base area of the smaller container is of the cost of painting the base
49
area of the larger container.

(a) The top of the larger container has a circumference of 24.5 cm, calculate the
circumference of the top of the smaller container.

(b) The containers are completely filled with liquid. Given that the smaller container
holds 1.28 litres of liquid, calculate the number of litres of liquid the larger container
holds.

Answer:

(a) 2
⎛ ls ⎞ 16 M1 Showing
⎜ ⎟ = ratio of
⎝ ll ⎠ 49 areas =
ls 16 square of
= ratio of
ll 49
lengths
4
=
7
∴ the circumference of the top of the smaller container is
4
× 24.5 = 14 cm A1 cao
7
(b) Vs ⎛ 4 ⎞
3 Showing
=⎜ ⎟ M1 ratio of
Vl ⎝ 7 ⎠
vols =
1.28 64 cube of
=
Vl 343 ratio of
∴ the number of litres of liquid the larger container holds is lengths
343 A1 cao
×1.28 = 6.86
64
DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 7 

 
11 For the 44th National Day Parade (NDP) held at the Marina Floating Platform (MFP), it is
estimated that a total of 50 000 people gathered at the MFP, Marina and Collyer Quay area
to view and bask in the atmosphere of the Parade and its celebrations.

(a) Given that the holding capacity of the MFP for audience is 2.7 × 104 pax, calculate
the percentage of people gathered at the Marina and Collyer Quay area who
celebrated the National Day outside the MFP.

(b) If in addition to the 50 000 present at the MFP, Marina and Collyer Quay area, an
estimated TV and internet viewership of 3.2 million was also recorded all around the
world. Moreover, 89% of these two groups of people took the National pledge at 20
22 at the same time, calculate the number of people who watched the parade and took
the pledge that night.

Answer:

(a) Number of people celebrated outside the platform


= 50 000 − 2.7 ×104
= 23 000 M1 Indication of
subtraction
Percentage of people celebrated outside the platform
23 000 A1 cao
= × 100% = 46%
50 000
(b) Total who watched the NDP
= 50 000 + 3 200 000 = 3 250 000 B1 cao o.e. in
standard form etc
Number of people who took the pledge that night
89
= × 3 250 000 = 2 892 500 B1
100
cao o.e. in
standard form etc

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 8 

 
12 Yvonne started her journey from home for the ‘Danzage’ performance at 18 24. Due to a
massive traffic jam, she did not manage to reach Dunman High’s Performing Arts Centre
(PAC) until 20 02.

(i) Calculate, expressing your answer in exact form and in hours, the time taken by her
to reach her destination.

(ii) Find the distance, in kilometers, between her home and the PAC if her taxi travelled
at an average speed of 19.92 km/h.

Answer:

(i) Time taken by her = 20 02 – 18 24


= 1 hours and 38 mins
19
=1 hours
30 B1 cao, no mark if
not in fraction in
lowest term

(ii) 19 M1 ft with c’s result


Distance = 19.92 × 1
30 from (i)
= 32.536 km A1 ft with c’s result
from (i) ; if
32.536 is rounded
off, this mark is
lost.

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 9 

 
13 In a bid to encourage Singaporeans to go Green for the environment, Singapore Power
Grid Pte Ltd conducted a survey to find out the extent of Singaporeans’ readiness in this
drive.

Out of a total of 200 Singaporeans surveyed, 130 claimed that they used energy-efficient
electrical appliances while 80 claimed that they had replaced using air-conditioners with
electric fans. The survey also revealed that 30 neither used energy-efficient electrical
appliances nor replaced air-conditioners with electric fans.

If ξ, E and A represent the sets of Singaporeans surveyed, and those who used energy-
efficient electrical appliances and those who replaced using air-conditioners with electric
fans respectively,

(i) draw a Venn diagram to illustrate the above information.

(ii) Find the number of Singaporeans who used energy-efficient electrical appliances and
had replaced using air-conditioners with electric fans.

(iii) Find the number of Singaporeans who had started using energy-efficient electrical
appliances but still had not replaced air-conditioners with electric fans.

Answer:

(i)
ξ (200)
E (130) A (80)
B2 Deduct 1 mark for
any missing
130 - x x relevant
80 - x
30 information

(ii) 130 + 80 − x + 30 = 200 M1 ft c’s Venn


diagram
x = 40 A1 cao
(iii) Number of Singaporeans who had started using energy-
efficient electrical appliances but still had not replaced air-
conditioners with electric fans = 130 – x = 90 B1 cao

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 10 

 
⎛ 2 −1 3 ⎞
⎜ ⎟
14 Given that A = ⎜ 4 5 −1⎟ and B = ( 2 −2 4 ) .
⎜5 8 0 ⎟
⎝ ⎠

Evaluate (i) BA (ii) AB.

Answer:

(i) ⎛ 2 −1 3 ⎞
⎜ ⎟
BA = ( 2 −2 4 ) × ⎜ 4 5 −1⎟
⎜5 8 0 ⎟
⎝ ⎠
= (16 20 8) B1 cao
(ii) ⎛ 2 −1 3 ⎞
⎜ ⎟
AB = ⎜ 4 5 −1⎟ × ( 2 −2 4 )
⎜5 8 0 ⎟
⎝ ⎠
= not possible B1 Or equivalent

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 11 

 
15 The diagram shows a line l, which makes an angle of θ with the x-axis shown in the
diagram.

(i) Write down the value of tan θ .

(ii) On the grid, draw the line n, which is perpendicular to l and passing through the point
( −4 , 2 ) .
(iii) Write down the equation of the line n.

θ
-5 5

-2

-4

 
Answer:

(i) 1 B1 cao
tan θ =
2
(ii) B1 cao
n
4

2
l

θ
-5 5

-2

-4

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 12 

 
(iii) Equation of n: B1 cao
y = −2 x − 6

15
16 In the figure below, ABC is a triangle with BAˆ C = 90° . AB = 12 cm and cos ABˆ C = .
17
D is a point on AB such that BD = 9 cm.
A
(i) Find the length of AC.
12 cm
D
(ii) Find the value of cos BDˆ C .
9 cm
C

Answer: B

(i) 15
cos ABˆ C =   
17

12 15
           =   correct use of
BC 17
trigonometric
      ∴ BC = 13.6 cm   M1 ratio

By Pythagoras’ Theorem, in ΔABC ,

    AC 2 = 13.62 − 122  

    AC 2 = 40.96  
A1
 ∴ AC = 6.4 cm
(ii) AD = 12 – 9

= 3 cm

By Pythagoras’ Theorem, in ΔADC ,

CD 2 = 32 + 6.42

CD 2 = 49.96

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 13 

 
∴ CD = 49.96 cm M1 Correct use of
Pythagoras’ Thm
∴ cosBDˆ C = − cos ADˆ C

3
=−
49.96
= −0.424 A1 o.e.
(to 3 s.f.) 

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 14 

 
17 In each of the axes provided below, the point with coordinates (1, 1) has been marked.

(a) (i) Sketch the graph of y = 3x − 2 x 2 , indicating clearly the coordinates of the x-
intercept(s) and y-intercept, if any.

(ii) State the coordinates of the turning point of the curve.

1
(b) Sketch the graph of y = − + 2 , indicating clearly the coordinates of the x-
x
intercept(s) and y-intercept, if any.

Answer (ai) y

● (1, 1)

O x

[2]

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 15 

 
Answer (b)
y

● (1, 1)

x
O

[2]

Answer:

(ai) y B1 Correct
Downward
Parabola

● (1, 1)
B1 Passes through O,
3
(1, 1) and ( , 0)
x 2
O 3
 
2

(aii) 3 9 B1 o.e. but must be


Coordinates of turning point = ( , )
4 8 exact

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 16 

 
(b) y B1 Correct shape and
orientation

Passing through
B1 O, (1, 1) and
2 indication of
1 asymptote
y =− +2
● (1, 1) x

0.5 x
O

18 In the diagram, a, b and c are three vectors as shown.

(a) Express the vector c in terms of a and/ or b.


JJJG
(b) Given that XY = 2a – b,
JJJG
(i) draw and label the vector XY on the grid provided below,
JJJG
(ii) find XY .

JJG ⎛ −2 ⎞
(c) Z is a point such that YZ = ⎜ ⎟ .
⎝ −1 ⎠

(i) Mark the point Z clearly with a cross on the grid below.

(ii) Write down one fact about X, Y and Z.


JJJG
(d) Points P and Q are as shown on the grid below. If QP = b – d, express d as a column
vector.

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 17 

 
b
a Q

Answer:

(a) 1 B1 cao
c=a+ b
2
(bi) See answer on grid B1 cao
JJJG
(bii) XY = 62 + 32 = 45 = 6.71 units (to 3 s.f.) B1 ft c’s answer for
(bi)
(ci) See answer on grid B1 ft c’s answer for
(bi) – i.e. use c’s
point Y to draw
the vector
correctly.
(cii) X, Z and Y are collinear points or XZ is parallel to ZY or B1 cao
equivalent or mentioning about the correct ratio of lengths
of line segments formed by these 3 points

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 18 

 
JJJG
(d) QP = b – d
⎛ −4 ⎞ ⎛ −10 ⎞ ⎛ 6 ⎞ B1 cao
d = ⎜ ⎟−⎜ ⎟=⎜ ⎟
⎝ 1 ⎠ ⎝ 7 ⎠ ⎝ −6 ⎠

–b
Y
2a

JJJG Z (ci)
XY

(bi)
X

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 19 

 
19 The shoe sizes of the 17 pupils from 4A were recorded and represented in the dot diagram
shown below.

Dot diagram showing the distribution of shoe sizes


of 17 4A pupils

Shoe size
4  5  6  7  8  9  10 

(i) Write down the modal shoe size.

(ii) Find the median shoe size.

(iii) Find the interquartile range for the above data.

Answer:

(i) Modal shoe size = 8 B1 cao


(ii) Median = 7 B1 cao
(iii) Q1 = 6
8+9
Q3 = = 8.5 B1 cao – for Q3
2
Interquartile range = 8.5 – 6 = 2.5 M1 ft using c’s
answers

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 20 

 
20 With the arrival of the haze, the mean PSI index of Singapore over the past 20 days were
recorded as shown below:

41 66 65 85

89 53 71 76

56 79 47 48

50 69 45 51

68 63 70 55

Represent the data in a stem-and-leaf diagram on the space provided below.

Answer:

(a) Stem-and-Leaf diagram showing the distribution of PSI for


20 days

S L
4 1 5 7 8 B3 Deduct 1 mark for
5 0 1 3 5 6 any mistake
6 3 5 6 8 9
7 0 1 6 9
8 5 9

Key: 4 | 2 means 42.

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 21 

 
21 In the Swim-suit segment of the 2009 Miss World Pageant, the mean scores of the 11 semi-
finalists were as shown below in ascending order.

7.7 7.7 x 8.0 8.0 y 8.6 8.7 9.0 9.4 z

The same data is represented in the box-and-whisker diagram shown below:

Mean score of Swim-


Suit Segment
 

(i) State the values of x, y and z.

(ii) The mean scores of these 11 semi-finalists in the Interview segment were represented
in another box-and-whisker diagram shown below:

Mean score of Interview


Segment

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 22 

 
Which segment of the 2009 Miss World Pageant was more competitive amongst the
11 semi-finalists? Explain your answer.

Answer:

(i) x = 7.9

y = 8.4 B2 Deduct 1 mark for


any mistake
z = 9.5

(ii) Since the range of scores of the middle 50% of the semi- B2 1 mark – key
finalists is much smaller in the Interview Segment as word smaller
indicated by its smaller inter-quartile range, it shows that interquartile range
1 mark – key
the Interview Segment was more competitive.
word Interview
segment more
competitive

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 23 

 
22 Hafiz left home at 17 00 and took a bus to the National Stadium to witness the opening
ceremony of the Asian Youth Games. He reached the National Stadium at 18 30. The
speed-time graph below shows the bus journey that Hafiz took.

70

60
Speed (km/h)
50

40

30

20

10

0 Time
16 30 17 00 17 30 18 00 18 30 19 00

(a) Calculate the retardation of the bus journey.

(b) Find the average speed for the whole journey.

Answer:

(a) Retardation = gradient

60
=
0.5
B1
= 120 km/h2

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 24 

 
(b) Total distance travelled

1 15 1 30 1 ⎛ 3 1 ⎞
= × × 40 + × ( 40 + 60 ) × + × ⎜ + ⎟ × 60
2 60 2 60 2 ⎝ 4 4 ⎠
M1 concept of finding
= 60 km total distance

∴Average speed for whole journey

90
= 60 ÷
60

= 40 km/h A1

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 25 

 
22 (c) The distance-time graph below shows the journey of Hafiz’s friend, Yiming, who
also travelled along the same path as Hafiz, but in a different vehicle.

(i) Draw the distance-time graph for Hafiz’s journey in the same graph from 16 30
to 19 00.

(ii) Estimate, to the nearest minute, the time at which they first meet.

70                      

                   

60
                   

                   

50                    
Distance from
Hafiz’s home                    
(km) 40
                   

                   

30                    

                   

20
                   

                   

10
                   

                   

0 Time
 
16 30 17 00 17 30 18 00 18 30 19 00
 

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 26 

 
Answer:

(ci)

70

60

50
Distance from
Hafiz’s home
(km) 40

30

20

10

0 Time
16 30 17 00 17 30 18 00 18 30 19 00

From 16 30 to 17 45 B1 ft fr (i)’s
answer

B1
From 17 45 to 19 00

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 27 

 
(cii) From the distance-time graph,

they first meet at around 17 55. B1 accept


between
17 51 to
17 58
 

DHS 2009 Sec 4 (SAP) Preliminary Examination Mathematics Paper 1  Page 28